Nutrition And Fitness Exam MCQ Quiz!

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 1127

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Nutrition And Fitness Exam MCQ Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The definition of nutrition is:
    • A. 

      The study of the effect of food and how it is processed in the body.

    • B. 

      The science of how nutrients are obtained for people to use.

    • C. 

      The study of how energy is created in the body and how it is used in humans.

    • D. 

      The science of how energy flows throughout the body and how it is processed.

  • 2. 
    Nutrients are:
    • A. 

      Substances that nourish the body and are used to obtain energy for the body.

    • B. 

      Substances the body uses to make chemical reactions occur throughout the body systems.

    • C. 

      Units of chemicals that are used to measure energy in food.

    • D. 

      Chemicals that aid in the function of muscles and organs in the body.

  • 3. 
    The six essential nutrients are:
    • A. 

      Carbohydrates, lipids, enzymes, vitamins, minerals, and water.

    • B. 

      Carbohydrates, proteins, antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, and water.

    • C. 

      Carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water.

    • D. 

      Carbohydrates proteins fats, enzymes, neutralizers, and water.

  • 4. 
    The number of official food groups on the USDA's Food Pyramid is ______.
    • A. 

      4

    • B. 

      5

    • C. 

      6

    • D. 

      7

  • 5. 
    Foods in this group should be consumed often by teens due to their large amount of calcium and should be either low fat or fat-free.
    • A. 

      Grains

    • B. 

      Meats and beans

    • C. 

      Vegetables

    • D. 

      Dairy

  • 6. 
    This food group should be composed of high fiber foods like granola, whole wheat bread, and oatmeal.
    • A. 

      Grains

    • B. 

      Meats and beans

    • C. 

      Vegetables

    • D. 

      Dairy

  • 7. 
    This food group is a mixture of plant and animal sources of food and is an important source of protein for people.
    • A. 

      Grains

    • B. 

      Meats and beans

    • C. 

      Vegetables

    • D. 

      Dairy

  • 8. 
    This food group is composed of five different subgroups, from "dark leafy" and "dry beans and peas".
    • A. 

      Grains

    • B. 

      Meats and beans

    • C. 

      Vegetables

    • D. 

      Dairy

  • 9. 
    Carbohydrates should compose ____________ of a person's daily Calorie intake.
    • A. 

      40-50%

    • B. 

      55-65%

    • C. 

      60-70%

    • D. 

      65-75%

  • 10. 
    What are the two forms of carbohydrates?
    • A. 

      Single and double

    • B. 

      Simple and complex

    • C. 

      Sugars and starches

    • D. 

      Sugar and glucose

  • 11. 
    What is the main purpose of carbohydrates for the body?
    • A. 

      They provide chemicals to help repair cells and aid in digestion.

    • B. 

      They help regulate hormones and body temperature within the body.

    • C. 

      They help build and repair muscle tissue.

    • D. 

      They are the main source of energy for the body.

  • 12. 
    When a person eats too many carbohydrates over time, that person may develop:
    • A. 

      Heart disease or cancer.

    • B. 

      Cirrhosis or kidney failure.

    • C. 

      Diabetes or hypoglycemia.

    • D. 

      Hypertension or COPD.

  • 13. 
    Proteins should compose ____________ of a person's daily Calorie intake.
    • A. 

      30-40%

    • B. 

      20-30%

    • C. 

      10-20%

    • D. 

      5-15%

  • 14. 
    What are the two purposes of proteins in the body?
    • A. 

      They help build and repair body tissue and helps regulate enzymes.

    • B. 

      They aid in energy formation and help clear the digestive tract.

    • C. 

      They help protect the body organs from injury and help regulate hormones.

    • D. 

      They help repair cells and aid the processing of other nutrients.

  • 15. 
    What happens to the body when a person consumes too much protein?
    • A. 

      The person could develop kidney failure or calcium loss.

    • B. 

      The person could develop liver failure or hypertension.

    • C. 

      The person could develop cancer or COPD.

    • D. 

      Nothing would happen to the person.

  • 16. 
    What waxy substance is found in all animal sources of protein?
    • A. 

      Trans fat

    • B. 

      Cholesterol

    • C. 

      Unsaturated fat

    • D. 

      Simple sugars

  • 17. 
    What are the two forms of cholesterol?
    • A. 

      FSH and LH

    • B. 

      HGH and HD

    • C. 

      HDL and LDL

    • D. 

      ALS and NLS

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is NOT a function of fats in the body?
    • A. 

      Regulating body hormones

    • B. 

      Regulating body temperature

    • C. 

      Repairing body tissues

    • D. 

      Providing long-term energy

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is NOT a form of fat?
    • A. 

      Saturated

    • B. 

      Lipid

    • C. 

      Unsaturated

    • D. 

      Trans Fat

  • 20. 
    What foods usually contain saturated fats?
    • A. 

      Beans, nuts, and grains

    • B. 

      Meats, seafood, and dairy

    • C. 

      Fruits, vegetables, and oils

    • D. 

      Meats, nuts, and fish

  • 21. 
    What is trans fat?
    • A. 

      A type of saturated fat that is used in candy and other sugary foods

    • B. 

      A chemical that is used to enhance the taste of food.

    • C. 

      A man-made fat that is formed by chemically changing unsaturated fat to a solid.

    • D. 

      A type of unsaturated fat that can be used effectively in baked goods instead of saturated fats.

  • 22. 
    The process of changing a liquid fat to a solid fat chemically is called:
    • A. 

      Hydrolisation

    • B. 

      Hypertension

    • C. 

      Hypothyroid

    • D. 

      Hydrogenation

  • 23. 
    Which fat is the most healthy and should be consumed more often?
    • A. 

      Saturated fat

    • B. 

      Unsaturated fat

    • C. 

      Trans fat

  • 24. 
    What is the purpose of a vitamin?
    • A. 

      They regulate body temperature.

    • B. 

      They help build and repair body tissue and helps regulate enzymes.

    • C. 

      They aid in energy formation and help clear the digestive tract.

    • D. 

      They help repair cells and aid the processing of other nutrients.

  • 25. 
    What are the two types of vitamins?
    • A. 

      Fat-soluble and water-soluble

    • B. 

      Fat-soluble and enzyme-soluble

    • C. 

      Water-soluble and protein-soluble

    • D. 

      Water-soluble and acid-soluble

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