Ultimate Quiz On Urinary SySTEM Test

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Ultimate Quiz On Urinary System Test - Quiz


Chapters


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Urinary anti-infective

    • A.

      Zovirax (acyclovir)

    • B.

      INH (isoniazid)

    • C.

      Diflucan (fluconazole)

    • D.

      Macrodantin (nitrofurantoin)

    • E.

      Vibramycin

    Correct Answer
    D. Macrodantin (nitrofurantoin)
    Explanation
    Macrodantin (nitrofurantoin) is the correct answer because it is a urinary anti-infective medication. It is commonly used to treat urinary tract infections caused by certain bacteria. The other options listed, Zovirax (acyclovir), INH (isoniazid), Diflucan (fluconazole), and Vibramycin, are not classified as urinary anti-infectives and are used to treat different types of infections or conditions.

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  • 2. 

    Antiviral

    • A.

      Zovirax

    • B.

      INH

    • C.

      Diflucan

    Correct Answer
    A. Zovirax
    Explanation
    Zovirax is the correct answer because it is an antiviral medication used to treat infections caused by certain types of viruses. It is commonly prescribed for the treatment of herpes simplex virus infections, including genital herpes and cold sores. Zovirax works by stopping the growth and spread of the virus, reducing the severity and duration of symptoms. INH and Diflucan are not antiviral medications; INH is used to treat tuberculosis and Diflucan is used to treat fungal infections.

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  • 3. 

    Antituberculosis

    • A.

      Zovirax

    • B.

      INH

    • C.

      Diflucan

    Correct Answer
    B. INH
    Explanation
    INH stands for Isoniazid, which is an antibiotic used in the treatment of tuberculosis. The other options, Zovirax and Diflucan, are antiviral and antifungal medications respectively, and are not used for treating tuberculosis. Therefore, the correct answer is INH.

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  • 4. 

    Tetracyclin

    • A.

      Zovirax

    • B.

      INH

    • C.

      Vibramycine

    Correct Answer
    C. Vibramycine
  • 5. 

    Antifungal

    • A.

      Zovirax

    • B.

      Diflucan

    • C.

      Vibramycin

    Correct Answer
    B. Diflucan
    Explanation
    Diflucan is the correct answer because it is an antifungal medication used to treat various fungal infections. Zovirax is an antiviral medication used to treat herpes infections, while Vibramycin is an antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections. Therefore, Diflucan is the only option that is specifically designed to target and treat fungal infections.

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  • 6. 

    Drugs that act in various ways to reduce number of runny stools

    • A.

      Antiulcer

    • B.

      Antidiarrhea prepartion

    • C.

      Antinuclear

    Correct Answer
    B. Antidiarrhea prepartion
    Explanation
    Antidiarrhea preparations are drugs that are specifically designed to reduce the number of runny stools. They work by slowing down the movement of the intestines and absorbing excess water in the stool, resulting in firmer and less frequent bowel movements. These medications are commonly used to treat diarrhea caused by various factors such as viral or bacterial infections, food poisoning, or certain medications. By reducing the number of runny stools, antidiarrhea preparations help to alleviate symptoms and restore normal bowel function.

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  • 7. 

    Preparations to promote evacuation of the intestine are:

    • A.

      Anidiarrhea preparations

    • B.

      Antiemetic

    • C.

      Antispasmodic

    • D.

      Cathartic prepartions

    Correct Answer
    D. Cathartic prepartions
    Explanation
    Cathartic preparations are used to promote evacuation of the intestine. These medications help to stimulate bowel movements and relieve constipation. They work by increasing the movement of the intestines and softening the stool, making it easier to pass. This can be helpful in cases where there is a need to empty the bowel, such as before certain medical procedures or surgeries. By promoting the evacuation of the intestine, cathartic preparations help to ensure that the bowel is clear and ready for the intended procedure or treatment.

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  • 8. 

    Side effects of antiulcer agents include:

    • A.

      Electrolyte imbalance, urinary calculi, osteoporosis, belching, and flatulence

    • B.

      Diarrhea, dizziness, rash, headache, mild gynecomastia, and mental confusion

    • C.

      Trasient constipation

    Correct Answer
    B. Diarrhea, dizziness, rash, headache, mild gynecomastia, and mental confusion
    Explanation
    The correct answer is diarrhea, dizziness, rash, headache, mild gynecomastia, and mental confusion. These side effects are commonly associated with the use of antiulcer agents. Diarrhea is a common side effect that occurs due to the alteration of the gut flora. Dizziness, rash, and headache may occur as a result of allergic reactions or hypersensitivity to the medication. Mild gynecomastia, the enlargement of breast tissue in males, can be a side effect of certain antiulcer agents. Mental confusion can occur due to the effects of the medication on the central nervous system.

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  • 9. 

    Side effects of antidiarrhea agents include:

    • A.

      Electolyte imbalances

    • B.

      Transiet constipation

    • C.

      Mild cramping

    Correct Answer
    B. Transiet constipation
    Explanation
    Antidiarrhea agents are medications used to treat diarrhea. One of the side effects of these agents is transient constipation, which means a temporary condition of difficulty in passing stools. This occurs because antidiarrhea agents work by slowing down the movement of the intestines, which can lead to a delay in bowel movements. However, this side effect is usually mild and resolves on its own once the medication is discontinued. It is important to note that electrolyte imbalances and mild cramping are not mentioned as side effects in the given information.

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  • 10. 

    What symptoms are most common with cathartives, stool softeners, and laxative prepartions:

    • A.

      Electrolyte imbalances, urinary calculi

    • B.

      Diarrhea, dizziness, rash, headache

    • C.

      Occasional mild, transitory GI cramping

    Correct Answer
    C. Occasional mild, transitory GI cramping
    Explanation
    The most common symptoms associated with cathartics, stool softeners, and laxative preparations are occasional mild, transitory GI cramping. This means that individuals may experience mild and temporary stomach cramps after taking these medications. It is important to note that other symptoms such as electrolyte imbalances, urinary calculi, diarrhea, dizziness, rash, and headache may also occur, but they are not as commonly reported as GI cramping.

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  • 11. 

    Contraindications for use of antinuclear agents?

    • A.

      Congestive heart failure

    • B.

      Impaired renal function and liver function, and with children

    • C.

      Concomitant use with Warfarin and Valproid acid

    Correct Answer
    B. Impaired renal function and liver function, and with children
    Explanation
    Antinuclear agents should not be used in individuals with impaired renal function and liver function, as these medications are metabolized and excreted by these organs. Additionally, the use of antinuclear agents in children is contraindicated due to potential adverse effects on growth and development. Concomitant use of antinuclear agents with Warfarin and Valproic acid is also contraindicated, as it can increase the risk of bleeding and other serious side effects.

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  • 12. 

    Antidiarrhea agents are contraindicated in which of the following situations?

    • A.

      Congestive heart failure

    • B.

      Impaired renal and liver function

    • C.

      Concomitant use with Warfarin and Valproid acid

    Correct Answer
    C. Concomitant use with Warfarin and Valproid acid
    Explanation
    Antidiarrhea agents are contraindicated in the concomitant use with Warfarin and Valproid acid. This means that taking antidiarrhea agents along with Warfarin and Valproid acid can have negative effects and is not recommended. It is important to avoid this combination as it can lead to potential drug interactions and adverse reactions.

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  • 13. 

    What can nursing and pregnant women take if constipated?

    • A.

      Stool softener

    • B.

      Catharics

    • C.

      Laxatives

    Correct Answer
    A. Stool softener
    Explanation
    Nursing and pregnant women can take a stool softener if they are constipated. Stool softeners work by increasing the amount of water in the stool, making it easier to pass. They are considered safe for use during pregnancy and breastfeeding because they are not absorbed into the bloodstream. This can provide relief from constipation without causing harm to the mother or baby.

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  • 14. 

    Stool softeners should not be given to patients with:

    • A.

      Dysphasia or esphageal obstruction

    • B.

      Acute abdominal pain

    • C.

      Bedridden

    Correct Answer
    B. Acute abdominal pain
    Explanation
    Stool softeners should not be given to patients with acute abdominal pain because they can potentially worsen the pain or cause further complications. Acute abdominal pain can be a symptom of various underlying conditions such as appendicitis, intestinal obstruction, or perforation, and giving stool softeners may interfere with the diagnosis and management of these conditions. It is important to address the cause of the abdominal pain before considering any stool softening interventions.

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  • 15. 

    Contraindicationss of the use of saline laxatives include:

    • A.

      Congestive heart failure

    • B.

      Bedridden patient

    • C.

      COPD and asthma

    Correct Answer
    A. Congestive heart failure
    Explanation
    Saline laxatives are contraindicated in patients with congestive heart failure because these laxatives contain high amounts of sodium. Sodium can cause fluid retention and worsen the symptoms of congestive heart failure, such as swelling and shortness of breath. Therefore, using saline laxatives in patients with congestive heart failure can be potentially harmful and should be avoided.

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  • 16. 

    Patients taking antidiarrhea agents should be instructed regarding:

    • A.

      Bismuth subsalicylates may cause ringing in the ears

    • B.

      Lomotil may cause tongue discoloration

    • C.

      Probiotics are good chioce for infective colitis

    Correct Answer
    A. Bismuth subsalicylates may cause ringing in the ears
    Explanation
    Patients taking antidiarrhea agents should be instructed regarding the potential side effect of ringing in the ears caused by bismuth subsalicylates. This means that patients should be made aware that this medication may cause a sensation of ringing or buzzing in their ears. It is important for healthcare providers to inform patients about possible side effects so that they can be prepared and know what to expect while taking the medication.

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  • 17. 

    Patients taking antiflatulents agents should be instructed regarding:

    • A.

      Avoid gas forming drugs

    • B.

      High fiber diet

    • C.

      Take under medical supervision

    Correct Answer
    A. Avoid gas forming drugs
    Explanation
    Patients taking antiflatulent agents should be instructed to avoid gas forming drugs. This is because gas forming drugs can exacerbate symptoms of flatulence and bloating, which the antiflatulent agents are intended to alleviate. By avoiding gas forming drugs, patients can optimize the effectiveness of their antiflatulent treatment and reduce discomfort caused by excessive gas in the digestive system.

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  • 18. 

    Treatment of choice for nursing and pregnant women with constipation with congestive heart failure

    • A.

      Catharics

    • B.

      Stool softeners

    • C.

      Nothing

    Correct Answer
    B. Stool softeners
    Explanation
    Stool softeners are the treatment of choice for nursing and pregnant women with constipation and congestive heart failure. This is because stool softeners help to soften the stool, making it easier to pass without straining. Straining during bowel movements can increase the risk of complications in individuals with congestive heart failure. Cathartics, on the other hand, are more potent laxatives that may cause excessive bowel movements and electrolyte imbalances, which can be harmful in individuals with congestive heart failure. Doing nothing to address constipation can worsen symptoms and discomfort. Therefore, stool softeners are the most appropriate option in this scenario.

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  • 19. 

    Extrapyramidal reactions include which of the following group of symptoms?

    • A.

      Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea

    • B.

      Dizziness, drowsiness

    • C.

      Tremors, difficulty walking, musclur rigidity

    Correct Answer
    C. Tremors, difficulty walking, musclur rigidity
    Explanation
    Extrapyramidal reactions refer to a group of symptoms that can occur as a side effect of certain medications, particularly antipsychotic drugs. These symptoms include tremors (involuntary shaking), difficulty walking, and muscular rigidity (stiffness). These reactions are caused by the disruption of dopamine signaling in the extrapyramidal system of the brain, which is involved in motor control. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, and drowsiness are not specifically associated with extrapyramidal reactions, but may be side effects of other medications or conditions.

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  • 20. 

    Contraindications related to the use of antimetics of all classes include:

    • A.

      Confusion, anxiety

    • B.

      Drowsiness, vertigo

    • C.

      Dry mouth, blurred vision

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". Contraindications related to the use of antimetics of all classes include confusion, anxiety, drowsiness, vertigo, dry mouth, and blurred vision. This means that individuals who experience any of these symptoms should avoid taking antimetics.

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  • 21. 

    Of the antiemetics, which one is used to stimulate gastric motility and increase gastic emptying?

    • A.

      Reglan

    • B.

      Compazine

    • C.

      Zofran

    Correct Answer
    A. Reglan
    Explanation
    Reglan, also known as metoclopramide, is an antiemetic medication that is used to stimulate gastric motility and increase gastric emptying. It works by blocking dopamine receptors in the brain and enhancing the movement of food through the digestive system. This can help relieve symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, and promote better digestion. Compazine and Zofran are also antiemetics, but they do not have the same effect on gastric motility as Reglan.

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  • 22. 

    Side effects of aminoglycosides MOST LIKELY include?

    • A.

      Nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity

    • B.

      Blood dyscrasias

    • C.

      Anorexia

    Correct Answer
    A. Nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity
    Explanation
    Aminoglycosides are a class of antibiotics that are known to have side effects such as nephrotoxicity (kidney damage) and ototoxicity (damage to the inner ear leading to hearing loss or balance problems). These side effects are commonly associated with the use of aminoglycosides and are the most likely adverse effects to occur. Blood dyscrasias (abnormalities in blood cells) and anorexia (loss of appetite) are not commonly associated with the use of aminoglycosides.

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  • 23. 

    side effects of macrolides MORE LIKELY include:

    • A.

      Nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity

    • B.

      Blood dyscrasias

    • C.

      Anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, cramps, and superinfections

    Correct Answer
    C. Anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, cramps, and superinfections
    Explanation
    Macrolides are a class of antibiotics that are commonly used to treat various bacterial infections. One of the side effects that is more likely to occur with macrolides is gastrointestinal disturbances. This can manifest as anorexia (loss of appetite), nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and cramps. Additionally, macrolides can disrupt the normal balance of bacteria in the body, leading to an increased risk of superinfections. It is important to note that nephrotoxicity (kidney damage) and ototoxicity (hearing loss) are not commonly associated with macrolides.

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  • 24. 

    Marcolide antibiotics may interact or potentiate which of the following, resulting in toxicity?

    • A.

      General anesthetics

    • B.

      Alcohol and loop diuretics

    • C.

      Theophylline, triazolam, warfarin, digoxin

    Correct Answer
    C. Theophylline, triazolam, warfarin, digoxin
    Explanation
    Marcolide antibiotics can interact or potentiate the effects of Theophylline, triazolam, warfarin, and digoxin, leading to toxicity. This means that taking Marcolide antibiotics along with these medications can increase their effects or cause harmful reactions in the body. It is important to be cautious and monitor for any signs of toxicity when these medications are used together.

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  • 25. 

    A life-threatening interaction of quinolones may occur when adminstered with

    • A.

      Theophylline

    • B.

      CA, Mg, Fe, Zn

    • C.

      Sucralfate

    Correct Answer
    A. Theophylline
    Explanation
    Quinolones are a class of antibiotics that can interact with other medications, potentially leading to life-threatening complications. One such interaction occurs when quinolones are administered with theophylline, a medication commonly used to treat asthma and other respiratory conditions. Theophylline is metabolized in the liver by the same enzyme system that metabolizes quinolones, leading to a decrease in the clearance of theophylline from the body. This can result in increased levels of theophylline in the blood, leading to toxicity and potential adverse effects such as seizures, cardiac arrhythmias, and even death. It is important to monitor theophylline levels closely and adjust the dosage if necessary when prescribing quinolones to patients taking theophylline.

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  • 26. 

    Interactions of tetracyclines involve:

    • A.

      Decrease of absorption given with antiacids and laxatives

    • B.

      Increase of absorption given with antiacids

    • C.

      No change

    Correct Answer
    A. Decrease of absorption given with antiacids and laxatives
    Explanation
    Tetracyclines interact with antacids and laxatives, leading to a decrease in their absorption. This means that when tetracyclines are taken together with antacids or laxatives, the body is not able to absorb as much of the medication, reducing its effectiveness. Therefore, it is recommended to avoid taking tetracyclines with antacids and laxatives to ensure optimal absorption and efficacy of the medication.

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  • 27. 

    An interaction with urinary anti-infective mediation may result in:

    • A.

      Potentiation of theophylline

    • B.

      Decrease of oral contraceptives efficiency

    • C.

      Antagonism of preparations containing probenecid and Mg

    Correct Answer
    C. Antagonism of preparations containing probenecid and Mg
    Explanation
    An interaction with urinary anti-infective medication may result in antagonism of preparations containing probenecid and Mg. This means that the effectiveness of medications containing probenecid and magnesium may be reduced when taken together with urinary anti-infective medication. It is important to be aware of this interaction as it could impact the efficacy of the medications and may require adjustments to the treatment plan.

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  • 28. 

    Side effects of antifungals nystatin include:

    • A.

      Muscle and joint pain

    • B.

      Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea

    • C.

      Photosentivity

    Correct Answer
    B. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
    Explanation
    Nystatin is an antifungal medication commonly used to treat fungal infections. It works by inhibiting the growth of fungus and preventing its spread. One of the common side effects of nystatin is gastrointestinal discomfort, which can manifest as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. These symptoms occur due to the medication's effect on the digestive system. It is important to note that not everyone experiences these side effects, and they may vary in severity from person to person. If these side effects become severe or persistent, it is recommended to consult a healthcare professional.

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  • 29. 

    Side effects of streptomycin can include:

    • A.

      Numbness, weakness of extremities

    • B.

      Ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity

    • C.

      Optic neuritis

    Correct Answer
    B. Ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity
    Explanation
    Streptomycin is an antibiotic used to treat various bacterial infections. Ototoxicity refers to damage to the inner ear, which can lead to hearing loss or balance problems. Nephrotoxicity refers to kidney damage. Therefore, the correct answer states that the side effects of streptomycin can include damage to the inner ear and kidneys.

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  • 30. 

    Side effect related to INH and irfadin:

    • A.

      Weakness in extremities

    • B.

      Red-orange secretions

    • C.

      Hepatic toxicity

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The side effects related to INH and rifampin include weakness in extremities, red-orange secretions, and hepatic toxicity. These medications can cause weakness in the arms and legs, as well as red-orange discoloration of bodily secretions such as urine, sweat, and tears. Additionally, these drugs can cause liver damage, leading to hepatic toxicity. Therefore, all of the above options are correct when it comes to the side effects associated with INH and rifampin.

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  • 31. 

    What of these medications does not classify as an antiviral?

    • A.

      Acyclovir

    • B.

      Rifampin

    • C.

      Valtrex

    Correct Answer
    B. Rifampin
    Explanation
    Rifampin does not classify as an antiviral medication because it is primarily used as an antibiotic to treat bacterial infections such as tuberculosis. It works by inhibiting the synthesis of RNA in bacteria, which is different from how antiviral medications target viruses. Acyclovir and Valtrex, on the other hand, are antiviral drugs commonly used to treat viral infections such as herpes.

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  • 32. 

    Which instruction for patients taking antibiotics is true?

    • A.

      Continue taking if showing side effects

    • B.

      Take at prescribed times

    • C.

      Take with fruit juice

    Correct Answer
    B. Take at prescribed times
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Take at prescribed times." This instruction is true because taking antibiotics at specific times ensures that the medication is consistently present in the body at the required levels to effectively fight the infection. Taking antibiotics at irregular intervals or missing doses can reduce their effectiveness and allow the infection to persist or worsen. Therefore, it is important for patients to follow the prescribed dosing schedule to maximize the benefits of antibiotic treatment.

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  • 33. 

    Side effect of anti-infective eye agents include:

    • A.

      Conjunctivitis

    • B.

      Blurred Vision

    • C.

      Urticaria

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above." This means that all of the listed side effects (conjunctivitis, blurred vision, and urticaria) can occur as a result of using anti-infective eye agents.

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  • 34. 

    Side effects of Timoptic (timolol) may include:

    • A.

      Ocular irritation, diplopia, and aggravation of cardio disorder

    • B.

      Photophobia

    • C.

      Change in iris color

    Correct Answer
    A. Ocular irritation, diplopia, and aggravation of cardio disorder
    Explanation
    The side effects of Timoptic (timolol) may include ocular irritation, diplopia, and aggravation of cardio disorder. These side effects can occur as a result of using the medication. Ocular irritation refers to discomfort or irritation in the eyes, diplopia refers to double vision, and aggravation of cardio disorder suggests that the medication can worsen existing cardiovascular conditions. It is important to be aware of these potential side effects when using Timoptic.

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  • 35. 

    Contraindications of anti-infective eye agents include:

    • A.

      Viral or fungal diseases of ocular structure

    • B.

      Acute bactrial, viral, or fungal infections

    • C.

      History or retinal detachment

    Correct Answer
    A. Viral or fungal diseases of ocular structure
    Explanation
    Anti-infective eye agents are medications used to treat infections in the eye. These medications are contraindicated, or not recommended, in patients who have viral or fungal diseases of the ocular structure. This means that if a patient already has a viral or fungal infection in their eye, using anti-infective eye agents may not be effective or may even worsen the condition. Therefore, it is important to consider the patient's medical history and current eye condition before prescribing these medications.

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  • 36. 

    Side effects of propine:

    • A.

      Photophobia, tachycardia, tremor, palpitation

    • B.

      Heat

    • C.

      Rash

    Correct Answer
    A. Photophobia, tachycardia, tremor, palpitation
    Explanation
    The side effects of propine include photophobia (sensitivity to light), tachycardia (rapid heart rate), tremor (involuntary shaking), and palpitation (awareness of one's heartbeat). These symptoms may occur as a result of taking propine medication.

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  • Mar 26, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 21, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Akm102788
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