Periodic Table And Periodicity Of Properties

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| By Zafar Iqbal
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Zafar Iqbal
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 1,569
Questions: 9 | Attempts: 1,307

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Periodic Table And Periodicity Of Properties - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Number of periods in the periodic table are?

    • A.

      8

    • B.

      7

    • C.

      16

    • D.

      5

    Correct Answer
    B. 7
    Explanation
    The periodic table consists of seven periods, which are horizontal rows. Each period represents the energy levels or shells in which the elements' electrons are arranged. Therefore, the correct answer is 7.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following groups contain alkaline earth metals?

    • A.

      IA

    • B.

      IIA

    • C.

      VIIA

    • D.

      VIIIA

    Correct Answer
    B. IIA
    Explanation
    The correct answer is IIA. The alkaline earth metals are a group of elements in the periodic table that include beryllium (Be), magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), strontium (Sr), barium (Ba), and radium (Ra). These elements are found in Group IIA of the periodic table and have similar chemical properties, including having two valence electrons and being relatively reactive.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following elements belong to VIIIA?

    • A.

      Na

    • B.

      Mg

    • C.

      Br

    • D.

      Xe

    Correct Answer
    D. Xe
    Explanation
    Xe belongs to VIIIA because it is a noble gas. Noble gases are located in Group 18 (VIIIA) of the periodic table and have a full outer electron shell, making them stable and unreactive. Xe, also known as xenon, has a full outer electron shell with 8 valence electrons, which is why it is classified as a noble gas and belongs to VIIIA.

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  • 4. 

    Main group elements are arranged........ group?

    • A.

      6

    • B.

      7

    • C.

      8

    • D.

      10

    Correct Answer
    C. 8
    Explanation
    Main group elements are arranged in group 8. This is because the main group elements, also known as representative elements, are the elements in the s and p blocks of the periodic table. These elements have valence electrons in the s and p orbitals. Group 8 of the periodic table is known as the noble gases or inert gases. These elements have completely filled s and p orbitals, making them stable and unreactive. Therefore, the main group elements are arranged in group 8.

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  • 5. 

    Period number of 13Al27 is ?

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    C. 3
    Explanation
    The period number of an element is determined by the highest energy level (shell) that contains electrons in that element's electron configuration. Aluminum (Al) has an atomic number of 13, which means it has 13 electrons. The electron configuration of Al is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p1. The highest energy level that contains electrons in Al is the third energy level (shell), so the period number of Al is 3.

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  • 6. 

    Valence shell electronic configuration of an element M (atomic number 14) is?

    • A.

      2s​​​​​, 2p1

    • B.

      3s2​​​​​​, 3p2

    • C.

      2s​​​​​​, 2p3

    • D.

      4s1

    Correct Answer
    B. 3s2​​​​​​, 3p2
    Explanation
    The valence shell electronic configuration of an element M with atomic number 14 is 3s2, 3p2. This means that in the third energy level, there are 2 electrons in the s subshell and 2 electrons in the p subshell. The valence shell is the outermost shell of an atom, and the electrons in the valence shell are involved in chemical bonding and determining the element's chemical properties.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following elements do you expect to have greater shielding effect?

    • A.

      Li

    • B.

      Na

    • C.

      K

    • D.

      Rb

    Correct Answer
    D. Rb
    Explanation
    The shielding effect refers to the ability of inner electrons to shield the outer electrons from the positive charge of the nucleus. As we move down a group in the periodic table, the number of energy levels or shells increases. Therefore, Rb, being located at the bottom of the group, is expected to have a greater shielding effect compared to Li, Na, and K, which are located higher up the group.

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  • 8. 

    As you move from left to right across a period, which of the following do not increase?

    • A.

      Electron affinity

    • B.

       Ionization energy

    • C.

       Nuclear charge

    • D.

       Shielding effect

    Correct Answer
    D.  Shielding effect
    Explanation
    As you move from left to right across a period, the shielding effect does not increase. The shielding effect refers to the ability of inner electrons to shield the outer electrons from the full attraction of the nucleus. As you move across a period, the number of protons in the nucleus increases, leading to a greater nuclear charge. However, the number of inner electrons remains the same, resulting in a constant shielding effect. Therefore, the shielding effect does not increase as you move from left to right across a period.

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  • 9. 

    All the elements of group IIA are less reactive than alkali metals this is because these elements have?

    • A.

      Relatively high ionization energy

    • B.

      Relatively greater atomic size

    • C.

      Similar electronic configuration

    • D.

      Decreased nuclear charge

    Correct Answer
    A. Relatively high ionization energy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Relatively high ionization energy." The elements in group IIA (alkaline earth metals) have a higher ionization energy compared to alkali metals because they have a greater number of valence electrons and a stronger attraction between the nucleus and the valence electrons. This makes it more difficult to remove an electron from an atom of an alkaline earth metal, resulting in higher ionization energy.

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