First 20 Elements Of The Periodic Table Quiz

Reviewed by Zohra Sattar
Zohra Sattar, PhD, Chemistry |
Chemistry Expert
Review Board Member
Dr. Zohra Sattar Waxali earned her doctorate in chemistry and biochemistry from Northwestern University, where she studied the metallomes of cardiac cells, stem cells, and other mammalian tissues and how metal contents of biological systems impact function. Dr. Sattar Waxali has also studied the development of arsenoplatin chemotherapeutics, stapled peptide estrogen receptor inhibitors, and antimicrobial natural products and small molecules.
, PhD, Chemistry
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First 20 Elements Of The Periodic Table Quiz - Quiz

Take this quiz on the first 20 elements of the periodic table. How well do you understand the periodic table and what it involves? Can you correctly name the first 20 chemical elements, their atomic numbers, electron configurations, and chemical properties? Let's test your knowledge! You can also challenge others on this periodic table quiz to see who knows more. Have fun while learning this interesting concept. Do not forget to share.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The symbol of Potassium is _________.  

    • A.

      K

    • B.

      P

    • C.

      Po

    • D.

      C

    Correct Answer
    A. K
    Explanation
    Potassium's chemical symbol is K, derived from its Latin name "kalium." An alkali metal, it plays a crucial role in various biological processes, such as nerve transmission and muscle contraction. Its symbol K is integral in chemical equations and represents the essential element in the periodic table with atomic number 19. 

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  • 2. 

    What is the symbol of Lithium?

    • A.

      L

    • B.

      Li

    • C.

      Lh

    • D.

      S

    Correct Answer
    B. Li
    Explanation
    The symbol of lithium is Li. As the third lightest element, lithium possesses unique properties. Its symbol is derived from the Greek word "lithos," meaning stone, highlighting its presence in minerals. In the periodic table, Li is crucial for battery technology, contributing to advancements in energy storage and portable electronics.

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  • 3. 

    Name this element: Be

    Correct Answer
    Beryllium
    Explanation
    The element with the chemical symbol Be is beryllium. Beryllium is a lightweight and strong alkaline earth metal. It is commonly used in various industrial applications, including aerospace components, due to its favorable mechanical properties.

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  • 4. 

    What is the symbol of Argon?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      Ar

    • C.

      Ag

    • D.

      Al

    Correct Answer
    B. Ar
    Explanation
    Argon, a noble gas, bears the symbol Ar. It's colorless, odorless, and inert, comprising a small fraction of Earth's atmosphere. Discovered in 1894, argon finds application in welding, lighting, and electronics. Its name stems from the Greek word "argos," meaning inactive, aptly reflecting its non-reactive nature.

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  • 5. 

    What is the symbol of Magnesium?

    • A.

      M

    • B.

      Ma

    • C.

      Mg

    • D.

      Mn

    Correct Answer
    C. Mg
    Explanation
    The symbol for Magnesium is Mg. As an alkaline earth metal, magnesium is vital for various biological processes and is widely used in industrial applications. Its name originates from Magnesia, a region in Greece. With a shiny appearance and low density, magnesium is valued for alloys, medicine, and fireworks.

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  • 6. 

    Which is the symbol of Chlorine?

    • A.

      C

    • B.

      Ch

    • C.

      Cl

    • D.

      Cr

    Correct Answer
    C. Cl
    Explanation
    Chlorine is represented by the symbol Cl on the periodic table. It is a chemical element with atomic number 17 and is a greenish-yellow gas. Chlorine is widely used in various industries, such as water treatment, manufacturing of plastics, and production of disinfectants. Its symbol, Cl, is derived from its Latin name "chlorum."

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  • 7. 

    What is the name of this element 'S'?

    • A.

      Sodium

    • B.

      Potassium

    • C.

      Sulfur

    • D.

      Magnesium

    Correct Answer
    C. Sulfur
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Sulfur. Sulfur is a chemical element with the symbol 'S'. It is a yellow, non-metallic element that is commonly found in nature. It has various industrial uses, such as in the production of fertilizers, dyes, and rubber. Sulfur is also an essential element for living organisms and plays a role in various biological processes.

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  • 8. 

    What is this element called Ca?

    • A.

      Calcium

    • B.

      Potassium

    • C.

      Carbon

    • D.

      Chlorine

    Correct Answer
    A. Calcium
    Explanation
    Calcium, abbreviated as Ca on the periodic table, is a chemical element with the atomic number 20. It is a metallic element that belongs to Group 2 (or Group IIA) of the periodic table, which is also known as the alkaline earth metals. Calcium is a chemical element that is essential for the growth and development of living organisms. It is commonly found in bones, teeth, and shells, and it plays a crucial role in various biological processes such as muscle contraction, nerve function, and blood clotting.

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  • 9. 

    The symbol "N" stands for _________. 

    • A.

      Sulphur

    • B.

      Potassium

    • C.

      Oxygen

    • D.

      Nitrogen

    Correct Answer
    D. Nitrogen
    Explanation
    The symbol "N" stands for Nitrogen. Nitrogen is a chemical element with the symbol N and atomic number 7. It is a colorless and odorless gas that makes up about 78% of the Earth's atmosphere. Nitrogen is an essential element for life and is found in proteins, DNA, and other biological molecules. It is also used in various industrial processes, such as fertilizer production and the manufacturing of explosives.

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  • 10. 

    What is the symbol for Hydrogen?

    • A.

      H

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      He

    • D.

      Y

    Correct Answer
    A. H
    Explanation
    Hydrogen is represented by the symbol H in the periodic table. It is the lightest and most abundant element in the universe. The symbol H is derived from the Latin word "hydrogenium," meaning "water-forming." Hydrogen is a colorless, odorless, and highly flammable gas. It is commonly used in various industries, such as fuel cells, chemical production, and metallurgy.

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  • 11. 

    The symbol "Na" stands for ____________. 

    • A.

      Nitrogen

    • B.

      Sodium

    • C.

      Calcium

    • D.

      Silicon

    Correct Answer
    B. Sodium
    Explanation
    The symbol "Na" stands for Sodium. Sodium is a chemical element with the symbol Na and atomic number 11. It is a soft, silvery-white, highly reactive metal. Sodium is an essential element for all living organisms and is found in many minerals, especially in salt.

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  • 12. 

    What is the symbol for Boron?

    • A.

      Ho

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      Be

    • D.

      Bo

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    Boron, represented by the symbol B, is a metalloid with diverse applications. Found in minerals, it's crucial for materials like borosilicate glass and boron nitride. Boron compounds play roles in agriculture and industry, showcasing its versatility. Its atomic properties contribute to its use in nuclear reactors and semiconductor devices.

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  • 13. 

    He stands for

    • A.

      Helium

    • B.

      Hydrogen

    • C.

      Hendrix

    • D.

      Holmium

    Correct Answer
    A. Helium
    Explanation
    The given answer "Helium" is correct because in the list of options provided, "Helium" is the only element that starts with the letter 'H'. The other options, Hydrogen, Hendrix, and Holmium, do not start with 'H'. Therefore, "Helium" is the only option that fits the given criteria and is the correct answer.

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  • 14. 

    What is the symbol of Sulfur?

    • A.

      S

    • B.

      Mg

    • C.

      N

    • D.

      Li

    Correct Answer
    A. S
    Explanation
    Sulfur is represented by the symbol "S" on the periodic table. Each element on the periodic table is assigned a unique symbol to represent it, and in the case of sulfur, the symbol is "S".

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Zohra Sattar |PhD, Chemistry |
Chemistry Expert
Dr. Zohra Sattar Waxali earned her doctorate in chemistry and biochemistry from Northwestern University, where she studied the metallomes of cardiac cells, stem cells, and other mammalian tissues and how metal contents of biological systems impact function. Dr. Sattar Waxali has also studied the development of arsenoplatin chemotherapeutics, stapled peptide estrogen receptor inhibitors, and antimicrobial natural products and small molecules.
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