Urinary System Questions And Answers! Trivia Quiz

26 Questions | Total Attempts: 296

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Urinary System Questions And Answers! Trivia Quiz

The urinary system operates as a filter that eliminates toxins from the body as waste. It utilizes a series of tubes and ducts to pass the liquid through the body. The urinary system supports the whole-body and makes it work properly. If you intend to learn more about the urinary system, this is the quiz for you.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which is not a major function of the kidney?
    • A. 

      Regulation of blood ionic composition

    • B. 

      Regulation of blood cell size

    • C. 

      Regulation of blood volume

    • D. 

      Regulation of blood pressure

    • E. 

      Regulation of blood pH

  • 2. 
    This is the formation of a new glucose molecule.
    • A. 

      Glycolysis

    • B. 

      Gluconeogenesis

    • C. 

      Gluconeogenesis

    • D. 

      Glucose

    • E. 

      Calcitriol

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is a waste product normally excreted by the kidneys?
    • A. 

      Urea

    • B. 

      Glucose

    • C. 

      Insulin

    • D. 

      Cholesterol

    • E. 

      Carbon dioxide

  • 4. 
    This is a smooth dense irregular connective tissue that is continuous with the outer coat of the ureter.
    • A. 

      Adipose capsule

    • B. 

      Renal capsule

    • C. 

      Renal hilus

    • D. 

      Renal cortex

    • E. 

      Renal medulla

  • 5. 
    The portion of the kidney that extends between the renal pyramids is called the
    • A. 

      Renal columns

    • B. 

      Renal medulla

    • C. 

      Renal pelvis

    • D. 

      Calyces

    • E. 

      Renal papilla

  • 6. 
    Which is the correct order of blood flow?
    • A. 

      Renal artery-segmental artery-interlobular artery-peritubular capillaries- afferent arterioles

    • B. 

      Interlobular arteries-arcuate arteries-glomerular capillaries-arcuate veins

    • C. 

      Arcuate veins-arcuate arteries- glomerular capillaries- renal vein

    • D. 

      Renal vein-segmental arteries-interlobar arteries- efferent arterioles

    • E. 

      Interlobar veins- afferent arterioles- efferent arterioles- glomerular capillaries

  • 7. 
    Which is the correct order of filtrate flow?
    • A. 

      Glomerular capsule, Proximal Convoluted tubule (PCT), Loop of Henle, Distal Convoluted tubule (DCT), Collecting duct

    • B. 

      Loop of Henle, glomerular capsule, PCT, DCT, Collecting duct

    • C. 

      Ascending limb of Loop, PCT, DCT, Collecting duct

    • D. 

      Collecting duct, DCT, PCT, Collecting duct, glomerular capsule

    • E. 

      PCT, glomerular capsule, DCT, Collecting duct, Loop of Henle

  • 8. 
    Which structure of the nephron reabsorbs the most substances?
    • A. 

      Glomerular capsule

    • B. 

      Loop of Henle

    • C. 

      Ascending limb

    • D. 

      Collecting duct

    • E. 

      Proximal convoluted tubule

  • 9. 
    This is the structure of the nephron that filters blood.
    • A. 

      Glomerular capsule

    • B. 

      Loop of Henle

    • C. 

      Ascending limb

    • D. 

      Collecting duct

    • E. 

      Renal corpuscle

  • 10. 
    This term means the entry of substances into the body from the filtrate.
    • A. 

      Reabsorption

    • B. 

      Filtration

    • C. 

      Secretion

    • D. 

      Excretion

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 11. 
    This is a nephron process that results in a substance in blood entering the already formed filtrate.
    • A. 

      Reabsorption

    • B. 

      Filtration

    • C. 

      Secretion

    • D. 

      Excretion

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 12. 
    This layer of filtration membrane is composed of collagen fibers and proteoglycans in a glycoprotein matrix.
    • A. 

      Glomerular endothelial cells

    • B. 

      Basal lamina

    • C. 

      Pedicels

    • D. 

      Filtration slits

    • E. 

      Slit membrane

  • 13. 
    This occurs when stretching triggers contraction of smooth muscle walls in afferent arterioles.
    • A. 

      Glomerular filtration rate

    • B. 

      Tubulomerular feedback

    • C. 

      Myogenic mechanism

    • D. 

      Renal autoregulation

    • E. 

      Capsular hydrostatic pressure

  • 14. 
    This is when a substance passes from the fluid in the tubular lumen through the apical membrane then across the cytosol into the interstitial fluid.
    • A. 

      Paracellular reabsoprtion

    • B. 

      Transcellular reabsoprtion

    • C. 

      Apical reasborption

    • D. 

      Basolateral reabsorption

    • E. 

      Active transport

  • 15. 
    Once fluid enters the proximal convoluted tubule
    • A. 

      It is less dense

    • B. 

      It has a higher K+ concentration

    • C. 

      It is called tubular fluid

    • D. 

      All the Na+ is removed

    • E. 

      It is headed to the ascending loop

  • 16. 
    The proximal convoluted tubules reabsorb what percentage of filtered water?
    • A. 

      25%

    • B. 

      50%

    • C. 

      65%

    • D. 

      80%

    • E. 

      99%

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is a way angiotensin II affects the kidneys?
    • A. 

      It increases GFR

    • B. 

      It can decrease GFR

    • C. 

      It enhances reabsorption of certain ions

    • D. 

      It stimulates the release of aldosterone

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 18. 
    Urea recycling can cause a buildup of urea in the
    • A. 

      Renal capsule

    • B. 

      Loop of Henle

    • C. 

      Ascending tubule

    • D. 

      Renal medulla

    • E. 

      Renal pelvis

  • 19. 
    Increased secretion of Hydrogen ions would result in a ______________ of blood ____________?
    • A. 

      Increase, pressure

    • B. 

      Decrease, volume

    • C. 

      Increase, sodium levels

    • D. 

      Decrease, pH

    • E. 

      Increase, urea

  • 20. 
    Increased secretion of Aldosterone would result in a ______________ of blood ____________?
    • A. 

      Increase, potassium

    • B. 

      Decrease, volume

    • C. 

      Decrease, volume

    • D. 

      Decrease, pH

    • E. 

      Increase, sodium

  • 21. 
    The ascending loop of Henle is impermeable to
    • A. 

      Urea

    • B. 

      Water

    • C. 

      Albumin

    • D. 

      Sodium

    • E. 

      Chloride

  • 22. 
    An analysis of the physical, chemical and microscopic properties of urine is called
    • A. 

      Urinalysis

    • B. 

      Filtration study

    • C. 

      Concentration study

    • D. 

      Diuretic

    • E. 

      Osmolarity

  • 23. 
    This is a test to measure kidney function.
    • A. 

      Plasma creatinine

    • B. 

      Renal study

    • C. 

      Kidney assay

    • D. 

      Renal clearance

    • E. 

      Hilus study

  • 24. 
    This transports urine from the kidney to the bladder.
    • A. 

      Urethra

    • B. 

      Ureter

    • C. 

      Descending loop of Henle

    • D. 

      Renal hilus

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 25. 
    This layer of the ureter is composed of connective tissue, elastic and collagen fibers.
    • A. 

      Mucosa

    • B. 

      Transitional epithelium

    • C. 

      Lamina propria

    • D. 

      Adventitia

    • E. 

      Lamina elastica

Back to Top Back to top