RHS AP Government Unit 1 Review

36 Questions

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Government Quizzes & Trivia

Chapters 1-3


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Ratification of the Constitution was done by
    • A. 

      Majority vote of the delegates at the constitutional convention

    • B. 

      The state legislatures approving the document

    • C. 

      The voters in each state casting open ballots

    • D. 

      Special conventions in each state

  • 2. 
    Only the national government is allowed to
    • A. 

      Regulate commerce with foreign nations

    • B. 

      Take private property for public purposes

    • C. 

      Levy taxes

    • D. 

      Make and enforce laws

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      Economic issues

    • B. 

      Equality for women

    • C. 

      Religious freedom

    • D. 

      Political dominance by the central government

  • 4. 
    The power to directly regulate drinking ages, marriage and divorce, and the like has been granted...
    • A. 

      To the president

    • B. 

      To the national government

    • C. 

      To both the state and national governments

    • D. 

      To state governments

  • 5. 
    In _______ federalism, the powers and policy assignments of different levels of government are like a marble cake, with mingles responsibilities and blurred distinctions between layers of government.
    • A. 

      Mixed

    • B. 

      Fiscal

    • C. 

      Tripartite

    • D. 

      Cooperative

  • 6. 
    All of the following are examples of how federalism decentralizes our policies EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Funding of educations

    • B. 

      Regulation of abortion

    • C. 

      Death penalty

    • D. 

      Federal income tax

  • 7. 
    The supremacy clause of the constitution states that all of the following are the supreme law of the land, EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Laws of the national government (when consistent with the constitution)

    • B. 

      The United States Constitution

    • C. 

      State constitutions

    • D. 

      Treates of the national government (when consistent with the constitution)

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Income tax

    • B. 

      The provision of an army and a navy

    • C. 

      Environmental protection law

    • D. 

      The regulation of interstate commerce

  • 9. 
    The main instrument the national government use to influence the state governments is
    • A. 

      Grants-in-aid

    • B. 

      Judicial review

    • C. 

      The Tenth Amendment

    • D. 

      Mandates

  • 10. 
    Opposition to ratification of the constitution was based on the belief that it would
    • A. 

      All of these

    • B. 

      Provide for elite control, endanger liberty, and weaken the states

    • C. 

      Produce more democratic elements than desirable for a strong central government

    • D. 

      Promote pluralism, which would threaten liberty

  • 11. 
    The principal type of federal aid for states and localities is
    • A. 

      Urban renewal grants

    • B. 

      Block grants

    • C. 

      Disaster loans

    • D. 

      Categorical grants

  • 12. 
    All the following represent examples of limited government EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Congress not being allowed to pass ex post facto laws

    • B. 

      The prohibitions of passage of bills of attainder laws

    • C. 

      The reserved power clause of the Tenth Amendment

    • D. 

      The inability of the president to grant titles of nobility

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      The Anti-Federalists believed that a strong central government would be too distant from the people

    • B. 

      The Anti-Federalists had a more positive view of human nature

    • C. 

      The Anti-Federalists were opposed to representative democracy

    • D. 

      The Anti-Federalists wanted a stronger central government

  • 14. 
    All of the following supreme court cases dealt with the issue of federalism EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Barron v Baltimore

    • B. 

      Marbury v. Madison

    • C. 

      Gibbons v. Ogden

    • D. 

      McCulloch v. Maryland

  • 15. 
    The Connecticut Compromise at the Constitutional Convention
    • A. 

      Resolved the impasse between those who favored the New Jersey plan and those who preferred the Virginia Plan

    • B. 

      Added the Bill of Rights to the Constitution in order to lessen concern about too much power for the new government

    • C. 

      Settled the dispute over whether slavery should be allowed in the final constitution

    • D. 

      Threw out the idea of having a monarchy in the United States, opting instead for an indirectly elected president

  • 16. 
    The constitution's provision that congress has the right to "make all laws necessary and proper for carrying into execution" its pówers is often referred to as the
    • A. 

      Heart of fiscal federalism

    • B. 

      Elastic clause

    • C. 

      Unwritten amendment

    • D. 

      Privileges and immunities

  • 17. 
    Federalism is
    • A. 

      Sole government authority in the national government

    • B. 

      The same as unitary government

    • C. 

      A system of shared power by the state and national governments

    • D. 

      Sole government authority in the states

  • 18. 
    Madison believed that in order to prevent a "tyranny of the majority" the new government should include all the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Limiting the president's term of office

    • B. 

      Creating different branches of government with distinctive and separate powers

    • C. 

      Creating political institutions that could function with the consent of a majority

    • D. 

      Limiting the ability of the electorate to vote directy for government officials except members of the house

  • 19. 
    • A. 

      2 and 3

    • B. 

      3

    • C. 

      1,2 and 3

    • D. 

      1 and 2

  • 20. 
    • A. 

      New Jersey plan

    • B. 

      Connecticut Compromise

    • C. 

      Articles of Confederation

    • D. 

      Virginia Plan

  • 21. 
    The Americans with Disabilities Act requires states and local governments to provide equal access for the disabled. This is an example of a(n)
    • A. 

      Mandate

    • B. 

      Revenue sharing

    • C. 

      Categorical grant

    • D. 

      Administrative regulation

  • 22. 
    Ronald Reagan's vision of a new federalism favored
    • A. 

      An increase in the power and authority of the federal government

    • B. 

      An increase in federal mandates

    • C. 

      A decrease in the defense budget

    • D. 

      The downsizing of the federal government

  • 23. 
    • A. 

      It would encourage greater voter turn out

    • B. 

      It would encourage third-party candidates

    • C. 

      It would give the voteres in smaller states a greater role in selecting the president and vice president

    • D. 

      It would give more power to the elite in determining the outcome of presidential elections

  • 24. 
    All of the following are considered enumerated powers of the congress  EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Coining united states currency after the constitution was ratified

    • B. 

      Establishing uniform immigration laws

    • C. 

      Regulating commerce among the several states

    • D. 

      Setting up the first national bank of the United States

  • 25. 
    In dual federalism
    • A. 

      States and the national government each remain supreme within their own spheres

    • B. 

      The state governments assume greater fiscal responsibility

    • C. 

      The federal government assumes greater fiscal responsibility

    • D. 

      Powers are shared between states and the federal government

  • 26. 
    The primary thrust of the original intent and wording of the Tenth Amendment is that
    • A. 

      National laws override state laws when there is a conflict between the two

    • B. 

      Both the states and national government ar bound by the limtations in the bill of rights

    • C. 

      States have certain powers that the national government cannot encroach upon

    • D. 

      The national government can take control of a state government during a national emergency

  • 27. 
    • A. 

      All

    • B. 

      1 and 2

    • C. 

      1

    • D. 

      3

  • 28. 
    Fiscal federalism is
    • A. 

      The pattern of spending, taxing, and providing grants in the federal system

    • B. 

      The federal income tax

    • C. 

      A sharing of local and national resources practiced in other countries but not in the United States

    • D. 

      The federal government's regulation of the money supply and interest rates

  • 29. 
    In determining congressional representation and taxation, the constitution
    • A. 

      Counted slaves and 1/2 of a person

    • B. 

      Counted slaves and 3/5 of a person

    • C. 

      Was silent on the issue of how slaves would be counted, instead leaving the issue to each state to decide

    • D. 

      Did not count slaves

  • 30. 
    In determining the power of Congress to regulate commerce in the case of Gibbons v. Ogden, the Supreme Court
    • A. 

      Defined commerce very broadly, encompassing virtually every form of commercial activity

    • B. 

      Listed the enumerated powers of congress and the national government

    • C. 

      Prohibited congress from regulationg business activity on the grounds it violated

    • D. 

      Defined commerce very narrowly in considering the right of congress to regulate it

  • 31. 
    According to the constitution, each state was entitled to how many senators?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      As many as it wanted to send

    • D. 

      It depended out the state's population

  • 32. 
    The Bill of Rights was added to the constitution
    • A. 

      In 1865 after the union victory in the civil war

    • B. 

      During the constitutional convention, at the insistence of Thomas Jefferson

    • C. 

      After the ratification process was complete, and partly to fulfill a promise to those who supported ratification

    • D. 

      During the ratification process, before final ratification of the constitution

  • 33. 
    • A. 

      A national government is supreme to the states when it is acting within its spheres of action

    • B. 

      State laws preempt national laws when the national government clearly exceeds its constitutional powers and intrudes upon state powers

    • C. 

      State governments are forbidden from spending more money than they raise each year, which there is no such requirement on the national government

    • D. 

      The national government has certain implied powers that go beyond its enumerated powers

  • 34. 
    The constitutional basis of dual federalism can be found in
    • A. 

      The enumerated powers

    • B. 

      The Tenth Amendment

    • C. 

      The "necessary and proper" clause

    • D. 

      The elastic clause

  • 35. 
    Under the original Constitution, which branch or branches of government were selected directly by the citizens?
    1. the President and Vice President
    2. the Supreme Court
    3. the Senate
    4. the House of Representatives
    • A. 

      1 and 2

    • B. 

      1 3 and 4

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      4

  • 36. 
    • A. 

      All

    • B. 

      1 2 and 3

    • C. 

      1

    • D. 

      1 and 2