How Well Do You Know Mast cells?

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| By Tanya Mishra
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Tanya Mishra
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How Well Do You Know Mast Cells? - Quiz


A mast cell is a type of granulocyte which is derived from myeloid stem cells. Take the mast cells quiz to test your knowledge about them. Do you know enough about them to ace this exciting quiz? If yes, we're excited to see you try this test! Our Experts have designed the quiz to test your knowledge in an in-depth manner, so make sure to attempt all the questions very carefully. Try your best to get a high score on this test! Good Luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who discovered the Mast cells? 

    • A.

      Louis Pasteur

    • B.

      Robert Koch

    • C.

       Paul Ehrlich

    • D.

      Élie Metchnikoff

    Correct Answer
    C.  Paul Ehrlich
    Explanation
    Paul Ehrlich is credited with discovering mast cells. In the late 1800s, Ehrlich conducted extensive research on cells involved in immune responses. He observed and described a type of cell with granules in their cytoplasm, which he named "mastzellen" or mast cells. Ehrlich's discovery of mast cells was a significant contribution to the understanding of the immune system and its role in allergic reactions and inflammation.

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  • 2. 

    Where are mast cells found in the body? 

    • A.

      Skin

    • B.

      Gut

    • C.

      Respiratory tract

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Mast cells are found in various parts of the body, including the skin, gut, and respiratory tract. These cells play a crucial role in the immune system by releasing inflammatory substances, such as histamine, in response to allergens or pathogens. Their presence in different organs allows them to quickly respond to potential threats and initiate immune responses. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 3. 

    Which substance is released during the degranulation of mast cells? 

    • A.

      Dopamine

    • B.

      Oestrogen

    • C.

      Cytokines

    • D.

      Proteins

    Correct Answer
    C. Cytokines
    Explanation
    During the degranulation of mast cells, cytokines are released. Cytokines are small proteins that play a crucial role in cell signaling and communication. They are involved in regulating the immune response and inflammation. When mast cells are activated, they release cytokines such as histamine, interleukins, and tumor necrosis factor, which can trigger various immune responses and contribute to allergic reactions and inflammation.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following cells are the precursors of mast cells?

    • A.

      Pluripotent stem cells

    • B.

      Basophils

    • C.

      Lymphoid cells

    • D.

      Megakaryocytes

    Correct Answer
    A. Pluripotent stem cells
    Explanation
    Mast cells are derived from pluripotent stem cells, which have the ability to differentiate into various cell types. Pluripotent stem cells are found in the bone marrow and can give rise to different blood cell lineages including mast cells. Basophils, lymphoid cells, and megakaryocytes are not direct precursors of mast cells.

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  • 5. 

    What's the shape of nucleus found in mast cells?

    • A.

      Round

    • B.

      Reticulated

    • C.

      Oval

    • D.

      Lobated

    Correct Answer
    A. Round
    Explanation
    The shape of the nucleus found in mast cells is round. This means that the nucleus is circular in shape, without any distinct lobes or irregularities. This round shape is characteristic of mast cells and helps to differentiate them from other types of cells.

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  • 6. 

    The granules of mast cells are rich in which of the following compounds?

    • A.

      Leukocytes

    • B.

      Histamine

    • C.

      TGF 

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Histamine
    Explanation
    Mast cells contain granules that are rich in histamine. Histamine is a compound that plays a key role in the inflammatory response and allergic reactions. When mast cells are activated, they release histamine, which causes blood vessels to dilate, smooth muscles to contract, and an increase in mucus production. This release of histamine contributes to the symptoms experienced during allergic reactions, such as itching, redness, and swelling. Therefore, the correct answer is histamine.

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  • 7. 

    Which mediators are released during the degranulation of mast cells?

    • A.

      Histamine

    • B.

      Tryptase 

    • C.

      Serotonin

    • D.

      All of the above 

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above 
    Explanation
    During the degranulation of mast cells, various mediators are released. Histamine is one of the mediators released, which plays a crucial role in allergic reactions and inflammation. Tryptase is also released, which is an enzyme involved in tissue remodeling and immune responses. Serotonin is another mediator released during degranulation, which is involved in regulating various physiological processes. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above" as all three mediators (histamine, tryptase, and serotonin) are released during mast cell degranulation.

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  • 8. 

    What is the total lifespan of a mast cell?

    • A.

      1 - 18 days

    • B.

      20 - 30 days

    • C.

      50 days

    • D.

      Months to several years

    Correct Answer
    D. Months to several years
    Explanation
    Mast cells have a variable lifespan depending on their location and function in the body. They can live for months to several years. This is because mast cells have the ability to self-renew and can persist in tissues for extended periods of time. Additionally, their lifespan can be influenced by factors such as inflammation and immune activation. Therefore, the total lifespan of a mast cell can range from months to several years.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following can play a role in the activation of mast cells? 

    • A.

      A headache

    • B.

      Weight gain 

    • C.

      Physical injury

    • D.

      Sweating

    Correct Answer
    C. Physical injury
    Explanation
    Physical injury can play a role in the activation of mast cells. Mast cells are a type of immune cell that are involved in allergic reactions and inflammation. When a physical injury occurs, mast cells can be activated and release inflammatory mediators such as histamine, which can contribute to pain and swelling at the site of injury.

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  • 10. 

    Mast cells exhibit a high-affinity receptor for which of the followings?

    • A.

      Plasma cells

    • B.

      Fc region of IgE

    • C.

      Proteoglycans

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Fc region of IgE
    Explanation
    Mast cells exhibit a high-affinity receptor for the Fc region of IgE. This means that mast cells have a specific receptor on their surface that binds to the Fc region of IgE antibodies. This binding triggers the release of inflammatory mediators, such as histamine, which are involved in allergic reactions. This interaction between mast cells and IgE is an important part of the immune response to allergens.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Nov 16, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 22, 2022
    Quiz Created by
    Tanya Mishra
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