3rd Nine Weeks Cum Review 2017 1

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Week Quizzes & Trivia

Answer the following questions based on what you think you know and remember about this time period


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Latitude : Equator Longitude:___________________

    • A.

      Time Zones

    • B.

      International Date Line

    • C.

      Longitude

    • D.

      Prime Meridan

    Correct Answer
    D. Prime Meridan
    Explanation
    The given question is asking for the correct term that corresponds to the given latitude of "Equator" and the missing longitude. The latitude of "Equator" is 0 degrees, and the corresponding longitude is the "Prime Meridian" which passes through Greenwich, London and has a longitude of 0 degrees. Therefore, the correct answer is "Prime Meridian".

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following reasons does not belong for Exploration towards the New World?(4 R's) 

    • A.

      Routes

    • B.

      Riches

    • C.

      Religion

    • D.

      Roads

    Correct Answer
    D. Roads
  • 3. 

    Why was the Columbian Exchange named after Christopher Columbus?

    • A.

      He invented the term

    • B.

      He was an expert on New World species

    • C.

      His ship was nicknamed the Columbian Exchange

    • D.

      His voyages marked the beginning of the exchange

    Correct Answer
    D. His voyages marked the beginning of the exchange
    Explanation
    The Columbian Exchange was named after Christopher Columbus because his voyages marked the beginning of the exchange. Through his expeditions, Columbus initiated the widespread transfer of plants, animals, diseases, and culture between the Old World (Europe, Africa, and Asia) and the New World (the Americas). This exchange had a profound impact on both hemispheres, leading to significant social, economic, and ecological changes. Therefore, it is fitting to attribute the name of this historical phenomenon to Columbus, as his explorations were the catalyst for this transformative process.

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  • 4. 

    African Americans were sold into slavery once that Native American population started to die out- for a needed labor force in the mines, etc.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the time when the Native American population started to decline, African Americans were indeed sold into slavery to fulfill the need for labor in various industries such as mining. This was a result of the demand for workers and the belief that African Americans were physically capable of enduring the harsh conditions of these industries. This practice of slavery played a significant role in shaping the history and demographics of the United States.

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  • 5. 

    Columbus : Spain Vasco da Gama: _______________

    • A.

      Portugal

    • B.

      England

    • C.

      France

    • D.

      Russia

    Correct Answer
    A. Portugal
    Explanation
    Vasco da Gama, like Columbus, was an explorer who embarked on a significant voyage during the Age of Exploration. Columbus sailed for Spain, while Vasco da Gama sailed for Portugal. Therefore, the correct answer is Portugal.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following best describes why the Age of Exploration occurred?

    • A.

      England and Spain wanted to expand their empire

    • B.

      Spain had claimed North and South America

    • C.

      European rulers wanted to find a cheaper way to obtain spices from Asia

    • D.

      English defeated the Spanish Armada

    Correct Answer
    C. European rulers wanted to find a cheaper way to obtain spices from Asia
    Explanation
    The Age of Exploration occurred because European rulers wanted to find a cheaper way to obtain spices from Asia. During this time, spices were highly valued and in high demand in Europe, but the existing trade routes were controlled by the Ottomans and were expensive. European rulers saw the potential for great wealth and power if they could establish direct trade routes with Asia, bypassing the Ottomans. This desire for economic gain and the need to find alternative trade routes led to the exploration and colonization of new lands by European powers.

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  • 7. 

    The Ottoman Empire had taken control of most of the overland trade routes, so Europe needed to search for a cheaper route to Asia.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the time period mentioned, the Ottoman Empire had indeed gained control over many of the overland trade routes. This meant that Europe had limited access to these routes, which were crucial for trade with Asia. As a result, Europeans were motivated to search for alternative routes to Asia in order to bypass the Ottoman Empire's control and find cheaper trade options. Therefore, the statement that Europe needed to search for a cheaper route to Asia due to the Ottoman Empire's control of trade routes is true.

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  • 8. 

    Select the best definition of revolution.

    • A.

      Change

    • B.

      War

    • C.

      Conflict

    • D.

      Independence

    Correct Answer
    A. Change
    Explanation
    Revolution refers to a significant and often radical change in a particular system, structure, or society. It involves a complete shift or transformation from the existing state to a new one. This change can be political, social, technological, or cultural in nature. It is not limited to war, conflict, or independence, although these events may sometimes be catalysts for revolution. The term "change" encompasses the broad concept of revolution, making it the best definition among the given options.

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  • 9. 

    John Locke believed in the concept of natural rights of the indiividual. What US document did he later help influence in our national history? 

    • A.

      Gettysburg Address

    • B.

      US Constitution

    • C.

      Declaration of Independence

    • D.

      Emancipation Proclamation

    Correct Answer
    C. Declaration of Independence
    Explanation
    John Locke's belief in the concept of natural rights of the individual heavily influenced the writing of the Declaration of Independence. The Declaration of Independence, signed in 1776, proclaimed the colonies' independence from British rule and asserted the fundamental rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Locke's ideas about individual rights and government by consent were reflected in the document, making him a significant influence on the development of American democracy.

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  • 10. 

    What document is known as the "ultimate break up letter"?

    • A.

      Declaration of Rights

    • B.

      English Bill of Rights

    • C.

      Declaration of Independence

    • D.

      Magna Carta

    Correct Answer
    C. Declaration of Independence
    Explanation
    The Declaration of Independence is known as the "ultimate break up letter" because it formally announced the separation of the American colonies from Great Britain. It outlined the grievances of the colonists against the British government and declared their intention to form an independent nation. The document is considered a significant milestone in American history and a symbol of the fight for freedom and self-governance.

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  • 11. 

    Who was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence?

    • A.

      John Adams

    • B.

      Benjamin Franklin

    • C.

      Thomas Jefferson

    • D.

      James Madison

    Correct Answer
    C. Thomas Jefferson
    Explanation
    Thomas Jefferson was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence. He was chosen by the Continental Congress to draft the document, and his eloquent writing skills and strong beliefs in individual rights and freedom made him the perfect candidate for the task. Jefferson's words in the Declaration of Independence, particularly the famous phrase "all men are created equal," have had a lasting impact on American history and continue to be celebrated as a cornerstone of American democracy.

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  • 12. 

    The Declaration of Independence laid the foundation for democratic thinking.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Declaration of Independence, signed in 1776, is a crucial document in American history. It asserted the belief that all individuals are created equal and have certain unalienable rights, such as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. These ideas formed the basis for democratic thinking, as they challenged the traditional notion of rule by divine right or monarchy. The Declaration of Independence inspired future democratic movements and influenced the development of democratic systems around the world. Therefore, it is accurate to say that the Declaration of Independence laid the foundation for democratic thinking.

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  • 13. 

    Monarchy

    • A.

      People hold the political power to the nation

    • B.

      King or queen rules/leads the nation

    • C.

      Government is headed by a strong military leader who has total control over the nation

    • D.

      No one is in charge-mob rule

    Correct Answer
    B. King or queen rules/leads the nation
    Explanation
    In a monarchy, the political power of the nation is held by the king or queen who rules and leads the nation. Unlike other forms of government, such as a democracy or dictatorship, where power is distributed among the people or a single military leader, in a monarchy, the monarch has total control over the nation. They make decisions and govern the country based on their own authority and often inherit their position through a hereditary line. Hence, the answer is that a king or queen rules/leads the nation in a monarchy.

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  • 14. 

    Democracy 

    • A.

      Citizens hold the political power in government

    • B.

      King or queen rules in the nation

    • C.

      Mob rule- no one is in charge

    • D.

      God is the ultimate authority of the government

    Correct Answer
    A. Citizens hold the political power in government
    Explanation
    The correct answer is citizens hold the political power in government. In a democracy, power is vested in the people who elect representatives to make decisions on their behalf. This means that the citizens have the ability to participate in the political process, vote for their leaders, and hold them accountable. Unlike a monarchy where a king or queen rules, or a situation of mob rule where no one is in charge, democracy ensures that the power lies with the people, making it a more inclusive and representative form of government.

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  • 15. 

    Enlightenment thinker Thomas Hobbes would have supported which type of government? 

    • A.

      Monarchy

    • B.

      Anarchy

    • C.

      Democracy

    • D.

      Dictatorship

    Correct Answer
    A. Monarchy
    Explanation
    Thomas Hobbes, an Enlightenment thinker, believed that human beings are inherently selfish and that society needs a strong central authority to maintain order and prevent chaos. He argued that a monarchy, with a single ruler who has absolute power, would be the most effective form of government to achieve this. Hobbes believed that a monarchy would provide stability and security, as the ruler's authority would prevent individuals from acting solely in their own self-interest and ensure the protection of all citizens.

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  • 16. 

    American Revolution: "No taxation without representation" French Revolution: ________________________________

    • A.

      Reign of Terror

    • B.

      Liberty, Equality, Brotherhood

    • C.

      Freedom is here!

    • D.

      Opporunity for all- no more taxes!

    Correct Answer
    B. Liberty, Equality, Brotherhood
    Explanation
    The French Revolution was characterized by the ideals of liberty, equality, and brotherhood. These principles were the driving force behind the revolution and the overthrow of the monarchy. The revolution aimed to establish a society where all individuals had equal rights and opportunities, and where they were free from oppression and inequality. The slogan "Liberty, Equality, Brotherhood" encapsulates the core values and aspirations of the French Revolution.

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  • 17. 

    This group had the burden of paying all the taxes in the nation of France before the revolution?

    • A.

      First Estate

    • B.

      Second Estate

    • C.

      Third Estate

    • D.

      Fourth Estate

    Correct Answer
    C. Third Estate
    Explanation
    The Third Estate had the burden of paying all the taxes in France before the revolution. The First Estate consisted of the clergy and they were exempt from most taxes. The Second Estate included the nobility and they also enjoyed certain tax privileges. However, the Third Estate, which comprised the commoners and the majority of the population, had to bear the brunt of the tax burden. This unfair taxation system was one of the main grievances that led to the French Revolution.

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  • 18. 

    A food shortage of bread caused unstable times for the people of France during the French Revolution.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the French Revolution, there was indeed a food shortage of bread in France. This shortage was a result of various factors such as poor harvests, economic instability, and the hoarding of grain by the wealthy. The scarcity of bread led to rising prices and widespread hunger among the population, which in turn contributed to social unrest and political upheaval during this period. Therefore, the statement "A food shortage of bread caused unstable times for the people of France during the French Revolution" is true.

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  • 19. 

    Napoleon's rule ended the French Revolution. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Napoleon's rule did indeed bring an end to the French Revolution. After the revolution, France was in a state of chaos and instability. Napoleon came to power in 1799 and established a strong centralized government, bringing stability and order to the country. He also implemented various reforms that aimed to consolidate the gains of the revolution while also restoring social and economic stability. Therefore, it can be concluded that Napoleon's rule effectively ended the French Revolution.

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  • 20. 

    Physical Map : rivers, lakes, mountainsPolitical Map: _____________________

    • A.

      Map that shows the equator

    • B.

      Map that shows cities, towns, capitals, boundaries

    • C.

      Map that shows lines of latitude and longitude

    • D.

      Map that shows the International Date Line

    Correct Answer
    B. Map that shows cities, towns, capitals, boundaries
    Explanation
    A political map shows cities, towns, capitals, and boundaries. It focuses on the human-made features of a region such as cities, towns, and political boundaries between countries or regions. This type of map is used to understand the political organization and administrative divisions of an area. It provides information about the location of major cities, capital cities, and the boundaries between different countries or regions.

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  • 21. 

    Where did the Renaissance begin? 

    • A.

      England

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      Italy

    • D.

      Portugal

    Correct Answer
    C. Italy
    Explanation
    The Renaissance began in Italy. Italy was the birthplace of this cultural and intellectual movement that spanned from the 14th to the 17th century. It was characterized by a revival of interest in classical learning, art, and literature. Italian cities like Florence, Rome, and Venice became centers of Renaissance activity, attracting scholars, artists, and thinkers who sought to rediscover and reinterpret the achievements of ancient Greece and Rome. Italy's rich history, thriving trade, and patronage by wealthy families like the Medici contributed to the flourishing of the Renaissance in this region.

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  • 22. 

    What innovation helped to spread the influence of Renaissance?

    • A.

      Printing press

    • B.

      Compass

    • C.

      Telegraph

    • D.

      Internal combustion engine

    Correct Answer
    A. Printing press
    Explanation
    The printing press revolutionized the spread of information during the Renaissance. It allowed for the mass production of books, making them more affordable and accessible to a larger audience. This innovation led to an increase in literacy rates and the dissemination of new ideas, scientific discoveries, and artistic works. The printing press played a crucial role in the wider dissemination of Renaissance ideals and contributed to the cultural and intellectual transformation of Europe during this period.

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  • 23. 

    Martin Luther helped to begin unknowingly what key event?

    • A.

      Renaissance

    • B.

      Protestant Reformation

    • C.

      Age of Discovery

    • D.

      Enlightenment

    Correct Answer
    B. Protestant Reformation
    Explanation
    Martin Luther played a crucial role in initiating the Protestant Reformation. In the 16th century, Luther, a German monk and theologian, challenged the teachings and practices of the Catholic Church, particularly the sale of indulgences. His famous Ninety-Five Theses, which he nailed to the door of a church in Wittenberg, Germany, sparked widespread debate and led to a significant movement of reform within Christianity. Luther's actions ultimately led to the establishment of Protestantism as a separate branch of Christianity, with profound social, political, and religious consequences in Europe and beyond.

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  • 24. 

    What motivated Martin Luther to speak out against the Catholic Church?

    • A.

      The sell of indulgences were getting out of control and people were spending a large portion of salary on "buying" forgiveness

    • B.

      The printing press was out and he was angry that he was not promoted to become the Pope

    • C.

      The Catholic Church had moved him to be a priest in a smaller town, he was going to make less money

    • D.

      He wanted to create his own religion

    Correct Answer
    A. The sell of indulgences were getting out of control and people were spending a large portion of salary on "buying" forgiveness
    Explanation
    Martin Luther was motivated to speak out against the Catholic Church because he observed that the sale of indulgences had become excessive and people were spending a significant portion of their income on purchasing forgiveness. This exploitation of people's faith and financial burdens led Luther to criticize the Church's practices and ultimately sparked the Protestant Reformation.

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  • 25. 

    Reformation: ____________ revolutionRenaissance: cultural revolution

    • A.

      Political

    • B.

      Religious

    • C.

      Economic

    • D.

      Social

    Correct Answer
    B. Religious
    Explanation
    The correct answer is religious because the Reformation was a religious revolution that aimed to reform the Catholic Church in the 16th century. It led to the establishment of Protestant denominations and challenged the authority of the Pope. Similarly, the Renaissance was a cultural revolution that focused on the revival of art, literature, and learning, but it was not primarily driven by religious changes.

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  • 26. 

    Machaivellli, a Renaissance political thinker, would be best remember by which of the following statements? 

    • A.

      Be Bold, Do whatever it takes to stay in power, Be strong

    • B.

      The weak will never survive in the end

    • C.

      Be curious and love art

    • D.

      Kings and Queens will rule the world

    Correct Answer
    A. Be Bold, Do whatever it takes to stay in power, Be strong
    Explanation
    Machiavelli is best remembered for his statement "Be Bold, Do whatever it takes to stay in power, Be strong." This statement reflects Machiavelli's belief in the importance of political power and the need for rulers to be assertive and ruthless in order to maintain their authority. Machiavelli's famous work, "The Prince," explores these ideas and provides guidance on how rulers should govern and maintain their power.

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  • 27. 

    The Roman Catholic Church dominated life in Europe before the Protestant Reformation

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the time before the Protestant Reformation, the Roman Catholic Church held immense power and influence over various aspects of life in Europe. It was the dominant religious institution and played a central role in politics, education, and social affairs. The Church controlled vast amounts of land, wealth, and had a strong hierarchical structure. It held a monopoly on religious teachings and practices, and any challenges to its authority were met with severe consequences. The Protestant Reformation, led by figures such as Martin Luther, sought to challenge and reform the practices of the Roman Catholic Church, leading to a significant shift in religious power and the emergence of Protestant denominations.

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  • 28. 

    The Scientific Revolution can be best described as...? 

    • A.

      A new way of thinking about the natural world based upon careful observation and being able to question accepted beliefs

    • B.

      The realization that the Earth was round instead of flat during the Age of Discovery

    • C.

      The discovery of nuclear energy as a main source of power

    • D.

      An acceptance that the Catholic Church was the only true source of knowledge

    Correct Answer
    A. A new way of thinking about the natural world based upon careful observation and being able to question accepted beliefs
    Explanation
    The Scientific Revolution can be best described as a new way of thinking about the natural world based upon careful observation and being able to question accepted beliefs. During this period, scientists began to rely on empirical evidence and experimentation rather than relying solely on traditional authority or established beliefs. This shift in thinking led to significant advancements in various fields of science and laid the foundation for modern scientific inquiry.

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  • 29. 

    Montesquieu's philosophy can be found in which famous American document? 

    • A.

      Treaty of Paris

    • B.

      Estate General

    • C.

      US Constitution

    • D.

      Gettysburg Address

    Correct Answer
    C. US Constitution
    Explanation
    Montesquieu's philosophy can be found in the US Constitution. Montesquieu was a French philosopher who advocated for the separation of powers in government. This principle is reflected in the US Constitution, which establishes three branches of government - the legislative, executive, and judicial - with separate powers and responsibilities. The Constitution also incorporates checks and balances, another key concept in Montesquieu's philosophy, to ensure that no single branch becomes too powerful. Therefore, the US Constitution is a famous American document that embodies Montesquieu's philosophy.

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  • 30. 

    This was the time of "radical" extreme leadership of the French Revolution in which many were executed in 1793-1794. 

    • A.

      Renaissance

    • B.

      Storming of the Bastille

    • C.

      Reformation

    • D.

      Reign of Terror

    Correct Answer
    D. Reign of Terror
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Reign of Terror." During the French Revolution, the Reign of Terror took place from 1793 to 1794. This was a period characterized by extreme measures and mass executions, as the Committee of Public Safety sought to suppress counter-revolutionary activities and maintain control. The Reign of Terror was marked by widespread fear, political instability, and the use of the guillotine to execute perceived enemies of the revolution.

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  • 31. 

    Which of the following does not describe the Russian Revolution?

    • A.

      Germany defeated the Russians

    • B.

      Russia left WWI early due to conflict within the nation- lack of food, inflation

    • C.

      The US entered WWI about the same time as Russia exited the war

    • D.

      Russia's military played an important role upon the war, with early exit of Russia the Allies could have been in serious trouble

    Correct Answer
    A. Germany defeated the Russians
    Explanation
    The Russian Revolution refers to the period of political and social upheaval in Russia between 1917 and 1923, which led to the overthrow of the Russian monarchy and the establishment of the Soviet Union. The statement "Germany defeated the Russians" does not describe the Russian Revolution because it does not capture the internal conflicts and social unrest within Russia that were the main drivers of the revolution. The revolution was primarily a result of domestic factors such as food shortages, inflation, and political discontent, rather than a military defeat by Germany.

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  • 32. 

    The following image represents what time period that we have studied this year?

    • A.

      American Revolution

    • B.

      French Revolution

    • C.

      Reformation

    • D.

      World War I

    Correct Answer
    D. World War I
    Explanation
    The correct answer is World War I because the question asks for the time period that has been studied this year, and out of the given options, World War I is the only event that falls within the time period studied. The American Revolution and French Revolution occurred in the 18th century, the Reformation took place in the 16th century, while World War I happened in the early 20th century.

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