Anatomy And Physiology Quiz: The Cardiovascular System

57 Questions | Total Attempts: 12605

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Anatomy And Physiology Quiz: The Cardiovascular System

This quiz is about the Cardiovascular System or says the lifeline of the body, which consists of vessels called arteries, veins, and capillaries. With more than 55-questions on such topics, your knowledge will be tested for all of the related exams. This test is made to provide you a better understanding of the same as well as a better preparation for exams.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    This is the mass of tissue from the sternum to the vertebral column between the lungs.
    • A. 

      Epicardium

    • B. 

      Parietal layer

    • C. 

      Pericardial tissue

    • D. 

      Mediastinum

    • E. 

      Fibrous cardium

  • 2. 
    This is the layer that protects the heart.
    • A. 

      Epicardium

    • B. 

      Parietal layer

    • C. 

      Myocardial tissue

    • D. 

      Mediastinum

    • E. 

      Endocardium

  • 3. 
    To the which side of the body is the apex of heart pointed?
    • A. 

      At the midline

    • B. 

      To the left

    • C. 

      To the right

    • D. 

      Different for males and females

    • E. 

      Posteriorly

  • 4. 
    Which of the following consists of inelastic dense irregular connective tissue?
    • A. 

      Parietal layer of pericardium

    • B. 

      Serous pericardium

    • C. 

      Fibrous pericardium

    • D. 

      Epicardium

    • E. 

      Pericardial cavity

  • 5. 
    This is used to reduce the friction between membranes of the heart.
    • A. 

      Epicardium

    • B. 

      Endocardium layer

    • C. 

      Pericardium

    • D. 

      Pericardial (serous) fluid

    • E. 

      Pericardial cavity

  • 6. 
    This consists of mesothelium and connective tissue.
    • A. 

      Epicardium

    • B. 

      Myocardium

    • C. 

      Endocardium

    • D. 

      Pericardial cavity

    • E. 

      Fibrous pericardium

  • 7. 
    This is used to increase the capacity of the atrium.
    • A. 

      Ventricle

    • B. 

      Coronary sulcus

    • C. 

      Fossa ovalis

    • D. 

      Interatrial septum

    • E. 

      Auricle

  • 8. 
    Which layer consists of cardiac muscle tissue?
    • A. 

      Epicardium

    • B. 

      Pericardium

    • C. 

      Myocardium

    • D. 

      Endocardium

    • E. 

      Hypocardium

  • 9. 
    This marks the boundarybetween the ventricles.
    • A. 

      Coronary sulcus

    • B. 

      Anterior interventricular sulcus

    • C. 

      Posterior interventricular sulcus

    • D. 

      Coronary sulcus and posterior interventricular sulcus

    • E. 

      Anterior and posterior interventricular sulcus

  • 10. 
    These extend into the auricle.
    • A. 

      Pectinate muscles

    • B. 

      Interatrial septum

    • C. 

      Coronary sulcus

    • D. 

      Ventricle

    • E. 

      Chordae tendinae

  • 11. 
    Through which structure does blood pass from the right atrium to the right ventricle?
    • A. 

      Bicuspid valve

    • B. 

      Interventricular septum

    • C. 

      Tricuspid valve

    • D. 

      Mitral valve

    • E. 

      Ascending aorta

  • 12. 
    What types of tissue comprises the vavles of the heart?
    • A. 

      Dense regular connective tissue

    • B. 

      Dense irregular connective tissue

    • C. 

      Areolar connective tissue

    • D. 

      Hyaline cartilage

    • E. 

      Cardiac muscle tissue

  • 13. 
    From the left ventricle, where does blood pass?
    • A. 

      Right atrium

    • B. 

      Right ventricle

    • C. 

      Bicuspid valve

    • D. 

      Aortic semilunar valve

    • E. 

      Pulmonary trunk

  • 14. 
    In a fetus, this structure temporarily shunts blood from the pulmonary trunk into the aorta.
    • A. 

      Fossa ovalis

    • B. 

      Foramen ovale

    • C. 

      Trabeculae carnae

    • D. 

      Descending aorta

    • E. 

      Ductus arteriosus

  • 15. 
    As each ventricle contracts where does blood move?
    • A. 

      Into an artery

    • B. 

      Into the apex

    • C. 

      Into a vein

    • D. 

      Through an atrioventricular valve

    • E. 

      Through the apex

  • 16. 
    As each atrium contracts where does blood move?
    • A. 

      Into an auricle

    • B. 

      Into an artery

    • C. 

      Into a vein

    • D. 

      Through an atrioventricular valve

    • E. 

      Through a semilunar valve

  • 17. 
    Which of the below structures prevents blood from flowing back from the lungs?
    • A. 

      Tricuspid valve

    • B. 

      Bicuspid valve

    • C. 

      Pulmonary valve

    • D. 

      Aortic valve

    • E. 

      Pulmonary vein

  • 18. 
    In this disorder the aortic valve is narrowed.
    • A. 

      Aortic insufficiency

    • B. 

      Rheumatic fever

    • C. 

      Mitral valve prolapse

    • D. 

      Aortic stenosis

    • E. 

      Aortic regurgitation

  • 19. 
    This heart structure carries deoxygenated blood.
    • A. 

      Left atrium and ventricle

    • B. 

      Left atrium

    • C. 

      Right atrium and ventricle

    • D. 

      Right ventricle

    • E. 

      Left atrium and right ventricle

  • 20. 
    This vessel distributes oxygenated blood to the myocardium.
    • A. 

      Coronary artery

    • B. 

      Coronary vein

    • C. 

      Right ventricle

    • D. 

      Left auricle

    • E. 

      Myocardial vein

  • 21. 
    Cardiac muscle fibres electrically connect to neighbouring fibres by
    • A. 

      Desmosomes

    • B. 

      Intermediate discs

    • C. 

      Gap junctions

    • D. 

      Contractile fibres

    • E. 

      Chordae tendinae

  • 22. 
    Which of the following contains the largest amount of mitochondria?
    • A. 

      Smooth muscle

    • B. 

      Skeletal muscle

    • C. 

      Cardiac muscle

    • D. 

      Hepatocytes

    • E. 

      Leukocytes

  • 23. 
    This is a network of specialised cardiac muscle fibres that provide a path for each cycle of cardiac excitation to progress through the heart.
    • A. 

      Pacemaker

    • B. 

      Sinoatrial node

    • C. 

      Purkinje fibres

    • D. 

      Conduction system

    • E. 

      Bundle of His

  • 24. 
    This is the correct sequence of structures that allows the normal sequence of excitation to progress through the heart.
    • A. 

      Bundle of His - Purkinje fibres - AV node

    • B. 

      SA node - Purkinje fibres - AV node - Bundle of His

    • C. 

      Purkinje fibres - AV node - SA node - Bundle of His

    • D. 

      SA node - AV node - Bundle of His - Purkinje fibres

    • E. 

      Bundle of His - SA node - AV node - Purkinje fibres

  • 25. 
    By comparison, cardiac muscle cells have _____________________ contraction plateau time than skeletal muscle cells.
    • A. 

      A shorter

    • B. 

      A longer

    • C. 

      No difference in

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