Nutrition And Fitness Exam MCQ Quiz!

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Nutrition And Fitness Exam MCQ Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The definition of nutrition is:

    • A.

      The study of the effect of food and how it is processed in the body.

    • B.

      The science of how nutrients are obtained for people to use.

    • C.

      The study of how energy is created in the body and how it is used in humans.

    • D.

      The science of how energy flows throughout the body and how it is processed.

    Correct Answer
    A. The study of the effect of food and how it is processed in the body.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "the study of the effect of food and how it is processed in the body." This answer accurately captures the definition of nutrition, which involves understanding how food impacts the body and the processes by which it is broken down and utilized. It focuses on the effects of food on the body and the various processes involved in digestion, absorption, metabolism, and nutrient utilization.

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  • 2. 

    Nutrients are:

    • A.

      Substances that nourish the body and are used to obtain energy for the body.

    • B.

      Substances the body uses to make chemical reactions occur throughout the body systems.

    • C.

      Units of chemicals that are used to measure energy in food.

    • D.

      Chemicals that aid in the function of muscles and organs in the body.

    Correct Answer
    A. Substances that nourish the body and are used to obtain energy for the body.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "substances that nourish the body and are used to obtain energy for the body." This answer accurately describes nutrients as substances that provide nourishment and energy for the body. Nutrients are essential for the proper functioning of the body's systems and are obtained through food and beverages. They are responsible for providing the body with the energy it needs to carry out various bodily functions and maintain overall health and well-being.

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  • 3. 

    The six essential nutrients are:

    • A.

      Carbohydrates, lipids, enzymes, vitamins, minerals, and water.

    • B.

      Carbohydrates, proteins, antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, and water.

    • C.

      Carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water.

    • D.

      Carbohydrates proteins fats, enzymes, neutralizers, and water.

    Correct Answer
    C. Carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water. These six essential nutrients are necessary for the proper functioning of the body. Carbohydrates provide energy, proteins are essential for growth and repair of tissues, fats are important for insulation and protection of organs, vitamins play a crucial role in various metabolic processes, minerals are required for the formation of bones and teeth, and water is essential for hydration and regulation of body temperature.

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  • 4. 

    The number of official food groups on the USDA's Food Pyramid is ______.

    • A.

      4

    • B.

      5

    • C.

      6

    • D.

      7

    Correct Answer
    C. 6
    Explanation
    The USDA's Food Pyramid consists of six official food groups. These groups include grains, vegetables, fruits, dairy, protein foods, and oils. Each group represents a different category of foods that provide essential nutrients for a balanced diet. By including all six food groups in their recommended amounts, individuals can ensure they are consuming a variety of nutrients necessary for good health.

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  • 5. 

    Foods in this group should be consumed often by teens due to their large amount of calcium and should be either low fat or fat-free.

    • A.

      Grains

    • B.

      Meats and beans

    • C.

      Vegetables

    • D.

      Dairy

    Correct Answer
    D. Dairy
    Explanation
    Dairy foods contain a significant amount of calcium, which is essential for the growth and development of teens. Consuming dairy products regularly can help meet the high calcium requirements during this stage of life. Additionally, it is recommended to choose low-fat or fat-free options to ensure a healthy and balanced diet.

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  • 6. 

    This food group should be composed of high fiber foods like granola, whole wheat bread, and oatmeal.

    • A.

      Grains

    • B.

      Meats and beans

    • C.

      Vegetables

    • D.

      Dairy

    Correct Answer
    A. Grains
    Explanation
    This answer is correct because grains are a food group that should be composed of high fiber foods like granola, whole wheat bread, and oatmeal. These foods are rich in nutrients and provide important dietary fiber, which aids in digestion and helps maintain a healthy weight. Including grains in the diet is essential for a balanced and nutritious eating plan.

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  • 7. 

    This food group is a mixture of plant and animal sources of food and is an important source of protein for people.

    • A.

      Grains

    • B.

      Meats and beans

    • C.

      Vegetables

    • D.

      Dairy

    Correct Answer
    B. Meats and beans
    Explanation
    Meats and beans are a food group that consists of both plant and animal sources of food. This food group is rich in protein, which is essential for the body's growth and repair. Protein is necessary for building and maintaining muscles, organs, and tissues. Meats and beans provide a complete source of protein, containing all the essential amino acids required by the body. Therefore, they are considered an important source of protein for people.

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  • 8. 

    This food group is composed of five different subgroups, from "dark leafy" and "dry beans and peas".

    • A.

      Grains

    • B.

      Meats and beans

    • C.

      Vegetables

    • D.

      Dairy

    Correct Answer
    C. Vegetables
    Explanation
    This answer is correct because the statement mentions that this food group is composed of five different subgroups, including "dark leafy" and "dry beans and peas". Vegetables are indeed a food group that includes various subgroups, such as dark leafy greens and legumes like beans and peas.

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  • 9. 

    Carbohydrates should compose ____________ of a person's daily Calorie intake.

    • A.

      40-50%

    • B.

      55-65%

    • C.

      60-70%

    • D.

      65-75%

    Correct Answer
    B. 55-65%
    Explanation
    Carbohydrates should compose 55-65% of a person's daily Calorie intake. This range is recommended because carbohydrates are the body's main source of energy and are necessary for proper brain function. Consuming an adequate amount of carbohydrates helps maintain stable blood sugar levels and provides the body with the energy it needs to perform daily activities. However, it is important to choose complex carbohydrates, such as whole grains, fruits, and vegetables, over simple carbohydrates, like sugary snacks and refined grains, to ensure a balanced and nutritious diet.

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  • 10. 

    What are the two forms of carbohydrates?

    • A.

      Single and double

    • B.

      Simple and complex

    • C.

      Sugars and starches

    • D.

      Sugar and glucose

    Correct Answer
    B. Simple and complex
    Explanation
    Carbohydrates can be classified into two forms: simple and complex. Simple carbohydrates are made up of one or two sugar molecules and are easily and quickly digested by the body. They provide a quick source of energy but lack essential nutrients. On the other hand, complex carbohydrates are made up of multiple sugar molecules and take longer to digest. They provide a sustained release of energy and are rich in fiber, vitamins, and minerals.

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  • 11. 

    What is the main purpose of carbohydrates for the body?

    • A.

      They provide chemicals to help repair cells and aid in digestion.

    • B.

      They help regulate hormones and body temperature within the body.

    • C.

      They help build and repair muscle tissue.

    • D.

      They are the main source of energy for the body.

    Correct Answer
    D. They are the main source of energy for the body.
    Explanation
    Carbohydrates are the main source of energy for the body. When consumed, they are broken down into glucose, which is used by the cells as fuel. Glucose provides energy for various bodily functions, such as physical activity, brain function, and maintaining body temperature. While carbohydrates also play a role in digestion and cell repair, their primary function is to provide energy.

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  • 12. 

    When a person consumes too much carbohydrate over time, that person may develop:

    • A.

      Heart disease or cancer.

    • B.

      Cirrhosis or kidney failure.

    • C.

      Diabetes or hypoglycemia.

    • D.

      Hypertension or COPD.

    Correct Answer
    C. Diabetes or hypoglycemia.
    Explanation
    Excessive carbohydrate consumption can lead to imbalances in blood sugar levels, contributing to the development of diabetes (specifically type 2 diabetes) or hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). This is because carbohydrates are the main source of glucose, and improper carbohydrate metabolism can lead to disruptions in insulin regulation and glucose utilization.

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  • 13. 

    Proteins should compose ____________ of a person's daily Calorie intake.

    • A.

      30-40%

    • B.

      20-30%

    • C.

      10-20%

    • D.

      5-15%

    Correct Answer
    C. 10-20%
    Explanation
    Proteins should compose 10-20% of a person's daily Calorie intake. This is because proteins are essential macronutrients that play a crucial role in building and repairing tissues, producing enzymes and hormones, and supporting the immune system. However, consuming too much protein can put strain on the kidneys and lead to other health issues. Therefore, it is recommended to consume proteins in moderation, making up around 10-20% of the total Calorie intake.

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  • 14. 

    What are the two purposes of proteins in the body?

    • A.

      They help build and repair body tissue and helps regulate enzymes.

    • B.

      They aid in energy formation and help clear the digestive tract.

    • C.

      They help protect the body organs from injury and help regulate hormones.

    • D.

      They help repair cells and aid the processing of other nutrients.

    Correct Answer
    A. They help build and repair body tissue and helps regulate enzymes.
    Explanation
    Proteins serve two main purposes in the body. Firstly, they help in the construction and repair of body tissues. This is crucial for growth, development, and maintenance of organs, muscles, and other structures in the body. Secondly, proteins play a significant role in regulating enzymes. Enzymes are proteins that act as catalysts for various chemical reactions in the body, enabling them to occur at a faster rate. Therefore, proteins are essential for the overall functioning and well-being of the body.

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  • 15. 

    What happens to the body when a person consumes too much protein?

    • A.

      The person could develop kidney failure or calcium loss.

    • B.

      The person could develop liver failure or hypertension.

    • C.

      The person could develop cancer or COPD.

    • D.

      Nothing would happen to the person.

    Correct Answer
    A. The person could develop kidney failure or calcium loss.
    Explanation
    Consuming too much protein can put a strain on the kidneys as they are responsible for filtering waste products. This excess protein can lead to kidney damage or even kidney failure. Additionally, a high protein diet can cause an increase in calcium excretion, leading to calcium loss from the body. This can result in weakened bones and an increased risk of osteoporosis. Therefore, it is important to consume protein in moderation to maintain a healthy balance in the body.

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  • 16. 

    What waxy substance is found in all animal sources of protein?

    • A.

      Trans fat

    • B.

      Cholesterol

    • C.

      Unsaturated fat

    • D.

      Simple sugars

    Correct Answer
    B. Cholesterol
    Explanation
    Cholesterol is a waxy substance that is found in all animal sources of protein. It is an essential component of cell membranes and is also used to produce hormones, vitamin D, and bile acids. While cholesterol is necessary for various bodily functions, high levels of cholesterol in the blood can increase the risk of heart disease. Therefore, it is important to maintain a healthy balance of cholesterol in the body.

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  • 17. 

    What are the two forms of cholesterol?

    • A.

      FSH and LH

    • B.

      HGH and HD

    • C.

      HDL and LDL

    • D.

      ALS and NLS

    Correct Answer
    C. HDL and LDL
    Explanation
    HDL and LDL are the two forms of cholesterol. HDL stands for high-density lipoprotein, which is often referred to as "good" cholesterol as it helps remove cholesterol from the arteries. LDL, on the other hand, stands for low-density lipoprotein and is known as "bad" cholesterol as it can build up in the arteries and contribute to heart disease. These two forms of cholesterol play a crucial role in maintaining overall health and can have different effects on the body.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following is NOT a function of fats in the body?

    • A.

      Regulating body hormones

    • B.

      Regulating body temperature

    • C.

      Repairing body tissues

    • D.

      Providing long-term energy

    Correct Answer
    C. Repairing body tissues
    Explanation
    Fats play several important roles in the body, including regulating body hormones, regulating body temperature, and providing long-term energy. However, repairing body tissues is not a direct function of fats. While fats are necessary for overall health and can support the body's ability to repair tissues, the primary nutrients involved in tissue repair are proteins. Proteins are the building blocks of tissues and are responsible for the growth and repair of cells. Therefore, repairing body tissues is not a specific function of fats in the body.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following is NOT a form of fat?

    • A.

      Saturated

    • B.

      Lipid

    • C.

      Unsaturated

    • D.

      Trans Fat

    Correct Answer
    B. Lipid
    Explanation
    Lipid is not a form of fat. Lipid is a broad term that includes fats, oils, and other similar substances. Fats can be classified into different forms such as saturated, unsaturated, and trans fat. However, lipid is a more general term that encompasses all of these forms. Therefore, lipid cannot be considered as a specific form of fat.

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  • 20. 

    What foods usually contain saturated fats?

    • A.

      Beans, nuts, and grains

    • B.

      Meats, seafood, and dairy

    • C.

      Fruits, vegetables, and oils

    • D.

      Meats, nuts, and fish

    Correct Answer
    B. Meats, seafood, and dairy
    Explanation
    Meats, seafood, and dairy products are the correct answer because they are known to be high in saturated fats. Saturated fats are typically solid at room temperature and can raise cholesterol levels, increasing the risk of heart disease. Beans, nuts, and grains are generally low in saturated fats, while fruits, vegetables, and oils contain mostly unsaturated fats. Meats, nuts, and fish may contain some saturated fats, but they are not the primary sources compared to meats, seafood, and dairy.

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  • 21. 

    What is trans fat?

    • A.

      A type of saturated fat that is used in candy and other sugary foods

    • B.

      A chemical that is used to enhance the taste of food.

    • C.

      A man-made fat that is formed by chemically changing unsaturated fat to a solid.

    • D.

      A type of unsaturated fat that can be used effectively in baked goods instead of saturated fats.

    Correct Answer
    C. A man-made fat that is formed by chemically changing unsaturated fat to a solid.
    Explanation
    Trans fat is a man-made fat that is created through a process called hydrogenation, which chemically changes unsaturated fat into a solid form. This process increases the shelf life and stability of foods, making them less likely to spoil. However, trans fat is known to be unhealthy and has been linked to various health issues, such as heart disease. Therefore, it is important to limit the consumption of trans fat in our diet.

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  • 22. 

    The process of changing a liquid fat to a solid fat chemically is called:

    • A.

      Hydrolisation

    • B.

      Hypertension

    • C.

      Hypothyroid

    • D.

      Hydrogenation

    Correct Answer
    D. Hydrogenation
    Explanation
    Hydrogenation is the correct answer because it refers to the process of chemically changing a liquid fat into a solid fat. This process involves the addition of hydrogen atoms to unsaturated fats, resulting in the formation of saturated fats. Hydrogenation is commonly used in food processing to increase the shelf life and stability of products, but it can also lead to the production of trans fats, which are considered unhealthy.

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  • 23. 

    Which fat is the most healthy and should be consumed more often?

    • A.

      Saturated fat

    • B.

      Unsaturated fat

    • C.

      Trans fat

    Correct Answer
    B. Unsaturated fat
    Explanation
    Unsaturated fat is considered the most healthy and should be consumed more often because it can help reduce bad cholesterol levels and lower the risk of heart disease. Unlike saturated fat and trans fat, unsaturated fat is found in foods like nuts, seeds, avocados, and fatty fish, which are rich in omega-3 fatty acids and provide essential nutrients for the body. Including unsaturated fats in the diet can promote overall health and well-being.

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  • 24. 

    What is the purpose of a vitamin?

    • A.

      They regulate body temperature.

    • B.

      They help build and repair body tissue and helps regulate enzymes.

    • C.

      They aid in energy formation and help clear the digestive tract.

    • D.

      They help repair cells and aid the processing of other nutrients.

    Correct Answer
    D. They help repair cells and aid the processing of other nutrients.
    Explanation
    Vitamins play a crucial role in repairing cells and assisting in the processing of other nutrients. They are essential for maintaining the overall health and functioning of the body. Vitamins act as coenzymes, which means they help enzymes carry out their functions effectively. Additionally, they contribute to the repair and maintenance of cells, ensuring proper growth and development. Without vitamins, the body would struggle to process and utilize other nutrients efficiently, leading to various deficiencies and health problems.

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  • 25. 

    What are the two types of vitamins?

    • A.

      Fat-soluble and water-soluble

    • B.

      Fat-soluble and enzyme-soluble

    • C.

      Water-soluble and protein-soluble

    • D.

      Water-soluble and acid-soluble

    Correct Answer
    A. Fat-soluble and water-soluble
    Explanation
    The two types of vitamins are fat-soluble and water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins are absorbed and stored in the body's fat tissues and include vitamins A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins, on the other hand, dissolve in water and are not stored in the body, so they need to be consumed regularly. Examples of water-soluble vitamins are vitamin C and the B vitamins.

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  • 26. 

    Which of the following is a WATER-SOLUBLE vitamin?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      C

    • C.

      D

    • D.

      E

    Correct Answer
    B. C
    Explanation
    Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin. Water-soluble vitamins dissolve in water and are not stored in the body, so they need to be replenished regularly through diet. Vitamin C is important for the growth, development, and repair of body tissues. It also helps in the absorption of iron, the formation of collagen, and the functioning of the immune system. Good sources of vitamin C include citrus fruits, strawberries, kiwi, and bell peppers.

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  • 27. 

    Which of the following is NOT a purpose for minerals in the body?

    • A.

      They aid in the muscle function of the heart and brain.

    • B.

      They help repair nerve cells and aid the processing of the nervous system.

    • C.

      They help build and repair bones and helps aid in muscle function.

    • D.

      They help protect the body organs from injury and help regulate hormones.

    Correct Answer
    D. They help protect the body organs from injury and help regulate hormones.
    Explanation
    Minerals play various important roles in the body, including aiding in muscle function, repairing nerve cells, aiding in the processing of the nervous system, and building and repairing bones. However, the statement "They help protect the body organs from injury and help regulate hormones" is incorrect. While minerals do contribute to overall health and well-being, they are not specifically responsible for protecting organs from injury or regulating hormones. Other factors, such as proper nutrition and hormone production, are involved in these processes.

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  • 28. 

    Which of the following causes hypertension or high blood pressure if eaten too often?

    • A.

      Calcium

    • B.

      Magnesium

    • C.

      Phosphorus

    • D.

      Sodium

    Correct Answer
    D. Sodium
    Explanation
    Sodium is the correct answer because consuming too much sodium can lead to hypertension or high blood pressure. Sodium is a mineral that is commonly found in salt and processed foods. When sodium intake is high, it can cause the body to retain water, which increases blood volume and puts more pressure on the blood vessels. This increased pressure can lead to hypertension over time. It is recommended to limit sodium intake to maintain healthy blood pressure levels.

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  • 29. 

    The average person's diet should consist of ____________ Calories.

    • A.

      1,000

    • B.

      1,500

    • C.

      2,000

    • D.

      2,500

    Correct Answer
    C. 2,000
    Explanation
    The average person's diet should consist of 2,000 Calories because this is the recommended daily calorie intake for maintaining a healthy weight and meeting nutritional needs. This number is based on various factors such as age, gender, activity level, and metabolism. Consuming 2,000 Calories provides a balanced and adequate amount of energy for most individuals to function properly without excessive weight gain or loss.

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  • 30. 

    What is a Calorie?

    • A.

      A unit of energy that is found in only carbohydrates.

    • B.

      The amount of heat needed to raise 1 mg or water 10 degrees Fahrenheit.

    • C.

      The amount of energy needed to raise 1 liter of water 1 degree Celsius.

    • D.

      A unit of heat that is found in fats.

    Correct Answer
    C. The amount of energy needed to raise 1 liter of water 1 degree Celsius.
    Explanation
    A calorie is a unit of energy that measures the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 liter of water by 1 degree Celsius. It is not specific to only carbohydrates or fats, but rather a general measure of energy.

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  • 31. 

    How many Calories are found in one pound of fat?

    • A.

      2000

    • B.

      2500

    • C.

      3000

    • D.

      3500

    Correct Answer
    D. 3500
    Explanation
    One pound of fat contains approximately 3500 calories. This means that in order to lose one pound of body weight, a person would need to create a calorie deficit of 3500 calories through a combination of diet and exercise. Conversely, consuming an excess of 3500 calories would result in gaining one pound of body weight. Therefore, understanding the calorie content of fat is important for managing weight and making informed decisions about diet and exercise.

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  • 32. 

    What does it mean to be physically fit?

    • A.

      You have the ability to perform everyday activities easily and still have energy to do extra stuff if needed.

    • B.

      You have the ability to perform all the extra stuff you would be forced to do on a daily basis.

    • C.

      You have the ability to run marathons without dropping from exhaustion and bench press 200 Lbs.

    • D.

      You have the ability to leap tall buildings in a single bound and bend steel bars with your bare hands.

    Correct Answer
    A. You have the ability to perform everyday activities easily and still have energy to do extra stuff if needed.
    Explanation
    The correct answer explains that being physically fit means having the ability to perform everyday activities easily and still having energy to do extra tasks if necessary. This suggests that physical fitness is about having a good level of endurance, strength, and overall physical capability to handle daily tasks and potentially engage in additional activities without feeling exhausted.

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  • 33. 

    Cardiorespiratory endurance, body composition, muscular strength and endurance, and flexibility are all considered components of:

    • A.

      Physical-related fitness

    • B.

      Health-related fitness

    • C.

      Sport-related fitness

    • D.

      Physiological-related fitness

    Correct Answer
    B. Health-related fitness
    Explanation
    Cardiorespiratory endurance, body composition, muscular strength and endurance, and flexibility are all factors that contribute to an individual's overall health and well-being. These components are not specific to any particular sport or activity, but rather they are essential for maintaining good physical health. Therefore, they are considered components of health-related fitness.

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  • 34. 

    Body composition is the ratio of:

    • A.

      Fat mass to muscle mass

    • B.

      Fat mass to bone mass

    • C.

      Body fat to lean body mass

    • D.

      Body muscle to lean body mass

    Correct Answer
    C. Body fat to lean body mass
    Explanation
    Body composition refers to the proportion of body fat to lean body mass. It is an important measure of overall health and fitness. A higher ratio of body fat to lean body mass indicates a higher percentage of body fat and lower muscle mass. This can be an indicator of poor health, as excess body fat is associated with increased risk of various health conditions such as obesity, heart disease, and diabetes. On the other hand, a lower ratio of body fat to lean body mass indicates a higher percentage of lean muscle mass, which is generally considered desirable for optimal health and fitness.

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  • 35. 

    The Body Mass Index (BMI) is a formula used to determine a healthy body weight based on:

    • A.

      Age and height

    • B.

      Age and gender

    • C.

      Weight and gender

    • D.

      Weight and height

    Correct Answer
    D. Weight and height
    Explanation
    The Body Mass Index (BMI) is a formula used to determine a healthy body weight based on weight and height. By taking into account these two factors, the BMI can provide an estimate of a person's body fat and whether they are underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese. Age and gender are not considered in the calculation of BMI, as they do not directly impact body weight. Therefore, the correct answer is weight and height.

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  • 36. 

    You are considered to be obese if you have a BMI greater than:

    • A.

      20.0

    • B.

      25.0

    • C.

      30.0

    • D.

      35.0

    Correct Answer
    C. 30.0
    Explanation
    Obesity is determined by calculating the Body Mass Index (BMI), which is a measure of body fat based on height and weight. A BMI greater than 30.0 indicates obesity. This means that if your BMI is higher than 30.0, you are considered to be obese.

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  • 37. 

    What role does flexibility play in health-related fitness?

    • A.

      It helps prevent injuries and decreases the development of arthritis.

    • B.

      It helps warm up muscles for a workout and helps increase blood flow.

    • C.

      It helps increase stress and aid in the rising of heart rate.

    • D.

      It helps people be able to show off to their friends when that can do cool tricks.

    Correct Answer
    A. It helps prevent injuries and decreases the development of arthritis.
    Explanation
    Flexibility plays a crucial role in health-related fitness as it helps prevent injuries and decreases the development of arthritis. When muscles and joints are flexible, they have a wider range of motion, which reduces the risk of strains, sprains, and other injuries. Additionally, maintaining flexibility can help decrease the likelihood of developing arthritis, a condition characterized by joint inflammation and stiffness. By promoting joint mobility and reducing joint stress, flexibility exercises contribute to overall joint health and longevity.

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  • 38. 

    What is the definition of muscular strength?

    • A.

      It is the maximum amount of speed a muscle can perform at one time.

    • B.

      It is the maximum amount of weight a person can lift, push, or pull at one time.

    • C.

      It is the maximum amount of height that a person can jump at one time.

    • D.

      It is the maximum amount of time a person can run for at one time.

    Correct Answer
    B. It is the maximum amount of weight a person can lift, push, or pull at one time.
    Explanation
    Muscular strength refers to the maximum amount of weight a person can lift, push, or pull at one time. This definition emphasizes the ability of muscles to generate force against resistance. It is not related to speed, jumping height, or endurance, which are different aspects of physical fitness.

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  • 39. 

    What is muscular endurance?

    • A.

      How far a person can run to at one time.

    • B.

      How long a muscle can keep working for an extended period of time.

    • C.

      How long a muscle can hold a position for an extended period of time.

    • D.

      How far a muscle can stretch at one period of time.

    Correct Answer
    B. How long a muscle can keep working for an extended period of time.
    Explanation
    Muscular endurance refers to how long a muscle can keep working for an extended period of time. It is a measure of the muscle's ability to sustain repeated contractions or maintain a contraction over a prolonged period without fatigue. This is different from cardiovascular endurance, which relates to the ability of the heart and lungs to supply oxygen to the muscles during exercise. Muscular endurance is important for activities that require prolonged muscle contractions, such as running, cycling, or weightlifting. It can be improved through regular resistance training and endurance exercises.

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  • 40. 

    The ability of the body to keep working during repetitive physical activity is called:

    • A.

      Body composition

    • B.

      Flexibility

    • C.

      Muscular endurance

    • D.

      Cardiorespiratory endurance

    Correct Answer
    D. Cardiorespiratory endurance
    Explanation
    Cardiorespiratory endurance refers to the ability of the body to sustain prolonged physical activity that involves the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. It is the capacity to efficiently deliver oxygen to the working muscles and remove waste products, allowing the body to continue working during repetitive physical activity. This endurance is crucial for activities such as running, cycling, or swimming, where the heart and lungs need to work continuously to supply oxygen to the muscles. It is different from muscular endurance, which focuses on the ability of specific muscles to perform repeated contractions.

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  • 41. 

    What are the two kinds of exercise?

    • A.

      Muscular endurance and cardiorespiratory endurance

    • B.

      Health related and sports related

    • C.

      Overload and regression

    • D.

      Aerobic and anaerobic

    Correct Answer
    D. Aerobic and anaerobic
    Explanation
    The correct answer is aerobic and anaerobic. Aerobic exercise refers to activities that increase the heart rate and oxygen intake, such as running or swimming, while anaerobic exercise involves short bursts of intense activity, such as weightlifting or sprinting. These two types of exercise target different energy systems in the body and have different effects on fitness and overall health.

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  • 42. 

    What are the three parts of a workout?

    • A.

      Workout, cool down, and rest

    • B.

      Warm up, resistance training, and cardio

    • C.

      Warm up, workout, and cool down

    • D.

      Stretching, workout, cool down

    Correct Answer
    C. Warm up, workout, and cool down
    Explanation
    The three parts of a workout are warm up, workout, and cool down. The warm up is important to prepare the body for exercise by increasing heart rate and blood flow to the muscles. The workout is the main part of the exercise routine where the actual physical activity is performed, such as cardio or resistance training. Lastly, the cool down helps the body gradually return to its resting state by lowering heart rate and stretching the muscles. This sequence helps prevent injury and allows for optimal performance during the workout.

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  • 43. 

    To determine maximum heart rate, one should subtract their age from:

    • A.

      240

    • B.

      220

    • C.

      200

    • D.

      180

    Correct Answer
    B. 220
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 220. This is because the formula commonly used to estimate maximum heart rate is 220 minus the person's age. This formula is a general guideline and may not be accurate for everyone, but it provides a rough estimate of the maximum heart rate a person can achieve during exercise.

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  • 44. 

    The acronym, RPE, stands for:

    • A.

      Rate of a Person’s Effort

    • B.

      Result of Perseverance and Exercise

    • C.

      Race to the Perceived Effectiveness

    • D.

      Rate of Perceived Exertion

    Correct Answer
    D. Rate of Perceived Exertion
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Rate of Perceived Exertion." The acronym RPE is commonly used in the field of exercise science to refer to the subjective measure of how hard an individual feels they are working during physical activity. It is a way to gauge the intensity level of exercise based on the individual's perception of effort, taking into account factors such as heart rate, breathing rate, and muscle fatigue.

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  • 45. 

    Cholesterol is important for the body to repair cell walls.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Cholesterol is indeed important for the body to repair cell walls. It is a crucial component of cell membranes and helps maintain their integrity and fluidity. Cholesterol also serves as a precursor for the synthesis of certain hormones, vitamin D, and bile acids. While excessive levels of cholesterol can be harmful and lead to health issues, a certain amount of cholesterol is necessary for normal body functioning. Therefore, the statement "Cholesterol is important for the body to repair cell walls" is true.

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  • 46. 

    Resistance training should be done 3 to 7 times a week for at least 30 minutes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Resistance training should not be done 3 to 7 times a week for at least 30 minutes. This statement is false. Resistance training is a form of exercise that involves using weights or resistance to build strength and muscle. While it is important to incorporate resistance training into a fitness routine, it is recommended to have at least one day of rest between sessions to allow the muscles to recover and repair. Overtraining can lead to muscle fatigue, increased risk of injury, and hinder progress. Therefore, it is generally advised to do resistance training 2 to 3 times a week, with rest days in between.

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  • 47. 

    People should avoid drinking fruit juice and should eat actual fruits instead.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Drinking fruit juice instead of eating actual fruits should be avoided because fruit juice often contains added sugars and lacks the fiber that is present in whole fruits. Consuming whole fruits provides more nutrients, including vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, and the fiber helps to regulate blood sugar levels and promote healthy digestion. Therefore, it is recommended to choose whole fruits over fruit juice for better health benefits.

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  • 48. 

    Coconut oil is a good source of unsaturated fat.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Coconut oil is not a good source of unsaturated fat. It is primarily composed of saturated fat, with over 90% of its fat content being saturated. Unsaturated fats, on the other hand, are found in oils such as olive oil, canola oil, and avocado oil. These oils are considered healthier options as they can help lower bad cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease. Therefore, the statement that coconut oil is a good source of unsaturated fat is false.

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  • 49. 

    According to "Super Size Me", Illinois is the only state in the US that requires daily PE through high school.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    According to the documentary "Super Size Me," Illinois is the only state in the US that mandates daily physical education classes throughout high school. This means that students in Illinois are required to participate in physical activity on a daily basis as part of their school curriculum. This requirement is unique to Illinois and sets it apart from other states in terms of prioritizing physical education for students.

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  • 50. 

    According to "Super Size Me", the majority of nutritionists surveyed said that eating fast food once in a while is okay for a person to eat.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The correct answer is False. This is because "Super Size Me" actually showed that the majority of nutritionists surveyed disagreed with the statement that eating fast food once in a while is okay. The documentary highlighted the negative health effects of consuming fast food regularly, such as weight gain, high cholesterol, and increased risk of heart disease.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 27, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Ntzb_health
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