The __________ was a radical group represented in the Legislative Assembly who favored starting a revolutionary war to free from tyranny those people living in absolutist states (such as Austria and Prussia), wanted a strong centralized gov't, and opposed restrictions on franchise. They earned the nickname "the Mountain" b/c they sat on the left on a raised platform during the National Convention.
After the ____________ of August 10 (a large mob of sans-culottes stormed the Tuileres palace and killed 600 guards), the Paris Commune (a radical gov't) forced the National Assembly to call for elections for a legislative body using universal male suffrage.
In the hall where the Convention met, those who sat in the middle, or "the Plain" were neutral. Those who sat on the left were radicals. What group sat on the right? (They favored exile for the king, believed in laissez-faire, wanted some degree of local autonomy, feared the influence of sans-culottes, and favored continuation of voting rights based on property ownership.)
During the Convention meeting, a mob of sans-culottes stormed the hall and got the Girondins expelled. To appease the sans-culottes, the Convention est'd the law of maximum prices, which placed limits on the price of bread and taxed the wealthy to pay for the ______ effort.
The first coalition consisted of ___________ and _______________, the two countries who wanted to restore King Louis XVI to the throne. Britain and Spain joined after Louis XVI's execution.
The _________ is a counter-revolutionary revolt that began in March 1793 in a western region of France inspired by anger towards restrictions placed on the church by the Civil Constitution of the Clergy.
The Committee of _________ _________ was created along with the Committee of General Security by the Convention in response to the Vendee, French defeats in the Austrian Netherlands, and the betrayal of their commanding officer, General Rumouries. The leaders of this committee were Danton, Lazare Carnot, and Robespierre, all of whom were associated with the Jacobins and were becoming more influential.
______ was a radical journalist and a hero of the sans-culottes. He was stabbed to death of Charlotte Corday, a Girondin.
_________ was one of the three leaders of the Committee of Public Safety and head of the military. He issued a proclamation calling for a levee en masse, drafting the entire population for military service. Men were expected to go into battle, women should make tents and clothing and serve in hospitals, children were to "turn old linen into lint", and old ppl were to go to public places and arouse courage of warriors and preach the hatred of kings and the unity of the Republic.
The Jacobins' ideal was known as the __________ ___ ___________. To achieve this, they felt they had to obliterate all traces of old monarchical regime --- they came up with a new calendar based on 10-day weeks, renamed the months to reflect the seasons, attacked Christianity and churches (those in power forcibly removed religious symbols from public buildings), and labeled the first year of the Republic (1792), year 1.
The Cult of Supreme Being was established by ____________ to move people away from the corrupting influence of the church. The cathedral of Notre Dame was turned into a Temple of Reason. These steps proved to be unpopular and eventually led to a political backlash against the Committee of Public Safety.
There was a planned _________ constructed by the Committee of Public Safety to supply the war and to aid the poor and keep their support.
_____________ were extreme radicals who were violently anti-Christian.They demanded revolutionary war both within France and across
Europe, and put pressure on the National Convention to pass radical
measures, both political and economical.They were later arrested and the leaders, including Jacques
Hébert himself, were guillotined.
On July 26, 1794, someone shouted "Down with the tyrant!" when Robespierre spoke before the Convention about the need for one more major purge. The next day, he hand his leading supporters were arrested, put on trial, and were executed by guillotine. What was this event called?
After the Thermidorian Reaction, the Paris Commune and the Committee of Public Safety were abolished and the _________ was established. This was headed by an executive council of 5 men and the new constitution provided for a 2-house legislature, made up of a Council of the Ancients, who discussed and voted on legislations proposed by the Council of Five Hundred.