Quiz: NCLEX Nursing Questions On Cardiovascular System

10 Questions | Attempts: 11599

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Quiz: NCLEX Nursing Questions On Cardiovascular System - Quiz

Here is a quiz for your practice "NCLEX Nursing Questions On Cardiovascular System. " This quiz is to test your nursing knowledge of the cardiovascular system. This will give you better clarity and understanding too on the subject. Questions are hard and medium level, so it may seem a bit challenging quiz. However, give your best and try to get a good score as you take this quiz. Best of luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which is the major determinant of diastolic blood pressure?
    • A. 

      Baroreceptors

    • B. 

      Cardiac output

    • C. 

      Renal function

    • D. 

      Vascular resistance

  • 2. 
    What can cause blood pressure to drop to normal levels?
    • A. 

      Kidneys’ excretion of sodium only.

    • B. 

      Kidneys’ retention of sodium and water

    • C. 

      Kidneys’ excretion of sodium and water

    • D. 

      Kidneys’ retention of sodium and excretion of water

  • 3. 
    Aorta and Baroreceptors in the carotid artery walls respond to
    • A. 

      Changes in blood pressure

    • B. 

      Changes in arterial oxygen tension

    • C. 

      Changes in arterial carbon dioxide tension

    • D. 

      Changes in heart rate

  • 4. 
    What describes the force against which the ventricle must expel blood?
    • A. 

      Afterload

    • B. 

      Cardiac output

    • C. 

      Overload

    • D. 

      Preload

  • 5. 
    What describes the amount of stretch on the myocardium at the end of diastole?
    • A. 

      Afterload

    • B. 

      Cardiac index

    • C. 

      Cardiac output

    • D. 

      Preload

  • 6. 
    A 57-year-old client who has a history of asthma is prescribed propranolol (Inderal) for the purpose of controlling hypertension. Before administered propranolol. Which action should the nurse take first?
    • A. 

      Monitor the apical pulse rate

    • B. 

      Instruct the client to take the medication with food

    • C. 

      Question the physician about the order

    • D. 

      Caution the client to rise slowly when standing.

  • 7. 
    One hour later, administering IV furosemide (Lasix) to a client who had heart failure. A short burst of ventricular tachycardia appears on the cardiac monitor. Which electrolyte imbalance should the nurse suspect?
    • A. 

      Hypocalcemia

    • B. 

      Hypermagnesemia

    • C. 

      Hypokalemia

    • D. 

      Hypernatremia

  • 8. 
    A client receives spironolactone to treat hypertension. Which instruction should the nurse provide?
    • A. 

      “Eat foods high in potassium.”

    • B. 

      “Take daily potassium supplements.”

    • C. 

      “Discontinue sodium restrictions.”

    • D. 

      “Avoid salt substitutes.”

  • 9. 
    When assessing an ECG, The nurse is aware that the P-R interval represents the time taken for the:
    • A. 

      Impulse to begin atrial contraction

    • B. 

      Impulse to transverse the atria to the AV node

    • C. 

      SA node to discharge the impulse to begin atrial depolarization

    • D. 

      Impulse to travel to the ventricles

  • 10. 
    After a treadmill test and cardiac catheterization, the client seems to have coronary artery disease, which is inoperative. He is taken to the cardiac rehabilitation unit. During the first visit to the unit, he says that he doesn’t know why he should be there because nothing can make him better. The best nursing response should be:
    • A. 

      “Cardiac rehabilitation is not a cure but can help restore you to many of your former activities.”

    • B. 

      “Here, we teach you to gradually change your lifestyle to accommodate your heart disease.”

    • C. 

      “You are probably right, but we can gradually increase your activities so that you can live a more active life.”

    • D. 

      “Do you feel that you will have to make some changes in your life now?”

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