Athens Democracy Vs Roman Republic

18 Questions | Attempts: 73

Athens Quizzes & Trivia

The people at Athens and the Romans had different political systems. We learnt that he Athenian polis chose their elected leaders at random, while members were selected for the Roman Republic and voted in by the leadership. What else can you remember about these two civilizations? Take the test and find out.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Council of 500, chosen by lot by ten tribes win which all citizens had been enrolled, administration of foreign and financial affairs, and prepared business to be handled by assembly.
  • 2. 
    Assembly where all male citizens over the age of 18, met every 10 days, free and open debate, final authority in the passing of laws, final decisions on war and foreign policy
  • 3. 
    Senate had group of about 300 men who served for life, advised magistrates, advice had force of law.
  • 4. 
    Centuriate assembly, organized by classes based on wealth, which had majority. Elected chief magistrates (consuls) and passed laws
  • 5. 
    Council of the plebs was for plebians, later had right to pass laws for everyone
  • 6. 
    Public offices where lower class were eligible, and state paid the officials
  • 7. 
    Administration where city magistrates handled routin administrative tasks, chosen by lot.
  • 8. 
    Administration where Board of Generals elected by public vote (all adult males, usually aristocrats) could be reelected
  • 9. 
    Two Consuls had imperium, administer the government, led army into battle, elected by centuriates, (first only for patricians, then for plebians), served one year terms.
  • 10. 
    Praetors had imperium, govern Rome when consuls away, lead armies, in charge of civil law as it applied to citizens, and judged cases in which one or both peopler were noncitizens
  • 11. 
    Tribunes had the power to protect plebians, represented interests of plebians in Roman government.
  • 12. 
    Dictator appointed official who wieled absolute power for a term of six months, used when Rome faced times of extraordinary difficult (civil/military crises)
  • 13. 
    Other administrative officials, handled specialized duties
  • 14. 
    Citizen soldiers
  • 15. 
    Phalanx composed of hoplites, adult male citizens who could provide armor, typically landowning farmers
  • 16. 
    War galleys, trireme, landless urban dwelling citizens
  • 17. 
  • 18. 
    Maniples: smaller subdivision of legion able to fight on uneven terrain, maintaining shield front, replaced spears of Greeks with javelins and swords.
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