Anatomy Lower Extremity Quiz 1

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 845

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Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia

Lower Extremity Quiz over Gluteal, thigh & knee, ankle & foot.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A patient comes into your office with complaints of pain on the right side of her hip. Upon taking a history you note that the pain began during a track event where she was jumping over hurdles. Being a skilled physician you are able to pinpoint the tenderness to the anterior inferior iliac spine. Which of the following muscles could most likely cause an avulsion fracture of the above point?
    • A. 

      Sartorius

    • B. 

      Rectus Femoris

    • C. 

      Vastus Lateralis

    • D. 

      Gracilis

    • E. 

      Vastus Medialis

    • F. 

      Pectineus

  • 2. 
    You are examining a patient for a possible Trendelenberg's Sign. You ask the patient to stand on his left foot  and you notice that his right hip appears to drop relative to the left. Suspecting muscular injury in the hip region you perform imaging studies and find a blood clot that is completely occluding the blood flow to the muscles responsible for the above physical findings. Which of the following arteries is most likely occluded?
    • A. 

      Left Superior Gluteal Artery

    • B. 

      Right Superior Gluteal Artery

    • C. 

      Left Inferior Gluteal Artery

    • D. 

      Right Inferior Gluteal Artery

    • E. 

      Left External Iliac Artery

    • F. 

      Right External Iliac Artery

    • G. 

      Left Femoral Circumflex Artery

    • H. 

      Right Femoral Circumflex Artery

  • 3. 
    After a snowboarding accident where you landed on solid ice with your butt, you begin to notice a tingling sensation radiating down your right leg. Shortly thereafter you notice that there is no sensation to the webbed area between your big toe (1st digit) and your second digit, parts of the lower leg, and parts of the thigh. Suspecting neuromuscular injury, which of the following actions is spared that would help pinpoint the nerve  being affected?
    • A. 

      Plantarflexion of the foot

    • B. 

      Dorsiflexion of the foot

    • C. 

      Eversion of the foot

    • D. 

      Flexion of the knee

    • E. 

      Extension of the knee

  • 4. 
    In the previous question you noticed a tingling sensation in the webbed area between digits 1 and 2. Which of the following nerves is responsible for the cutaneous sensation in that area?
    • A. 

      Saphenous Nerve

    • B. 

      Superior Gluteal Nerve

    • C. 

      Femoral Nerve

    • D. 

      Sural Nerve

    • E. 

      Superficial Fibular Nerve

    • F. 

      Deep Fibular Nerve

  • 5. 
    Your patient is suffering from severe pain and you determine it is necessary to apply an IV injection of an opiod analgesic. With your superb knowledge of anatomy, you know that if you were going to administer this injection into the femoral vein for distribution to the rest of the body you would aim the needle........
    • A. 

      Lateral to the femoral nerve

    • B. 

      Medial to the femoral nerve

    • C. 

      Lateral to the femoral artery

    • D. 

      Medial to the femoral artery

  • 6. 
    A 17 year old male patient comes into your office with complaints of knee pain after playing a football game with his friends. He explains to you that he was struck forcefully on his lower leg and hasn't been able to walk without extreme pain in his knee. On physical exam, you note that moving his lower leg seems to go further in an anterior direction than you expected. You order an MRI to confirm your diagnosis and note that there is a tear in the ______.
    • A. 

      Fibular Collateral Ligament

    • B. 

      Tibial Collateral Ligament

    • C. 

      Anterior Cruciate Ligament

    • D. 

      Posterior Cruciate Ligament

  • 7. 
    Your patient suffers a traumatic injury to the neck of their fibula. If you suspected a lesion with the nerve associated in that region, which of the following would be relatively spared?
    • A. 

      Dorsiflexion of the foot

    • B. 

      Plantarflexion of the foot

    • C. 

      Eversion of the foot

    • D. 

      Cutaneous sensation, anterior leg

  • 8. 
    If you wanted to give an intra-arterial injection of medicine in the tarsal tunnel, you would aim your needle posterior to which of the following structures?
    • A. 

      Tendon of the Tibialis Posterior

    • B. 

      Tendon of the Flexor Digitorum Longus

    • C. 

      Tendon of the Flexor Hallucis Longus

    • D. 

      Tendon of the Gastrocnemius

    • E. 

      Tendon of the Plantaris

  • 9. 
    Your patient comes into your office with complaints of his "foot dropping" and an inability to move it in the opposite direction. You note that there are no other accompanying complaints. A lesion in which of the following nerves would best explain the above scenario?
    • A. 

      Sciatic Nerve

    • B. 

      Tibial Nerve

    • C. 

      Common Fibular Nerve

    • D. 

      Deep Fibular Nerve

    • E. 

      Superficial Fibular Nerve

  • 10. 
    A patient comes into your office with comlaints of pain in her lower extremity. You note that the areas she's pointing to feel cool to the touch and are a pale, almost bluish in color. You suspect that blood flow is not being circulated adequately to the area. You order imaging to try and pinpoint the location. One of the images come back indicating inflammation and swelling near the adductor hiatus. You suspect that the adductor hiatus has become narrowed to the point it is pinching off blood supply distal to that point. Which of the following arteries would most likely be attempting to provide anastomic flow distal to the occlusion through one of its primary branches?
    • A. 

      External Iliac Artery

    • B. 

      Internal Iliac Artery

    • C. 

      Obturator Artery

    • D. 

      Femoral Artery

    • E. 

      Superior Gluteal Artery

    • F. 

      Inferior Gluteal Artery

    • G. 

      Popliteal Artery

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