Place the end of the chest tube in a container of sterile saline.
Apply an occlusive dressing and notify the physician.
Clamp the chest tube immediately.
Secure the chest tube with tape.
5 to 60 seconds.
5 to 20 minutes.
30 to 40 minutes.
45 to 60 minutes.
PH 5.0; PaCO2 30 mm Hg
PH 7.40; PaCO2 35 mm Hg
PH 7.35; PaCO2 40 mm Hg
PH 7.25; PaCO2 50 mm Hg
Hyperglycemia and glycosuria.
Acute adrenocortical insufficiency.
Restlessness and seizures.
Activity intolerance related to fatigue.
Anxiety related to actual threat to health status.
Risk for infection related to retained secretions.
Impaired gas exchange related to airflow obstruction.