What Kind Of Verbal?

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| By Jodelld
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Jodelld
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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 643
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 141

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For each underlined verbal phrase, tell what kind of verbal it is.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Few people eat diets so unbalanced that they need to take vitamin supplements.

    • A.

      Gerund

    • B.

      Participle

    • C.

      Infinitive

    Correct Answer
    C. Infinitive
    Explanation
    The given sentence suggests that only a small number of individuals have such an unbalanced diet that they require vitamin supplements. The word "infinitive" refers to the base form of a verb, which in this case would be "to take." This implies that some individuals may need to take vitamin supplements, but it is not a common occurrence.

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  • 2. 

    World War I demonstrated the need for standardizing manufactured items such as screws.

    • A.

      Gerund

    • B.

      Participle

    • C.

      Infinitive

    Correct Answer
    A. Gerund
    Explanation
    During World War I, there was a high demand for manufactured items such as screws to support the war effort. The need for standardizing these items became evident as different manufacturers were producing screws of varying sizes and specifications. To address this issue, a gerund, which is a verb form that functions as a noun, can be used to describe the action of standardizing. The gerund "standardizing" emphasizes the ongoing process of creating a standard for manufactured items like screws.

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  • 3. 

    Because lasers can be focused accurately, they are used in communication devices transmitting as far away as the moon.

    • A.

      Gerund

    • B.

      Participle

    • C.

      Infinitive

    Correct Answer
    B. Participle
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Participle" because the sentence describes lasers as being used in communication devices. The word "used" is a participle, which is a verb form that functions as an adjective. It modifies the noun "lasers" and indicates that the lasers are actively involved in the action of being used in communication devices.

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  • 4. 

    Lourdes refuses to iron anything until she can find a good cordless iron.

    • A.

      Gerund

    • B.

      Participle

    • C.

      Infinitive

    Correct Answer
    C. Infinitive
    Explanation
    The given sentence "Lourdes refuses to iron anything until she can find a good cordless iron" contains the phrase "to iron." This phrase functions as an infinitive, as it is used after the verb "refuses" and is preceded by the particle "to." Infinitives are verb forms that act as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs in a sentence. In this case, "to iron" is acting as the direct object of the verb "refuses," indicating the action that Lourdes is refusing to do.

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  • 5. 

    El Dorado was the fabled city of gold sought by early Spanish explorers in the New World.

    • A.

      Gerund

    • B.

      Participle

    • C.

      Infinitive

    Correct Answer
    B. Participle
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Participle" because the phrase "sought by early Spanish explorers in the New World" is describing the city of gold, El Dorado. The word "sought" is a past participle form of the verb "seek" and is functioning as an adjective to modify the noun "city."

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  • 6. 

    He hopes to join the Army when he graduates.

    • A.

      Gerund

    • B.

      Participle

    • C.

      Infinitive

    Correct Answer
    C. Infinitive
    Explanation
    The given sentence "He hopes to join the Army when he graduates" contains the phrase "to join the Army," which functions as an infinitive. Infinitives are verb forms that are typically preceded by the word "to" and are used to express purpose or intention. In this case, "to join" expresses the purpose or intention of the subject (he) to join the Army after graduating. Therefore, the correct answer is infinitive.

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  • 7. 

    Leaning against the door, she kept the man from entering.

    • A.

      Gerund

    • B.

      Participle

    • C.

      Infinitive

    Correct Answer
    B. Participle
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Participle." In this sentence, "leaning" is a present participle that functions as an adjective modifying "she." It describes the action she is performing, indicating that she is in a leaning position. The phrase "leaning against the door" provides additional information about how she is positioned and what she is doing, but it does not function as a gerund or an infinitive.

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  • 8. 

    Fighting the establishment is a losing cause.

    • A.

      Gerund

    • B.

      Participle

    • C.

      Infinitive

    Correct Answer
    A. Gerund
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Gerund" because "fighting" is a verb form ending in -ing that functions as a noun in the sentence. It is used to talk about the action of fighting the establishment as a general concept or activity.

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  • 9. 

    Naomi criticized Eugenia for choosing a yellow bedspread, yellow curtains, and a ruffled yellow tablecloth.

    • A.

      Gerund

    • B.

      Participle

    • C.

      Infinitive

    Correct Answer
    A. Gerund
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "gerund" because the word "choosing" functions as a noun in the sentence. It is the subject of the sentence and represents the action of choosing. Gerunds are formed by adding -ing to a verb and are used as nouns in a sentence. In this case, "choosing" is used to express Naomi's criticism towards Eugenia's decision.

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  • 10. 

    Are law enforcement officials likely to overact if there is another crisis?

    • A.

      Gerund

    • B.

      Participle

    • C.

      Infinitive

    Correct Answer
    C. Infinitive
    Explanation
    Law enforcement officials are likely to overact if there is another crisis. The infinitive form is used to express a general statement or a likelihood of an action happening in the future. In this case, the infinitive "to overact" suggests that it is a possibility that law enforcement officials may respond excessively in the event of another crisis.

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