Anatomy And Physiology Chapter 3

95 Questions | Total Attempts: 1093

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Anatomy And Physiology Chapter 3

The study of the Body Anatomy. Parts of cells and more. . .


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Describe the processes of diffusion and osmosis
  • 2. 
    Describe the parts of a generalized cell and list the functions of each
  • 3. 
    Compare active and passive transport of substances through plasma membrane
  • 4. 
    Explain the importance of cellular respiration and indicate where it occurs in the cell
  • 5. 
    Explain, briefly, the roles of DNA and RNA in protein synthesis
  • 6. 
    Compare the two types of cell division
  • 7. 
    Describe the phases of mitosis and how mitosis fits into the cell cycle
  • 8. 
    THESE ARE THE SIMPLEST STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL UNIT OF A LIVING ORGANISM.
    • A. 

      PLASMA MEMBRANE

    • B. 

      NUCLEUS

    • C. 

      RIBOSOMES

    • D. 

      CELL

    • E. 

      CILIA

  • 9. 
    HOW MANY CELLS IS THE HUMAN BODY MADE UP OF?
    • A. 

      100 TRILLION

    • B. 

      175 TRILLION

    • C. 

      75 BILLION

    • D. 

      100 MILLION

    • E. 

      75 TRILLION

  • 10. 
    THIS PART OF THE CELL: ¡Forms the Outer boundary of the cell ¡Barrier to wamster-soluble materials inside and outside the cell ¡Composition úTwo layers of phospholipids molecules úCholesterol ¨Phospholipids provide a barrier between water soluble materials inside and outside the cell. ¨Globular proteins that extend through the membrane serves as a passageway for transport for substances into and outside the cell.
  • 11. 
    WHICH PART OF THE CELL CARRY OUT THESE FUNCTIONS?  ¨Proteins are attached to or embedded in the phospholipid layers ¡Passageways for transport of substances in and out of the cell ¡Receptors for enzymes and hormones ¡With carbohydrates serve as identification markers
    • A. 

      CILIA

    • B. 

      MICROVILLI

    • C. 

      CYTOPLASM

    • D. 

      PLASMA MEMBRANE

    • E. 

      CENTRIOLES

  • 12. 
    TRUE OR FALSE:PLASMA MEMBRANES ARE PERMEABLE.IT ALLOWS ONLY CERTAIN MOLECULES TO ENTER OR EXIT  THE CELL.
  • 13. 
    NAME THE FOUR CHARACTERISTICS ARE TAKEN INTO CONSIDERATION WHEN PASSING THROUGH THE CELL MEMBRANE?
  • 14. 
    NAME THE PART OF THE CELL:  ¡Fluid or gel-like substance that fills the interior of the cell ¡75% to 90% water plus organic and inorganic molecules ¡Semitransparent, thicker than water ¡Supported by úIntracellular membranes úCytoskeleton
    • A. 

      CYTOPLASM

    • B. 

      CILIA

    • C. 

      ORGANELLE

    • D. 

      PLASMA MEMBRANE

    • E. 

      RIBOSOME

  • 15. 
    WHICH TWO ORGANELLES AID IN THE SUPPORT OF THE CYTOPLASM?
  • 16. 
    THE PARTS OF THE CELL ARE MADE UP OF TINY ORGANS. SOME OF THESE ORGANS ARE CONSIST OF NUCLEOUS, GOGLI COMPLEX ETC.  WHAT IS ANOTHER WORD WE CALL THESE ORGANS
    • A. 

      MICROORGANISM

    • B. 

      MACROORGANISM

    • C. 

      CELL PARTS

    • D. 

      ORGANELLES

    • E. 

      ORGANS

  • 17. 
    NAME THIS PART OF THE CELL:  ¡Largest organelle in the nucleus ¡Nuclear envelope separates it from the cytoplasm úHas pores that aid in movement of materials between the nucleus and cytoplasm
    • A. 

      CYTOPLASM

    • B. 

      NUCLEUS

    • C. 

      OSMOSIS

    • D. 

      CENTRIOLES

    • E. 

      CHROMOSOMES

  • 18. 
    HOW MANY CHROMOSOMES PER NUCLEUS AND HOW MANY PAIRS ARE WITHIN THE NUCLEUS
  • 19. 
    WHAT ARE CHROMATINS?
    • A. 

      INACTIVE FORM OF RRNA

    • B. 

      ACTIVE FORM OF RNA

    • C. 

      ACTIVE FORM DNA

    • D. 

      INACTIVE FORM OF RNA

    • E. 

      INACTIVE FORM OF DNA

  • 20. 
    NAME THE TWO COMPONENTS CHROMOSOMES ARE MADE OF WITHIN THE NUCLEUS?
    • A. 

      DNA AND PROTEIN

    • B. 

      RNA AND CARBOHYDRATE

    • C. 

      DNA AND RNA

    • D. 

      CARBOHYDRATE AND PROTEIN

    • E. 

      RRNA AND DNA

  • 21. 
    THESE ARE ORGANELLESFOUND INSIDE THE NUCLEUS, CONTAINS RNA AND PROTEIN AND ARE SITES OF RIBOSOMES PRODUCTION
  • 22. 
    NAME THIS PART OF THE CELL:  ¡Composed of ribosomal RNA and protein ¡Site of protein synthesis in cells ¡Occur singly or in clusters
    • A. 

      PLASMA MEMBRANE

    • B. 

      RIBOSOME

    • C. 

      CYTOSKELETON

    • D. 

      CHROMOSOME

    • E. 

      CYTOPLASM

  • 23. 
    NAME THE TWO COMPONENTS THAT MAKES UP THE RIBOSOME?
  • 24. 
    NAME THIS PART OF THE CELL:  ¡Membranes that extend from the nucleus throughout cytoplasm ¡Functions úSupport cytoplasm úChannels to facilitate movement of materials within the cell
    • A. 

      CILIA

    • B. 

      CYTOSKELETON

    • C. 

      CYTOPLASM

    • D. 

      ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM OR ER

    • E. 

      ENDOCYTOSIS

  • 25. 
    NAME THE TWO TYPES OF ER?
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