Athens Democracy Vs Roman Republic

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Questions: 18 | Attempts: 101

Athens Democracy Vs Roman Republic - Quiz

The people at Athens and the Romans had different political systems. We learnt that he Athenian polis chose their elected leaders at random, while members were selected for the Roman Republic and voted in by the leadership. What else can you remember about these two civilizations? Take the test and find out.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Council of 500, chosen by lot by ten tribes win which all citizens had been enrolled, administration of foreign and financial affairs, and prepared business to be handled by assembly.

    The correct answer is Athens because the Council of 500 was chosen by lot from ten tribes in Athens, where all citizens were enrolled. This council was responsible for the administration of foreign and financial affairs and prepared business to be handled by the assembly.

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  • 2. 

    Assembly where all male citizens over the age of 18, met every 10 days, free and open debate, final authority in the passing of laws, final decisions on war and foreign policy

    The given answer, Athens, is correct because it aligns with the description provided. The assembly mentioned in the description, where all male citizens over the age of 18 met every 10 days, engaged in free and open debate, and held the final authority in passing laws, making decisions on war and foreign policy, is a characteristic of the Athenian democracy. Athens was known for its direct democracy, where citizens had the opportunity to participate in the decision-making process.

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  • 3. 

    Senate had group of about 300 men who served for life, advised magistrates, advice had force of law.

    The correct answer is Rome because the statement describes a characteristic of the Senate in ancient Rome. In Rome, the Senate was composed of approximately 300 men who held their positions for life. They served as advisors to the magistrates, and their advice carried the weight of law. This system of governance was unique to Rome and played a significant role in shaping the political decisions and laws of the empire.

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  • 4. 

    Centuriate assembly, organized by classes based on wealth, which had majority. Elected chief magistrates (consuls) and passed laws

    The centuriate assembly in Rome was organized by social classes based on wealth, with the majority of the population belonging to the lower classes. This assembly had the power to elect chief magistrates known as consuls and to pass laws. This system allowed for a more inclusive representation of the Roman citizens, as it gave a voice to those from various economic backgrounds.

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  • 5. 

    Council of the plebs was for plebians, later had right to pass laws for everyone

    The Council of the Plebs in Rome was initially established to represent the interests of the plebeians, who were the common people in ancient Rome. Over time, this council gained more power and eventually obtained the right to pass laws that applied to all Roman citizens, regardless of their social status. This expansion of authority allowed the plebeians to have a greater influence in the governance of Rome and helped to bridge the gap between the patricians (the aristocracy) and the plebeians.

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  • 6. 

    Public offices where lower class were eligible, and state paid the officials

    Athens is the correct answer because it was a city-state in ancient Greece that had a democratic system of government. In Athens, public offices were open to lower-class citizens, and the state paid the officials who held these positions. This was a unique characteristic of Athenian democracy, as it allowed for greater participation and representation of different social classes in the government.

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  • 7. 

    Administration where city magistrates handled routin administrative tasks, chosen by lot.

    In ancient Athens, the administration was structured in a way where city magistrates were responsible for handling routine administrative tasks. These magistrates were chosen by lot, meaning they were selected randomly rather than through elections or appointments. This system was unique to Athens and was an important aspect of their democratic government.

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  • 8. 

    Administration where Board of Generals elected by public vote (all adult males, usually aristocrats) could be reelected

    Athens is the correct answer because it is known for its democratic system of governance. In ancient Athens, the administration was characterized by a board of generals who were elected by public vote. This voting process was open to all adult males, typically from aristocratic backgrounds. Furthermore, the elected generals had the opportunity to be reelected, indicating a system that allowed for the possibility of continuity in leadership.

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  • 9. 

    Two Consuls had imperium, administer the government, led army into battle, elected by centuriates, (first only for patricians, then for plebians), served one year terms.

    The given information describes the system of government in Rome, specifically the role of the Consuls. In ancient Rome, there were two Consuls who held imperium, which means they had the highest authority and power. They were responsible for administering the government, leading the army into battle, and were elected by the centuriates, which were the Roman citizens divided into classes based on wealth. Initially, only patricians (the aristocratic class) could become Consuls, but later plebeians (commoners) were also allowed to hold this position. Consuls served one-year terms, after which new Consuls would be elected.

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  • 10. 

    Praetors had imperium, govern Rome when consuls away, lead armies, in charge of civil law as it applied to citizens, and judged cases in which one or both peopler were noncitizens

    The given answer is "Rome" because the question is asking for the name of the city where the Praetors had various responsibilities such as governing Rome in the absence of consuls, leading armies, overseeing civil law for citizens, and presiding over cases involving noncitizens.

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  • 11. 

    Tribunes had the power to protect plebians, represented interests of plebians in Roman government.

    The given statement accurately describes the role of tribunes in the Roman government. Tribunes were officials who were elected by the plebeians and had the power to protect their interests. They could veto decisions made by other officials and propose laws that would benefit the plebeians. This was an important aspect of the Roman government as it ensured that the plebeians had a voice and were represented in the decision-making process. Rome is the correct answer as it is the city where this system of government existed.

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  • 12. 

    Dictator appointed official who wieled absolute power for a term of six months, used when Rome faced times of extraordinary difficult (civil/military crises)

  • 13. 

    Other administrative officials, handled specialized duties

  • 14. 

    Citizen soldiers

    The term "citizen soldiers" refers to individuals who are both citizens and soldiers. This means that they are members of the military but also have full citizenship rights and responsibilities. They are not professional soldiers who are solely dedicated to military service, but rather individuals who serve in the military while also fulfilling their duties as citizens. This concept highlights the idea that military service is not limited to a specific group of people, but rather can be undertaken by any citizen who chooses to serve their country.

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  • 15. 

    Phalanx composed of hoplites, adult male citizens who could provide armor, typically landowning farmers

    The answer "Athens" is correct because Athens was known for its phalanx composed of hoplites. Hoplites were adult male citizens who were required to provide their own armor and were typically landowning farmers. This phalanx formation was a crucial part of Athenian military strategy and played a significant role in their victories in various battles.

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  • 16. 

    War galleys, trireme, landless urban dwelling citizens

    The given answer "Athens" is the correct answer because the question provides a list of items that are associated with Athens. War galleys and triremes were ancient Greek naval vessels, and Athens was known for its powerful navy. Additionally, the mention of "landless urban dwelling citizens" suggests a city-state, and Athens was one of the most prominent city-states in ancient Greece. Therefore, the answer "Athens" fits the context provided in the question.

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  • 17. 


  • 18. 

    Maniples: smaller subdivision of legion able to fight on uneven terrain, maintaining shield front, replaced spears of Greeks with javelins and swords.

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