Biochemistry And Cell Biology! Hardest Trivia Quiz

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 75

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Biochemistry And Cell Biology! Hardest Trivia Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Plant cells have one big____ used for storage, but animal cells have lots of small ones.
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Mitochondria

    • C. 

      Vacuole

    • D. 

      Cytoplasm

  • 2. 
    Which description best fits the cell membrane?
    • A. 

      Transparent

    • B. 

      Rigid for support

    • C. 

      Thick and waxy

    • D. 

      Semi-permeable

  • 3. 
    Having many ribosomes attached to it, this organelle produces proteins as well as other substances and then transports them to other parts of the cell
    • A. 

      Rough ER

    • B. 

      Smooth ER

    • C. 

      Nucleolus

  • 4. 
    "Fluid mosaic model" is a term used to describe the
    • A. 

      Nuclear envelope

    • B. 

      Mitochondrial cristae

    • C. 

      Plasma membrane

  • 5. 
    These openings in the nuclear envelope allow substances to enter and leave the nucleus
    • A. 

      Integral proteins

    • B. 

      Nuclear pores

    • C. 

      Peripheral proteins

  • 6. 
    This structure, not found in animal cells, provides strength for plant cells and is found outside the plasma membrane
    • A. 

      Central vacuole

    • B. 

      Plastid

    • C. 

      Cell wall

  • 7. 
    The process by which substances pass through the cell membrane without expending energy is called:
    • A. 

      Endocytosis

    • B. 

      Passive transport

    • C. 

      Active transport

    • D. 

      Phagocytosis

  • 8. 
    The process by which substances move from regions of high concentration to regions of low concentration is called:
    • A. 

      Phagocytosis

    • B. 

      Diffusion

    • C. 

      Active transport

    • D. 

      Endocytosis

  • 9. 
    The movement of water through a selectively peremeable membrane is known as:
    • A. 

      Facilitated diffusion

    • B. 

      Osmosis

    • C. 

      Diffusion

    • D. 

      Active transport

  • 10. 
    The site where ribosomes are assembled is the:
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      DNA

    • C. 

      Chromosome

    • D. 

      Nucleolus

  • 11. 
    Because bacteria do not contain nuclei, they are known as:
    • A. 

      Prokaryotes

    • B. 

      Phagocytes

    • C. 

      Eukaryotes

    • D. 

      Endocytes

  • 12. 
    Which structure would a cell that is active in protein synthesis contain?
    • A. 

      Contractile vacuoles

    • B. 

      Nuclei

    • C. 

      Chloroplasts

    • D. 

      Ribosomes

  • 13. 
    Which structures would be found in a maple tree cell but not a human cell?
    • A. 

      Lysomes and mitochondria

    • B. 

      Chloroplasts and cell walls

    • C. 

      Ribosomes and cell membranes

    • D. 

      Nuclei and cell membranes

  • 14. 
    Which plant organelle stores water?
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Lysosome

    • C. 

      Ribosome

    • D. 

      Vacuole

  • 15. 
    Water has an important stabilizing effect on temperature in living organisms and their environments because as water absorbs heat, much of the energy is used to ____________ instead of raising the temperature.
    • A. 

      Create covalent bonds

    • B. 

      Create hydrogen bonds

    • C. 

      Break surface tension

    • D. 

      Break hydrogen bonds

    • E. 

      Create hydration layers

  • 16. 
    Reactions that use the equivalent of a water molecule to break a molecule into smaller subunits are called
    • A. 

      Equilibrium reactions

    • B. 

      Hydration reactions

    • C. 

      Hydrolysis reactions

    • D. 

      Redox reactions

    • E. 

      Dehydration synthesis reactions

  • 17. 
    Which of these terms is most inclusive?
    • A. 

      Monosaccharide

    • B. 

      Starch

    • C. 

      Polysaccharide

    • D. 

      Disaccharide

    • E. 

      Carbohydrate

  • 18. 
    Which functional group is polar, consists of oxygen and hydrogen, and is a key component of alcohols?
    • A. 

      Carboxyl

    • B. 

      Hydroxyl

    • C. 

      Phosphate

    • D. 

      Amino

    • E. 

      Carboxyl

  • 19. 
    Which functional group is found in all proteins?
    • A. 

      Carbonyl

    • B. 

      Hydroxyl

    • C. 

      Phosphate

    • D. 

      Amino

  • 20. 
    Which functional group is responsible for the coiled shape of DNA?
    • A. 

      Carboxyl

    • B. 

      Hydroxyl

    • C. 

      Phosphate

    • D. 

      Amino

    • E. 

      Carboxyl

  • 21. 
    What kinds of reactions remove the equivalent of a water molecule when subunits are joined to make a larger molecule?
    • A. 

      Equilibrium reactions

    • B. 

      Hydration reactions

    • C. 

      Hydrolysis reactions

    • D. 

      Redox reactions

    • E. 

      Dehydration synthesis reactions

  • 22. 
    Although they have a diversity of structures, all members of this group of organic molecules are primarily nonpolar and thus water-insoluble.
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      Lipids

    • C. 

      Nucleic acids

    • D. 

      Carbohydrates

    • E. 

      Amino acids

  • 23. 
    What organic molecules have a chemical formula that is (or is very nearly) a multiple of 1 Carbon atom to 1 Water molecule?
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      Lipids

    • C. 

      Nucleic acids

    • D. 

      Carbohydrates

    • E. 

      Amino acids

  • 24. 
    What kind of molecules are monosaccharides and disaccharides?
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      Lipids

    • C. 

      Nucleic acids

    • D. 

      Carbohydrates

    • E. 

      Amino acids

  • 25. 
    Which group of organic molecules are held together with peptide bonds?
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      Lipids

    • C. 

      Nucleic acids

    • D. 

      Carbohydrates

    • E. 

      Amino acids

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