Test Your Knowledge On This Tissues Quiz

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| By Tanmay Shankar
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Tanmay Shankar
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 491 | Total Attempts: 1,791,849
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Test Your Knowledge On This Tissues Quiz - Quiz

Time: 30 Minute


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Given below is a diagram showing the structure of a neuron tissue.Choose the correct labeling for the parts A, B, C, D and E.

    • A.

      A – Nucleus; B – Cell body; C – Dendrite; D – Axon; E – Nerve ending.

    • B.

      A – Nucleus; B – Dendrite; C – Cell body; D – Nerve ending; E – Axon.

    • C.

      A – Nucleus; B – Axon; C – Cell body; D – Dendrite; E –Nerve ending.

    • D.

      A – Nucleus; B – Dendrite; C – Cell body; D – Axon; E – Nerve ending.

    Correct Answer
    D. A – Nucleus; B – Dendrite; C – Cell body; D – Axon; E – Nerve ending.
    Explanation
    The correct labeling for the parts A, B, C, D, and E in the diagram is A – Nucleus; B – Dendrite; C – Cell body; D – Axon; E – Nerve ending. The nucleus is the control center of the cell and contains genetic material. The dendrite receives signals from other neurons and transmits them to the cell body. The cell body contains the nucleus and other cell organelles. The axon is a long fiber that carries signals away from the cell body. The nerve ending is the terminal part of the axon that transmits signals to other cells.

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  • 2. 

    Tissue is a group of similar kind of cells specialized to perform a particular function in the body. Therefore presence of tissues in a multicellular organism ensures:

    • A.

      Faster development

    • B.

      Division of labour

    • C.

      Higher reproductive potential

    • D.

      Body strength

    Correct Answer
    B. Division of labour
    Explanation
    The presence of tissues in a multicellular organism ensures division of labor. This means that different types of tissues have different functions and work together to perform specific tasks in the body. This specialization allows for more efficient and effective functioning of the organism as a whole. Each tissue type is specialized to perform a particular function, such as muscle tissue for movement or nerve tissue for communication. This division of labor allows for the coordination and cooperation of different tissues to maintain the overall functioning and homeostasis of the organism.

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  • 3. 

    Lysosome is a cytoplasmic organelle containing enzymes that break down biological polymers.  Lysosomes function as the digestive system of the cell. It is also called the suicide bag of the cell because:

    • A.

      It causes any cell to commit suicide

    • B.

      It’s enzymes digest the cell itself

    • C.

      Its enzymes kill surrounding cells

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. It’s enzymes digest the cell itself
    Explanation
    Lysosomes contain enzymes that break down biological polymers, including the components of the cell itself. This process is known as autophagy, where lysosomes digest and recycle cellular components. Therefore, the statement "Its enzymes digest the cell itself" is a correct explanation for why lysosomes are referred to as the "suicide bag of the cell."

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  • 4. 

    While doing work and running, you move your organs like hands, legs, etc. Which among theFollowing is correct?

    • A.

      Smooth muscles contract and pull the ligament to move the bones

    • B.

      Smooth muscles contract and pull the tendons to move the bones

    • C.

      Skeletal muscles contract and pull the ligament to move the bones

    • D.

      Skeletal muscles contract and pull the tendon to move the bones

    Correct Answer
    D. Skeletal muscles contract and pull the tendon to move the bones
    Explanation
    Skeletal muscles are responsible for voluntary movements in the body, such as running and doing work. These muscles contract and pull on tendons, which are tough connective tissues that attach muscles to bones. When the tendons are pulled, they cause the bones to move, allowing for the desired action to be performed. Therefore, the correct answer is "Skeletal muscles contract and pull the tendon to move the bones."

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  • 5. 

    Cardiac muscle is one of the three major types of muscles, the others being skeletal and smooth muscles. It is found in the walls and histological foundation of the heart. Which one of the following statements is not related to the cardiac muscles?

    • A.

      They muscles show rhythmic contraction and relaxation throughout life.

    • B.

      They do not work according to our will, so they are called involuntary muscles.

    • C.

      They are non-striated, multinucleated and branched muscles.

    • D.

      The contraction and relaxation of the heart muscles help to pump and distribute blood to different parts of the body.

    Correct Answer
    C. They are non-striated, multinucleated and branched muscles.
    Explanation
    Cardiac muscles are striated, meaning they have a striped appearance due to the arrangement of contractile proteins. They are also uninucleated, meaning they have a single nucleus per cell, unlike skeletal muscles which are multinucleated. Additionally, cardiac muscles are branched, allowing for better coordination and communication between cells. Therefore, the statement that cardiac muscles are non-striated, multinucleated, and branched is not related to cardiac muscles.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following statements is incorrect?i) parenchyma tissues have intercellular spaces.ii) Collenchymatous tissues are irregularly thickened at corners.iii) Apical and intercalary meristems are permanent tissues.iv) Meristematic tissues, in its early stage, lack vacuoles.

    • A.

      (i) and (ii)

    • B.

      Only (iii)

    • C.

      (iii) and (iv)

    • D.

      Only (ii)

    Correct Answer
    B. Only (iii)
    Explanation
    Apical and intercalary meristems are not permanent tissues. Meristematic tissues are responsible for growth and development in plants and they differentiate into various types of permanent tissues. Apical meristems are found at the tips of roots and shoots, while intercalary meristems are found in the internodes of grasses. These meristems are responsible for primary growth and increase in length of the plant. Therefore, the statement "Apical and intercalary meristems are permanent tissues" is incorrect.

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  • 7. 

    In a test of biology a figure of smooth muscle labeled as A, B, C and D for different parts of the muscles. Four students P, Q, R and S in a way to attempt the question named the four parts as given below. But only one student could name all the four parts correctly. Which of the following options is the answer written by that student?

    • A.

      A – Intercalated disc; B – Sarcoplasm; C – Branched fibres; D – Nucleus

    • B.

      A – Intercalated disc; B – Branched fibres; C – Sarcoplasm; D – Nucleus

    • C.

      A – Branched fibres; B – Intercalated disc; C – Sarcoplasm; D – Nucleus

    • D.

      A – Branched fibres; B – Sarcoplasm; C – Intercalated disc; D – Nucleus

    Correct Answer
    B. A – Intercalated disc; B – Branched fibres; C – Sarcoplasm; D – Nucleus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the option where the student named all four parts correctly. In this case, the student who named the parts as A – Intercalated disc; B – Branched fibres; C – Sarcoplasm; D – Nucleus is the one who named all four parts correctly.

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  • 8. 

    Xylem is the specialized tissue of the plants that transports water and nutrients from the soil to the upper parts like stems and leaves of plant and provides mechanical support to them. It is composed of four different types of the cells. Which of the following is not one a type of cell found in xylem tissues?

    • A.

      Tracheids

    • B.

      Vessels

    • C.

      Xylem parenchyma

    • D.

      Sieve tubes

    Correct Answer
    D. Sieve tubes
    Explanation
    Xylem is composed of four different types of cells: tracheids, vessels, xylem parenchyma, and fibers. Sieve tubes, on the other hand, are a type of cell found in phloem tissues, not xylem tissues. Phloem is another specialized tissue in plants that transports sugars and other organic compounds from the leaves to the rest of the plant.

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  • 9. 

    A person met with an accident in which two long bones of his hand were dislocated. Which among the following may be the possible reason for this?

    • A.

      Tendon break

    • B.

      Break of skeletal muscles tissue

    • C.

      Ligament break

    • D.

      Areoelar tissue break

    Correct Answer
    C. Ligament break
    Explanation
    The possible reason for the dislocation of the two long bones in the person's hand could be a ligament break. Ligaments are tough, fibrous tissues that connect bones to other bones, providing stability and allowing for proper movement. If a ligament is torn or ruptured, it can result in the dislocation of bones, causing them to move out of their normal position.

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  • 10. 

    Tiny pores are found on the surface of the leaves of plants. These pores are called stomata. These stomata surrounded by the kidney shaped guard cells provide many vital functions to the plants.Which of the following functions is not served by the stomata for  the plants?

    • A.

      Exchange of gases, particularly and , with atmosphere.

    • B.

      Loss of water in the form of vapours during transpiration.

    • C.

      Helps to create pressure for the water to rise upward, by its process of transpiration.

    • D.

      Helps the leaves to carry out the process of photosynthesis.

    Correct Answer
    D. Helps the leaves to carry out the process of photosynthesis.
    Explanation
    Stomata are not directly involved in the process of photosynthesis. Photosynthesis occurs in the chloroplasts of plant cells, specifically in the mesophyll cells of leaves. Stomata primarily function in the exchange of gases, particularly carbon dioxide and oxygen, with the atmosphere. They also play a role in regulating water loss through transpiration and help create pressure for water to rise upward through capillary action. However, the actual process of photosynthesis, which involves the conversion of light energy into chemical energy, occurs within the chloroplasts and does not directly involve stomata.

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  • 11. 

    Epithelial tissue always has an exposed outer surface and an inner surface anchored to connective tissue by a thin, non- cellular structure called the

    • A.

      Nonstratified layer

    • B.

      Stratified layer

    • C.

      Basement membrane

    • D.

      Fibroblast

    Correct Answer
    C. Basement membrane
    Explanation
    Epithelial tissue is a type of tissue that lines the outer and inner surfaces of organs and structures in the body. It always has an exposed outer surface and an inner surface anchored to connective tissue. The structure that anchors the inner surface of epithelial tissue to connective tissue is called the basement membrane. The basement membrane is a thin, non-cellular structure that provides support and acts as a barrier between the epithelial tissue and the underlying connective tissue. It helps to maintain the integrity and function of the epithelial tissue.

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  • 12. 

    Meristemetic tissues are those which help in increasing the length and girth of the plan. Which of the following statements given below is correct about the meristematic tissue?

    • A.

      It is made up of cells that are incapable of cell division

    • B.

      It is made up of cells that are capable of cell division

    • C.

      It is composed of single type of cells

    • D.

      It is composed of more than one type of cells

    Correct Answer
    B. It is made up of cells that are capable of cell division
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "It is made up of cells that are capable of cell division." Meristematic tissues are responsible for the growth of plants by continuously dividing and producing new cells. These cells have the ability to divide and differentiate into various specialized cell types, allowing for the increase in length and girth of the plant.

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  • 13. 

    Connective tissues are the tissues that help to bind or connect other tissues in the body. They have widely spaced cells embedded in a matrix having a variety of proteins, polysaccharoides and mineral salts. Can you identify the connective tissues among the following?i) Ligament                              ii) Epitheliumiii) Tendon                               iv) Blood

    • A.

      Both (i) and (iii)

    • B.

      (i), (ii) and (iii)

    • C.

      (i), (iii) and (iv)

    • D.

      All (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)

    Correct Answer
    C. (i), (iii) and (iv)
    Explanation
    Connective tissues are characterized by widely spaced cells embedded in a matrix. Ligaments, tendons, and blood all fit this description. Ligaments connect bones to other bones, tendons connect muscles to bones, and blood is a connective tissue that transports nutrients, oxygen, and waste products throughout the body. Epithelium, on the other hand, is a tissue that covers the surfaces of organs and lines body cavities, and does not fit the description of connective tissue. Therefore, the connective tissues among the options are (i), (iii), and (iv).

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  • 14. 

    Simple epithelium is a tissue, which form the outer protective layer of the skin of the animal body, is composed of cells which are

    • A.

      Hardened and provide support to organs

    • B.

      Continuously diving to provide to form an organ

    • C.

      Cemented directly to one another to form an irregular layer

    • D.

      Loosely connected to one another to form an irregular layer

    Correct Answer
    C. Cemented directly to one another to form an irregular layer
    Explanation
    Simple epithelium is composed of cells that are cemented directly to one another to form an irregular layer. This type of tissue forms the outer protective layer of the skin in the animal body. The cells in simple epithelium are tightly packed and connected by specialized junctions, such as tight junctions and desmosomes, which provide strength and support to the tissue. This arrangement allows for a barrier function, protecting underlying tissues and organs from mechanical damage, pathogens, and dehydration.

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  • 15. 

    If the tip of the sugarcane plant is removed from the field, even then it keeps on growing in length. It is due to the presence of :

    • A.

      Cambium

    • B.

      Apical meristem

    • C.

      Lateral meristem

    • D.

      Intercalary meristem

    Correct Answer
    D. Intercalary meristem
    Explanation
    The correct answer is intercalary meristem. Intercalary meristem is a type of meristem found in the nodes of plants, such as sugarcane. It is responsible for the continuous growth of the plant in length even if the tip is removed. Intercalary meristem allows for the elongation of the stem by continuously producing new cells. This allows the plant to keep growing even after the removal of the tip.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 21, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Tanmay Shankar
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