Anatomy II Test 2 Part 1

150 Questions | Total Attempts: 138

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Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia

You may have gotten past the last test, but it’s time to up the ante as we look at some more questions related to the human anatomy. Have you learned everything about blood vessels, tissue cells, blood pressure and more? Let’s take a look in this Anatomy II Test 2 Part 1 quiz!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The muscular layer of a blood vessel is the
    • A. 

      Tunica media

    • B. 

      Tunica adventitia

    • C. 

      Tunica intima

    • D. 

      Tunica externa

    • E. 

      Tunica interna

  • 2. 
    Compared to arteries, veins
    • A. 

      Have a pleated endothelium

    • B. 

      Are more elastic

    • C. 

      Have thinner walls

    • D. 

      Hold their shape when cut

    • E. 

      Have more smooth muscle in their tunica media

  • 3. 
    Capillaries with a perforated lining are called
    • A. 

      Vasa vasorum

    • B. 

      Sinuses

    • C. 

      Discontinuous capillaries

    • D. 

      Fenestrated capillaries

    • E. 

      Perforated capillaries

  • 4. 
    Materials can move across capillary walls by
    • A. 

      Reabsorbtion

    • B. 

      Filtraton

    • C. 

      Diffusion

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      A and b only

  • 5. 
    Metabolites exchange by diffusion with tissue cells in which of the following locations?
    • A. 

      Venule

    • B. 

      Artery

    • C. 

      Vein

    • D. 

      Arteriole

    • E. 

      Capillary

  • 6. 
    Total peripheral resistance is related to all of the following except the
    • A. 

      Osmolarity of interstital fluids

    • B. 

      Blood vessel diameter

    • C. 

      Flow characteristics

    • D. 

      Blood viscosity

    • E. 

      Length of a blood vessel

  • 7. 
    As blood travels from arteries to veins
    • A. 

      Pressure builds

    • B. 

      Pressure drops

    • C. 

      Diameter of the blood vessels gets progressively smaller

    • D. 

      Flow becomes turbulent

    • E. 

      Viscosity increases

  • 8. 
    Blood flow to a tissue will increase if the
    • A. 

      Veins constrict

    • B. 

      Level of oxygen at the tissue increases

    • C. 

      Arterioles dilate

    • D. 

      Level of carbon dioxide at the tissue decreases

    • E. 

      Both c and d

  • 9. 
    Blood pressure is highest here.
    • A. 

      Artery

    • B. 

      Vein

    • C. 

      Capillary

    • D. 

      Venule

    • E. 

      Areriole

  • 10. 
    The difference between the systolic and diastolic pressures is called the ______ pressure.
    • A. 

      Critical closing

    • B. 

      Circulatory

    • C. 

      Mean arterial

    • D. 

      Pulse

    • E. 

      Blood

  • 11. 
    The blood colloid osmotic pressure mostly depends on the
    • A. 

      Concentration of plasma waste products

    • B. 

      Number of red blood cells

    • C. 

      Concentration of plasma proteins

    • D. 

      Concentration of plasma glucose

    • E. 

      Concentration of plasma sodium ions

  • 12. 
    When renin is released from the kidney
    • A. 

      Blood pressure goes down

    • B. 

      Angiotensiongen is converted into angiotensis I

    • C. 

      Angiotensin I is converted to angiotensin II

    • D. 

      Blood flow to the kidney decreases

    • E. 

      Angiotensin I increases salt reabsorbtion at the kidneys

  • 13. 
    Each of the following will lead to a decrease in blood pressure except
    • A. 

      Decrease in blood volume

    • B. 

      Increased levels of ANP

    • C. 

      Decreased peripheral resistance

    • D. 

      Release of renin

    • E. 

      Increased levels of aldosterone

  • 14. 
    Pulmonary arteries carry blood to the
    • A. 

      Lungs

    • B. 

      Aorta

    • C. 

      Left atrium

    • D. 

      Systemic circuit

    • E. 

      Right atrium

  • 15. 
    Pulmonary Veins carry blood to the
    • A. 

      Aorta

    • B. 

      Right atrium

    • C. 

      Lungs

    • D. 

      Pulmonary circuit

    • E. 

      Left atrium

  • 16. 
    An important artery that supplies blood to the brain is the ____ artery
    • A. 

      Azygos

    • B. 

      Mental

    • C. 

      External carotid

    • D. 

      Internal carotid

    • E. 

      Maxillary

  • 17. 
    Blood from the brain returns to the heart through the _____ vein
    • A. 

      Azygos

    • B. 

      External jugular

    • C. 

      Internal jugular

    • D. 

      Vertebral

    • E. 

      Innominate

  • 18. 
    Stimulation of the aortic baroreceptors reflexy results in
    • A. 

      Increased heart rate

    • B. 

      Stimulation of the cardioaccelerator center in the brain

    • C. 

      Increased sympathetic stimulation of the heart

    • D. 

      Stimulation of the vascconstrictive center

    • E. 

      Increased activity by parasympathetic nervous system

  • 19. 
    In response to hemorrhage there is
    • A. 

      Peripheral vasoconstriction

    • B. 

      Increased parasympathetic stimulation of the heart

    • C. 

      Mobilzation of the venous reserve

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      A and c only

  • 20. 
    Branches off the aortic arch include the
    • A. 

      Left subclavin artery

    • B. 

      Brachiocephalic trunk

    • C. 

      Left comman carotid artery

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      B and c only

  • 21. 
    After passing the first rib, the sub clavin artery becomes the ____ artery.
    • A. 

      Ulnar

    • B. 

      Digital

    • C. 

      Brachial

    • D. 

      Axillary

    • E. 

      Radial

  • 22. 
    After entering the arm, the axillary artery becomes the ____ artery.
    • A. 

      Ulnar

    • B. 

      Brachial

    • C. 

      Radial

    • D. 

      Digital

    • E. 

      Subclavin

  • 23. 
    The brachial artery branches to form the radical and _____ arteries.
    • A. 

      Digital

    • B. 

      Brachiocephalic

    • C. 

      Ulnar

    • D. 

      Axillary

    • E. 

      Subclavin

  • 24. 
    The inernal carotids and the basilar artery are interconnected by an anastomosis called the
    • A. 

      Common carotid artery

    • B. 

      Basal ring

    • C. 

      Arterial bypass

    • D. 

      External carotid artery

    • E. 

      Cerebral arterial circle

  • 25. 
    The _____ divides the aorta into the thoracic aorta and the abdominal aorta
    • A. 

      Diaphragm

    • B. 

      Peritoneum

    • C. 

      Mediastinum

    • D. 

      Pleura

    • E. 

      Pericardium

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