The Corona Trial: So What Did You Learn?

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The Corona Trial: So What Did You Learn? - Quiz

Take this quiz on the Corona Impeachment Trial prepared by Tony La Viña, Dean of the Ateneo School of Government.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Former Chief Justice Corona justified the non-declaration of his dollar deposits in his Statement of Assets, Liabilities and Networth (SALN) by saying that under the Foreign Currency Denominated Act or R.A. 6426 said dollar deposits are absolutely confidential.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Former Chief Justice Corona justified the non-declaration of his dollar deposits in his Statement of Assets, Liabilities and Networth (SALN) by claiming that the Foreign Currency Denominated Act or R.A. 6426 states that dollar deposits are completely confidential.

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  • 2. 

    Article II of the impeachment complaint charges former Chief Justice Corona of betrayal of public trust for having committed culpable violation of the constitution and/or betrayed the public trust when he failed to disclose to the public his statement of assets, liabilities, and net worth as required under sec. 17, Art. XI of the 1987 Constitution.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the correct answer, which is True, is that Article II of the impeachment complaint accuses former Chief Justice Corona of betrayal of public trust for not disclosing his statement of assets, liabilities, and net worth as mandated by the Constitution. This failure to disclose is considered a culpable violation of the constitution and a betrayal of public trust. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 3. 

    Betrayal of public trust as a ground for impeachment means willful and intentional violation of the Constitution and not violation committed unintentionally or involuntarily or in good faith or thru an honest mistake of judgment.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given answer is that betrayal of public trust as a ground for impeachment does not require willful and intentional violation of the Constitution. It can also include violations committed unintentionally, involuntarily, in good faith, or through an honest mistake of judgment. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 4. 

    Under section 8 of RA no. 6713 or The Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials and Employees” only the assets, liabilities, net worth and financial and business interests of public officials and employees have to be disclosed to the public.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: False, it also includes those of their spouses and of unmarried children under eighteen (18) years of age living in their households.

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  • 5. 

    Among the senator-judges who voted in the impeachment trial, five (5) of them voted to acquit former Chief Justice Corona namely: senator-judges Santiago, Arroyo, Escudero, Lapid and Marcos.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because it states that five senator-judges voted to acquit former Chief Justice Corona, but it does not provide the names of the senator-judges who voted to acquit him.

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  • 6. 

    The verdict in an impeachment trial is subject to judicial review by the Supreme Court.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The verdict in an impeachment trial is not subject to judicial review by the Supreme Court. Impeachment is a political process, and the Constitution gives the power of impeachment solely to the House of Representatives and the power to try impeachments solely to the Senate. The Supreme Court does not have the authority to review or overturn the verdict of an impeachment trial.

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  • 7. 

    Among the five (5) articles in the impeachment complaint that the prosecution withdrew for presentation of evidence is article V which alleges that respondent Corona committed culpable violation of the constitution through wanton arbitrariness and partiality in consistently disregarding the principle of res judicata and in deciding in favor of gerry-mandering in the cases involving the 16 newly-created cities, and the promotion of Dinagat island into a province.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The correct answer is true. The explanation is that the impeachment complaint included five articles, and one of those articles (article V) alleged that respondent Corona committed a culpable violation of the constitution through wanton arbitrariness and partiality. This was demonstrated by consistently disregarding the principle of res judicata and making decisions in favor of gerry-mandering in the cases involving the 16 newly-created cities, as well as the promotion of Dinagat island into a province. The prosecution later withdrew this article from being presented as evidence.

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  • 8. 

    While testifying respondent Chief Justice Corona left the court before he could be discharged because, according to his defense lawyers, he was suffering from hypoglycemia.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement is true. Chief Justice Corona left the court before he could be discharged due to his defense lawyers claiming that he was suffering from hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia is a condition characterized by low blood sugar levels, which can cause symptoms such as dizziness, confusion, and fainting. As a result, it is plausible that Chief Justice Corona may have left the court early due to his health condition.

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  • 9. 

    Before he finally signed an unconditional waiver to the impeachment court allowing authorities to publicly release details of his peso and dollar accounts, the Chief Justice first signed a waiver to be submitted on the condition that at least a majority of the 188 complainants and Senator-judge Escudero first sign their own waivers.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because it states that the Chief Justice signed a waiver to be submitted on the condition that a majority of the complainants and Senator-judge Escudero first sign their own waivers. However, the passage does not mention anything about the Chief Justice signing a waiver on this condition. Therefore, the statement is incorrect.

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  • 10. 

    The defense argued that while the Columns Unit was registered in the name of the Corona spouses, the Chief Justice was under no obligation to declare it in his Statement of Assets and Liabilities and Networth (SALN) because there was no formal acceptance of delivery of the condo unit from property developer Ayala Corp. to the Corona couple.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The defense argued that the Chief Justice was not obligated to declare the Columns Unit in his SALN because there was no formal acceptance of delivery of the condo unit from the property developer to the Corona couple. This means that since the condo unit was not officially transferred to them, they did not have ownership or possession of it, and therefore it did not need to be declared in the SALN.

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  • 11. 

    _____________ is the family-owned corporation which figured prominently during the impeachment trial, the control of which has been the subject of a long drawn court dispute between Mrs. Cristina Corona and her relatives.

    Correct Answer
    Basa-Guidote Enterprises Inc. (BGEI)
    Basa-Guidote Enterprises Inc.
    Basa-Guidote Enterprises Incorporated
    Basa-Guidote Enterprises Incorporated (BGEI)
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: Basa-Guidote Enterprises Inc. (BGEI)

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  • 12. 

    Article 7 of the impeachment complaint alleges partiality in granting a ______________ in favor of former president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo and her husband Jose Miguel Arroyo in order to give them an opportunity to escape prosecution and to frustrate the ends of justice.

    Correct Answer
    Temporary Restraining Order (TRO)
    Temporary Restraining Order
    TRO
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: Temporary Restraining Order (TRO)

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  • 13. 

    Private Prosecutor Vitaliano Aguirre is the private prosecutor who was cited in ________ for disrespecting the impeachment court when he covered his ears while Santiago was scolding the prosecution panel.

    Correct Answer
    contempt
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: contempt

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  • 14. 

    Prosecution witness ________________testified that respondent Chief Justice Corona had influenced the court in allowing the temporary restraining order relieving the prohibition of former president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to leave the country.

    Correct Answer
    Secretary of Justice Leila de Lima
    DOJ Secretary Leila de Lima
    Leila de Lima
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: Secretary of Justice Leila de Lima

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  • 15. 

    Using the dissenting opinion by ____________________Secretary de Lima said that Chief Justice Corona corrected the draft of the decision, and instructed Supreme Court spokesperson Midas Marquez to mislead the public by stating that the restraining order was still in effect even if Arroyo was not able to abide by it.

    Correct Answer
    Associate Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno
    Maria Lourdes Sereno
    Justice Sereno
    Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: Associate Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno

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  • 16. 

    Ombudsman Carpio-Morales testified that, upon her request, she received a report from the ____________________ supposedly containing information concerning the dollar transactions of respondent Chief Justice Corona.

    Correct Answer
    Anti-Money Laundering Council (AMLC)
    Anti-Money Laundering Council
    AMLC
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: Anti-Money Laundering Council (AMLC)

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  • 17. 

    By virtue of a long standing rule, practice and tradition of the Supreme Court the _________________will serve as acting Chief Justice in case that the Chief Justice is removed, becomes incapacitated or is not in the country.

    Correct Answer
    Senior Justice
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: Senior Justice

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  • 18. 

    The ________________ is the constitutionally created body tasked to recommend appointees for vacancies that may arise in the composition of the Supreme Court and other lower courts.

    Correct Answer
    Judicial and Bar Council
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: Judicial and Bar Council

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  • 19. 

    In his testimony Chief Justice Corona justified his nondisclosure in his Statement of Assets and Liabilities and Networth (SALN) of his peso accounts because these were supposed to be ___________ funds.

    Correct Answer
    co-mingled
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: co-mingled

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  • 20. 

    Article XI, Section 1 of the 1987 Constitution stipulates: “Public office is a____________. Public officers and employees must, at all times, be accountable to the people, serve them with utmost responsibility, integrity, loyalty, and efficiency; act with patriotism and justice, and lead modest lives.”

    Correct Answer
    public trust
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: public trust

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  • 21. 

    Which body is tasked to try and decide all impeachment cases?

    • A.

      The House of Representatives sitting as an impeachment court

    • B.

      The Senate sitting as an impeachment court

    • C.

      The Supreme Court sitting en banc

    • D.

      The Civil Service Commission

    Correct Answer
    B. The Senate sitting as an impeachment court
    Explanation
    The Senate is tasked with trying and deciding all impeachment cases. Impeachment is the process of accusing a public official of wrongdoing, and if the House of Representatives votes to impeach, the case is then sent to the Senate for trial. The Senate acts as the impeachment court, where they hear evidence, examine witnesses, and ultimately decide whether to convict or acquit the accused official. This process ensures that the decision is made by a separate body from the one that brought the charges, providing a system of checks and balances.

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  • 22. 

    How did Senator Santiago characterize the nature of impeachment proceedings?

    • A.

      A criminal prosecution

    • B.

      Quasi-political and quasi-judicial

    • C.

      Strictly political in nature

    • D.

      Administrative proceedings

    Correct Answer
    B. Quasi-political and quasi-judicial
    Explanation
    Senator Santiago characterized the nature of impeachment proceedings as "quasi-political and quasi-judicial." This means that impeachment proceedings involve elements of both politics and the judiciary. It suggests that while there are political considerations involved, such as the potential impact on public opinion and political alliances, there is also a need for a fair and impartial assessment of the evidence and legal standards. This characterization acknowledges that impeachment is a unique process that combines political and legal aspects.

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  • 23. 

    How many times may impeachment proceedings be initiated against the same official in 1 year?

    • A.

      Twice

    • B.

      Once

    • C.

      Thrice

    • D.

      As many as there are complainants

    Correct Answer
    B. Once
    Explanation
    Impeachment proceedings may only be initiated against the same official once in 1 year. This means that if the official has already faced impeachment proceedings within the past year, they cannot be initiated again until the next year. The limitation of initiating impeachment proceedings only once in a year ensures that the process is not abused or used as a means of constant harassment against the official.

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  • 24. 

    What was the reason why the defense counsel sought the disqualification of Senator-judge Franklin Drilon from the impeachment trial?

    • A.

      Because he was not qualified to sit as senator-judge

    • B.

      Because he was accused of open partiality or bias towards the prosecution

    • C.

      Because of conflict of interest

    • D.

      Because he was accused of not observing the Rules of Impeachment

    Correct Answer
    B. Because he was accused of open partiality or bias towards the prosecution
    Explanation
    The defense counsel sought the disqualification of Senator-judge Franklin Drilon from the impeachment trial because he was accused of open partiality or bias towards the prosecution.

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  • 25. 

    Other than Chief Justice Renato Corona which other high ranking official of the Philippines was impeached?

    • A.

      Ombudsman Aniano Desierto

    • B.

      Former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo

    • C.

      Former President Joseph E. Estrada

    • D.

      Former Chief Justice Hilaro Davide

    Correct Answer
    C. Former President Joseph E. Estrada
    Explanation
    Former President Joseph E. Estrada was impeached in the Philippines. This refers to the process of removing a high-ranking official from office due to alleged misconduct or violation of the constitution. In 2000, Estrada faced impeachment charges for corruption, bribery, and betrayal of public trust. The impeachment trial led to his eventual removal from office. This event marked a significant moment in Philippine political history.

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  • 26. 

    What kind of evidence did the senate, acting as an impeachment court, not allow the prosecution to present?

    • A.

      Evidence referring to the Chief Justice’s failure to disclose his statement of assets, liabilities and net worth

    • B.

      Evidence relative to his alleged failure to include some of his properties in his declaration of his assets, liabilities and net worth, in violation of the anti-graft and corrupt practices act.

    • C.

      Evidence concerning his alleged accumulated ill-gotten wealth, assets of high values and huge deposits in bank accounts

    • D.

      Evidence relative to the alleged undervaluation of his properties as declared in his SALNs

    Correct Answer
    C. Evidence concerning his alleged accumulated ill-gotten wealth, assets of high values and huge deposits in bank accounts
    Explanation
    The Senate, acting as an impeachment court, did not allow the prosecution to present evidence concerning the Chief Justice's alleged accumulated ill-gotten wealth, assets of high values, and huge deposits in bank accounts. This suggests that the court either deemed this evidence irrelevant to the impeachment proceedings or found it to be insufficiently substantiated.

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  • 27. 

    Under the Constitution what type of officers and employees are required to submit a declaration under oath of his assets, liabilities, and net worth or SALN upon assumption of office and as often thereafter as may be required by law?

    • A.

      All officers and employees of the public and private sector

    • B.

      All public officers and employees

    • C.

      All public officers with specified rank

    • D.

      Only public officers who may be removed by impeachment

    Correct Answer
    B. All public officers and employees
    Explanation
    All public officers and employees are required to submit a declaration under oath of their assets, liabilities, and net worth or SALN upon assumption of office and as often thereafter as may be required by law. This requirement applies to both the public and private sectors.

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  • 28. 

    Other than the Constitution, under what law are public officers and employees required to submit their Statement of Assets and Liabilities and Networth?

    • A.

      Bank Secrecy Law

    • B.

      Code of Professional Responsibility

    • C.

      Foreign Currency Deposit Act

    • D.

      Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials and Employees

    Correct Answer
    D. Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials and Employees
    Explanation
    Public officers and employees are required to submit their Statement of Assets and Liabilities and Networth under the Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials and Employees. This law sets the standards of behavior and ethical conduct that public officials and employees must adhere to. It aims to promote transparency, accountability, and integrity in public service. The law requires public officials and employees to disclose their assets and liabilities to prevent corruption and ensure that they are not engaged in any unlawful activities.

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  • 29. 

    What is the meaning of subpoena ad testificandum?

    • A.

      An order for a person to testify before the ordering authority, the impeachment court in this case, or face punishment

    • B.

      An order for a person to bring physical evidence before the ordering authority, impeachment court in this case, or face punishment.

    • C.

      An order for a person to submit himself to the jurisdiction of the ordering authority, or impeachment court in this case

    • D.

      An order to the custodian of a person to produce such person before the court and present proof of authority

    Correct Answer
    A. An order for a person to testify before the ordering authority, the impeachment court in this case, or face punishment
    Explanation
    A subpoena ad testificandum is an order that requires a person to testify before a specific authority, in this case, the impeachment court. Failure to comply with the subpoena can result in punishment. This means that the person must appear before the court and provide testimony or face potential consequences.

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  • 30. 

    The term “to impeach” an official literally means –

    • A.

      To summon before a court or tribunal to answer for a criminal offense

    • B.

      To accuse of misconduct in office

    • C.

      To remove from office

    • D.

      To present evidence against an erring official

    Correct Answer
    B. To accuse of misconduct in office
    Explanation
    The term "to impeach" an official means to accuse them of misconduct in office. Impeachment is a formal process used to hold government officials accountable for their actions while in office. It is a way to investigate and potentially remove officials who have been accused of wrongdoing or abusing their power. Impeachment does not automatically result in removal from office, but it is the first step in the process. The accused official will then face a trial, where evidence will be presented to determine whether they are guilty of the accusations.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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