Astrophysics Quiz Questions And Answers

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Astrophysics Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz


Do you know anything about astrophysics? Can you crack all these astrophysics quiz questions and answers? Give it a try and see for yourself. It is a science that applies physics methods and principles in investigating astronomical objects and occurrences. The examined items include the stars, sun, galaxies, extrasolar planets, the interstellar medium, and the cosmic microwave background. This area of astronomy is involved with the physical nature of the celestial bodies. The quiz below will demonstrate how good your knowledge is about astrophysics.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What type of galaxy is our Milky Way?

    • A.

      An elliptical galaxy

    • B.

      A spiral galaxy

    • C.

      An irregular galaxy

    • D.

      A round galaxy

    Correct Answer
    B. A spiral galaxy
    Explanation
    Our Milky Way is classified as a spiral galaxy. This classification is based on its shape, which resembles a flat disk with spiral arms extending from a central bulge. Spiral galaxies are characterized by their distinct spiral structure, containing young stars, gas, and dust in their arms. They also have a central bulge that contains older stars. The classification of the Milky Way as a spiral galaxy is supported by observations of its structure and the presence of spiral arms.

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  • 2. 

    Which of these planets is the largest?

    • A.

      Earth

    • B.

      Mars

    • C.

      Venus

    • D.

      Jupiter

    Correct Answer
    D. Jupiter
    Explanation
    Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system. It has a diameter of about 143,000 kilometers, which is more than 11 times the diameter of Earth. Its massive size is due to its composition, primarily made up of hydrogen and helium gasses. Jupiter's immense gravity also contributes to its size, allowing it to gather and hold onto a large amount of gas and other materials. Its size and gravity make Jupiter a dominant force in the solar system, with a strong influence on the orbits and dynamics of other planets and celestial bodies.

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  • 3. 

    What does the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) radiation represent in the context of astrophysics?

    • A.

      The radiation emitted by black holes at the center of galaxies. 

    • B.

      The residual thermal radiation from the Big Bang, permeating the entire universe. 

    • C.

      The background radiation from stellar and galactic formations throughout the universe.

    • D.

      The electromagnetic radiation emitted by stars in the microwave frequency range.

    Correct Answer
    B. The residual thermal radiation from the Big Bang, permeating the entire universe. 
    Explanation
    The Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) radiation is considered a remnant from the early universe. More specifically, it is the residual thermal radiation from the Big Bang, which is now observed as a faint glow filling the universe almost uniformly in the microwave part of the spectrum. This radiation provides a snapshot of the universe just 380,000 years after the Big Bang, marking the time when the universe had cooled sufficiently for protons and electrons to combine and form neutral hydrogen, thus allowing photons to travel freely. The discovery of the CMB in 1965 by Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson provided strong evidence for the Big Bang theory and has been a cornerstone in cosmological research.

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  • 4. 

    How much of the galaxy can you see in the night sky?

    • A.

      10%

    • B.

      1%

    • C.

      0.000003%

    • D.

      0.1%

    Correct Answer
    C. 0.000003%
    Explanation
    The answer 0.000003% suggests that only a very small portion of the galaxy can be seen in the night sky. This is because the night sky is limited to what is visible from Earth, and the galaxy is vast, consisting of billions of stars, planets, and other celestial objects. Therefore, the percentage is extremely low, indicating that only a tiny fraction of the galaxy can be observed from our perspective on Earth.

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  • 5. 

     How many galaxies are there in the observable universe?

    • A.

      100 million

    • B.

      200 billion

    • C.

      1 billion

    • D.

      10 billion

    Correct Answer
    B. 200 billion
    Explanation
    There are approximately 200 billion galaxies in the observable universe. This estimate is based on observations made by telescopes and other astronomical instruments. The observable universe refers to the portion of the universe that we can see from Earth, and it is constantly expanding as light from distant objects reaches us. The vast number of galaxies in the observable universe shows the immense scale and diversity of the cosmos.

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  • 6. 

    Light in one year approximately travels 9,460,000,000,000 km.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Light in one year travels a distance of 9,460,000,000,000 km. This is because light travels at a speed of approximately 299,792 kilometers per second. In one year, there are 31,536,000 seconds. Multiplying the speed of light by the number of seconds in a year gives us the distance traveled by light in one year, which is 9,460,000,000,000 km. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 7. 

    The Andromeda galaxy is 1,200,000 light-years away from us.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Andromeda galaxy is not 1,200,000 light-years away from us. This statement is false. The Andromeda galaxy is actually about 2.537 million light-years away from Earth. It is the closest spiral galaxy to our Milky Way galaxy and can be seen with the naked eye from Earth.

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  • 8. 

    The smallest planet in our solar system is:

    • A.

      Jupiter

    • B.

      Saturn

    • C.

      Mars

    • D.

      Mercury

    Correct Answer
    D. Mercury
    Explanation
    Mercury is the correct answer because it is the smallest planet in our solar system. It has a diameter of about 4,879 kilometers, making it slightly larger than Earth's Moon. Mercury is even smaller than some moons in the solar system, such as Jupiter's moon Ganymede and Saturn's moon Titan. Its small size is one of the reasons why Mercury has a weaker gravitational pull compared to larger planets like Jupiter and Saturn.

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  • 9. 

    The coldest planet in our solar system is:

    • A.

      Uranus

    • B.

      Neptune

    • C.

      Venus

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Uranus
    Explanation
    Uranus is the correct answer because it is the coldest planet in our solar system. It has a minimum temperature of -224 degrees Celsius (-371 degrees Fahrenheit), making it colder than Neptune, Venus, and all other planets in our solar system. Uranus' extreme coldness is due to its distance from the Sun and its unique composition, which includes a thick atmosphere of hydrogen and helium.

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  • 10. 

    Who first proposed that the galaxy was expanding?

    • A.

      Einstein

    • B.

      Kepler

    • C.

      Hubble

    • D.

      Maxwell

    Correct Answer
    C. Hubble
    Explanation
    Hubble was the first to propose that the galaxy was expanding. His observations of the redshift of light from distant galaxies led him to conclude that the universe is expanding, which became known as Hubble's Law. This discovery revolutionized our understanding of the universe and laid the foundation for the Big Bang theory. Einstein, Kepler, and Maxwell made significant contributions to physics and astronomy, but they did not propose the expansion of the galaxy.

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  • Current Version
  • Jun 21, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 27, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Roysshilpa
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