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Astronomy Final

99 Questions  I  By Kamica
Astronomy Final
Astronomy final exam study

  
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1.  Any object moving relative to Earth will have a Doppler shift
A.
B.
2.  The movement of a pool ball, after being struck by a cue, is an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The Moon is constantly falling toward Earth
A.
B.
4.  No galaxies existed before the Big Bang
A.
B.
5.  Grass (that is healthy) looks green because
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Process of science: I am doing science when I already know the answer to my scientific question and I am searching for evidence in the natural world strictly to support what I know
A.
B.
7.  Atomic nuclei consist of photons and electrons
A.
B.
8.  In South Africa, it's usually quite warm around the time of the winter solstice and quite cool around the time of the summer solstice
A.
B.
9.  If you drop a rock from a great height, about how fast will it be falling after 5 seconds, neglecting air resistance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The energy levels of an element and its ion are the same 
A.
B.
11.  The Milky Way can be seen only from the Northern Hemisphere
A.
B.
12.  If you mass is 60kg on Earth, what would your mass be on the Moon?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  If a material is highly opaque, then it
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The observable universe is the same size today as it was a few billion years ago. 
A.
B.
15.  When light reflects off an object, what is the relation between the angle of incidence and the angle of reflection?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  It is possible to see the third-quarter Moon near the western horizon at sunrise
A.
B.
17.  Kepler deduced his laws of planetary motion once Newton had published his universal law gravitation. 
A.
B.
18.  A lunar eclipse occurs only when the Moon is new
A.
B.
19.  Emission lines from different ionization states of the same element appear in the same place in the spectrum
A.
B.
20.  From shortest to longest wavelength, which of the following correctly orders the different categories of electromagnetic radiation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Without telescopes or other aid, we can look up and see the Moon in the night sky because it
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Columbus was the first person to discover that Earth is round
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B.
23.  Which of the following statements is not one of Newton's laws of motion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The center of mass for Earth orbiting the Sun lies inside the Sun
A.
B.
25.  What would happen if the Space Shuttle were launched with a speed greater than Earth's escape velocity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Our solar system is located in the center of the Milky Way Galaxy
A.
B.
27.  You are currently emitting electromagnetic waves
A.
B.
28.  If a material is transparent, then it 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  If you are driving at 30 miles per hour and increase your speed to 60 miles per hour, you quadruple your kinetic energy
A.
B.
30.  Speed and velocity are the same thing
A.
B.
31.  What is the meaning of the word cosmos?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which of the following statements about X rays and radio waves is not true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  If you double the mass of fusion material in a hydrogen bomb, you quadruple the amount of energy generated
A.
B.
34.  Grass is green because it absorbs green light, reflecting all other colors
A.
B.
35.  If you lived on the Moon, you'd see full Earth when we see new Moon. 
A.
B.
36.  In the grapefruit model of the solar system, it would take a few minutes to walk from the Sun to the inner edge of the Kufper Belt (Pluto)
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B.
37.  A typical supercluster contains no more than about 10,000 stars
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B.
38.  About where is our solar system within the Milky Way Galaxy?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The escape velocity from Earth is greater for larger rockets than for small ones
A.
B.
40.  Doubling the distance between two objects halves the gravitational force between them
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B.
41.  Suppose we imagine the Sun to be about the size of a grapefruit. How big of an area would the orbits of the nine planets of the solar system cover?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Everything looks red through a red filter because
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  The Moon and the Sun are approximately the same angular size
A.
B.
44.  The Milky Way is moving further away from most other galaxies in the universe
A.
B.
45.  A solar eclipse occurs only when the Moon is new
A.
B.
46.  What would happen inside the sun if a slight rise in core temperature led to a rapid rise in fusion energy?
A.
B.
C.
47.  How does the Space Shuttle take off?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  The shorter the wavelength of light, the higher its frequency 
A.
B.
49.  At midnight it is sometimes possible to observe the crescent Moon on the meridian
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B.
50.  The seasons on Earth are caused by its elliptical orbit from the Sun
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B.
51.  The Moon is slowly moving away from Earth
A.
B.
52.  There are more atoms in a glass of water than stars in the observable universe
A.
B.
53.  Electrons orbit an atomic nucleus like planets orbit the Sun
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B.
54.  Momentum is defined as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  The energy levels for electrons vary from one element to another
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B.
56.  The fact that the Voyager spacecraft continue to speed out of the solar system, even though its rockets have no fuel, is an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  What is the acceleration of gravity of Earth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  In which of the following cases would you feel weightless?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  As long as an object is not gaining or losing mass, a net force on the object will cause a change in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  The solar system contains about 100 billion stars 
A.
B.
61.  Which of the following has your "address" in the correct order?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Lines of a particular element appear at the same wavelength in both emission and absorption line spectra
A.
B.
63.  Which of the following is an example in which you are traveling at constant speed but not at constant velocity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  From lowest energy to highest energy, which of the following correctly orders the different categories of electromagnetic radiation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  What do we mean when we say that the universe is expanding?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  If an object's velocity is doubled, the momentum is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  The greater the wavelength of light, the greater its energy
A.
B.
68.  Which is hotter?
A.
B.
C.
69.  How are wavelength, frequency, and energy related for photons of light?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  The frequency of a wave is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Tidal friction caused by Earth's stretching from the Moon's gravity is gradually slowing down the rotation of Earth
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B.
72.  How are galaxies important to our existence?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  We see each other in the classroom right now because we
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  The atomic nuclei of the same element always have the same number of protons
A.
B.
75.  Voyager 2 should reach the nearest stars (besides the Sun) in about 500 years
A.
B.
76.  X rays, because they have more energy, travel through space faster than visible light
A.
B.
77.  If you have a 100-watt light bulb, how much energy does it use each minute?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Roughly how many stars are in the Milky Way Galaxy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Earth is always precisely 1 AU from the sun. 
A.
B.
80.  Suppose an object is moving in a straight line at 50mi/hr. According to newton's first law of motion, the object will
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  You are standing on a scale in an elevator. Suddenly you notice your weight decreases. What do you conclude?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  There is no gravity in space
A.
B.
83.  Earth is made mostly of metals and rocks. Where did this material come from?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  When energy is converted from one form to another, a tiny amount is inevitably lost
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B.
85.  Newton's second law of motion tells us that the net force applied to an object equals its
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  How many atoms fit across the period at the end of this sentence?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  One light-year is about 10 trillion kilometers 
A.
B.
88.  It is possible to view the Moon in first-quarter phase the day after a total lunar eclipse
A.
B.
89.  Which of the following cannot be described by a field?
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  X rays are always more intense than radio waves
A.
B.
91.  It is possible to see the full Moon rising just before sunrise
A.
B.
92.  The age of the universe is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  Modern telescopes are capable of seeing bright galaxies up to about
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  What is nuclear fusion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  You can find the tilt of Earth's axis by measuring the angle between your horizon and the North Star
A.
B.
96.  The atomic nuclei of the same elements always have the same number of neutrons
A.
B.
97.  The wavelength of a wave is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  Energy and power are different words for the same thing
A.
B.
99.  Which of the following statements about X rays and radio waves is not true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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