Urinary System Part 2

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| By Strawberry3456
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Strawberry3456
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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 498
Questions: 35 | Attempts: 296

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Urinary System Test Quizzes & Trivia

Second part of the urinary system test. . Have fun and lets see how much you know!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Enzyme made by the kidney, increases blood pressure???

    Explanation
    Renin is an enzyme produced by the kidneys that plays a crucial role in regulating blood pressure. It acts on a protein called angiotensinogen, which is produced in the liver, to convert it into angiotensin I. Angiotensin I is then converted into angiotensin II by the action of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). Angiotensin II is a potent vasoconstrictor, meaning it causes the blood vessels to narrow, leading to an increase in blood pressure. Therefore, renin indirectly increases blood pressure by initiating the production of angiotensin II.

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  • 2. 

    What is Renin???

    Explanation
    Renin is an enzyme produced by the kidney. Its main function is to regulate blood pressure. Renin acts on a protein called angiotensinogen, which is produced by the liver, to convert it into angiotensin I. Angiotensin I is then converted into angiotensin II by another enzyme. Angiotensin II is a potent vasoconstrictor, meaning it narrows the blood vessels, leading to an increase in blood pressure. Therefore, renin indirectly increases blood pressure by initiating the production of angiotensin II.

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  • 3. 

    What is erythropoietin???

    Explanation
    Erythropoietin is a hormone produced by the kidney that plays a crucial role in the formation of red blood cells. It stimulates the bone marrow to produce more red blood cells, ensuring an adequate supply of oxygen to the tissues and organs. This hormone is released in response to low oxygen levels in the blood, such as during high altitude or in individuals with certain medical conditions like anemia. By promoting red blood cell production, erythropoietin helps maintain the body's oxygen-carrying capacity and overall health.

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  • 4. 

    A hormone made by the kidney that stimulates formation of red blood cells..????

    Explanation
    Erythropoietin is a hormone produced by the kidney that plays a crucial role in stimulating the production of red blood cells. This hormone is released in response to low oxygen levels in the body, such as during situations of high altitude or when there is a decrease in the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood. Erythropoietin acts on the bone marrow, promoting the production and maturation of red blood cells, which helps to increase the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood and maintain normal oxygen levels in the body.

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  • 5. 

    What is the calyx???

    Explanation
    The calyx is a cup-like structure that serves as a collecting region of the renal pelvis. It is responsible for collecting urine from the kidney and transporting it to the renal pelvis. The calyx plays a crucial role in the urinary system by aiding in the filtration and elimination of waste products from the body.

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  • 6. 

    Cup like collecting region of the renal pelvis????

    Explanation
    The calyx is a cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis. It is responsible for collecting urine from the renal pyramids and transporting it to the renal pelvis. The calyx acts as a funnel, directing the urine towards the renal pelvis before it is further transported to the bladder through the ureter. This structure plays a crucial role in the urinary system by aiding in the filtration and elimination of waste products from the body.

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  • 7. 

    What does VCUG stand for???

    Explanation
    VCUG stands for voiding cystourethrogram. A voiding cystourethrogram is a diagnostic test that uses X-ray imaging to visualize the bladder and urethra while the patient is urinating. This test is commonly used to evaluate the structure and function of the urinary system, especially in cases of urinary tract abnormalities or recurrent urinary tract infections. During the procedure, a contrast dye is inserted into the bladder, and X-ray images are taken before, during, and after urination to assess the flow of urine and detect any abnormalities in the urinary tract.

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  • 8. 

    What does HD stand for???

    Explanation
    HD stands for hemodialysis. Hemodialysis is a medical procedure used to remove waste products and excess fluid from the blood when the kidneys are unable to perform this function. During hemodialysis, blood is pumped out of the body into a machine called a dialyzer, which filters out the waste and returns the clean blood back to the body. This procedure is commonly used for patients with kidney failure or end-stage renal disease.

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  • 9. 

    What does BUN stand for????

    Explanation
    BUN stands for blood urea nitrogen. This term is used in medical tests to measure the amount of nitrogen in the blood that comes from the waste product urea. Urea is produced in the liver when proteins are broken down. The BUN test is often used to assess kidney function, as the kidneys are responsible for filtering out urea and other waste products from the blood. Elevated levels of BUN can indicate kidney dysfunction or other medical conditions.

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  • 10. 

    What does CKD stand for???

    Explanation
    CKD stands for chronic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease is a long-term condition where the kidneys are unable to function properly. It is characterized by a gradual loss of kidney function over time. This condition can lead to various complications and can eventually progress to end-stage renal disease, requiring dialysis or kidney transplantation. The abbreviation CKD is commonly used in medical literature and discussions to refer to chronic kidney disease.

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  • 11. 

    What does UTI stand for???

    Explanation
    UTI stands for urinary tract infection, which is a common infection that affects any part of the urinary system including the kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra. It occurs when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and multiply, leading to symptoms such as frequent urination, pain or burning sensation during urination, cloudy or bloody urine, and pelvic pain. UTIs can be treated with antibiotics and preventive measures such as staying hydrated, urinating before and after sexual activity, and maintaining good hygiene.

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  • 12. 

    What does IC stand for???

    Explanation
    IC stands for interstitial cystitis, which is a chronic condition characterized by inflammation of the bladder wall. It causes symptoms such as pelvic pain, frequent urination, and urgency. The abbreviation "IC" is commonly used in medical literature and discussions to refer to this specific condition.

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  • 13. 

    What does KUB stand for???

    Explanation
    KUB stands for kidney, ureter, and bladder. This acronym is commonly used in medical imaging to refer to a radiographic examination that focuses on these specific organs. The KUB X-ray provides a clear image of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder, allowing healthcare professionals to diagnose and monitor conditions such as kidney stones, urinary tract infections, and bladder abnormalities.

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  • 14. 

    What does ESRD stand for???

    Explanation
    ESRD stands for end stage renal disease. This term is used to describe the final stage of chronic kidney disease when the kidneys have lost nearly all their function. In this stage, the kidneys are no longer able to filter waste and excess fluid from the blood effectively. Patients with ESRD require dialysis or a kidney transplant to survive.

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  • 15. 

    What is a bowman capsule????

    Explanation
    A bowman capsule is an enclosing structure that surrounds each glomerulus. The glomerulus is a network of capillaries in the kidney that filters blood to form urine. The bowman capsule plays a crucial role in the filtration process by collecting the filtrate from the glomerulus and passing it on to the renal tubules for further processing. It acts as a barrier, preventing larger molecules such as proteins from entering the filtrate while allowing smaller molecules and waste products to pass through. Overall, the bowman capsule is an essential component of the kidney's filtration system.

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  • 16. 

    Enclosing structure surrounding each glomerulus?????

    Explanation
    The bowman capsule is the enclosing structure surrounding each glomerulus. It is a cup-like structure that is part of the nephron in the kidney. The bowman capsule collects the filtrate that is produced by the glomerulus and starts the process of urine formation. It is responsible for filtering out waste products and excess water from the blood.

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  • 17. 

    What is a hilum????

    Explanation
    A hilum refers to a depression or hollow in a specific part of an organ where blood vessels and nerves enter and exit. This anatomical feature allows for the transportation of essential nutrients and signals to and from the organ.

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  • 18. 

     depression or hollow in that part of an organ where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave...??????

    Explanation
    The correct answer is hilum. The term "hilum" refers to a depression or hollow in an organ where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave. It is commonly used to describe the area where structures such as blood vessels, nerves, and ducts enter or exit an organ, allowing for the transportation of essential substances and communication between different parts of the organ.

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  • 19. 

    What is a Wilms tumor???

    Explanation
    A Wilms tumor is a type of malignant tumor that specifically occurs in childhood. It is a tumor that affects the kidney and is considered to be cancerous. This type of tumor is most commonly found in children between the ages of 3 and 4 and is relatively rare in adults. Wilms tumor can cause various symptoms including abdominal pain, swelling, blood in the urine, and fever. Treatment typically involves surgery to remove the tumor, followed by chemotherapy and sometimes radiation therapy. Early detection and treatment have significantly improved the prognosis for children with Wilms tumor.

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  • 20. 

    Malignant tumor of the kidney occuring in childhood.?????

    Explanation
    Wilms tumor is a correct answer for the given question. It is a malignant tumor that occurs in the kidney during childhood. This type of tumor is most commonly found in children aged 3 to 4 years and is rare in older children or adults. Wilms tumor typically presents as a painless abdominal mass and may cause other symptoms such as fever, fatigue, and blood in the urine. It is important to diagnose and treat Wilms tumor early to improve the chances of successful treatment and cure.

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  • 21. 

    What is Renal Cell Carcinoma???

    Explanation
    Renal cell carcinoma is a type of cancer that develops in the cells of the kidney. It is specifically a tumor that is cancerous and occurs in adulthood. This type of cancer is known for its ability to spread to other parts of the body and can be life-threatening if not diagnosed and treated early.

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  • 22. 

     Is a cancerous tumor of the kidney in adulthood.?????

    Explanation
    Renal Cell Carcinoma is a type of cancerous tumor that commonly occurs in the kidney during adulthood. It is the most common type of kidney cancer and accounts for about 90% of all kidney cancer cases. Renal Cell Carcinoma typically develops in the lining of the small tubes in the kidney and can spread to nearby organs and tissues. Symptoms may include blood in the urine, lower back pain, weight loss, and fatigue. Treatment options for Renal Cell Carcinoma include surgery, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, and radiation therapy.

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  • 23. 

    Renal Cell Carcinoma is also called???

    Explanation
    Renal cell carcinoma is commonly known as hypernephroma. This term is used to describe a type of kidney cancer that originates in the cells of the renal tubules. Although the term "hypernephroma" is not widely used anymore, it is still considered a synonym for renal cell carcinoma.

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  • 24. 

    What is Ureteritis????

    Explanation
    Ureteritis refers to the inflammation of the ureter, which is the tube that carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder. This inflammation can be caused by various factors such as infections, kidney stones, or other underlying medical conditions. Symptoms of ureteritis may include pain in the lower abdomen or back, frequent urination, and blood in the urine. Treatment usually involves addressing the underlying cause and may include antibiotics or pain medication.

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  • 25. 

    Inflammation of the ureter..????

    Explanation
    Ureteritis refers to the inflammation of the ureter, which is the tube that carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder. This condition can be caused by various factors such as infection, kidney stones, or autoimmune disorders. Symptoms of ureteritis may include pain in the lower abdomen or back, frequent urination, and blood in the urine. Treatment typically involves addressing the underlying cause of the inflammation, such as antibiotics for infections or medications to manage autoimmune conditions.

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  • 26. 

    What is a cystocele????

    Explanation
    A cystocele refers to the herniation or protrusion of the bladder. This condition occurs when the supportive tissues between the bladder and vaginal wall weaken or stretch, causing the bladder to bulge into the vagina. It is commonly seen in women, especially those who have experienced childbirth or have undergone pelvic surgery. Symptoms may include urinary incontinence, frequent urination, a sensation of pelvic pressure, and discomfort during sexual intercourse. Treatment options include pelvic floor exercises, pessaries, and in severe cases, surgical repair.

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  • 27. 

    Herniation of the bladder..????

    Explanation
    A cystocele is a condition where the bladder herniates or protrudes into the vagina. This occurs when the muscles and tissues that support the bladder weaken or stretch, often due to childbirth, aging, or straining during bowel movements. As a result, the bladder can bulge into the vagina, causing symptoms such as pelvic pressure, urinary incontinence, and discomfort during sexual intercourse. Treatment options for cystocele include pelvic floor exercises, pessaries, and in severe cases, surgical repair.

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  • 28. 

    What is urethrostenosis????

    Explanation
    Urethrostenosis refers to the narrowing of the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body. This condition can occur due to various reasons such as scar tissue, inflammation, or congenital abnormalities. The narrowing of the urethra can lead to difficulty in urination, urinary tract infections, and other complications. Treatment options for urethrostenosis may include medication, dilation of the urethra, or surgical procedures to widen the passage.

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  • 29. 

    Narrowing of the urethra..?????

    Explanation
    Urethrostenosis refers to the narrowing of the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. This condition can occur due to various reasons such as scar tissue formation, inflammation, or congenital abnormalities. The narrowing of the urethra can lead to difficulty in urination, urinary tract infections, and other urinary symptoms. Therefore, urethrostenosis is the correct answer to the given question about the narrowing of the urethra.

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  • 30. 

    What is cystalgia????

    Explanation
    Crystalgia is a medical term used to describe bladder pain. It refers to the discomfort or pain experienced in the bladder region. This condition can be caused by various factors such as urinary tract infections, bladder inflammation, interstitial cystitis, bladder stones, or muscle spasms. The symptoms of cystalgia include a persistent urge to urinate, frequent urination, burning sensation during urination, and pelvic discomfort. Proper diagnosis and treatment are essential to alleviate the pain and manage the underlying cause of cystalgia.

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  • 31. 

    Bladder pain???

  • 32. 

    What is a bowman capsule????

    Explanation
    The bowman capsule is a cuplike structure that surrounds each glomerulus. It is part of the nephron in the kidney and plays a crucial role in the filtration of blood. The capsule collects the filtrate from the glomerulus and allows it to pass into the renal tubules for further processing.

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  • 33. 

    A cuplike capsule, enclosing structure surrounding each glomerulus....?????

    Explanation
    The Bowman capsule is a cup-like structure that surrounds each glomerulus in the kidney. It is responsible for collecting the filtrate that is formed during the first step of urine formation. The capsule has a double-layered structure with an inner and outer layer, and it helps to filter and separate waste products from the blood. The filtrate collected in the Bowman capsule then moves on to the renal tubules for further processing and reabsorption.

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  • 34. 

    What is a hilum????

    Explanation
    A hilum is a notch on the surface of the kidney where blood vessels and nerves enter.

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  • 35. 

     Notch on the surface of the kidney where blood vessels and nerves enter..?????

    Explanation
    The term "hilum" refers to the notch on the surface of the kidney where blood vessels and nerves enter. This is an anatomical feature that allows for the passage of important structures into and out of the kidney. The hilum is essential for the proper functioning of the kidney, as it provides a pathway for blood vessels to deliver oxygen and nutrients, as well as for nerves to transmit signals.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 22, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Strawberry3456
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