# Take this quiz to test your knowledge about Heat and Work!

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How well do you understand the concept of heat and work? Take this quiz to test your knowledge about heat and work. It is an important aspect of thermodynamics. If you have studied these topics well, you can easily get a perfect score on this quiz. All the best! This quiz will not only test your knowledge but enhance it too. You must give this quiz a try and see how much you remember. Do not forget to share the quiz with others.

• 1.

### Heat flows spontaneously from hot objects to

• A.

Hot objects

• B.

Cold objects

• C.

Any object

• D.

Undefined

B. Cold objects
Explanation
Heat flows spontaneously from hot objects to cold objects because heat is a form of energy that naturally moves from regions of higher temperature to regions of lower temperature. This is known as the second law of thermodynamics. When two objects of different temperatures are in contact, the heat energy will transfer from the hotter object to the colder object until both objects reach thermal equilibrium.

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• 2.

### 0.605 m3 of gas is inside a piston that is stuck in place. A pressure of 1.50 x 104 Pa is applied to the piston, and the piston doesn't budge. How much work was done?

• A.

4.03 x 10-5 J

• B.

24793 J

• C.

0 J

• D.

9075 J

C. 0 J
Explanation
Since the piston is stuck in place, it means that there is no displacement and therefore no work is done. Work is defined as the product of force and displacement in the direction of the force. In this case, the force is applied but there is no displacement, so the work done is zero.

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• 3.

### A gas expands and does 215 J of work on a piston. The gas exerts a pressure of 1230 Pa on the piston. What is the change in the volume of the gas?

• A.

0.175 m3

• B.

5.72 m3

• C.

2.64 x 105 m3

• D.

12.1 m3

A. 0.175 m3
Explanation
The work done by a gas is given by the equation W = PΔV, where W is the work done, P is the pressure, and ΔV is the change in volume. Rearranging the equation, we can solve for ΔV by dividing both sides by P: ΔV = W/P. Plugging in the given values, ΔV = 215 J / 1230 Pa = 0.175 m3. Therefore, the change in volume of the gas is 0.175 m3.

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• 4.

### Which of the following equations is the equation for calculating the work done by a gas in a piston?

• A.

W=Fd

• B.

W=PΔV

• C.

A=πr2

• D.

B. W=PΔV
Explanation
The equation W=PΔV represents the work done by a gas in a piston. This equation relates the work done (W) to the pressure (P) and the change in volume (ΔV) of the gas. The work done by a gas in a piston is equal to the product of the pressure and the change in volume.

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• 5.

### The energy stored in gasoline is

• A.

Electromagnetic energy

• B.

Nuclear energy

• C.

Mechanical energy

• D.

Chemical energy

D. Chemical energy
Explanation
Gasoline is a fossil fuel made up of hydrocarbon compounds. When gasoline is burned, these compounds undergo a chemical reaction with oxygen, releasing energy in the form of heat and light. This energy is stored in the chemical bonds of the hydrocarbons, making it chemical energy.

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• 6.

### Which of the following is an endothermic process?

• A.

Liquid to solid

• B.

Solid to gas

• C.

Solid to liquid

• D.

Gas to liquid

C. Solid to liquid
Explanation
The process of solid to liquid is an endothermic process because it requires the absorption of heat energy from the surroundings in order to break the intermolecular forces holding the solid together and allow the particles to move freely in the liquid state. This absorption of heat energy causes a decrease in the temperature of the surroundings, making it an endothermic process.

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• 7.

### Temperature is associated with the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object due to their random motions through space.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The statement is true because temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object. As particles move randomly through space, they possess kinetic energy, which is directly related to their temperature. The higher the temperature, the greater the average kinetic energy of the particles. Therefore, temperature is indeed associated with the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object.

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• 8.

### Which of the following statements is true according to the law of conservation of energy?

• A.

Energy cannot be destroyed

• B.

Energy cannot be created

• C.

Energy can be converted from one form to another

• D.

All of the above

D. All of the above
Explanation
According to the law of conservation of energy, energy cannot be created or destroyed, but it can be converted from one form to another. This means that the total amount of energy in a closed system remains constant. Therefore, all of the given statements are true.

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• 9.

### Do reactants in an endothermic reaction have a higher or lower energy than the products?

• A.

Higher

• B.

Lower

• C.

Equal

• D.

Undefined

B. Lower
Explanation
In an endothermic reaction, energy is absorbed from the surroundings, causing the reactants to have a lower energy than the products. This is because the energy absorbed is used to break bonds in the reactants, which requires energy. As a result, the products have a higher energy than the reactants.

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• 10.

### Gas is compressed adiabatically in a cylinder with a cross-sectional area of 0.5 m2 by a piston moving 0.1 m as it does 150 J of work. How much pressure does the gas exert at the end of the piston's travel?

• A.

3000 Pa

• B.

1500 Pa

• C.

750 Pa

• D.

7.5 Pa

A. 3000 Pa
Explanation
The gas is compressed adiabatically, meaning that no heat is transferred to or from the gas during the process. The work done on the gas is given as 150 J. Work done on a gas is equal to the change in its internal energy. Since no heat is transferred, the change in internal energy is solely due to the work done. The formula for work done on a gas is W = P * ΔV, where W is the work done, P is the pressure, and ΔV is the change in volume. In this case, ΔV is given as 0.1 m and the cross-sectional area of the cylinder is given as 0.5 m^2. Therefore, the change in volume is 0.1 m * 0.5 m^2 = 0.05 m^3. Plugging these values into the formula, we get 150 J = P * 0.05 m^3. Solving for P, we find that the pressure exerted by the gas is 3000 Pa.

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• Current Version
• Aug 16, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Nov 21, 2022
Quiz Created by
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