Parts Of The Periodic Table: Quiz! Test

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Zohra Sattar, PhD, Chemistry |
Chemistry Expert
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Dr. Zohra Sattar Waxali earned her doctorate in chemistry and biochemistry from Northwestern University, specializing in the metallomes of cardiac cells and stem cells, and their impact on biological function. Her research encompasses the development of arsenoplatin chemotherapeutics, stapled peptide estrogen receptor inhibitors, and antimicrobial natural products. With her expertise, Dr. Waxali ensures the accuracy and relevance of our chemistry quizzes, contributing to a comprehensive understanding of chemical principles and advancements in the field.
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Parts Of The Periodic Table: Quiz! Test - Quiz

We all have read the periodic table at least once in our lifetime. Do you know the parts of the periodic table? Then take this quiz and test your knowledge about the same! The periodic table consists of elements such as hydrogen, silicon, iron, and uranium. The number of each component corresponds to the number of protons in its nucleus. The three main parts of the periodic table include metals, metalloids, and non-metals. If you intend to learn more about the periodic table parts, look no further than this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which side (left or right) of the periodic table are the metals?

    • A.

      Left

    • B.

      Right

    • C.

      Middle

    • D.

      Top

    Correct Answer
    A. Left
    Explanation
    Metals are located on the left side of the periodic table. This is because metals tend to lose electrons and form positive ions. They have a shiny appearance, are good conductors of heat and electricity, and are generally malleable and ductile. On the other hand, nonmetals are located on the right side of the periodic table and have properties opposite to metals. The middle and top sections of the periodic table consist of metalloids and noble gases, respectively.

     

    The left side of the periodic table contains the majority of the metallic elements. These elements are known as "metals." Metals are characterized by properties like high electrical and thermal conductivity, malleability, and ductility. Some of the most well-known metals found on the left side include:

    Alkali Metals: These are found in the first column (Group 1) of the periodic table, including elements like lithium (Li), sodium (Na), and potassium (K).

    Alkaline Earth Metals: These are in the second column (Group 2) and include elements like calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg).

    Transition Metals: These are found in the middle of the periodic table, starting from Group 3 to Group 12. Examples include iron (Fe), copper (Cu), and gold (Au).

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  • 2. 

    Where are the transitional metals located on the periodic table?  

    • A.

      On the left side of the periodic table

    • B.

      In the middle of the periodic table

    • C.

      On the right side of the periodic table

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. In the middle of the periodic table
    Explanation
    The transitional metals are located in the middle of the periodic table. They are found between the alkali earth metals and the nonmetals. These elements have properties that are a combination of both metals and nonmetals. They are known for their ability to form multiple oxidation states and for their high melting and boiling points. Some examples of transition metals include iron, copper, and zinc.

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  • 3. 

    Who invented the periodic table?

    • A.

      Ernst Rutherford

    • B.

      Henry Mosely

    • C.

      Newton

    • D.

      Dmitri Mendeleev

    Correct Answer
    D. Dmitri Mendeleev
    Explanation
    Dmitri Mendeleev is credited with inventing the periodic table. He published the first version of the periodic table in 1869, arranging the elements based on their atomic mass and properties. Mendeleev's periodic table provided a systematic organization of the elements, allowing for the prediction of undiscovered elements and their properties. His work laid the foundation for the modern periodic table we use today, which is arranged based on atomic number.

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  • 4. 

    Which direction (up/down or left/right) are the families?

    • A.

      Left/right

    • B.

      Up/down

    • C.

      Both

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    B. Up/down
    Explanation
    The correct answer is up/down because the question is asking about the direction in which the families are located. The options "up/down" and "left/right" indicate the two possible directions. Since the answer is "up/down," it means that the families are positioned vertically, either above or below each other.

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  • 5. 

    Which element is located in group 2, period 3?

    • A.

      Be

    • B.

      Mg

    • C.

      B

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. Mg
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Mg because it is the only element in the options that belongs to group 2 and period 3 on the periodic table. Be belongs to group 2 but is in period 2, B belongs to period 2 but is not in group 2, and None of these is not a valid element.

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  • 6. 

    How many electrons can fit in the first energy level?

    • A.

      7

    • B.

      8

    • C.

      18

    • D.

      2

    Correct Answer
    D. 2
    Explanation
    The first energy level can hold a maximum of 2 electrons. This is because the first energy level consists of only one sublevel, which is the s sublevel. The s sublevel can hold a maximum of 2 electrons.

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  • 7. 

    What does the number 3 indicate in this cell from the periodic table?

    • A.

      Number of neutrons in a lithium atom

    • B.

      The atomic mass in the lithium atom

    • C.

      The number of protons in the lithium atom

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    C. The number of protons in the lithium atom
    Explanation
    The number 3 in this cell from the periodic table indicates the number of protons in the lithium atom. The atomic number of an element represents the number of protons in its nucleus, and since lithium is in the third row of the periodic table, it has 3 protons.

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  • 8. 

    What does the number 3.91 indicate in this cell from the periodic table?

    • A.

      3.91 indicates the mass of 1 atom of lithium

    • B.

      Indicates the average atomic mass of lithium - taking into consideration the naturally occurring isotopes

    • C.

      It is the average number of protons in lithium metals.

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. Indicates the average atomic mass of lithium - taking into consideration the naturally occurring isotopes
    Explanation
    The number 3.91 in this cell from the periodic table indicates the average atomic mass of lithium, considering the naturally occurring isotopes.

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  • 9. 

    Which are the characteristics of metals?

    • A.

      Conduct electricity and heat.

    • B.

      Non-shiny and generally liquid at room temperature.

    • C.

      Shiny and generally gas at room temperature.

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Conduct electricity and heat.
    Explanation
    Metals are known for their ability to conduct electricity and heat, making this the characteristic that sets them apart from other materials. This property is due to the presence of free electrons in the metal's atomic structure, which can easily move and transfer energy. The other options, non-shiny and generally liquid at room temperature, and shiny and generally gas at room temperature, do not accurately describe the characteristics of metals.

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  • 10. 

    Which group of elements are called the Alkali metals?

    • A.

      Group 1 (IA)

    • B.

      Group 2 (IIA)

    • C.

      Group 3 (IIIA)

    • D.

      Group7 (VIIA or 17)

    Correct Answer
    A. Group 1 (IA)
    Explanation
    The group of elements called the Alkali metals is Group 1 (IA). Alkali metals include elements such as lithium, sodium, potassium, and cesium. These elements are highly reactive and have only one valence electron, making them very reactive and easily losing that electron to form a positive ion. They are typically soft, shiny, and have low melting points.

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Zohra Sattar |PhD, Chemistry |
Chemistry Expert
Dr. Zohra Sattar Waxali earned her doctorate in chemistry and biochemistry from Northwestern University, specializing in the metallomes of cardiac cells and stem cells, and their impact on biological function. Her research encompasses the development of arsenoplatin chemotherapeutics, stapled peptide estrogen receptor inhibitors, and antimicrobial natural products. With her expertise, Dr. Waxali ensures the accuracy and relevance of our chemistry quizzes, contributing to a comprehensive understanding of chemical principles and advancements in the field.

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  • Feb 22, 2024
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    Zohra Sattar
  • Jun 11, 2011
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