AP Government Chapter 6

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AP Government Quizzes & Trivia

Quiz on Chapter 6 of Government in America Textbook.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The science of population change.

    Explanation
    Demography is the study of population change, including the size, distribution, and characteristics of populations. It examines factors such as birth rates, death rates, migration patterns, and social and economic factors that influence population dynamics. By analyzing these factors, demographers can gain insights into population trends, make predictions about future population growth or decline, and inform policies and interventions related to population issues. Therefore, demography is the correct answer to the given question.

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  • 2. 

    Used to help America understand demographic changes; a valuable tool for understanding demographic changes. The Constitution requires the government to conduct an 'actual enumeration' of the population every 10 years.

    Explanation
    The U.S. Census, also known as the Census, is a valuable tool used to help America understand demographic changes. The Constitution mandates that the government conducts an 'actual enumeration' of the population every 10 years, making the Census a requirement. Therefore, the U.S. Census is the correct answer.

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  • 3. 

    The people that move into America from other countries. 800,000 of these type of people are admitted to the U.S. every year.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Immigrants" because the question states that these people are moving into America from other countries, which aligns with the definition of immigrants. Additionally, the question mentions that 800,000 of these individuals are admitted to the U.S. every year, further supporting the answer choice of immigrants.

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  • 4. 

    The mixing of cultures, ideas, and people has changed the U.S. nation.

    Explanation
    The term "melting pot" refers to the idea that the United States is a country where different cultures, ideas, and people come together and blend into a new and unified national identity. This concept suggests that the mixing of diverse cultures and people has had a transformative effect on the nation, shaping its values, traditions, and overall character. It implies that the U.S. is a place where individuals from different backgrounds can assimilate and contribute to the creation of a unique American culture.

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  • 5. 

    The emergence of non-Caucasian majority as compared to a white, generally Anglo-Saxon majority. It is predicted by 2060 that Hispanic Americans, African Americans, and Asian Americans will together outnumber white Americans.

    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that demographic shifts are occurring in the United States, with the non-Caucasian population projected to surpass the white population by 2060. This is based on the increasing populations of Hispanic Americans, African Americans, and Asian Americans. These demographic changes reflect the country's growing diversity and the impact of immigration patterns over time.

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  • 6. 

    1990's - requires that employers document the citizenship of their employees.

    Explanation
    The Simpson-Mazzoli Act, passed in the 1990s, imposed a requirement on employers to document the citizenship of their employees. This means that employers were obligated to keep records or proof of their employees' citizenship status. The act aimed to address issues related to illegal immigration and ensure that employers were hiring individuals who were legally eligible to work in the United States. By documenting the citizenship of their employees, employers were expected to contribute to the enforcement of immigration laws and prevent the hiring of unauthorized workers.

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  • 7. 

    Minority populations are increasing as white population decreases. U.S. population has been moving from NE (Rust Belt) to SE & W (Sun Belt).

    Explanation
    The given answer, "Population Shift," accurately explains the situation described in the question. It suggests that the reason for the increasing minority populations and decreasing white population is due to a shift in the overall population distribution within the United States. Specifically, the population has been moving from the Northeast (Rust Belt) to the Southeast and West (Sun Belt). This demographic shift can be attributed to various factors such as economic opportunities, climate, and lifestyle preferences.

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  • 8. 

    The process of reallocating seats in the House of Representatives every 10 years on the basis of the results of the census (frozen at 435).

    Explanation
    Reapportionment refers to the process of redistributing the seats in the House of Representatives every 10 years based on the results of the census. This process is necessary to ensure that each state is fairly represented in proportion to its population. The number of seats in the House of Representatives is fixed at 435, so reapportionment involves shifting seats from states that have lost population to states that have gained population. This helps to maintain a balance of representation and reflects changes in population distribution across the country.

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  • 9. 

    By 2020, the post WWII baby boom generation reaches senior citizen status, and there will be just 2 Americans for every 4 senior citizens. Nationwide, the fastest growing group is seniors over the age of 65.

    Explanation
    The given answer, "Ageing of America," is a suitable explanation for the information provided in the question. The statement mentions that by 2020, the post WWII baby boom generation will reach senior citizen status, and there will be just 2 Americans for every 4 senior citizens. This indicates a significant increase in the proportion of senior citizens in the population, leading to the overall ageing of America. Additionally, the statement mentions that the fastest growing group nationwide is seniors over the age of 65, further supporting the idea of the ageing population in America.

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  • 10. 

    According to Richard Dawson 'the process through which an individual acquires his particular political orientations - his knowledge, feelings, and evaluations.

    Explanation
    Richard Dawson defines political socialization as the process through which an individual acquires their political orientations, including knowledge, feelings, and evaluations. This process involves the transmission of political beliefs and values from various sources such as family, education, media, and peers. Political socialization plays a crucial role in shaping an individual's political opinions and behaviors, as it influences their understanding of political issues, their identification with political parties or ideologies, and their participation in political activities.

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  • 11. 

    As children approach adult status, some degree of adolescent rebellion against parents and their beliefs will take place, but students are mainly influenced by 1)family, and 2)school.

    Explanation
    As children grow into adults, it is natural for them to start asserting their independence and questioning the beliefs and values they have been raised with. This often leads to some degree of rebellion against their parents and their ideas. However, the influence of family and school remains significant during this transitional phase. Family, as the primary socializing agent, plays a crucial role in shaping a child's values and beliefs. Similarly, schools provide a structured environment where students interact with peers and teachers who can also impact their perspectives. So, while adolescent rebellion is common, the influence of family and school cannot be overlooked.

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  • 12. 

    The level of confidence in the findings of a public opinion poll. The more people interviewed, the more confident one can be with the results.

    Explanation
    The answer is Sampling Error because the level of confidence in the findings of a public opinion poll is directly related to the size of the sample. When more people are interviewed, the sample size increases, reducing the potential for sampling error. Sampling error refers to the difference between the findings of the sample and the actual population, and a larger sample size helps to minimize this error, increasing the confidence in the poll's results.

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  • 13. 

    A technique used by pollsters to place telephone calls randomly to both listed and unlisted numbers when conducting a survey.

    Explanation
    Random Digit Dialing is a technique employed by pollsters to reach a wide range of respondents for conducting surveys. It involves placing telephone calls to both listed and unlisted numbers in a random manner, ensuring a more diverse and representative sample. This method helps to eliminate bias and increase the chances of obtaining accurate and reliable data.

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  • 14. 

    Tries to push votes in a certain direction based on a euqstion. Example: Bush admin polled people, "Would you vote for McCain if he fathered an illegitimate child?"

    Explanation
    Push polls refer to a deceptive campaign technique where individuals or organizations attempt to influence public opinion by posing as a pollster while actually attempting to sway voters towards a particular candidate or issue. In the given example, the Bush administration conducted a push poll by asking a loaded question about McCain fathering an illegitimate child, aiming to manipulate public sentiment against him. Push polls are designed to create a negative perception or bias, rather than genuinely gathering information or measuring public opinion.

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  • 15. 

    Polls help political candidates detect public preferences.

    Explanation
    Polls play a crucial role in helping political candidates understand and gauge public preferences. By conducting surveys and collecting data, candidates can gain insights into the opinions, concerns, and priorities of the electorate. This information allows them to tailor their campaign strategies, messaging, and policy proposals to align with the desires of the voters. Polls also help candidates identify potential areas of strength or weakness, enabling them to focus their efforts and resources accordingly. Ultimately, the role of polls is to provide candidates with valuable information that can inform their decision-making and increase their chances of electoral success.

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  • 16. 

    Public opinion surveys used by major media pollsters to predict electoral winners with seped & precision.

    Explanation
    Exit polls are public opinion surveys conducted by major media pollsters during elections. These surveys aim to predict the winners of the election with speed and precision. By interviewing voters as they leave the polling stations, exit polls provide an early indication of the voting patterns and preferences of the electorate. This information helps media outlets and analysts make predictions and projections about the outcome of the election before the official results are announced. Exit polls are an important tool for understanding public sentiment and gauging the potential results of an election.

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  • 17. 

    "Your people, sir, are a great beast," do not reflect confidence in people's capacity for self-government.

    Explanation
    The statement "Your people, sir, are a great beast" suggests that the speaker, who is likely Hamilton, does not have confidence in the ability of the general population to govern themselves. This implies that Hamilton holds a more elitist view, believing that a select few should have the power to govern, rather than entrusting it to the masses.

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  • 18. 

    Trusted people's good sense and believed that education would enable them to take the tasks of citizenship more seriously.

    Explanation
    Jefferson believed that education was crucial in enabling individuals to become responsible citizens. He trusted that educated people would possess good judgment and would be more inclined to take their civic duties seriously. Jefferson's views emphasized the importance of education in shaping informed and engaged citizens who would actively participate in the democratic process.

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  • 19. 

    The public's lack of having a basic awareness of the world around them proves to be a source of almost bitter humor in light of what people know about other subjects.

  • 20. 

    A coherent set of beliefs about politics, public policy, and public purpose. It helps give meaning to political events, personalities, and policies.

    Explanation
    A political ideology refers to a set of coherent beliefs about politics, public policy, and public purpose. It serves as a framework that helps individuals understand and interpret political events, personalities, and policies. By adhering to a particular political ideology, individuals can form a consistent and organized worldview that guides their political actions and decision-making.

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  • 21. 

    Mayor Bradley projected to win an election but lost because many voters ended up not voting for him based on race.

    Explanation
    The Bradley Effect refers to a phenomenon where voters misrepresent their true intentions when it comes to voting for candidates from different racial backgrounds. In this case, Mayor Bradley was projected to win the election, but ultimately lost because a significant number of voters did not vote for him based on his race. This suggests that some voters may have publicly expressed support for Bradley but ultimately voted against him due to racial biases. The Bradley Effect highlights the complexity of racial dynamics in elections and the potential impact it can have on electoral outcomes.

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  • 22. 

    There are conservative and liberal labels of people (more liberal now). Believes we should maintain peace through strength.

  • 23. 

    Elected in 1980; said the government is not the solution to society's problems, it is the problem. He called for the government to 'get off the backs of American people."

    Explanation
    Reagan was elected in 1980 and during his presidency, he famously stated that the government is not the solution to society's problems, but rather the problem itself. He believed in limited government intervention and advocated for reducing government regulations and bureaucracy. Reagan's philosophy was centered around the idea of individual freedom and empowering the American people by reducing the influence of the government in their lives.

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  • 24. 

    People used to vote towards way of their religion set, age, where they lived, but now they vote based on this.

    Explanation
    In the past, people tended to vote based on factors such as their religious beliefs, age, and geographical location. However, the current trend is that people now vote based on public opinion. This means that individuals are more influenced by the collective views and perspectives of the general public when making their voting decisions. Public opinion plays a crucial role in shaping the political landscape and determining the outcomes of elections.

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  • 25. 

    Although people liked Reagan, they didn't like his policies.

    Explanation
    Reagan's popularity can be attributed to his personal charm, charisma, and communication skills. He was known for his ability to connect with people and make them feel at ease. However, despite his likability, many people disagreed with his policies. This suggests that while Reagan may have been well-liked as a person, his policies and actions as a leader were not universally supported.

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  • 26. 

    All the activities used by citizens to influence the selection of political leaders of the policies they pursue. The most common, but not only, means of political participation is voting.

  • 27. 

    Includes many widely accepted modes of influencing government - voting, trying to persuade others, ringing doorbells for a petition, running for office, and so on.

    Explanation
    Conventional participation refers to the various methods individuals can use to influence government, such as voting, persuading others, participating in petitions, running for office, and more. These are widely accepted and recognized ways for citizens to engage in the political process and have their voices heard. Conventional participation allows individuals to actively participate in democracy and contribute to decision-making processes.

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  • 28. 

    Do people think in ideological terms?

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  • Current Version
  • Sep 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 27, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Heather_howell13
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