Quiz: NCLEX Nursing Questions On Cardiovascular System

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 6947

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Quiz: NCLEX Nursing Questions On Cardiovascular System

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following parameters is the major determinant of diastolic blood pressure?
    • A. 

      Baroreceptors

    • B. 

      Cardiac output

    • C. 

      Renal function

    • D. 

      Vascular resistance

  • 2. 
    Which of the following factors can cause blood pressure to drop to normal levels?
    • A. 

      Kidneys’ excretion of sodium only

    • B. 

      Kidneys’ retention of sodium and water

    • C. 

      Kidneys’ excretion of sodium and water

    • D. 

      Kidneys’ retention of sodium and excretion of water

  • 3. 
    Baroreceptors in the carotid artery walls and aorta respond to which of the following conditions?
    • A. 

      Changes in blood pressure

    • B. 

      Changes in arterial oxygen tension

    • C. 

      Changes in arterial carbon dioxide tension

    • D. 

      Changes in heart rate

  • 4. 
    Which of the following terms describes the force against which the ventricle must expel blood?
    • A. 

      Afterload

    • B. 

      Cardiac output

    • C. 

      Overload

    • D. 

      Preload

  • 5. 
    Which of the following terms is used to describe the amount of stretch on the myocardium at the end of diastole?
    • A. 

      Afterload

    • B. 

      Cardiac index

    • C. 

      Cardiac output

    • D. 

      Preload

  • 6. 
    A 57-year-old client with a history of asthma is prescribed propranolol (Inderal) to control hypertension. Before administered propranolol. which of the following actions should the nurse take first?
    • A. 

      Monitor the apical pulse rate

    • B. 

      Instruct the client to take medication with food

    • C. 

      Question the physician about the order

    • D. 

      Caution the client to rise slowly when standing.

  • 7. 
    One hour after administering IV furosemide (Lasix) to a client with heart failure. a short burst of ventricular tachycardia appears on the cardiac monitor. Which of the following electrolyte imbalances should the nurse suspect?
    • A. 

      Hypocalcemia

    • B. 

      Hypermagnesemia

    • C. 

      Hypokalemia

    • D. 

      Hypernatremia

  • 8. 
    A client is receiving spironolactone to treat hypertension. Which of the following instructions should the nurse provide?
    • A. 

      “Eat foods high in potassium.”

    • B. 

      “Take daily potassium supplements.”

    • C. 

      “Discontinue sodium restrictions.”

    • D. 

      “Avoid salt substitutes.”

  • 9. 
    When assessing an ECG. the nurse knows that the P-R interval represents the time it takes for the:
    • A. 

      Impulse to begin atrial contraction

    • B. 

      Impulse to transverse the atria to the AV node

    • C. 

      SA node to discharge the impulse to begin atrial depolarization

    • D. 

      Impulse to travel to the ventricles

  • 10. 
    Following a treadmill test and cardiac catheterization. the client is found to have coronary artery disease. which is inoperative. He is referred to the cardiac rehabilitation unit. During his first visit to the unit he says that he doesn’t understand why he needs to be there because there is nothing that can be done to make him better. The best nursing response is:
    • A. 

      “Cardiac rehabilitation is not a cure but can help restore you to many of your former activities.”

    • B. 

      “Here we teach you to gradually change your lifestyle to accommodate your heart disease.”

    • C. 

      “You are probably right but we can gradually increase your activities so that you can live a more active life.”

    • D. 

      “Do you feel that you will have to make some changes in your life now?”

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