# Second 9 Weeks Quiz

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Sfiveash
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 57
Questions: 16 | Attempts: 57  Settings  • 1.

### What is the bending of light called?

• A.

Reflection

• B.

Absorption

• C.

Refraction

• D.

Image

C. Refraction
Explanation
Refraction is the bending of light as it passes from one medium to another with a different density. This phenomenon occurs because the speed of light changes when it travels through different substances. When light enters a medium at an angle, it changes direction, causing the light to bend. This bending of light is known as refraction.

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• 2.

### An example of transparent would be a

• A.

Heavy wood door

• B.

Banana

• C.

Glass window

• D.

Bookshelf

C. Glass window
Explanation
A glass window is an example of transparency because it allows light to pass through it and enables us to see what is on the other side. Unlike a heavy wood door or a bookshelf, which are opaque and block our view, a glass window is clear and transparent, allowing us to see through it. Similarly, a banana is not transparent as it is a solid object and cannot be seen through.

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• 3.

### Light travels in ________________ __________________.

Straight lines
Explanation
Light travels in straight lines because it is a form of electromagnetic radiation that moves in a straight path unless it encounters an obstacle or medium that causes it to change direction. This behavior is known as rectilinear propagation. The straight path of light allows us to predict its trajectory and understand phenomena such as reflection, refraction, and shadows.

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• 4.

### Name the colors of light in order.

Red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet
Red orange yellow green blue indigo violet
Explanation
The colors of light in order are red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet. This sequence is commonly referred to as the rainbow colors or the colors of the visible spectrum.

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• 5.

### The three basic colors of light are

• A.

Pink, purple, yellow

• B.

Red, blue, green

• C.

Yellow, orange, green

• D.

Blue, green, white

B. Red, blue, green
Explanation
The three basic colors of light are red, blue, and green. These colors are known as the primary colors of light because they cannot be created by mixing other colors of light. When combined in different intensities, these three colors can create all other colors in the visible spectrum. This concept is used in various applications such as televisions, computer screens, and color printing, where different combinations of red, blue, and green light are used to produce a wide range of colors.

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• 6.

### The six objects that help us in our everyday lives by changing the size and direction of the force are called _________________ ___________________.

• A.

Simple items

• B.

Simple machines

• C.

Compound items

• D.

Compound machines

B. Simple machines
Explanation
Simple machines are objects that help us in our everyday lives by changing the size and direction of the force. They make work easier by allowing us to apply less force over a greater distance. Examples of simple machines include levers, pulleys, inclined planes, and screws. These machines are called "simple" because they are made up of only one or two basic parts and do not have complex mechanisms. They are essential tools that we use to perform various tasks efficiently.

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• 7.

### What is the fixed point on a lever called?

• A.

Motor

• B.

Pulley

• C.

Axle

• D.

Fulcrum

D. Fulcrum
Explanation
The fixed point on a lever is called the fulcrum. The fulcrum is the point around which the lever rotates or pivots. It acts as a support or a fixed point of reference for the lever to balance and exert force. Without a fulcrum, the lever would not be able to function properly.

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• 8.

### There are _______ simple machines.

six
Explanation
The question asks for the number of simple machines, and the correct answer is six. This implies that there are six basic types of simple machines, which are the lever, pulley, wheel and axle, inclined plane, wedge, and screw. Each of these machines has a different purpose and mechanism, but they all fall under the category of simple machines.

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• 9.

### There are two different types of pulleys. The two types of pulleys are

• A.

Fixed;not fixed

• B.

Moving; not moving

• C.

Fixed; movable

• D.

Simple; compound

C. Fixed; movable
Explanation
The correct answer is fixed; movable. This is because there are indeed two different types of pulleys: fixed pulleys, which are attached to a stationary object and do not move, and movable pulleys, which are attached to the load being lifted and move along with it.

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• 10.

### Friction makes work __________________.

harder
Explanation
Friction is a force that opposes motion between two surfaces in contact. When there is friction, it requires more effort to overcome this resistance and perform work. Therefore, friction makes work harder to accomplish.

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• 11.

### Which is NOT a simple machine?

• A.

Wheel and axle

• B.

Pulley

• C.

Hammer

• D.

Lever

C. Hammer
Explanation
A hammer is not considered a simple machine because it does not have a mechanical advantage or use energy to do work. Simple machines, such as the wheel and axle, pulley, and lever, are devices that make work easier by either multiplying or changing the direction of the applied force. However, a hammer is a tool that uses a person's force directly to apply an impact or force on an object, without any mechanical advantage involved.

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• 12.

### A ___________ is a push or a pull.

• A.

Force

• B.

Shove

• C.

Motion

• D.

Look

A. Force
Explanation
A force is a push or a pull that can cause an object to move, change direction, or stop. It is a physical interaction between two objects or between an object and its environment. Forces can be exerted by living beings or by inanimate objects. In this context, force is the only option that accurately represents a push or a pull, making it the correct answer.

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• 13.

### What is the unit of force?

• A.

Pascals

• B.

Weight

• C.

Newtons

• D.

Forces

C. Newtons
Explanation
The unit of force is Newtons because Newton is the standard unit of force in the International System of Units (SI). It is named after Sir Isaac Newton and is defined as the amount of force required to accelerate a mass of one kilogram by one meter per second squared. Pascals is the unit of pressure, weight is the force exerted by gravity on an object, and Forces is not a specific unit of measurement.

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• 14.

### On the moon, would you weigh less or more than on Earth?

• A.

Less, because there is less gravity

• B.

More, because there is more gravity

A. Less, because there is less gravity
Explanation
On the moon, you would weigh less than on Earth because there is less gravity. Gravity is what pulls objects towards the center of a planet or moon, and the moon has less mass than Earth, resulting in weaker gravitational force. Therefore, your weight would be reduced on the moon compared to Earth.

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• 15.

### Which of these has the most friction?

• A.

Glass

• B.

Hardwood floors

• C.

Tile floors

• D.

Sand

D. Sand
Explanation
Sand has the most friction compared to the other options listed. This is because sand particles are rough and irregular in shape, which increases the surface area in contact with other objects. As a result, when objects slide or move across sand, there is more resistance due to the increased friction between the surfaces. In contrast, glass, hardwood floors, and tile floors have smoother surfaces, resulting in less friction compared to sand.

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• 16.

### Speeding up, slowing down, turning, starting, and stopping are all examples of what?

• A.

Force

• B.

Turns

• C.

Acceleration

• D.

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