Structure Of Heart And Circulatory System

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Proanimator
P
Proanimator
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 7 | Total Attempts: 8,761
Questions: 18 | Attempts: 317

SettingsSettingsSettings
Structure Of Heart And Circulatory System - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The heart valves control blood flow from the atria to the ventricles, and ensure blood flows through your heart in the right direction

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The heart valves are responsible for regulating blood flow in the heart. They open and close to allow blood to flow from the atria to the ventricles and prevent backflow. This ensures that blood moves through the heart in the correct direction, allowing for efficient circulation throughout the body.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Why are ventricle walls thicker than atria walls?

    • A.

      Blood is pumped out of the heart at a lower pressure here

    • B.

      Atria walls are actually thicker

    • C.

      Blood is pumped out of the heart at greater pressure here

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Blood is pumped out of the heart at greater pressure here
    Explanation
    The ventricle walls are thicker than atria walls because blood is pumped out of the heart at greater pressure in the ventricles. The ventricles are responsible for pumping oxygenated blood to the rest of the body, while the atria receive deoxygenated blood from the body and pump it into the ventricles. The ventricles need thicker walls to generate enough force to pump blood to the entire body, while the atria only need to pump blood a short distance into the ventricles.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Blood is

    • A.

      55% cells, 45% plasma

    • B.

      55% plasma, 45% cells

    • C.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. 55% plasma, 45% cells
    Explanation
    Blood is composed of plasma and cells. Plasma is a yellowish fluid that makes up about 55% of blood volume and contains water, proteins, hormones, electrolytes, and waste products. The cells in blood, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets, make up about 45% of blood volume. Therefore, the correct answer is "55% plasma, 45% cells."

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    An analogy for blood and plasma, is that the blood cells are like the people in a crowded river, and the plasma is the water, carrying the people along

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    • C.

      Maybe

    • D.

      I don't know

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The analogy compares blood cells to people in a crowded river and plasma to the water carrying them along. This analogy is true because blood cells are suspended in plasma and are transported throughout the body, similar to how people in a river are carried along by the water.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Select the 3 types of blood cell within human blood

    • A.

      Red blood cells

    • B.

      Bacteria

    • C.

      Platelets

    • D.

      White blood cells

    • E.

      Archaea

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Red blood cells
    C. Platelets
    D. White blood cells
    Explanation
    The three types of blood cells within human blood are red blood cells, platelets, and white blood cells. Red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen throughout the body. Platelets help in blood clotting to prevent excessive bleeding. White blood cells are part of the immune system and help fight off infections and diseases.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    There are 5,000,000 red blood cells per cubic millimeter of blood

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement states that there are 5,000,000 red blood cells per cubic millimeter of blood. This is a factual statement that can be verified through scientific research and medical literature. Therefore, the answer "True" is correct.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Identify some properties of the red blood cell

    • A.

      Extremely small

    • B.

      Contains chlorophyll

    • C.

      Contains hemoglobin

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Extremely small
    C. Contains hemoglobin
    Explanation
    The red blood cell is extremely small in size, allowing it to easily travel through narrow blood vessels. It contains hemoglobin, a protein responsible for carrying oxygen from the lungs to the body's tissues and removing carbon dioxide. These properties are crucial for the red blood cell's function in oxygen transport and maintaining the body's overall health. However, it does not contain chlorophyll, which is a pigment found in plant cells and is responsible for photosynthesis.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Identify properties of hemoglobin found inside the red blood cell

    • A.

      Iron rich

    • B.

      Makes blood red

    • C.

      Carry oxygen from lungs to body

    • D.

      Carry carbon dioxide from body to lungs to be exhaled

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Iron rich
    B. Makes blood red
    C. Carry oxygen from lungs to body
    D. Carry carbon dioxide from body to lungs to be exhaled
    Explanation
    Hemoglobin is a protein found inside red blood cells and is responsible for carrying oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. It binds to oxygen in the lungs and releases it in the tissues. Hemoglobin also carries carbon dioxide, a waste product, from the tissues back to the lungs to be exhaled. It contains iron, which is necessary for its oxygen-carrying capacity. The iron in hemoglobin gives blood its red color.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    How can we tell if a person is suffering from a disease?

    • A.

      The plasma to blood cell ratio is higher

    • B.

      The have more platelets

    • C.

      They have more white blood cells

    • D.

      They have more red blood cells

    Correct Answer
    C. They have more white blood cells
    Explanation
    One exception to this is HIV, where the white blood cells are actually attacked, and decrease in numbers

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    List some properties of white blood cells

    • A.

      Larger than red blood cells

    • B.

      High white blood cell to red blood cell ratio

    • C.

      Eukaryotic

    • D.

      Prokaryotic

    • E.

      Smaller than red blood cells

    • F.

      Destroy bacteria and fight diseases

    • G.

      Low white blood cell to red blood cell ratio

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Larger than red blood cells
    C. Eukaryotic
    F. Destroy bacteria and fight diseases
    G. Low white blood cell to red blood cell ratio
    Explanation
    White blood cells, also known as leukocytes, are larger than red blood cells and are eukaryotic, meaning they have a true nucleus and membrane-bound organelles. They have a low white blood cell to red blood cell ratio, indicating that there are fewer white blood cells compared to red blood cells in the body. White blood cells play a crucial role in the immune system as they help destroy bacteria and fight against diseases.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    List some properties of platelets

    • A.

      Prokaryotic

    • B.

      Colorless

    • C.

      Help blood to clot so that cuts can heal

    • D.

      Fragments of cytoplasm from bone marrow

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Prokaryotic
    B. Colorless
    C. Help blood to clot so that cuts can heal
    D. Fragments of cytoplasm from bone marrow
  • 12. 

    As altitude increases, air becomes ____ compressed and is therefore _______, thus making it ______ to breathe

    • A.

      More, thinner, harder

    • B.

      Less, thicker, harder

    • C.

      Less, thinner, harder

    • D.

      More, thicker, easier

    Correct Answer
    C. Less, thinner, harder
    Explanation
    As altitude increases, the air becomes less compressed. This means that the air molecules are spread out over a larger volume, resulting in thinner air. Thinner air contains less oxygen, making it harder to breathe at higher altitudes.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    To account for less compressed air, your body will generate ____ blood cells, giving you more hemoglobin and thus more oxygen, by acclimating up to 5500 meters above sea level, your body can generate up to _______ red blood cells per cubic millimeter of blood

    • A.

      Less, 7,000,000

    • B.

      More 7,000,000

    • C.

      Less, 7,500,000

    • D.

      More, 7,500,000

    Correct Answer
    D. More, 7,500,000
    Explanation
    At higher altitudes, the air pressure decreases, resulting in less oxygen available for the body. To compensate for this, the body adapts by generating more red blood cells. These cells contain hemoglobin, a protein that carries oxygen to the tissues. By increasing the number of red blood cells, the body can transport more oxygen to meet the demand. Therefore, the correct answer is "more, 7,500,000," as it reflects the body's response to higher altitudes.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 03, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 24, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Proanimator
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.