AP Government And Politics Quiz Questions And Answers

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AP Government And Politics Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz

Check out the AP government and politics quiz designed for you. AP government is one of the most important subjects that you can study as a student of politics. Here are some questions that may seem moderate level or tough. Try to give your best to get a score above 70 percent at least. Don't forget to share your scores and the quiz with your peers. The quiz will also educate the user more on the subject!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    About which of the following issues, the debates between Federalists and Anti-Federalists were primarily?

    • A.

      The right of the people to rebel

    • B.

      The existence of slavery

    • C.

      The central government's scope of power

    • D.

      The need to establish a standard currency

    • E.

      The representation of large and small states

    Correct Answer
    C. The central government's scope of power
    Explanation
    The debates between Federalists and Anti-Federalists were primarily about the central government's scope of power. The Federalists believed in a strong central government with broad powers, while the Anti-Federalists were concerned about the potential for tyranny and wanted to limit the powers of the central government. This issue was at the core of their disagreements and shaped the discussions and arguments between the two groups.

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  • 2. 

    Which constitutional principle directly addresses the bond between the national and state governments?

    • A.

      Checks and balances

    • B.

      The Bill of Rights

    • C.

      Separation of powers

    • D.

      Representation

    • E.

      Federalism

    Correct Answer
    E. Federalism
    Explanation
    Federalism is the correct answer because it refers to the constitutional principle that establishes the division of power between the national and state governments. It recognizes that both levels of government have their own separate spheres of authority, while also allowing for cooperation and coordination between them. This principle helps maintain a balance of power and ensures that neither the national nor state governments become too dominant.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following statements about political parties and the United States Constitution is true?

    • A.

      According to the Constitution, only two major political parties may exist at any time.

    • B.

      The Constitution requires political parties to be restricted by both federal and state law.

    • C.

      The Constitution indicates that political party leaders at the national level be elected by political party leaders at the state level.

    • D.

      The Constitution specifies that political party leaders must be native-born United States citizens.

    • E.

      The issue of political parties is not addressed in the Constitution.

    Correct Answer
    E. The issue of political parties is not addressed in the Constitution.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the issue of political parties is not addressed in the Constitution. This means that the Constitution does not specifically mention or regulate political parties. While political parties have become an integral part of the American political system, their existence and functioning are not directly mandated or regulated by the Constitution. The Constitution primarily focuses on the structure of the government, the rights and powers of individuals, and the processes for electing officials.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is a fundamental element of the United States Constitution?

    • A.

      Recognition of the centrality of political parties in government

    • B.

      Direct election of members of the executive branch

    • C.

      An executive branch that is more powerful than the legislature

    • D.

      Emphasis on a unitary system of government

    • E.

      Division of government authority across political institutions

    Correct Answer
    E. Division of government authority across political institutions
    Explanation
    The division of government authority across political institutions is a fundamental element of the United States Constitution. This principle is known as the system of checks and balances, where power is distributed among the three branches of government - the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. Each branch has its own distinct powers and responsibilities, and they are designed to check and balance each other to prevent any one branch from becoming too powerful. This system ensures that no single branch of government can dominate and abuse its power, promoting a system of accountability and safeguarding individual liberties.

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  • 5. 

    The United States Constitution's left decisions on voting eligibility to the

    • A.

      Civil rights agencies

    • B.

      Individual states

    • C.

      United States Supreme Court

    • D.

      House of Representatives

    • E.

      Senate

    Correct Answer
    B. Individual states
    Explanation
    The United States Constitution grants the power to determine voting eligibility to the individual states. This means that each state has the authority to establish its own criteria for who can vote in elections. This allows states to tailor their voting regulations to their specific needs and demographics. The Constitution does not explicitly assign this responsibility to any other entity such as civil rights agencies, the Supreme Court, or the legislative branches of the federal government.

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  • 6. 

    Cooperative federalism can best be described by which of the following statements?

    • A.

      Different levels of government are involved in common policy areas.

    • B.

      Government must have cooperation from the people in order to make legislative decisions.

    • C.

      Local levels of government can make decisions on issues more efficiently than state and national governments can.

    • D.

      The federal government must make regulations that can be applied across every state in the same way.

    • E.

      Businesses and governments can work together to accomplish shared goals.

    Correct Answer
    A. Different levels of government are involved in common policy areas.
    Explanation
    Cooperative federalism refers to a system where different levels of government, such as federal, state, and local, collaborate and work together in policy areas that affect them all. This means that decisions and actions are not solely made by one level of government, but rather involve the cooperation and coordination of multiple levels. This promotes a sharing of responsibilities and resources, allowing for a more effective and efficient governance system.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following is the best example of a categorical grant?

    • A.

      Money that is given to states for special education programs.

    • B.

      Money that is given to individuals in the form of tax rebates.

    • C.

      Money that is given to states unconditionally.

    • D.

      Money that is given to states to spend at their discretion on transportation.

    • E.

      Money that is given directly to private business for economic development.

    Correct Answer
    A. Money that is given to states for special education programs.
    Explanation
    A categorical grant is a type of grant that is provided by the federal government to states or local governments for a specific purpose or program. It usually comes with specific guidelines and requirements on how the money should be used. In this case, the money given to states for special education programs fits the definition of a categorical grant because it is designated for a specific purpose, which is to support special education programs in the states.

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  • 8. 

    In what must all revenue bills originate, according to the Constitution?

    • A.

      A White House budget resolution

    • B.

      The Congressional Budget office

    • C.

      The United States Senate

    • D.

      The United States House of Representatives

    • E.

      The Office of Management and Budget

    Correct Answer
    D. The United States House of Representatives
    Explanation
    According to the Constitution, all revenue bills must originate in the United States House of Representatives. This means that any legislation related to taxes or government revenue must be introduced and passed in the House before it can be considered by the Senate. This provision ensures that the House, which is closer to the people and more representative of their interests, has the primary authority in matters of taxation and revenue generation.

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  • 9. 

    The Constitution does which of the following, unlike the Articles of Confederation?

    • A.

      Restricts the ability of Congress to tax.

    • B.

      Restricts the ability of Congress to establish an army or navy.

    • C.

      Establishes a unitary form of government.

    • D.

      Emphasizes state sovereignty over national sovereignty.

    • E.

      Emphasizes both national sovereignty and federalism.

    Correct Answer
    E. Emphasizes both national sovereignty and federalism.
    Explanation
    The Constitution differs from the Articles of Confederation by placing importance on both national sovereignty and federalism. This means that the Constitution recognizes the authority and independence of both the national government and the state governments. Unlike the Articles of Confederation, which emphasized state sovereignty over national sovereignty, the Constitution seeks to strike a balance between the power of the national government and the autonomy of the states. This is achieved through the establishment of a federal system where power is shared between the national and state governments.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following is an example of checks and balances, as established by the Constitution?

    • A.

      A requirement that states lower their legal drinking age to eighteen as a condition of receiving funds through federal highway grant programs

    • B.

      Media criticism of public officials during an election campaign period

    • C.

      The Supreme Court's ability to overturn a lower court decision

    • D.

      The requirement that presidential appointments to the Supreme Court be approved by the Senate

    • E.

      The election of the President by the electoral college rather than by direct election

    Correct Answer
    D. The requirement that presidential appointments to the Supreme Court be approved by the Senate
    Explanation
    The requirement that presidential appointments to the Supreme Court be approved by the Senate is an example of checks and balances because it ensures that the President does not have complete control over the judiciary branch. This requirement allows the Senate to review and potentially reject a nominee, providing a system of accountability and preventing the President from unilaterally appointing judges who may align solely with their own political views. This process helps maintain the separation of powers and prevents any one branch of government from becoming too powerful.

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