# Thin Film Interference Quiz

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Check out our short quiz on the key concepts in the Thin-film interference unit. Play the quiz if you wish to check how strong your basics are regarding this phenomenon. Thin-film interference is a natural phenomenon that occurs when light waves are reflected from different surfaces of a thin film. Here, you will have to solve a few numerical based on the same concept. Do you think you can do so? Take the test and see for yourself. Good luck!

• 1.

### Different colours are visible when looking perpendicularly on a thin film of soap because

• A.

The film reflects some of the light

• B.

The film is thin enough so that the refracted ray is close to the reflected ray

• C.

The reflected ray changes phase by λ/2

• D.

All of the above

• E.

None of the Above

D. All of the above
Explanation
When looking perpendicularly on a thin film of soap, different colors are visible because all of the given statements are true. The film reflects some of the light, causing certain wavelengths to be reflected and others to be transmitted. The film's thinness allows for the refracted ray to be close to the reflected ray, resulting in interference patterns that create different colors. Additionally, the reflected ray changes phase by Î»/2, further contributing to the color variations observed. Therefore, all of the above statements explain why different colors are visible when observing a thin film of soap perpendicularly.

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• 2.

### If you look perpendicularly at the thin glass film and move your head away from the glass film (staying perpendicular to the film), you will notice

• A.

The reflected light becomes brighter and brighter

• B.

The reflected light alternates between dark and bright spots

• C.

The reflected light becomes darker and darker

• D.

There is no reflected light

• E.

None of the Above

B. The reflected light alternates between dark and bright spots
Explanation
When looking perpendicularly at a thin glass film, the interference of light waves reflected from the top and bottom surfaces of the film causes the reflected light to alternate between dark and bright spots. This phenomenon is due to constructive and destructive interference as the optical path length changes. As you move your head, the angle of incidence changes slightly, altering the path difference and causing the alternating pattern of light intensity.

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• 3.

### A lens (n=1.52) is coated witha film of magnesium fluoride (n=1.25). What should be the least thickness of the film in order to minimize reflected light with a wavelength of 550 nm?

• A.

6.0 X 10^-7 m

• B.

1.8 X 10^-6 m

• C.

1.1 X 10^-7 m

• D.

4.8 X 10^-6 m

• E.

None of the Above

C. 1.1 X 10^-7 m
Explanation
A similar question is solved in the sample problems section of this unit on the website.

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• 4.

### When light travels from a fast medium to a slower medium, the refracted ray

• A.

Changes phase by λ/2

• B.

Changes phase by λ/3

• C.

Changes phase by 3λ/2

• D.

Changes phase by λ/4

• E.

None of the Above

E. None of the Above
Explanation
When light travels from a fast medium to a slower medium, it bends towards the normal, and there is no phase change due to the refraction itself. Phase change of λ/2 typically occurs when light reflects off a boundary where it moves from a medium with lower refractive index to a medium with higher refractive index, not during refraction. Therefore, "None of the above" is the correct answer.

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• 5.

### When a thin glass pane is viewed perpendicularly in white light, only bright white and dark spots are visible.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
Since different colours in white light have different wavelengths the different colours change phase by different amounts and therefore, there are many colours visible at different distances and not only white.

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• 6.

### A soap film with a thickness of 93 nm has a refractive index of 1.35. When viewed perpendicularly in white light, what wavelength of light is strongly reflected?

• A.

600nm

• B.

483nm

• C.

500nm

• D.

650nm

• E.

None of the Above

C. 500nm
Explanation
Solution to a similar question is given on the thin film interference sample problems section on the website.

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• 7.

### Interference doesn't occur in thick films because the refracted ray slows down too much.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
No, it doesn't occur in thick films because the refracted ray is redirected too much and therefore isn't close to the reflected ray of light.

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• 8.

### The optical path of light in a thickness of glass is larger than the optical path in the same thickness of air.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The optical path of light is determined by the refractive index of the medium it passes through and the distance it travels. In general, the refractive index of glass is higher than that of air, meaning that light travels slower in glass than in air. As a result, the optical path of light in a given thickness of glass will be longer than in the same thickness of air. Therefore, the statement is true.

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• 9.

### Interference in thin films follows the same mathematical model as Single Slit Diffraction for constructive interference.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
Completely different model. Explained on the Thin Films Interference page on the website.

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• 10.

### Thin film interference occurs because the film polarizes the reflected light.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
The farther apart the slits, the narrower the diffraction pattern because the K max becomes smaller and therefore less diffraction occurs.

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• Current Version
• Jun 28, 2024
Quiz Edited by
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• Jan 03, 2012
Quiz Created by
Kramayp

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