# Warm Up Quiz 2/22- 3/7

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| By CharlieC23
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CharlieC23
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Quizzes Created: 15 | Total Attempts: 24,797
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 214

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Daily Warm Up

• 1.

### Date: 2/22 The faster the particles in an object move, the cooler that object is.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
This statement is false because the faster the particles in an object move, the hotter that object becomes. When particles move faster, they have more kinetic energy, which translates to a higher temperature. Therefore, the statement contradicts the basic principles of thermodynamics.

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• 2.

### Date: 2/23 The three kinds of heat transfers are conduction, convection and radiation.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The statement is true because conduction, convection, and radiation are indeed the three main methods of heat transfer. Conduction is the transfer of heat through direct contact between objects or substances. Convection is the transfer of heat through the movement of fluids, such as air or water. Radiation is the transfer of heat through electromagnetic waves, such as the heat we receive from the sun. These three processes play a crucial role in how heat is transferred in various scenarios.

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• 3.

### Date: 2/27 Thermal energy and temperature are the same thing.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
Thermal energy and temperature are not the same thing. Temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance, while thermal energy is the total kinetic energy of all the particles in a substance. Temperature can be measured using a thermometer, while thermal energy is a more comprehensive measure of the total energy present in a substance.

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• 4.

### Date: 2/28 Thermal expansion is the constriction of a substance as its thermal energy increases.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
Thermal expansion is the expansion, not constriction, of a substance as its thermal energy increases.

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• 5.

### Date: 2/29 A heat engine is a device that converts thermal energy into mechanical energy.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
A heat engine is indeed a device that converts thermal energy into mechanical energy. It does so by utilizing the temperature difference between a heat source and a heat sink. The heat source provides the thermal energy, which is then converted into mechanical energy through processes such as combustion or steam expansion. This mechanical energy can then be used to perform work, such as turning a turbine or powering a vehicle. Therefore, the statement "A heat engine is a device that converts thermal energy into mechanical energy" is true.

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• 6.

### Date: 3/1 Before homes were heated, people placed water bottles in their beds because water has a high specific heat which means it can hold a lot of thermal energy.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Water has a high specific heat capacity, which means it requires a large amount of energy to raise its temperature. By placing water bottles in their beds, people could take advantage of water's ability to hold thermal energy. As the water slowly released the stored heat throughout the night, it helped keep the bed warm and provided some comfort in the absence of heating systems. Therefore, the statement is true.

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• 7.

### Date: 3/5 A refrigerator removes thermal energy from a warm area and transfers it to a cold area.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
A refrigerator actually removes thermal energy from a cold area (inside the refrigerator) and transfers it to a warm area (outside the refrigerator). This is achieved through a process called refrigeration, where a refrigerant absorbs heat from the inside of the refrigerator and releases it outside. This allows the inside of the refrigerator to remain cool while the outside environment gets warmer. Therefore, the statement that a refrigerator removes thermal energy from a warm area and transfers it to a cold area is false.

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• 8.

### Date: 3/7 Radio waves, micro waves, infrared waves, visible light, ultraviolet waves, x-rays, gamma-rays are different types of electromagnetic waves.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The statement is true because radio waves, micro waves, infrared waves, visible light, ultraviolet waves, x-rays, and gamma-rays are all different types of electromagnetic waves. Electromagnetic waves are waves that consist of oscillating electric and magnetic fields and can travel through a vacuum. These waves have different wavelengths and frequencies, which determine their characteristics and uses.

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• 9.

### Random Thermal energy is the measure of the total energy of the particles in an object.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Thermal energy is indeed the measure of the total energy of the particles in an object. It takes into account the kinetic energy of the particles due to their motion and the potential energy stored in their bonds. The higher the temperature of an object, the greater its thermal energy. Therefore, the statement "Thermal energy is the measure of the total energy of the particles in an object" is true.

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• 10.

### Temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of each particle within a substance.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of each particle within a substance. This means that the higher the temperature, the faster the particles are moving. It is a fundamental concept in thermodynamics and is used to describe the level of heat or coldness in a substance. Therefore, the statement is true.

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• Current Version
• Mar 21, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Mar 08, 2012
Quiz Created by
CharlieC23

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