# Quiz For All Nurses - Systems, Theories, And Knowledge

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Nurses deal with life, death, and everything in between. Nurses are responsible for assisting physicians in administering patient care, providing advice and educating patients on a variety of medical conditions, and giving advice to the patient as well as their family. This is a quiz for all nurses!

• 1.

### The two major components to The Neuman Systems Model are?

• A.

Input & feedback

• B.

Stress & actions

• C.

Stress & reactions to stress

• D.

Input & output

• E.

Achieving optimal system stability

C. Stress & reactions to stress
Explanation
The Neuman Systems Model is a nursing theory that focuses on the individual's response to stress and the reactions to that stress. It emphasizes the importance of understanding how stress affects an individual's overall well-being and the various ways they may react to it. By recognizing and addressing these stressors and reactions, nurses can help individuals achieve optimal system stability and promote their overall health and well-being. The other options, such as input and feedback or achieving optimal system stability, are not the major components of this model.

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• 2.

### The Neuman System Model is based off what sytem model?

The General System Model
GST
General System Model
Explanation
The Neuman System Model is based on the General System Model. The General System Model is a theoretical framework that describes how systems function and interact with their environment. The Neuman System Model applies this framework to healthcare, emphasizing the holistic nature of individuals and the dynamic interaction between the individual and their environment. Therefore, the General System Model serves as the foundation for the Neuman System Model.

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• 3.

### Educating the patient regarding signs to avoid stress once discharged is what prevention?

• A.

Secondary

• B.

Primary

• C.

Resource

• D.

Tertiary

• E.

D. Tertiary
Explanation
Tertiary prevention refers to actions taken to prevent the recurrence or worsening of a disease or condition after it has already occurred. In this case, educating the patient about signs to avoid stress after being discharged is a form of tertiary prevention because it aims to prevent the patient's condition from worsening or recurring once they leave the healthcare setting. This education helps the patient manage their stress and avoid triggers that could potentially harm their health.

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• 4.

### Secondary prevention is.

• A.

Health maintenance

• B.

• C.

Screening, case findings

C. Screening, case findings
Explanation
Secondary prevention refers to actions taken to identify and detect a disease or health condition in its early stages, before it becomes symptomatic or progresses further. Screening and case findings are key components of secondary prevention as they involve systematic testing or examination of individuals to identify those who may be at risk or already affected by a particular illness. This allows for early intervention, treatment, and management of the condition, ultimately reducing its impact and preventing further complications. Health maintenance and patient education about illness are important aspects of overall healthcare but are not specific to secondary prevention.

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• 5.

### The five client variables or (lines of defense) seen in Neumans System Model which must be in balance for the patient to be stress free are?

• A.

Physiological, Developmental, Spiritual, Psychological, Cultural

• B.

Developmental, Spiritual, Psychological, Interpersonal, Psychological

• C.

Physiological, Psychological, Economical, Spiritual, Cultural

• D.

Physiological, Psychological, Developmental, Spiritual, Sociocultural

D. pHysiological, Psychological, Developmental, Spiritual, Sociocultural
Explanation
The correct answer is Physiological, Psychological, Developmental, Spiritual, Sociocultural. In Neuman's System Model, these five client variables or lines of defense need to be in balance for the patient to be stress-free. Physiological refers to the physical health and functioning of the body. Psychological refers to the mental and emotional well-being. Developmental refers to the stage of life and the changes that occur. Spiritual refers to the individual's beliefs and values. Sociocultural refers to the social and cultural factors that influence the individual.

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• 6.

### Level of health is identified as the line of resistance or defense that is protected by

• A.

A stress free environment

• B.

A flexible line of defense

• C.

The skin

• D.

Physiological needs

B. A flexible line of defense
Explanation
The level of health is identified as a flexible line of defense because it refers to the body's ability to adapt and respond to stressors. A flexible line of defense implies that the body has various mechanisms and processes in place to protect itself and maintain homeostasis. This includes the immune system, which can recognize and fight off pathogens, as well as other physiological processes that help the body cope with stress. Therefore, a flexible line of defense is crucial in maintaining overall health and preventing diseases.

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• 7.

### Finish this sentence:  A system is a set of objects or elements in interaction to achieve a

specific goal
specific goals
goal
Explanation
A system is a set of objects or elements in interaction to achieve a specific goal or goals. The word "specific" emphasizes that the goal(s) of the system are clearly defined and well-defined. The plural form "goals" suggests that a system can have multiple objectives that it aims to accomplish. The term "goal" alone could also be a valid answer, indicating that a system is designed to achieve a singular objective.

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• 8.

### Common Elements of a System (in order)

• A.

Input, Throughput, Output, Control, Environment

• B.

Input, Output, Feedback, Environment, Control

• C.

Input, Throughput, Output, Feedback, Environment, Control

• D.

Input, Throughput, Output, Feedback, Control, Environment

D. Input, Throughput, Output, Feedback, Control, Environment
Explanation
The correct answer is "Input, Throughput, Output, Feedback, Control, Environment". This order represents the common elements of a system. Input refers to the data or information that is entered into the system. Throughput is the process of transforming the input into output. Output is the result or outcome of the system's processes. Feedback is the information or response that is received from the output and is used to make adjustments or improvements. Control involves monitoring and regulating the system to ensure that it functions properly. Environment refers to the external factors or conditions that can influence the system.

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• 9.

### In this stage, the system converts raw material or energy from the environment into usable products. (eg. thinking, planning, constructing)

• A.

Output

• B.

Input

• C.

Throughput/Process

• D.

Feedback

• E.

Environment

C. Throughput/Process
Explanation
The given correct answer is "Throughput/Process". In this stage, the system is converting raw material or energy from the environment into usable products. This process involves various activities such as thinking, planning, and constructing. Throughput/Process refers to the transformation and conversion of inputs into outputs. It is the stage where the system takes in inputs, processes them, and produces outputs.

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• 10.

### In this stage, the system uses information about data or energy processing to evaluate, monitor and guide the system to work more effectively. (eg. patient satisfaction)

• A.

Output

• B.

Feedback

• C.

Control

• D.

Input

• E.

Throughput/Process

B. Feedback
Explanation
Feedback is the correct answer because it refers to the process of evaluating and monitoring the system's performance based on information about data or energy processing. Feedback allows the system to make necessary adjustments and improvements to work more effectively. In the given example of patient satisfaction, feedback helps in assessing the level of satisfaction and identifying areas for improvement in order to enhance the overall performance of the system.

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• 11.

### In this stage, the system evaluates input, throughput, & output in order to make corrections. (eg. Parents measure child's ht. & wt. and may change diet)

• A.

Control

• B.

Feedback

• C.

Environment

• D.

Throughput/Process

• E.

Output

A. Control
Explanation
In this stage, the system evaluates input, throughput, and output in order to make corrections. This implies that there is a mechanism in place to monitor and adjust the system's operations based on the feedback received. The term "control" accurately describes this process of regulating and managing the system to ensure its desired outcomes are achieved.

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• 12.

### General Systems Theory is a scientific exploration of

• A.

Inputs, outputs, and other stages to determine the goal.

• B.

Other systems and is used as a framework

• C.

Wholeness, differentiation, order, progression & others.

C. Wholeness, differentiation, order, progression & others.
Explanation
The correct answer is "wholeness, differentiation, order, progression & others." General Systems Theory is a scientific exploration that focuses on understanding the interrelationships and dynamics of systems. It emphasizes the concept of wholeness, which means that a system is more than the sum of its parts. It also explores differentiation, which refers to the distinct components and subsystems within a system. Additionally, it examines order, which relates to the organization and structure of a system, as well as progression, which involves the development and evolution of a system over time. These concepts, along with others, form the foundation of General Systems Theory.

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• 13.

### Rosemarie Rizzo Parse is responsible for

• A.

Interpersonal Relations in Nursing

• B.

Neumans System Theory

• C.

The Behavioral Theory

• D.

Theory of Human Becoming

D. Theory of Human Becoming
Explanation
Rosemarie Rizzo Parse is responsible for the Theory of Human Becoming. This theory focuses on the idea that individuals are constantly co-creating their own reality and becoming who they are through their choices and actions. It emphasizes the importance of understanding and supporting individuals in their unique journey of becoming, rather than trying to predict or control their behavior. This theory has been influential in nursing practice, as it encourages nurses to provide holistic and individualized care that respects the autonomy and dignity of each patient.

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• 14.

### What is Knowledge ( choose all that applies)

• A.

To understand clearly

• B.

To perceive with the mind

• C.

Having information

• D.

Scholar research

• E.

Clear perception vs intuition

A. To understand clearly
B. To perceive with the mind
C. Having information
E. Clear perception vs intuition
Explanation
The correct answer is "To understand clearly, To perceive with the mind, Having information, Clear perception vs intuition". These options all describe different aspects of knowledge. Understanding something clearly means having a comprehensive grasp of it. Perceiving with the mind involves using cognitive abilities to comprehend and interpret information. Having information refers to possessing factual or conceptual knowledge about a particular subject. Clear perception vs intuition suggests the distinction between gaining knowledge through logical reasoning and analysis versus relying on instinct or gut feelings.

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• 15.

### What is a scholar? (choose all that applies)

• A.

Student

• B.

A person writing a paper

• C.

A person of much learning

• D.

Person of Letters

• E.

A. Student
C. A person of much learning
D. Person of Letters
Explanation
A scholar can be defined as a person who is a student, someone who is engaged in academic pursuits and acquiring knowledge. They are also individuals of much learning, possessing a deep understanding and expertise in a particular field of study. Scholars can be considered as persons of letters, as they often engage in writing papers and producing scholarly works. Additionally, a scholar can be an undergraduate, referring to someone who is pursuing a bachelor's degree in a university or college.

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• 16.

### Finish this statement: To know about our discipline we,

• A.

Must research and add to other systems

• B.

• C.

• D.

We also need to know about other disciplines

D. We also need to know about other disciplines
Explanation
To have a comprehensive understanding of our discipline, it is necessary to have knowledge about other disciplines as well. This is because different fields of study often intersect and influence each other. By gaining insights from other disciplines, we can broaden our perspective, identify potential connections, and enhance our own discipline. This cross-pollination of ideas and information can lead to innovative solutions and advancements in our field. Therefore, knowing about other disciplines is crucial for a well-rounded and informed approach to our own discipline.

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• 17.

### As a scholar what should you do? (choose all that applies)

• A.

Share information with my colleagues

• B.

Contribute to the literature of nursing

• C.

Explore all theories and systems and apply them

• D.

Write down the practice of nursing

• E.

Improve standards of care

A. Share information with my colleagues
B. Contribute to the literature of nursing
D. Write down the practice of nursing
E. Improve standards of care
Explanation
As a scholar, it is important to share information with colleagues to foster collaboration and knowledge sharing within the field. Contributing to the literature of nursing helps to advance the field by adding new research and insights. Writing down the practice of nursing helps to document and preserve knowledge for future reference. Finally, improving standards of care is crucial for enhancing the quality and effectiveness of nursing practice.

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• 18.

### The Scientific Method is used to, (Choose the best answer)

• A.

Clarify, prove & support data/statement

• B.

• C.

Create relative data

• D.

Create a model

A. Clarify, prove & support data/statement
Explanation
The Scientific Method is a systematic approach used to clarify, prove, and support data or statements. It involves a series of steps including observation, formulation of a hypothesis, experimentation, analysis of data, and drawing conclusions. Through this method, scientists aim to clarify existing knowledge, test hypotheses, and provide evidence to support or refute a particular claim or theory. By following the scientific method, researchers can ensure that their findings are reliable, reproducible, and contribute to the advancement of scientific knowledge.

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• 19.

### An Idea, Abstract and General Notion is a

• A.

Scientific Method

• B.

Theory

• C.

Concept

• D.

Frame work

C. Concept
Explanation
The term "Idea, Abstract and General Notion" suggests a broad and intangible concept rather than a specific scientific method, theory, or framework. The word "Concept" aligns well with this description as it refers to a general idea or understanding of something. Therefore, "Concept" is the most suitable answer that encompasses the given terms.

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• 20.

### A meta paradigm. The core concept of discipline stated in the most global or abstract terms are? (Choose all that applies)

• A.

Person

• B.

Place

• C.

Nursing

• D.

Environment

• E.

Health

A. Person
C. Nursing
D. Environment
E. Health
Explanation
The correct answer is person, nursing, environment, health. These concepts are considered the core components of the discipline of nursing. Person refers to the individual receiving care, nursing refers to the profession and practice of providing care, environment refers to the surroundings and context in which care is provided, and health refers to the overall well-being of the individual. These concepts are essential in understanding and delivering holistic nursing care.

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• 21.

### What is the purpose of a theory?

explain here
Explanation
The purpose of a theory is to provide an explanation or understanding of a phenomenon or set of phenomena. It helps to organize and interpret observations, data, and evidence in order to make predictions and gain insights into how things work. Theories serve as frameworks for further research, allowing scientists to test their hypotheses and refine their understanding of the subject matter. They also help to establish a common language and shared knowledge within a particular field of study. Overall, theories play a crucial role in advancing knowledge and driving scientific progress.

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• 22.

### Parse included two paradigms into her theory what are they?

• A.

Person, Nursing

• B.

Totality, Simultaneity

• C.

Totality, Rhythm

• D.

Simultaneity, Environment

B. Totality, Simultaneity
Explanation
Parse included two paradigms, namely totality and simultaneity, into her theory. These paradigms help to shape her understanding of nursing and the person. The concept of totality emphasizes the interconnectedness and holistic nature of individuals, emphasizing that they should be viewed and treated as a whole. Simultaneity, on the other hand, emphasizes the coexistence and mutual influence of various factors and dimensions in nursing, suggesting that multiple aspects should be considered simultaneously. Therefore, Parse's theory incorporates these two paradigms to provide a comprehensive framework for understanding and practicing nursing.

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• 23.

### Parse's updated 9 assumptions into 3 in 1998 which states one of the following Human Becoming is (Which one of the statements below is TRUE)

• A.

Free to choose personal meanings in certain situations based on valued priorities.

• B.

Is rhythmic and not related to exchanging with the universe

• C.

Is one dimensional and has multiple possibilities

A. Free to choose personal meanings in certain situations based on valued priorities.
Explanation
In 1998, Parse updated the 9 assumptions of Human Becoming theory and condensed them into 3 assumptions. One of these updated assumptions is that individuals are free to choose personal meanings in certain situations based on their valued priorities. This means that individuals have the autonomy to determine the significance and interpretation of events and circumstances in their lives, taking into account their own personal values and priorities.

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• 24.

### True or False: Parse views the nurse as the interpersonal choice maker who is active and energetic

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
Parse does not view the nurse as the interpersonal choice maker who is active and energetic. The nurse is viewed as a human becoming, constantly evolving and co-creating their own reality. Parse's theory emphasizes the nurse's participation in the process of becoming, rather than being seen as an active and energetic decision maker. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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• 25.

### True or False: Parse advises nurse to be mechanic vs being a nurturing gardener?

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
The statement suggests that Parse advises nurses to be mechanics instead of nurturing gardeners. This is not true. Parse does not provide advice on career choices for nurses or compare them to being mechanics or gardeners. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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• 26.

### True or False: Parse does not view nursing as a care giver, advocate, counselor and leader.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The given answer is true because it states that Parse does not view nursing as a care giver, advocate, counselor, and leader. This implies that Parse's perspective on nursing does not include these roles or responsibilities.

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• 27.

### The word Becoming in Parse's Theory of Human Becoming means?

• A.

Person

• B.

Environment

• C.

Health

• D.

Developments

C. Health
Explanation
In Parse's Theory of Human Becoming, the word "Becoming" refers to the concept of health. This theory emphasizes that individuals are constantly evolving and transforming in their pursuit of health. It suggests that health is not a fixed state but a dynamic process of growth and change. By focusing on the concept of Becoming, Parse highlights the importance of individuals actively engaging in their own health journey and continuously striving for well-being.

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• 28.

### Dorothy E. Johnson is responsible for:

• A.

The Human Becoming Theory

• B.

The Human Guide to Caring

• C.

Behavioral System Model

• D.

Interpersonal Relations in Nursing

C. Behavioral System Model
Explanation
Dorothy E. Johnson is responsible for the Behavioral System Model. This model emphasizes the importance of understanding an individual's behavioral responses to stressors and how these responses affect their overall health. It focuses on the individual's behavioral systems, which are composed of subsystems that work together to maintain stability and balance. The model also highlights the role of nursing in promoting adaptive behaviors and helping individuals achieve their goals.

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• 29.

### Much of Johnson's thinking was influenced by

• A.

Frued

• B.

Watson

• C.

Nightingale

• D.

Parse

• E.

Peplau

C. Nightingale
Explanation
Johnson's thinking was influenced by Nightingale because Florence Nightingale was a pioneer in the field of nursing and made significant contributions to the development of nursing theory and practice. Johnson, being a nurse theorist herself, would have studied Nightingale's work and been influenced by her ideas and principles. Nightingale's emphasis on the importance of environmental factors in health and her holistic approach to patient care align with Johnson's own theories and beliefs. Therefore, Nightingale's influence on Johnson's thinking is evident.

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• 30.

### Johnson believed that the nurse should care for...

• A.

Themselves

• B.

The behavioral systems

• C.

The environment around the client

• D.

The whole client

D. The whole client
Explanation
Johnson believed that the nurse should care for the whole client. This means that the nurse should not only focus on the physical needs of the client, but also consider their emotional, social, and spiritual well-being. Johnson emphasized the importance of understanding the client as a whole person, and providing holistic care that addresses all aspects of their health and well-being. This approach recognizes that all aspects of a person's life are interconnected and can impact their overall health and recovery.

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• 31.

### Who defined nursing as "an external regulatory force which acts to preserve the organization and integration of the patient's behavior at an optimal level under those conditions in which the behavior constitutes a threat to physical or social health or in which illness is found"?

• A.

Watson

• B.

Pepleu

• C.

Nightingale

• D.

Johnson

• E.

Parse

D. Johnson
Explanation
Johnson defined nursing as "an external regulatory force which acts to preserve the organization and integration of the patient's behavior at an optimal level under those conditions in which the behavior constitutes a threat to physical or social health or in which illness is found." This definition highlights the role of nursing in maintaining and promoting the well-being of patients, particularly in situations where their behavior poses a risk to their health or the health of others. Johnson's definition emphasizes the proactive nature of nursing in preserving and integrating patient behavior for optimal health outcomes.

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• 32.

### Johnson's Behavioral System Model consists of seven subsystems which are considered to be interrelated, and changes in one subsystem affect all the subsystems. Which one below is NOT one of the seven subsystems?

• A.

Elimination

• B.

Aggression

• C.

Dependency

• D.

Social Integration

• E.

Attachment and affiliation

D. Social Integration
Explanation
The Johnson's Behavioral System Model consists of seven interrelated subsystems. These subsystems include Elimination, Aggression, Dependency, Attachment and affiliation. Social Integration is not one of the seven subsystems in this model.

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• 33.

### Choose Johnson's four meta paradigm for Behavioral System Model.

• A.

Person, environment, health, nursing

• B.

Person, health, universe, nursing

• C.

Society, Health, Nursing, Person

• D.

Environment, Nature, Health, Behavior

C. Society, Health, Nursing, Person
Explanation
Johnson's four metaparadigm for the Behavioral System Model includes the concepts of Society, Health, Nursing, and Person. This means that when using this model, these four concepts are considered and integrated into the understanding and analysis of a person's behavior and health. Society refers to the social context and influences on the individual, Health pertains to the individual's well-being and state of being free from illness, Nursing involves the care and support provided to the individual, and Person represents the individual themselves and their unique characteristics and experiences.

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• 34.

### Who is responsible for Interpersonal Relations in Nursing?

• A.

Watson

• B.

Johnson

• C.

Peplau

• D.

Parse

• E.

Neuman

C. Peplau
Explanation
Peplau is responsible for Interpersonal Relations in Nursing. Peplau, also known as the mother of psychiatric nursing, developed the theory of interpersonal relations in nursing. She emphasized the importance of the nurse-patient relationship and believed that effective communication and understanding between the nurse and patient are essential for promoting healing and well-being. Peplau's theory focuses on the nurse's role in facilitating the patient's growth and development through therapeutic interactions.

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• 35.

### The basic role of the nursing for Interpersonal Relations in Nursing theory is that of a

• A.

Being a gardener

• B.

Being therapeutic

• C.

Taking full control

• D.

B. Being therapeutic
Explanation
The correct answer is being therapeutic. In the Interpersonal Relations in Nursing theory, the basic role of nursing is to be therapeutic. This means that nurses should focus on establishing a caring and healing relationship with their patients, promoting their well-being and assisting them in achieving their health goals. Being therapeutic involves actively listening to patients, providing emotional support, and using effective communication and problem-solving skills to meet their needs. It emphasizes the importance of empathy, respect, and understanding in the nurse-patient relationship.

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• 36.

### Who said " both the nurse and patient should collaborate and share in mutual goals until the problem is resolved" ?

• A.

Parse

• B.

Peplau

• C.

Neuman

• D.

Johnson

• E.

Watson

B. Peplau
Explanation
Peplau said that both the nurse and patient should collaborate and share in mutual goals until the problem is resolved. This means that Peplau emphasized the importance of a collaborative relationship between the nurse and patient, where they work together towards resolving the problem at hand. This approach recognizes the patient as an active participant in their own care and promotes a partnership between the nurse and patient.

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• 37.

### Peplau wrote that the nurse - patient relationship is composed of three phases what are they?

orientation phase working phase termination phase
orientation phase, working phase, and termination phase
working orientation termination
Explanation
The nurse-patient relationship, according to Peplau, consists of three phases: the orientation phase, the working phase, and the termination phase. In the orientation phase, the nurse and patient establish trust and rapport, gather information, and set goals for the therapeutic relationship. The working phase involves implementing interventions, providing care, and working towards achieving the established goals. Lastly, the termination phase marks the conclusion of the relationship, where the nurse and patient evaluate progress and discuss plans for the future.

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• Mar 21, 2023
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• Mar 08, 2010
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