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Astronomy Final

99 Questions  I  By Kamica
Astronomy Final
Astronomy final exam study

  
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1.  The atomic nuclei of the same element always have the same number of protons
A.
B.
2.  The Milky Way can be seen only from the Northern Hemisphere
A.
B.
3.  If you lived on the Moon, you'd see full Earth when we see new Moon. 
A.
B.
4.  When energy is converted from one form to another, a tiny amount is inevitably lost
A.
B.
5.  Kepler deduced his laws of planetary motion once Newton had published his universal law gravitation. 
A.
B.
6.  Speed and velocity are the same thing
A.
B.
7.  There are more atoms in a glass of water than stars in the observable universe
A.
B.
8.  When light reflects off an object, what is the relation between the angle of incidence and the angle of reflection?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Which of the following has your "address" in the correct order?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The center of mass for Earth orbiting the Sun lies inside the Sun
A.
B.
11.  About where is our solar system within the Milky Way Galaxy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  If you have a 100-watt light bulb, how much energy does it use each minute?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  What is the meaning of the word cosmos?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Tidal friction caused by Earth's stretching from the Moon's gravity is gradually slowing down the rotation of Earth
A.
B.
15.  A lunar eclipse occurs only when the Moon is new
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B.
16.  Which of the following statements is not one of Newton's laws of motion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  What is nuclear fusion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  We see each other in the classroom right now because we
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Which of the following statements about X rays and radio waves is not true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Energy and power are different words for the same thing
A.
B.
21.  The greater the wavelength of light, the greater its energy
A.
B.
22.  Roughly how many stars are in the Milky Way Galaxy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  What would happen if the Space Shuttle were launched with a speed greater than Earth's escape velocity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The wavelength of a wave is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The shorter the wavelength of light, the higher its frequency 
A.
B.
26.  How are wavelength, frequency, and energy related for photons of light?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The age of the universe is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  It is possible to view the Moon in first-quarter phase the day after a total lunar eclipse
A.
B.
29.  A solar eclipse occurs only when the Moon is new
A.
B.
30.  Earth is made mostly of metals and rocks. Where did this material come from?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The Milky Way is moving further away from most other galaxies in the universe
A.
B.
32.  As long as an object is not gaining or losing mass, a net force on the object will cause a change in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  How many atoms fit across the period at the end of this sentence?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  X rays, because they have more energy, travel through space faster than visible light
A.
B.
35.  If you drop a rock from a great height, about how fast will it be falling after 5 seconds, neglecting air resistance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Which is hotter?
A.
B.
C.
37.  You are currently emitting electromagnetic waves
A.
B.
38.  Atomic nuclei consist of photons and electrons
A.
B.
39.  Doubling the distance between two objects halves the gravitational force between them
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B.
40.  There is no gravity in space
A.
B.
41.  Grass (that is healthy) looks green because
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  No galaxies existed before the Big Bang
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B.
43.  What do we mean when we say that the universe is expanding?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The movement of a pool ball, after being struck by a cue, is an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Which of the following statements about X rays and radio waves is not true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  It is possible to see the third-quarter Moon near the western horizon at sunrise
A.
B.
47.  Electrons orbit an atomic nucleus like planets orbit the Sun
A.
B.
48.  In which of the following cases would you feel weightless?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  You can find the tilt of Earth's axis by measuring the angle between your horizon and the North Star
A.
B.
50.  Which of the following cannot be described by a field?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  At midnight it is sometimes possible to observe the crescent Moon on the meridian
A.
B.
52.  From lowest energy to highest energy, which of the following correctly orders the different categories of electromagnetic radiation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  If you mass is 60kg on Earth, what would your mass be on the Moon?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  What would happen inside the sun if a slight rise in core temperature led to a rapid rise in fusion energy?
A.
B.
C.
55.  The fact that the Voyager spacecraft continue to speed out of the solar system, even though its rockets have no fuel, is an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  The energy levels for electrons vary from one element to another
A.
B.
57.  Everything looks red through a red filter because
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  From shortest to longest wavelength, which of the following correctly orders the different categories of electromagnetic radiation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Suppose we imagine the Sun to be about the size of a grapefruit. How big of an area would the orbits of the nine planets of the solar system cover?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Process of science: I am doing science when I already know the answer to my scientific question and I am searching for evidence in the natural world strictly to support what I know
A.
B.
61.  Lines of a particular element appear at the same wavelength in both emission and absorption line spectra
A.
B.
62.  A typical supercluster contains no more than about 10,000 stars
A.
B.
63.  Without telescopes or other aid, we can look up and see the Moon in the night sky because it
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Our solar system is located in the center of the Milky Way Galaxy
A.
B.
65.  The energy levels of an element and its ion are the same 
A.
B.
66.  If an object's velocity is doubled, the momentum is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  The frequency of a wave is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  Modern telescopes are capable of seeing bright galaxies up to about
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  The escape velocity from Earth is greater for larger rockets than for small ones
A.
B.
70.  In South Africa, it's usually quite warm around the time of the winter solstice and quite cool around the time of the summer solstice
A.
B.
71.  It is possible to see the full Moon rising just before sunrise
A.
B.
72.  The solar system contains about 100 billion stars 
A.
B.
73.  Columbus was the first person to discover that Earth is round
A.
B.
74.  Which of the following is an example in which you are traveling at constant speed but not at constant velocity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  You are standing on a scale in an elevator. Suddenly you notice your weight decreases. What do you conclude?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  One light-year is about 10 trillion kilometers 
A.
B.
77.  If you double the mass of fusion material in a hydrogen bomb, you quadruple the amount of energy generated
A.
B.
78.  If a material is transparent, then it 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Emission lines from different ionization states of the same element appear in the same place in the spectrum
A.
B.
80.  How does the Space Shuttle take off?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  The Moon is constantly falling toward Earth
A.
B.
82.  In the grapefruit model of the solar system, it would take a few minutes to walk from the Sun to the inner edge of the Kufper Belt (Pluto)
A.
B.
83.  If you are driving at 30 miles per hour and increase your speed to 60 miles per hour, you quadruple your kinetic energy
A.
B.
84.  The Moon is slowly moving away from Earth
A.
B.
85.  X rays are always more intense than radio waves
A.
B.
86.  Newton's second law of motion tells us that the net force applied to an object equals its
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Earth is always precisely 1 AU from the sun. 
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B.
88.  What is the acceleration of gravity of Earth?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Any object moving relative to Earth will have a Doppler shift
A.
B.
90.  If a material is highly opaque, then it
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  Momentum is defined as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  The seasons on Earth are caused by its elliptical orbit from the Sun
A.
B.
93.  The atomic nuclei of the same elements always have the same number of neutrons
A.
B.
94.  The observable universe is the same size today as it was a few billion years ago. 
A.
B.
95.  Grass is green because it absorbs green light, reflecting all other colors
A.
B.
96.  Suppose an object is moving in a straight line at 50mi/hr. According to newton's first law of motion, the object will
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  Voyager 2 should reach the nearest stars (besides the Sun) in about 500 years
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B.
98.  The Moon and the Sun are approximately the same angular size
A.
B.
99.  How are galaxies important to our existence?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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