US II Chapter 14: Becoming A World Power

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US II Chapter 14: Becoming A World Power - Quiz

US II Chapter 14: Becoming a World Power


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What was Fiske's term for the belief that English-speaking countries are superior?

    • A.

      Anglicanism

    • B.

      Nationalism

    • C.

      Racism

    • D.

      Anglo-Saxonism

    Correct Answer
    D. Anglo-Saxonism
    Explanation
    Fiske's term for the belief that English-speaking countries are superior is Anglo-Saxonism. This term refers to the ideology that promotes the superiority of the Anglo-Saxon culture, language, and heritage. It emphasizes the dominance and influence of English-speaking nations, particularly the United States and England, and often involves the belief in the inherent superiority of white Anglo-Saxon Protestant values and institutions. Anglo-Saxonism played a significant role in shaping colonialism, imperialism, and the cultural and political attitudes of English-speaking nations during the 19th and early 20th centuries.

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  • 2. 

    What reason did Josiah Strong give for expanding American influence?

    • A.

      Natural resources

    • B.

      Spread of Christianity

    • C.

      Military bases

    • D.

      New markets

    Correct Answer
    B. Spread of Christianity
    Explanation
    Josiah Strong advocated for expanding American influence in order to spread Christianity. He believed that the United States had a moral duty to bring the Christian faith to other nations and to civilize the world. Strong argued that American expansion would not only benefit the souls of those who were converted to Christianity, but also promote social and moral progress. He saw the spread of Christianity as a means to uplift and improve the lives of people in other countries, and believed that it was the responsibility of the United States to fulfill this mission.

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  • 3. 

    What did the Treaty of Kanagawa do?

    • A.

      Ended a war between Japan and Russia

    • B.

      Created China's Open Door Policy

    • C.

      Opened Japan to trade with the U.S.

    • D.

      Took Manchuria back from Japan

    Correct Answer
    C. Opened Japan to trade with the U.S.
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Kanagawa opened Japan to trade with the U.S. This treaty, signed in 1854, was negotiated by Commodore Matthew Perry of the United States and representatives of the Japanese government. It allowed American ships to enter Japanese ports, established diplomatic relations between the two countries, and paved the way for increased trade and interaction between Japan and the Western world. This treaty marked a significant shift in Japan's isolationist policies and played a crucial role in the country's modernization and industrialization in the following decades.

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  • 4. 

    What was Hawaii's cash crop?

    • A.

      Sugarcane

    • B.

      Corn

    • C.

      Coffee

    • D.

      Wheat

    Correct Answer
    A. Sugarcane
    Explanation
    Hawaii's cash crop was sugarcane. Sugarcane was a major agricultural product in Hawaii, with large plantations being established to cultivate and harvest the crop. The warm and tropical climate of Hawaii provided ideal conditions for growing sugarcane, making it a profitable and important industry for the state. The cultivation of sugarcane played a significant role in Hawaii's economy and history, shaping the development of the islands and contributing to their cultural and social fabric.

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  • 5. 

    What is the idea that America should work alongside Latin America?

    • A.

      Protectionism

    • B.

      Unitarianism

    • C.

      Trans-Americanism

    • D.

      Pan-Americanism

    Correct Answer
    D. Pan-Americanism
    Explanation
    Pan-Americanism is the idea that America should work alongside Latin America. This concept promotes cooperation, unity, and solidarity among the countries in the Americas, with a focus on economic, political, and cultural collaboration. Pan-Americanism aims to strengthen relationships, foster mutual understanding, and address common challenges faced by the nations in the region. It emphasizes the importance of regional integration and collective action to promote peace, stability, and development in the Americas.

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  • 6. 

    Jose Marti, a Cuban, staged two revolutions during the course of his career.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Jose Marti, a Cuban, staged two revolutions during the course of his career. This statement is true. Jose Marti was a Cuban poet, writer, and revolutionary who played a significant role in the fight for Cuban independence from Spain. He organized and led two revolutions against Spanish colonial rule in Cuba, known as the Ten Years' War and the Cuban War of Independence. Marti is considered a national hero in Cuba and is remembered for his dedication to the cause of Cuban independence.

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  • 7. 

    What was the term used to describe aggressive nationalism?

    • A.

      Social Darwinism

    • B.

      Jingoism

    • C.

      Protectionism

    • D.

      Militarism

    Correct Answer
    B. Jingoism
    Explanation
    Jingoism is the correct answer because it refers to an extreme form of nationalism characterized by aggressive foreign policy and a willingness to use military force to assert national interests. It is often associated with a belligerent and bellicose attitude towards other nations. Social Darwinism, protectionism, and militarism are not specifically related to aggressive nationalism.

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  • 8. 

    Where did Commodore George Dewey defeat an eight ship Spanish fleet?

    • A.

      Edo Bay

    • B.

      Havana Harbor

    • C.

      Manila Bay

    • D.

      Panama Canal

    Correct Answer
    C. Manila Bay
    Explanation
    Commodore George Dewey defeated an eight ship Spanish fleet in Manila Bay.

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  • 9. 

    What was the name of Roosevelt's famous volunteer cavalry division?

    • A.

      The Rough Riders

    • B.

      The Low Riders

    • C.

      The War Hawks

    • D.

      The Tough Guys

    Correct Answer
    A. The Rough Riders
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The Rough Riders. The Rough Riders was the name of Roosevelt's famous volunteer cavalry division. They were known for their bravery and toughness during the Spanish-American War in 1898. Roosevelt himself was part of the Rough Riders and their exploits in battles like the Battle of San Juan Hill made them famous.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following was not a term of the Treaty of Paris

    • A.

      Spain surrenders Puerto Rico

    • B.

      U.S. gets Guam

    • C.

      Philippines are sold the U.S.

    • D.

      Spain pays $20 million in reparations

    Correct Answer
    D. Spain pays $20 million in reparations
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Paris was an agreement signed in 1898 that ended the Spanish-American War. It outlined the terms of surrender for Spain and the territorial changes that occurred as a result. The treaty included provisions such as Spain surrendering Puerto Rico and the U.S. acquiring Guam. It also stated that the Philippines would be sold to the U.S. However, the treaty did not include a provision for Spain to pay $20 million in reparations.

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  • 11. 

    What constitutional insertion was placed in Cuba in order to give the U.S. power?

    • A.

      McKinley Amendment

    • B.

      Platt Amendment

    • C.

      Intervention Amendment

    • D.

      Precautionary Amendment

    Correct Answer
    B. Platt Amendment
    Explanation
    The Platt Amendment was inserted into the Cuban constitution to give the U.S. power. This amendment allowed the U.S. to intervene in Cuban affairs, maintain military bases on the island, and exert control over Cuban foreign policy. It was a result of the U.S. victory in the Spanish-American War and was seen as a way for the U.S. to protect its interests in Cuba. The Platt Amendment effectively made Cuba a protectorate of the United States and limited its sovereignty.

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  • 12. 

    Aguinaldo switched sides for the last of his only two revolutions.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement states that Aguinaldo switched sides for the last of his only two revolutions. However, this statement is false. Aguinaldo actually switched sides multiple times throughout his career, not just for the last of his only two revolutions. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 13. 

    What allowed European nations to create spheres of influence in China?

    • A.

      Military forces

    • B.

      Puppet governments

    • C.

      Leaseholds

    • D.

      Political agreements

    Correct Answer
    C. Leaseholds
    Explanation
    European nations were able to create spheres of influence in China through the establishment of leaseholds. A leasehold refers to a legal agreement in which a foreign power is granted exclusive rights to control and develop a specific area within another country. In the case of China, European powers such as Britain and Germany obtained leaseholds in various Chinese ports and territories. This allowed them to exert significant economic and political influence in these areas, often leading to the exploitation of local resources and the establishment of foreign-controlled enclaves.

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  • 14. 

    What group is more commonly known as The Boxers?

    • A.

      The Society of Harmonious Fists

    • B.

      The Rough Riders

    • C.

      The War Hawks

    • D.

      The Black Hands

    Correct Answer
    A. The Society of Harmonious Fists
    Explanation
    The group that is more commonly known as The Boxers is The Society of Harmonious Fists.

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  • 15. 

    What did Roosevelt win the 1906 Nobel Peace Prize for?

    • A.

      Panama Canal

    • B.

      Negotiating with Japan and Russia

    • C.

      Columbian Revolution

    • D.

      Ending the Spanish-American War

    Correct Answer
    B. Negotiating with Japan and Russia
    Explanation
    Roosevelt won the 1906 Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating with Japan and Russia. His efforts in mediating the Russo-Japanese War led to the Treaty of Portsmouth, which ended the conflict. This achievement was recognized by the Nobel Committee, as Roosevelt played a significant role in facilitating peace negotiations between the two nations.

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  • 16. 

    What was the name of the addition to the Monroe Doctrine?

    • A.

      Hemisphere Addition

    • B.

      The Nimby Proclamation

    • C.

      Roosevelt Corollary

    • D.

      Hay-Poncefote Treaty

    Correct Answer
    C. Roosevelt Corollary
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Roosevelt Corollary. The Roosevelt Corollary was an addition to the Monroe Doctrine, which was a policy that aimed to prevent European colonization in the Americas. The Roosevelt Corollary, introduced by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1904, stated that the United States had the right to intervene in the affairs of Latin American countries to maintain stability and protect its economic interests. It was a significant expansion of the Monroe Doctrine and reflected the growing influence and assertiveness of the United States in the Western Hemisphere.

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  • 17. 

    What was Taft's idea for American businesses and Latin American markets?

    • A.

      Spheres of influence

    • B.

      Leaseholds

    • C.

      Expansionism

    • D.

      Dollar Diplomacy

    Correct Answer
    D. Dollar Diplomacy
    Explanation
    Taft's idea for American businesses and Latin American markets was Dollar Diplomacy. This policy aimed to promote American economic interests in Latin America by using diplomatic and financial means rather than military force. It involved encouraging American businesses to invest in Latin American countries and providing financial support for infrastructure development. The goal was to increase American influence and control over the region's economies, ensuring stability and favorable conditions for American businesses.

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  • 18. 

    Anti-American Mexicans invaded New Mexico and killed several Americans.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that Anti-American Mexicans invaded New Mexico and killed several Americans. The answer "True" implies that the statement is correct and this event did occur.

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  • 19. 

    President Wilson sent troops into all of the following, except

    • A.

      Columbia

    • B.

      Dominican Republic

    • C.

      Haiti

    • D.

      Mexico

    Correct Answer
    A. Columbia
    Explanation
    President Wilson sent troops into the Dominican Republic, Haiti, and Mexico as part of his policy of interventionism in Latin America. However, he did not send troops into Colombia. This could be because Colombia was not experiencing significant internal conflicts or threats to American interests at the time, or because Wilson focused his interventionist efforts on other countries that he perceived as more strategically important.

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  • 20. 

    What did the Boxers attack?

    • A.

      Foreign embassies

    • B.

      US troops

    • C.

      European businessmen

    • D.

      Secretary of State John Hay

    Correct Answer
    A. Foreign embassies
    Explanation
    The Boxers attacked foreign embassies during their uprising. This refers to the Boxer Rebellion, which took place in China from 1899 to 1901. The Boxers were a secret society that opposed foreign influence in China and sought to expel all foreigners from the country. They targeted foreign embassies as a symbol of foreign presence and power in China. The attack on foreign embassies was a significant event during the rebellion, showcasing the Boxers' hostility towards foreign powers.

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  • Jan 21, 2024
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