Structure And Function Of The Heart (Post Test)

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Structure And Function Of The Heart (Post Test) - Quiz

It’s the organ that keeps our bodies ticking away like a functioning clock – 24 hours a day without missing a beat – pumping blood to our vital organs so that we can continue to lead our lives whatever way we wish to. In this quiz we’ll be testing your knowledge on the heart, see if you know about its structure and functions. Think you know enough? Let’s find out for sure! �


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the organ that pumps blood all througout the human body?

    • A.

      Heart

    • B.

      Lungs

    • C.

      Kidneys

    • D.

      Blood vessels

    Correct Answer
    A. Heart
    Explanation
    The heart is the organ responsible for pumping blood throughout the human body. It is a muscular organ located in the chest, slightly to the left, and is divided into four chambers: two atria and two ventricles. The heart receives oxygenated blood from the lungs and pumps it to the rest of the body through a network of blood vessels, ensuring that oxygen and nutrients are delivered to all organs and tissues. Without the heart's continuous pumping action, the body would not receive the necessary oxygen and nutrients, leading to organ failure and ultimately death.

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  • 2. 

    It is appropriate to visualize the heart as approximately the size of the owner's _________

    • A.

      Arm

    • B.

      Elbow

    • C.

      Open palm

    • D.

      Closed fist

    Correct Answer
    D. Closed fist
    Explanation
    The heart is often visualized as approximately the size of a closed fist because it is roughly the same size and shape. The closed fist represents the compactness and density of the heart, which is about the size of a person's clenched hand. This visualization helps to understand the relative size and location of the heart within the chest cavity.

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  • 3. 

    The heart has four chambers that are utilized when beating. The upper chambers are called __________.

    • A.

      Atria

    • B.

      Ventricles

    • C.

      Pulmonary valve

    • D.

      Septum

    Correct Answer
    A. Atria
    Explanation
    The heart has four chambers, two upper chambers called atria and two lower chambers called ventricles. The atria receive blood returning to the heart and pump it into the ventricles. Therefore, the correct answer is atria.

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  • 4. 

    What is the correct route for blood flow in a human heart?

    • A.

      Right atrium → right ventricle → left ventricle → left atrium → lungs

    • B.

      Right atrium → right ventricle → lungs → left atrium → left ventricle

    • C.

      Left atrium → left ventricle → lungs → right ventricle → right atrium

    • D.

      Left atrium → left ventricle → right ventricle → right atrium → lungs

    Correct Answer
    B. Right atrium → right ventricle → lungs → left atrium → left ventricle
    Explanation
    The correct route for blood flow in a human heart starts with the right atrium receiving deoxygenated blood from the body. From there, the blood flows into the right ventricle, which pumps it to the lungs to get oxygenated. The oxygenated blood then returns to the heart, specifically the left atrium. Finally, the blood flows into the left ventricle, which pumps it out to the rest of the body.

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  • 5. 

    A structure in the heart that temporarily closes, ensuring that blood moves in only one direction.

    • A.

      Aorta

    • B.

      Atrium

    • C.

      Valve

    • D.

      Ventricle

    Correct Answer
    C. Valve
    Explanation
    A valve is a structure in the heart that temporarily closes, ensuring that blood moves in only one direction. Valves are essential for maintaining the proper flow of blood through the heart and preventing any backflow. They open and close in response to pressure changes, allowing blood to flow from one chamber to another while preventing any backward flow. This mechanism ensures efficient circulation and prevents any mixing of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood.

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  • 6. 

    In a normal human heart, where does the blood go immediately after it exits the right ventricle?

    • A.

      Aorta

    • B.

      Right atrium

    • C.

      Left ventricle

    • D.

      Pulmonary artery

    Correct Answer
    D. Pulmonary artery
    Explanation
    After the blood exits the right ventricle of a normal human heart, it goes immediately into the pulmonary artery. The pulmonary artery is responsible for carrying deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs, where it gets oxygenated and then returns to the heart. This process allows for the exchange of carbon dioxide for oxygen in the lungs, ensuring that oxygenated blood is distributed to the rest of the body.

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  • 7. 

    This muscular tissue separates the left and right sides of the heart.

    • A.

      Aorta

    • B.

      Valve

    • C.

      Septum

    • D.

      Ventricle

    Correct Answer
    C. Septum
    Explanation
    The muscular tissue that separates the left and right sides of the heart is called the septum. It acts as a barrier, preventing the mixing of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood. The septum ensures that oxygen-rich blood from the lungs is pumped to the rest of the body, while oxygen-poor blood from the body is sent to the lungs for oxygenation. This separation is crucial for maintaining the efficient functioning of the heart and the circulation of blood throughout the body.

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  • 8. 

    The valve located between the right atrium and the right ventricle is called the __________.

    • A.

      Mitral valve

    • B.

      Semilunar valve

    • C.

      Pulmonary valve

    • D.

      Tricuspid valve

    Correct Answer
    D. Tricuspid valve
    Explanation
    The valve located between the right atrium and the right ventricle is called the tricuspid valve. This valve has three cusps or leaflets that open and close to regulate the flow of blood from the atrium to the ventricle. When the atrium contracts, the tricuspid valve opens, allowing blood to flow into the ventricle. When the ventricle contracts, the valve closes to prevent backflow of blood into the atrium.

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  • 9. 

    While the left ventricle is emptying, which valve is closed and which valve is open?

    • A.

      Closed: Mitral valve Open: Aortic valve

    • B.

      Closed: Mitral valve Open: Tricuspid valve

    • C.

      Closed: Pulmonary valve Open: Tricuspid valve

    • D.

      Closed: Aortic valve Open: Mitral valve

    Correct Answer
    A. Closed: Mitral valve Open: Aortic valve
    Explanation
    During the ejection phase of the cardiac cycle, the left ventricle contracts and pumps blood out into the aorta. To prevent backflow of blood into the left atrium, the mitral valve (also known as the bicuspid valve) closes, preventing blood from flowing back into the left atrium. At the same time, the aortic valve opens to allow blood to be ejected from the left ventricle into the aorta and then to the rest of the body.

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  • 10. 

    The wall of the left ventricle is thicker because it _______________.

    • A.

      Pumps blood to the lungs

    • B.

      Pumps blood to the upper body

    • C.

      Pumps blood to the all parts of the body

    • D.

      Pumps blood into the right atrium

    Correct Answer
    C. Pumps blood to the all parts of the body
    Explanation
    The wall of the left ventricle is thicker because it pumps blood to all parts of the body. The left ventricle is responsible for pumping oxygenated blood from the lungs to the rest of the body, so it needs to generate a greater force to push the blood through the systemic circulation. The thicker wall of the left ventricle allows it to contract more forcefully and efficiently, ensuring that oxygenated blood is effectively distributed to all organs and tissues.

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