AP US History Test

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AP US History Test - Quiz

Our informative AP US History Test quiz has a bunch of really interesting questions. This quiz is designed to help you review everything you need to know for the AP US History Test. You'll get to explore big events, important people, and major decisions that have shaped the United States. Each question is a chance to see how well you understand the stories of America.

From the first settlers to the modern era, this quiz covers it all. It's straightforward, with no tricky wording or unnecessary details. Just clear, direct questions to help you prepare for the AP US History Read moreTest. Whether you're testing your knowledge or getting ready for the big day, this quiz is a great tool to help you succeed. Get ready to think, learn, and maybe even have a little fun along the way!


AP US History Test Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    What year did the American Revolutionary War end?

    • A.

      1776

    • B.

      1781

    • C.

      1783

    • D.

      1791

    Correct Answer
    C. 1783
    Explanation
    The American Revolutionary War concluded in 1783 with the signing of the Treaty of Paris. This treaty was pivotal as it recognized the independence of the United States from British rule. The war’s end marked a significant shift in political power and the birth of a nation. This year is crucial in U.S. history because it formally ended hostilities and established boundaries that were crucial for the young nation's future growth and development, allowing it to pursue independent governance and diplomacy.

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  • 2. 

    Who was the U.S. President during the Civil War?

    • A.

      Abraham Lincoln

    • B.

      Andrew Johnson

    • C.

      Ulysses S. Grant

    • D.

      Thomas Jefferson

    Correct Answer
    A. Abraham Lincoln
    Explanation
    Abraham Lincoln was the U.S. President during the Civil War, serving from 1861 until his assassination in 1865. His presidency was defined by efforts to preserve the Union and the abolition of slavery, culminating in the Emancipation Proclamation and the push for the Thirteenth Amendment. Lincoln's leadership during this tumultuous period was instrumental in leading the North to victory while maintaining the integrity of the Union and setting the stage for reconciliation and reconstruction.

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  • 3. 

    Which amendment abolished slavery in the United States?

    • A.

      13th Amendment

    • B.

      14th Amendment

    • C.

      15th Amendment

    • D.

      16th Amendment

    Correct Answer
    A. 13th Amendment
    Explanation
    The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1865, abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. This amendment was a direct outcome of the Civil War and President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation. It legally ended what had been a core conflict in American society, providing a legal guarantee of freedom to millions of African Americans and redefining the post-war social landscape.

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  • 4. 

    What was the main cause of the U.S. entering WWI?

    • A.

      Zimmerman Telegram

    • B.

      Bombing of Pearl Harbor

    • C.

      Sinking of the Lusitania

    • D.

      Berlin Conference

    Correct Answer
    A. Zimmerman Telegram
    Explanation
    The primary reason the U.S. entered World War I in 1917 was the interception and publication of the Zimmerman Telegram, in which Germany proposed a military alliance with Mexico against the United States. The telegram inflamed public opinion and demonstrated a direct threat to U.S. national security. This, combined with ongoing issues related to unrestricted submarine warfare by Germany, compelled the U.S. to enter the war to protect its interests and support its allies.

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  • 5. 

    Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

    • A.

      John Adams

    • B.

      Thomas Jefferson

    • C.

      Benjamin Franklin

    • D.

      George Washington

    Correct Answer
    B. Thomas Jefferson
    Explanation
    Thomas Jefferson authored the Declaration of Independence in 1776. His draft articulated the colonies' reasons for seeking independence from British rule, emphasizing natural rights and the philosophical foundations of government. Jefferson's eloquent prose and the declaration’s revolutionary ideas on liberty and individual rights laid the groundwork for American national identity and are celebrated as seminal in the fight for independence.

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  • 6. 

    What economic crisis occurred in 1929?

    • A.

      The Great Depression

    • B.

      The Dust Bowl

    • C.

      Black Tuesday

    • D.

      The New Deal

    Correct Answer
    C. Black Tuesday
    Explanation
    The economic crisis known as Black Tuesday occurred on October 29, 1929, marking the crash of the U.S. stock market and heralding the beginning of the Great Depression. This day saw the sharpest one-day decline in stock market history at that time, wiping out millions of dollars in value. Its aftermath led to a decade-long economic struggle characterized by widespread unemployment, bank failures, and severe social distress.

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  • 7. 

    Which event marked the end of WWII for the United States?

    • A.

      Dropping of the atomic bomb

    • B.

      Signing of the Versailles Treaty

    • C.

      Attack on Pearl Harbor

    • D.

      Battle of Midway

    Correct Answer
    A. Dropping of the atomic bomb
    Explanation
    The end of World War II for the United States is marked by the dropping of atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945. These actions resulted in Japan's unconditional surrender and effectively ended the war. The decision to use atomic weapons remains one of the most controversial in military history but was justified by U.S. leaders as a means to end the war swiftly and prevent further massive casualties.

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  • 8. 

    Who led the Federalists?

    • A.

      Thomas Jefferson

    • B.

      Alexander Hamilton

    • C.

      James Madison

    • D.

      John Jay

    Correct Answer
    B. Alexander Hamilton
    Explanation
    Alexander Hamilton was the leader of the Federalists, a political group that emerged in the 1790s advocating for a strong central government. Hamilton’s vision emphasized a commercially robust nation with centralized financial institutions. His policies led to the establishment of the national bank, the assumption of state debts by the federal government, and the promotion of manufacturing and infrastructure projects, which were foundational to America’s early economic development.

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  • 9. 

    What was the primary purpose of the Monroe Doctrine?

    • A.

      To encourage European colonization

    • B.

      To establish trade agreements

    • C.

      To prevent European interference

    • D.

      To promote isolationism

    Correct Answer
    C. To prevent European interference
    Explanation
    The Monroe Doctrine, articulated in 1823 by President James Monroe, was primarily aimed at preventing European colonialism in the Americas. It asserted that any attempts by European nations to interfere with states in the Americas would be viewed as acts of aggression requiring U.S. intervention. This policy marked a significant moment in U.S. foreign policy, asserting its sphere of influence in the Western Hemisphere and promoting a form of early American exceptionalism.

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  • 10. 

    Which landmark Supreme Court case desegregated schools?

    • A.

      Plessy v. Ferguson

    • B.

      Brown v. Board of Education

    • C.

      Marbury v. Madison

    • D.

      Roe v. Wade

    Correct Answer
    B. Brown v. Board of Education
    Explanation
    Brown v. Board of Education was a landmark 1954 Supreme Court case that declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional. This decision overturned the "separate but equal" doctrine established by the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896. It was a crucial victory in the Civil Rights Movement, leading to the desegregation of schools across America and setting legal and social precedents for ending segregation in other public facilities and contexts.

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  • Current Version
  • Jul 23, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 16, 2008
    Quiz Created by
    Usloony
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