APUSH Chaptor 9-12 Review Test!

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In Madison's view

    • A.

      Partisan division should be avoided at all costs under the new Constitution

    • B.

      The new executive branch would be strong enough to suppress political divisions

    • C.

      The clash of interest groups would help prevent the abuse of power in government

    • D.

      Majority rule would prevent the abuse of liberty under the new Constitution

    Correct Answer
    C. The clash of interest groups would help prevent the abuse of power in government
    Explanation
    Madison believed that the clash of interest groups would help prevent the abuse of power in government. He argued that when different factions compete against each other, no single group would be able to dominate and oppress others. This system of checks and balances would ensure that power is distributed and no one group can abuse their authority. Madison saw this as a way to maintain a balance of power and protect individual liberties under the new Constitution.

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  • 2. 

    In Jay's Treaty, the British

    • A.

      Pledged to stop seizing American ships

    • B.

      Released Americans from their pre-Revolutionary war debt to British merchants

    • C.

      Promised to evacuate the chain of forts in the Old Northwest

    • D.

      Refused to pay damaged for seizures of American ships

    Correct Answer
    C. Promised to evacuate the chain of forts in the Old Northwest
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the British promised to evacuate the chain of forts in the Old Northwest. This refers to the provision in Jay's Treaty where the British agreed to withdraw their troops from the forts they had established in the Northwest Territory, which was a significant concession by the British. This was important for the United States as it helped to alleviate tensions and secure American control over the region.

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  • 3. 

    All of the following are true about the Articles of Confederation except

    • A.

      It had no executive branch of government

    • B.

      It gave congress no power to regulate commerce between states

    • C.

      It did not provide for a national military

    • D.

      It gave each state one vote in Congress

    • E.

      It required a unanimous vote in Congress to pass a law

    Correct Answer
    E. It required a unanimous vote in Congress to pass a law
    Explanation
    The Articles of Confederation had a unicameral legislature where each state had one vote, so it did not require a unanimous vote in Congress to pass a law. Instead, it required a two-thirds majority vote. This allowed for a more efficient decision-making process compared to unanimity, which could have caused significant delays and disagreements among the states.

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  • 4. 

    The Land Ordinance of 1785

    • A.

      Provided for the survey and sale of public lands in the Old Northwest

    • B.

      Established a procedure for governing the Northwest territory

    • C.

      Banned slavery in all territories of the U.S.

    • D.

      Settled the boundary between the U.S. and British Canada

    • E.

      Required Indian removal form the Ohio Valley

    Correct Answer
    A. Provided for the survey and sale of public lands in the Old Northwest
    Explanation
    The Land Ordinance of 1785 provided for the survey and sale of public lands in the Old Northwest. This means that the government established a system to measure and divide the land in the Northwest territory, and then sell it to individuals or companies. This helped to organize and develop the newly acquired territory, as well as generate revenue for the government.

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  • 5. 

    The most alarming characteristics of the new Constitution to those who opposed it was

    • A.

      Absence of a bill of rights

    • B.

      Creation of a federal district for the national capital

    • C.

      Omission of any reference to God

    • D.

      Creation of a standing army

    • E.

      Creation of a national executive

    Correct Answer
    A. Absence of a bill of rights
    Explanation
    The most alarming characteristic of the new Constitution to those who opposed it was the absence of a bill of rights. This means that the Constitution did not include a specific list of individual rights and freedoms that would be protected by the government. Critics argued that without a bill of rights, the government would have too much power and could potentially infringe upon the rights of the people. This concern led to the eventual addition of the Bill of Rights to the Constitution, which explicitly protects individual liberties such as freedom of speech, religion, and the right to a fair trial.

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  • 6. 

    All of the following are true about the Constitution except

    • A.

      It restricts slavery to certain states

    • B.

      It doesn't not mention slavery directly

    • C.

      It allows Congress to restrict the slave trade after 20 years

    • D.

      It requires fugitive slaves to be returned to their owners

    • E.

      It counts slaves differently from free citizens for the census purposes

    Correct Answer
    A. It restricts slavery to certain states
    Explanation
    The Constitution does not restrict slavery to certain states. In fact, it allowed for the continuation of slavery in the United States by not directly mentioning it and counting slaves as three-fifths of a person for the purpose of determining representation in Congress. Additionally, the Constitution allowed Congress to restrict the slave trade after 20 years and required fugitive slaves to be returned to their owners.

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  • 7. 

    Shays's Rebellion was provoked by

    • A.

      Fear that the Articles of Confederation had created too strong a national government

    • B.

      Efforts by wealthy merchants to replace the Articles with a new constitution

    • C.

      A quarrel over the boundary between Massachusetts and Vermont

    • D.

      Foreclosures on the mortgages of backcountry farmers

    Correct Answer
    D. Foreclosures on the mortgages of backcountry farmers
    Explanation
    Shays's Rebellion was provoked by foreclosures on the mortgages of backcountry farmers. This means that the rebellion was a response to farmers losing their land and property due to being unable to pay their mortgages. This economic hardship led to widespread discontent and rebellion among the farmers.

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  • 8. 

    The main purpose of the Alien and Sedition Acts was to

    • A.

      Capture French and British spies

    • B.

      Control the Federalists

    • C.

      Cut off the flow of immigrants from Canada

    • D.

      Silence and punish critics of the Federalists

    • E.

      Prevent Jefferson from becoming president

    Correct Answer
    D. Silence and punish critics of the Federalists
    Explanation
    The Alien and Sedition Acts were a series of laws passed by the Federalist-controlled Congress in 1798. These acts were primarily aimed at silencing and punishing critics of the Federalists, particularly those who opposed their policies and criticized the government. The Sedition Act specifically targeted individuals who made false, scandalous, or malicious statements against the government, with the intention of suppressing dissent and maintaining the Federalists' hold on power. This explanation aligns with the historical context and purpose of the Alien and Sedition Acts.

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  • 9. 

    In the years leading up to the American Revolution all of the following were true except:

    • A.

      The British withdrew most of their troops from the colonies

    • B.

      Parliament restricted the powers of the colonial governments

    • C.

      Parliament attempted to find new sources of revenue from the colonies

    • D.

      The British enforced trade regulations in the colonies much more strictly

    Correct Answer
    A. The British withdrew most of their troops from the colonies
    Explanation
    In the years leading up to the American Revolution, all of the given statements were true except for the statement that the British withdrew most of their troops from the colonies. This means that the British did not reduce their military presence in the colonies during this time period.

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  • 10. 

    The doctorine of "nullification" claimed that

    • A.

      Congress could nullify the actions of the President

    • B.

      A state could nullify a federal law that violated the Constitution

    • C.

      The Supreme Court could nullify a stat law contrary to federal law

    • D.

      The President could nullify a state law that violated the Constitution

    Correct Answer
    B. A state could nullify a federal law that violated the Constitution
    Explanation
    The doctrine of "nullification" claimed that a state could nullify a federal law that violated the Constitution. This means that if a state believed that a federal law was unconstitutional, they had the right to declare it null and void within their own jurisdiction. This idea was based on the belief that the states had the ultimate authority to interpret the Constitution and could therefore reject any laws they deemed unconstitutional. This doctrine was most famously advocated by South Carolina during the Nullification Crisis of 1832, when they attempted to nullify a federal tariff law. Ultimately, the Supreme Court ruled against nullification and affirmed the supremacy of federal law.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 01, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    SaraEaton
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