Procedural Law and Substantive Law Quiz

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Procedural Law And Substantive Law Quiz - Quiz

Check your procedural and substantive law knowledge by taking the quiz below. Both kinds of laws will be involved, whether the matter is civil or criminal. However, both laws are used in different ways and for different reasons. What are the differences between procedural and substantive law? Can you tell that? Give this quiz a try and see how well you know about these civil laws. We wish you all the very best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Procedural law is also called adjective law.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Procedural law is indeed referred to as "adjective law." This term is used to distinguish it from substantive law, which deals with the rights and obligations of individuals and entities. Procedural law, on the other hand, focuses on the rules and processes that govern how legal cases are handled, including the methods of presenting evidence, conducting trials, and enforcing judgments. The term "adjective law" highlights the fact that procedural law provides the procedures or "adjectives" that are used to apply substantive law in practice.

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  • 2. 

    What rules does procedural law consist of?

    • A.

      Jurisdiction

    • B.

      Pleading and practice

    • C.

      Execution of judgments

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Procedural law consists of rules that govern the jurisdiction of courts, the procedures and formalities involved in pleading and practice, as well as the execution of judgments. All of these elements are essential components of procedural law, ensuring that legal proceedings are conducted in a fair and orderly manner.

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  • 3. 

    Which law is a means for enforcing substantive rules?

    • A.

      Substantive law 

    • B.

      Procedural law

    • C.

      Both A and B

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Procedural law
    Explanation
    Procedural law is a means for enforcing substantive rules. While substantive law establishes the rights and obligations of individuals and organizations, procedural law sets out the processes and procedures to be followed in order to enforce those rights and obligations. It provides the framework for how legal disputes are resolved, including the rules for filing lawsuits, presenting evidence, and conducting trials. Therefore, procedural law plays a crucial role in ensuring that substantive laws are effectively enforced and justice is served.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following law defines the rights and duties of people?

    • A.

      Substantive law

    • B.

      Procedural law

    • C.

      Extradition

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Substantive law
    Explanation
    Substantive law is the correct answer because it refers to the body of law that defines the rights and duties of individuals and provides the framework for legal action. It establishes the rules and regulations that govern behavior and outlines the rights and responsibilities of individuals in society. Procedural law, on the other hand, deals with the processes and procedures followed in legal cases, while extradition is the legal process of transferring a person accused or convicted of a crime from one jurisdiction to another.

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  • 5. 

    Substantive law can adjust the conflicts and differences between individuals.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Substantive law refers to the laws that define and regulate the rights and obligations of individuals in society. It does not have the power to directly adjust conflicts and differences between individuals. Instead, substantive law provides a framework for resolving disputes through legal processes such as litigation or alternative dispute resolution methods. Therefore, the statement that substantive law can adjust conflicts and differences between individuals is false.

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  • 6. 

    Which law deals with the relations between private persons?

    • A.

      Substantive private law

    • B.

      Criminal law

    • C.

      Both A and B

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Substantive private law
    Explanation
    Substantive private law is the correct answer because it specifically deals with the legal relationships between private individuals or entities. It encompasses various areas such as contracts, property, torts, and family law. Criminal law, on the other hand, deals with offenses committed against society as a whole, while the option "Both A and B" is incorrect because criminal law is not included. Therefore, the correct answer is Substantive private law.

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  • 7. 

    What is the main difference between substantive and procedural law?

    • A.

      Substantive law creates the right being claimed whereas procedural law seeks out when, where, and how the claims are made.

    • B.

      Substantive law describes how two people might enter into a contract, whereas procedural law describes how they alleged that breach of contract.

    • C.

      Both A and B

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Both A and B
    Explanation
    The main difference between substantive and procedural law is that substantive law creates the right being claimed, while procedural law determines when, where, and how the claims are made. In other words, substantive law establishes the rules and principles that govern people's rights and obligations, such as the requirements for entering into a contract. On the other hand, procedural law outlines the steps and processes that individuals must follow to enforce those rights or seek remedies for their violation, such as the procedures for alleging a breach of contract. Therefore, both options A and B accurately describe the distinction between substantive and procedural law.

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  • 8. 

    What type of legal system possibly upset social peace?

    • A.

      Inefficient

    • B.

      Unfair

    • C.

      Biased

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the options - inefficient, unfair, and biased - can potentially upset social peace in a legal system. An inefficient legal system may result in delayed justice or inadequate resolution of disputes, leading to frustration and unrest among the population. An unfair legal system, where certain individuals or groups are treated unjustly, can create feelings of resentment and inequality, causing social unrest. Similarly, a biased legal system that favors certain individuals or groups over others can lead to a loss of trust and confidence in the system, resulting in social discord. Therefore, all of these factors can contribute to upsetting social peace.

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  • 9. 

    Which substantive law deals with punishment for offenses against the public?

    • A.

      Business law

    • B.

      Criminal law

    • C.

      Constitutional law

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Criminal law
    Explanation
    Criminal law is the correct answer because it deals specifically with punishment for offenses against the public. It encompasses laws that define and prohibit various types of criminal behavior, such as murder, theft, and fraud. Criminal law sets out the procedures and penalties for prosecuting individuals who commit these offenses, with the aim of maintaining public order and protecting society. Business law and constitutional law, although important, do not primarily focus on punishment for offenses against the public.

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  • 10. 

    What countries use the civil law system?

    • A.

      Indonesia

    • B.

      Japan

    • C.

      Kyrgyzstan

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The civil law system is a legal system derived from Roman law and is based on codified laws. Indonesia, Japan, and Kyrgyzstan all use the civil law system. In these countries, laws are primarily based on written codes, statutes, and regulations, rather than on judicial decisions. This system is characterized by a comprehensive set of laws that cover various aspects of legal issues. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • Current Version
  • May 29, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 18, 2022
    Quiz Created by
    Nia Nicholson
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