Ntzb Unit 3 Nutrition And Fitness Exam

50 Questions

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Ntzb Unit 3 Nutrition And Fitness Exam

This is a nutrition and fitness exam for health education at New Tech High @ Zion-Benton East in Zion, IL. Please answer the following 50 questions the best you can. Each question is worth two points. At the end of the exam, please print out your results sheet. YOU MUST TYPE IN YOUR FIRST AND LAST NAME under "Your Name" in order to get credit for your test. NO NAME = NO POINTS!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The definition of nutrition is:
    • A. 

      The study of the effect of food and how it is processed in the body.

    • B. 

      The science of how nutrients are obtained for people to use.

    • C. 

      The study of how energy is created in the body and how it is used in humans.

    • D. 

      The science of how energy flows throughout the body and how it is processed.

  • 2. 
    Nutrients are:
    • A. 

      Substances that nourish the body and are used to obtain energy for the body.

    • B. 

      Substances the body uses to make chemical reactions occur throughout the body systems.

    • C. 

      Units of chemicals that are used to measure energy in food.

    • D. 

      Chemicals that aid in the function of muscles and organs in the body.

  • 3. 
    The six essential nutrients are:
    • A. 

      Carbohydrates, lipids, enzymes, vitamins, minerals, and water.

    • B. 

      Carbohydrates, proteins, antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, and water.

    • C. 

      Carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water.

    • D. 

      Carbohydrates proteins fats, enzymes, neutralizers, and water.

  • 4. 
    The number of official food groups on the USDA's Food Pyramid is ______.
    • A. 

      4

    • B. 

      5

    • C. 

      6

    • D. 

      7

  • 5. 
    Foods in this group should be consumed often by teens due to their large amount of calcium and should be either low fat or fat-free.
    • A. 

      Grains

    • B. 

      Meats and beans

    • C. 

      Vegetables

    • D. 

      Dairy

  • 6. 
    This food group should be composed of high fiber foods like granola, whole wheat breads, and oatmeal.
    • A. 

      Grains

    • B. 

      Meats and beans

    • C. 

      Vegetables

    • D. 

      Dairy

  • 7. 
    This food group is a mixture of plant and animal sources of food and is an important source of protein for people.
    • A. 

      Grains

    • B. 

      Meats and beans

    • C. 

      Vegetables

    • D. 

      Dairy

  • 8. 
    This food group is composed of five different subgroups, from "dark leafy" and "dry beans and peas".
    • A. 

      Grains

    • B. 

      Meats and beans

    • C. 

      Vegetables

    • D. 

      Dairy

  • 9. 
    Carbohydrates should compose ____________ of a person's daily Calorie intake.
    • A. 

      40-50%

    • B. 

      55-65%

    • C. 

      60-70%

    • D. 

      65-75%

  • 10. 
    What are the two forms of carbohydrates?
    • A. 

      Single and double

    • B. 

      Simple and complex

    • C. 

      Sugars and starches

    • D. 

      Sugar and glucose

  • 11. 
    What is the main purpose of carbohydrates for the body?
    • A. 

      They provide chemicals to help repair cells and aid in digestion.

    • B. 

      They help regulate hormones and body temperature within the body.

    • C. 

      They help build and repair muscle tissue.

    • D. 

      They are the main source of energy for the body.

  • 12. 
    When a person eats too many carbohydrates over time, that person may develop:
    • A. 

      Heart disease or cancer.

    • B. 

      Cirrhosis or kidney failure.

    • C. 

      Diabetes or hypoglycemia.

    • D. 

      Hypertension or COPD.

  • 13. 
    Proteins should compose ____________ of a person's daily Calorie intake.
    • A. 

      30-40%

    • B. 

      20-30%

    • C. 

      10-20%

    • D. 

      5-15%

  • 14. 
    What are the two purposes of proteins in the body?
    • A. 

      They help build and repair body tissue and helps regulate enzymes.

    • B. 

      They aid in energy formation and help clear the digestive tract.

    • C. 

      They help protect the body organs from injury and help regulate hormones.

    • D. 

      They help repair cells and aid the processing of other nutrients.

  • 15. 
    What happens to the body when a person consumes too much protein?
    • A. 

      The person could develop kidney failure or calcium loss.

    • B. 

      The person could develop liver failure or hypertension.

    • C. 

      The person could develop cancer or COPD.

    • D. 

      Nothing would happen to the person.

  • 16. 
    What waxy substance is found in all animal sources of protein?
    • A. 

      Trans fat

    • B. 

      Cholesterol

    • C. 

      Unsaturated fat

    • D. 

      Simple sugars

  • 17. 
    What are the two forms of cholesterol?
    • A. 

      FSH and LH

    • B. 

      HGH and HD

    • C. 

      HDL and LDL

    • D. 

      ALS and NLS

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is NOT a function of fats in the body?
    • A. 

      Regulating body hormones

    • B. 

      Regulating body temperature

    • C. 

      Repairing body tissues

    • D. 

      Providing long-term energy

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is NOT a form of fat?
    • A. 

      Saturated

    • B. 

      Lipid

    • C. 

      Unsaturated

    • D. 

      Trans Fat

  • 20. 
    What foods usually contain saturated fats?
    • A. 

      Beans, nuts, and grains

    • B. 

      Meats, seafood, and dairy

    • C. 

      Fruits, vegetables, and oils

    • D. 

      Meats, nuts, and fish

  • 21. 
    What is trans fat?
    • A. 

      A type of saturated fat that is used in candy and other sugary foods

    • B. 

      A chemical that is used to enhance the taste of food.

    • C. 

      A man-made fat that is formed by chemically changing unsaturated fat to a solid.

    • D. 

      A type of unsaturated fat that can be used effectively in baked goods instead of saturated fats.

  • 22. 
    The process of changing a liquid fat to a solid fat chemically is called:
    • A. 

      Hydrolisation

    • B. 

      Hypertension

    • C. 

      Hypothyroid

    • D. 

      Hydrogenation

  • 23. 
    Which fat is the most healthy and should be consumed more often?
    • A. 

      Saturated fat

    • B. 

      Unsaturated fat

    • C. 

      Trans fat

  • 24. 
    What is the purpose of a vitamin?
    • A. 

      They regulate body temperature.

    • B. 

      They help build and repair body tissue and helps regulate enzymes.

    • C. 

      They aid in energy formation and help clear the digestive tract.

    • D. 

      They help repair cells and aid the processing of other nutrients.

  • 25. 
    What are the two types of vitamins?
    • A. 

      Fat-soluble and water-soluble

    • B. 

      Fat-soluble and enzyme-soluble

    • C. 

      Water-soluble and protein-soluble

    • D. 

      Water-soluble and acid-soluble

  • 26. 
    Which of the following is a WATER-SOLUBLE vitamin?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      D

    • D. 

      E

  • 27. 
    Which of the following is NOT a purpose for minerals in the body?
    • A. 

      They aid in the muscle function of the heart and brain.

    • B. 

      They help repair nerve cells and aid the processing of the nervous system.

    • C. 

      They help build and repair bones and helps aid in muscle function.

    • D. 

      They help protect the body organs from injury and help regulate hormones.

  • 28. 
    Which of the following causes hypertension or high blood pressure if eaten too often?
    • A. 

      Calcium

    • B. 

      Magnesium

    • C. 

      Phosphorus

    • D. 

      Sodium

  • 29. 
    The average person's diet should consist of ____________ Calories.
    • A. 

      1,000

    • B. 

      1,500

    • C. 

      2,000

    • D. 

      2,500

  • 30. 
    What is a Calorie?
    • A. 

      A unit of energy that is found in only carbohydrates.

    • B. 

      The amount of heat needed to raise 1 mg or water 10 degrees Fahrenheit.

    • C. 

      The amount of energy needed to raise 1 liter of water 1 degree Celsius.

    • D. 

      A unit of heat that is found in fats.

  • 31. 
    How many Calories are found in one pound of fat?
    • A. 

      2000

    • B. 

      2500

    • C. 

      3000

    • D. 

      3500

  • 32. 
    What does it mean to be physically fit?
    • A. 

      You have the ability to perform everyday activities easily and still have energy to do extra stuff if needed.

    • B. 

      You have the ability to perform all the extra stuff you would be forced to do on a daily basis.

    • C. 

      You have the ability to run marathons without dropping from exhaustion and bench press 200 Lbs.

    • D. 

      You have the ability to leap tall buildings in a single bound and bend steel bars with your bare hands.

  • 33. 
    Cardiorespiratory endurance, body composition, muscular strength and endurance, and flexibility are all considered components of:
    • A. 

      Physical-related fitness

    • B. 

      Health-related fitness

    • C. 

      Sport-related fitness

    • D. 

      Physiological-related fitness

  • 34. 
    Body composition is the ratio of:
    • A. 

      Fat mass to muscle mass

    • B. 

      Fat mass to bone mass

    • C. 

      Body fat to lean body mass

    • D. 

      Body muscle to lean body mass

  • 35. 
    The Body Mass Index (BMI) is a formula used to determine a healthy body weight based on:
    • A. 

      Age and height

    • B. 

      Age and gender

    • C. 

      Weight and gender

    • D. 

      Weight and height

  • 36. 
    You are considered to be obese if you have a BMI greater than:
    • A. 

      20.0

    • B. 

      25.0

    • C. 

      30.0

    • D. 

      35.0

  • 37. 
    What role does flexibility play in health-related fitness?
    • A. 

      It helps prevent injuries and decreases the development of arthritis.

    • B. 

      It helps warm up muscles for a workout and helps increase blood flow.

    • C. 

      It helps increase stress and aid in the rising of heart rate.

    • D. 

      It helps people be able to show off to their friends when that can do cool tricks.

  • 38. 
    What is the definition of muscular strength?
    • A. 

      It is the maximum amount of speed a muscle can perform at one time.

    • B. 

      It is the maximum amount of weight a person can lift, push, or pull at one time.

    • C. 

      It is the maximum amount of height that a person can jump at one time.

    • D. 

      It is the maximum amount of time a person can run for at one time.

  • 39. 
    What is muscular endurance?
    • A. 

      How far a person can run to at one time.

    • B. 

      How long a muscle can keep working for an extended period of time.

    • C. 

      How long a muscle can hold a position for an extended period of time.

    • D. 

      How far a muscle can stretch at one period of time.

  • 40. 
    The ability of the body to keep working during repetitive physical activity is called:
    • A. 

      Body composition

    • B. 

      Flexibility

    • C. 

      Muscular endurance

    • D. 

      Cardiorespiratory endurance

  • 41. 
    What are the two kinds of exercise?
    • A. 

      Muscular endurance and cardiorespiratory endurance

    • B. 

      Health related and sports related

    • C. 

      Overload and regression

    • D. 

      Aerobic and anaerobic

  • 42. 
    What are the three parts of a workout?
    • A. 

      Workout, cool down, and rest

    • B. 

      Warm up, resistance training, and cardio

    • C. 

      Warm up, workout, and cool down

    • D. 

      Stretching, workout, cool down

  • 43. 
    To determine maximum heart rate, one should subtract their age from:
    • A. 

      240

    • B. 

      220

    • C. 

      200

    • D. 

      180

  • 44. 
    The acronym, RPE, stands for:
    • A. 

      Rate of a Person’s Effort

    • B. 

      Result of Perseverance and Exercise

    • C. 

      Race to the Perceived Effectiveness

    • D. 

      Rate of Perceived Exertion

  • 45. 
    True or False: Cholesterol is important for the body to repair cell walls
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 46. 
    True or False: Resistance training should be done 3 to 7 times a week for at least 30 minutes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 47. 
    True or False: People should avoid drinking fruit juice and should eat the actual fruits instead.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 48. 
    True or False: Coconut oil is a good source of unsaturated fat.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 49. 
    True or False: According to "Super Size Me", Illinois is the only state in the US that requires daily PE through high school.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 50. 
    True or False: According to "Super Size Me", the majority of nutritionists surveyed said that eating fast food once in a while is okay for a person to eat.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False