The Universe Unit Practice Test

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The HR diagram, also known as the Hertzsprung-Russel Diagram, depicts...

    • A.

      The relationship between a star's planets and its temperature

    • B.

      The relationship between a star's temperature and it's luminosity

    • C.

      The elemental spectrum, to determine if certain elements are present on a star's surface.

    • D.

      The distance between stars in a local group based on their luminosity and color.

    Correct Answer
    B. The relationship between a star's temperature and it's luminosity
    Explanation
    The HR diagram, also known as the Hertzsprung-Russel Diagram, depicts the relationship between a star's temperature and its luminosity. This diagram is a scatter plot that shows the different stages of stellar evolution based on these two parameters. The temperature is plotted on the x-axis, while the luminosity is plotted on the y-axis. By analyzing the position of a star on the HR diagram, astronomers can determine its stage of evolution, size, and other important characteristics.

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  • 2. 

    Stars found in the ____?____ make up the 95% of stars' life spans.

    • A.

      Virgo cluster

    • B.

      Orion nebula

    • C.

      Local group

    • D.

      Average sequence

    • E.

      Main sequence

    • F.

      HR sequence

    Correct Answer
    E. Main sequence
    Explanation
    Stars found in the main sequence make up the 95% of stars' life spans. The main sequence is a stage in the life cycle of a star where it is fusing hydrogen into helium in its core. This is the longest and most stable phase in a star's life, accounting for the majority of its lifespan. Stars in the main sequence vary in size and temperature, but they all follow a similar pattern of nuclear fusion in their cores.

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  • 3. 

    Neutron Stars are the by-product of ____?_____.

    • A.

      Every supernova

    • B.

      A black hole collapsing

    • C.

      Typically a red supergiant going into supernova ( if it's really big!)

    • D.

      A planetary nebula

    • E.

      Typically a red supergiant going into supernova (if it's a bit on the smaller side!)

    Correct Answer
    E. Typically a red supergiant going into supernova (if it's a bit on the smaller side!)
    Explanation
    Neutron stars are formed as a result of a red supergiant going into supernova, particularly if the red supergiant is on the smaller side. When a red supergiant exhausts its nuclear fuel, it undergoes a catastrophic collapse, causing a massive explosion known as a supernova. The intense gravitational forces during this process cause the core of the star to collapse into a highly dense object called a neutron star. Therefore, neutron stars are the by-product of a red supergiant going into supernova, specifically when it is smaller in size.

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  • 4. 

    A stellar Black Hole...

    • A.

      ...is not as small as a galactic black hole.

    • B.

      Is the result of a white dwarf collapsing at the end of its life

    • C.

      Is the result of a red supergiant collapsing at the end of its life (if it's big enough!)

    • D.

      Is the result of the end of a neutron star's life

    • E.

      Isn't the result of a supernova

    • F.

      Is the result of a red supergiant collapsing at the end of its life (if it's on the smaller side).

    Correct Answer
    C. Is the result of a red supergiant collapsing at the end of its life (if it's big enough!)
    Explanation
    A stellar black hole is formed when a red supergiant, which is a massive star, collapses at the end of its life. This collapse is only possible if the red supergiant is big enough, meaning it has a high mass. When the collapse occurs, the star's core collapses in on itself, creating a black hole with extremely strong gravitational forces. This explanation aligns with the given answer choice, which states that a stellar black hole is the result of a red supergiant collapsing at the end of its life if it is big enough.

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  • 5. 

    The sun in comparison to other stars is considered...

    • A.

      Medium size

    • B.

      A yellow supergiant

    • C.

      A brown dwarf

    • D.

      The only one to have a planetary system

    • E.

      Hotter than most (hotter than sirius)

    Correct Answer
    A. Medium size
    Explanation
    The sun is considered medium-sized when compared to other stars. It is not as large as some giant stars, but it is also not as small as some dwarf stars. Its size is an important factor in determining its characteristics and behavior, such as its energy output and lifespan.

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  • 6. 

    Of all the galaxy types...

    • A.

      Elliptical ones are the most common

    • B.

      Spiral galaxies are the least common

    • C.

      Irregular galaxies are the least common

    • D.

      Black holes are in the center of all irregular galaxies

    Correct Answer
    C. Irregular galaxies are the least common
    Explanation
    The given answer states that irregular galaxies are the least common among all the galaxy types. This implies that elliptical and spiral galaxies are more common compared to irregular galaxies. The information about black holes being in the center of all irregular galaxies is irrelevant to the question.

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  • 7. 

    Our solar system is part of a barred elliptical galaxy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. Our solar system is not part of a barred elliptical galaxy. Our solar system is actually part of a spiral galaxy called the Milky Way. The Milky Way is not a barred elliptical galaxy, but rather a barred spiral galaxy.

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  • 8. 

    From what we have seen, spiral galaxies are the most common galaxy type.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that based on the observations made so far, spiral galaxies are the most frequently occurring type of galaxies. This implies that there is a higher likelihood of encountering spiral galaxies compared to other types such as elliptical or irregular galaxies.

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  • 9. 

    Active galaxies produce less energy than is produced causing them to "work overtime to make up for the lack of energy production from the stars within them."

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Active galaxies actually produce more energy than is produced by the stars within them. These galaxies have a supermassive black hole at their center, which accretes matter and releases large amounts of energy in the form of radiation. This process is much more powerful than the energy produced by the stars in the galaxy. Therefore, active galaxies do not need to "work overtime" to compensate for a lack of energy production from stars.

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  • 10. 

    Our closest neighboring galaxy is a spiral galaxy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because our closest neighboring galaxy, the Andromeda Galaxy, is indeed a spiral galaxy. It is located about 2.537 million light-years away from the Milky Way and is the largest galaxy in the Local Group, which also includes the Milky Way and other smaller galaxies. The Andromeda Galaxy is easily visible to the naked eye and has a distinct spiral structure, with arms of stars and dust swirling around a central bulge.

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  • 11. 

    A galactic black hole is at the center of every galaxy, to keep the masses from spinning or shooting away- because everything spins.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement that a galactic black hole is at the center of every galaxy to keep the masses from spinning or shooting away is false. While it is true that many galaxies have supermassive black holes at their centers, their presence does not necessarily prevent masses from spinning or shooting away. Black holes have a powerful gravitational pull, but they do not have the ability to control the motion of all masses within a galaxy.

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  • 12. 

    The two proofs to the big bang theory are... 

    • A.

      The universe is still shrinking

    • B.

      The stars bulge until they supernova creating black holes.

    • C.

      The distance between stars and other masses is growing, suggesting that we are still expanding from the initial explosion.

    • D.

      The Hubble telescope has taken pictures of the detonation zone, which happened 14 billion years ago, so we can see it as it was because of how far away it is.

    • E.

      Microwave radiation is still left over from the initial explosion in pockets of space where temperatures are still 3 degrees K. higher.

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. The distance between stars and other masses is growing, suggesting that we are still expanding from the initial explosion.
    E. Microwave radiation is still left over from the initial explosion in pockets of space where temperatures are still 3 degrees K. higher.
    Explanation
    The first proof mentioned, the distance between stars and other masses is growing, suggests that the universe is still expanding from the initial explosion. This is supported by the observation that the space between galaxies is increasing, indicating that the universe is continuously getting larger. The second proof, microwave radiation still being present in pockets of space, also supports the big bang theory. This radiation is believed to be leftover from the initial explosion and is detected as a faint background radiation throughout the universe.

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  • 13. 

    Red shifts in a spectroscopic image indicate that...

    • A.

      The objects or masses viewed are traveling away from us.

    • B.

      An object has mercury in it

    • C.

      The wavelengths are getting shorter

    • D.

      The mass or object viewed is coming closer, due to wavelengths getting longer.

    Correct Answer
    A. The objects or masses viewed are traveling away from us.
    Explanation
    Red shifts in a spectroscopic image indicate that the objects or masses viewed are traveling away from us. This is because when an object is moving away from us, the light waves it emits get stretched, resulting in a shift towards longer wavelengths, which appear as red shifts in the spectrum. This phenomenon is known as the Doppler effect and is used to determine the motion and velocity of celestial objects.

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  • 14. 

    We are all made from "star dust because"

    • A.

      Peter pan loves us all...

    • B.

      Billions of years of supernovae and other large explosions such as the hypothesized big bang, have shot elements created in their atmospheres through fusion, out into space.

    • C.

      We aren't made of star dust, but instead iron composite materials found in the center of the earth.

    Correct Answer
    B. Billions of years of supernovae and other large explosions such as the hypothesized big bang, have shot elements created in their atmospheres through fusion, out into space.
  • 15. 

    The known universe is simply what we currently can perceive and view out of the big picture (the universe itself).

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that the known universe refers to only the portion of the universe that we are currently able to perceive and observe. It implies that there may be more to the universe beyond our current understanding and capabilities. Therefore, the statement "The known universe is simply what we currently can perceive and view out of the big picture (the universe itself)" is true.

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  • 16. 

    A light year is the distance time travels in a year

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    well, i know we'd all like to think that......

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 10, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Study4tests
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