Tes Online Pkn Sma Masehi 1 Psak Latihan Mid Smtr Kelas X

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Tes Online Pkn Sma Masehi 1 Psak  Latihan Mid Smtr Kelas X - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Pada akhir-akhir ini, ditayangkan di TV tentang seorang remaja yang beberapa hari pergi dari rumah bersama teman barunya tanpa izin orang tua. Hal tersebut membuat orang tuanya sedih dan bingung kemana harus mencari. Tindakan remaja tersebut merupakan pengaruh teknologi informasi (face book) yang tidak dimanfaatkan secara positif. Maka bagi bangsa Indonesia pada umumnya dan generasi muda pada kususnya dalam mengikuti perkembangan zaman harus mempunyai filter/penyaring . Adapun filter yang dimaksudkan adalah….

    • A.

      Pancasila

    • B.

      UUD 1945

    • C.

      UU

    • D.

      GBHN

    • E.

      Tap MPR

    Correct Answer
    A. Pancasila
    Explanation
    The given correct answer, Pancasila, is likely the answer because it is a set of five principles that serve as the foundation of the Indonesian state. In the context of the passage, the use of technology by the teenager without considering the consequences or seeking permission from their parents may be seen as a violation of one or more of these principles. Therefore, the suggestion of having Pancasila as a filter or guiding principle for the Indonesian people, especially the younger generation, is a way to ensure responsible and ethical use of technology.

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  • 2. 

    Naskah UUD 1945 merupakan bagian dari konstitusi yang …..

    • A.

      Timbul dalam praktek penyelenggaraan negara.

    • B.

      Terpelihara dalam praktek penyelenggaraan negara

    • C.

      Yang bersumber adapt kebiasaan

    • D.

      Yang dikenal dengan istilah konvensi

    • E.

      Merupakan bentuk konstitusi tertulis.

    Correct Answer
    E. Merupakan bentuk konstitusi tertulis.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Merupakan bentuk konstitusi tertulis." This is because the question asks about the characteristics of the UUD 1945 (1945 Constitution) and the answer states that it is a written form of constitution. This implies that the UUD 1945 is a formal document that outlines the fundamental principles and laws of the country, which is consistent with the concept of a written constitution.

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  • 3. 

    Dasar negara suatu negara dikatakan kokoh dan kuat karena digali / diambil dari kehidupan sosial budaya atau pandangan hidup….

    • A.

      Perpaduan antar banga yang modern

    • B.

      Mencontoh falsafah negara yang maju

    • C.

      Bangsa itu sendiri

    • D.

      Tokoh-tokoh nasinalis negara tersebut.

    • E.

      Tokoh-tokoh nasionalis negara tersebut

    Correct Answer
    C. Bangsa itu sendiri
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that the strength and solidity of a country's foundation is derived from the nation itself. This means that the unity, identity, and values of the people within the nation contribute to the overall strength and stability of the country. It implies that a strong sense of national identity, patriotism, and collective responsibility among the citizens can make a country resilient and prosperous.

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  • 4. 

    Dilihat dari bentuknya, konvensi merupakan konstitusi….

    • A.

      Rigit

    • B.

      Tertulis

    • C.

      Yang bersifat kaku

    • D.

      Tidak tertulis

    • E.

      Yang bersifat flesibel

    Correct Answer
    D. Tidak tertulis
    Explanation
    Konvensi merupakan konstitusi yang tidak tertulis.

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  • 5. 

    Pada masa Orde Baru UUD1945 belum pernah dirubah/amandemen, namun pada masa reformasi sampai sekarang ini sudah empat kali diadakan amandemen. Dilihat sifatnya UUD 1945 pada masa raformasi ini mempunyai sifat….

    • A.

      Rigit

    • B.

      Ideal

    • C.

      Fleksibel

    • D.

      Relatif

    • E.

      Absolut

    Correct Answer
    C. Fleksibel
    Explanation
    During the New Order era, the 1945 Constitution had never been amended, but since the reform era until now, it has been amended four times. This shows that during the reform era, the 1945 Constitution has a flexible nature, as it has been open to amendments and changes to adapt to the needs and demands of the changing times.

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  • 6. 

    Pidato kenegaraan yang dilakukan Presiden setiap tanggal 16 Agustus merupakan contoh….

    • A.

      Tertib hukum

    • B.

      Kaidah dasar

    • C.

      Hukum tertulis

    • D.

      Hukum tertulis

    • E.

      Konvensi

    Correct Answer
    E. Konvensi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Konvensi". The annual presidential speech on August 16th is an example of a convention, which refers to a widely accepted practice or custom. In this case, it has become a tradition for the President to deliver a speech on this particular date, highlighting important national issues and achievements. This convention helps to reinforce national unity and commemorate Indonesia's independence.

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  • 7. 

    Peraturan Pemerintah pengganti Undang-undang (Perpu) dibuat dalam hal ikhwal kegentingan yang memaksa, dikeluarkan oleh….

    • A.

      Presiden bersama DPR

    • B.

      Mahkamah Agung

    • C.

      Presiden

    • D.

      DPR

    • E.

      MPR

    Correct Answer
    C. Presiden
    Explanation
    Peraturan Pemerintah pengganti Undang-undang (Perpu) dibuat dalam hal ikhwal kegentingan yang memaksa. Dalam hal ini, keputusan untuk mengeluarkan Perpu berada di tangan Presiden. Presiden memiliki kekuasaan untuk mengeluarkan Perpu sebagai langkah darurat ketika ada kegentingan yang memaksa dan tidak memungkinkan untuk menunggu proses legislasi yang normal melalui DPR. Oleh karena itu, Presiden adalah yang berwenang mengeluarkan Perpu.

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  • 8. 

    Pembukaan UUD 1945 dibandingkan dengan batang tubuhnya mempunyai kedudukan secara hukum, yaitu….

    • A.

      Hampir setara dengan batang tubuhnya

    • B.

      Sederajad dengan batang tubuhnya

    • C.

      Lebih rendah dari batang tubuhnya

    • D.

      Lebih tinggi dari batang tubuhnya

    • E.

      Seimbang dengan batang tubuhny

    Correct Answer
    D. Lebih tinggi dari batang tubuhnya
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Lebih tinggi dari batang tubuhnya". This means that the opening of the UUD 1945 has a higher legal position compared to its body.

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  • 9. 

    Pembukaan UUD 1945 sebagai pokok kaidah negara yang fundamemtal, didasarkan oleh fakta-fakta berikut ini, kecuali....

    • A.

      Memuat falsafah negara

    • B.

      Proses sejarahnya dibentuk pendiri negara

    • C.

      Menetapkan adanya suatu undang-undang dasar

    • D.

      Mengandung pokok-pokok pikiran

    • E.

      Memuat politik negara

    Correct Answer
    D. Mengandung pokok-pokok pikiran
    Explanation
    The opening of the 1945 Constitution as the fundamental principle of the state is based on the following facts: it contains the philosophy of the state, it was formed by the founding fathers of the country, it establishes the existence of a basic law, and it contains the politics of the state. The only fact that does not apply is that it contains the main ideas.

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  • 10. 

    Dalam pembukaan UUD 1945 terdapat adanya dalil obyektif yang ditunnjukkan pada kalimat dibawah ini….

    • A.

      Ikut melaksanakan ktertiban dunia

    • B.

      Penjajahan tidak sesuai dengan perikemanusiaan dan Perikeadilan

    • C.

      Atas berkat rahmat Allh Yang Maha Kuasa dan dengan

    • D.

      Didorong oleh keinginan luhur supaya berperikemanusiaan yang bebas

    • E.

      Mengantarkan rakyat Indonesia kedepan pintu gerbang kemerdekaan Indonesia

    Correct Answer
    B. Penjajahan tidak sesuai dengan perikemanusiaan dan Perikeadilan
    Explanation
    The opening statement of the 1945 Constitution of Indonesia highlights the objective principle that colonization is not in line with humanity and justice. This implies that the constitution recognizes the importance of freedom, justice, and human rights, and condemns any form of colonization that goes against these principles. It reflects the aspirations of the Indonesian people to achieve independence and establish a society that upholds the values of humanity and justice.

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  • 11. 

    Periode berlakunya UUD 1945 tanggal 18 Agustus 1945 sampai dengan 27 Desember 1949, pernah terjadi penyimpangan yang mendasar yaitu….

    • A.

      Bentuk pemerintahan menjadi monarchi

    • B.

      Peran DPR diganti Presiden

    • C.

      Diubahnya dasar negara Indonesia

    • D.

      Sistem presidensiil menjadi parlementer

    • E.

      Adanya lembaga baru DPD

    Correct Answer
    D. Sistem presidensiil menjadi parlementer
    Explanation
    During the period of the 1945 Constitution from August 18, 1945, to December 27, 1949, there was a fundamental deviation that occurred, which was the change from a presidential system to a parliamentary system. This means that the form of government in Indonesia shifted from a system where the President holds significant power to a system where the Parliament holds more power and the Prime Minister becomes the head of government. This change in the system of government was a significant deviation from the original provisions of the 1945 Constitution.

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  • 12. 

    Konstitusi yang perubahannya yang dilakukan melalui cara-cara kusus, berarti konstitusi bersifat....

    • A.

      Spesial

    • B.

      Permanen

    • C.

      Rigit/kaku

    • D.

      Flesibel

    • E.

      Umum

    Correct Answer
    C. Rigit/kaku
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Rigit/kaku" because the question asks for the characteristic of a constitution that undergoes changes through special methods. A rigid or inflexible constitution is one that requires a special and difficult process to make amendments or changes, indicating that it is not easily altered.

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  • 13. 

    Makna alinea pertama Pembukaan UUD 1945 antara lain ….

    • A.

      Kemerdekaan bukan akhir tujuan perjuangan

    • B.

      Mengungkapkan dalil obyektif dan pernyataan subyektif

    • C.

      Adanya motivasi spiritual

    • D.

      Pengukuhan pernyataan proklamasi kemerdekaan

    • E.

      Negara mempunyai fungsi sekaligus tujuan

    Correct Answer
    B. Mengungkapkan dalil obyektif dan pernyataan subyektif
    Explanation
    The first paragraph of the Opening of the 1945 Constitution expresses both objective reasons and subjective statements. This means that it provides both factual evidence and personal opinions.

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  • 14. 

    Setiap alinea Pembukaan UUD 1945 kata katanya mengandung arti dan nama yang sangat dalam dan mempunyai nilai nilai antara lain bersifat Universal artinya ....

    • A.

      Dibanding dengan batang tubuhnya bersifat umum

    • B.

      Menampung dinamika masyarakat Indonesia

    • C.

      Mengandung niali-nilai sosial budaya bangsa

    • D.

      Tiap alinea mengandung sila-sila Pancasila

    • E.

      Dijunjung tinggi bangsa-bangsa beradab di dunia

    Correct Answer
    B. Menampung dinamika masyarakat Indonesia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "menampung dinamika masyarakat Indonesia" because it means that each paragraph of the Opening of the 1945 Constitution contains deep meanings and names that have universal values, including the ability to accommodate the dynamics of Indonesian society. This implies that the Constitution is designed to be flexible and adaptable to the changing needs and characteristics of Indonesian society.

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  • 15. 

    Cita-cita bangsa Indonesia yang termuat dalam aliea kedua Pembukaan UUD 1946 adalah ....

    • A.

      Merdeka, bersatu, berdaulat, adil dan makmur

    • B.

      Menertibkan dunia berdasarkan kemerdekaan, perdamaian abadi, dan keadilan sosial

    • C.

      Memajukan kesejahteraan umum

    • D.

      Mencerdaskan kehidupan bangsa

    • E.

      Melindungi segenap bangsa dan seluruh tumpah darah Indonesia

    Correct Answer
    A. Merdeka, bersatu, berdaulat, adil dan makmur
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "merdeka, bersatu, berdaulat, adil dan makmur". This answer reflects the aspirations of the Indonesian nation as stated in the second paragraph of the Preamble to the 1945 Constitution. These aspirations include independence, unity, sovereignty, justice, and prosperity for the Indonesian people.

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  • 16. 

    Makna subyektif yang terdapat pada alinea pertama Pembukaan UUD 1945 adalah ....

    • A.

      kemerdekaan disamping atas bangsa Indonesia adalah rahmat Allah

    • B.

      asas politik negara

    • C.

      Penjajahan harus dihapuskan

    • D.

      Kemerdekaan bukan tujuan akhir

    • E.

      Kemerdekaan adalah hak segala bangsa

    Correct Answer
    C. Penjajahan harus dihapuskan
    Explanation
    The subjective meaning that can be inferred from the first paragraph of the Opening of the 1945 Constitution is that colonization must be eradicated. This can be understood from the statement that independence is not only for the Indonesian nation but also a blessing from God, implying that the removal of colonization is necessary for the realization of this independence.

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  • 17. 

    Kedudukan UUD 1945 dalam tata urutan perundang-undangan RI adalah sebagai berikut ....

    • A.

      Filsafat politik negara

    • B.

      Cita-cita politik bangsa

    • C.

      Sumber hukum tertinggi

    • D.

      Kaidah negara yang fundamental

    • E.

      Norma dasar dan pertama

    Correct Answer
    C. Sumber hukum tertinggi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "sumber hukum tertinggi." This means that the 1945 Constitution of Indonesia is considered the highest source of law in the country. It serves as the foundation and basis for all other laws and regulations in Indonesia.

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  • 18. 

    Amendemen UUD 1945 dilakukan dengan didorong oleh ....

    • A.

      UUD 1945 sudah tidak sesuai lagi dengan prinsip-prinsip konstitusi modern

    • B.

      Dinamika politik masyarakat dan lembaga negara yang berwenang mengubahnya

    • C.

      Semakin rendahnya ketaatan penyelenggara negara terhadap UUD 1945

    • D.

      Runtuhnya rezim Orde Baru yang telah berkuasa selama lebih dari 32 tahun

    • E.

      Banyaknya pasal pasal didalamnya yang mudah disalah artikan atau diselewengkan

    Correct Answer
    B. Dinamika politik masyarakat dan lembaga negara yang berwenang mengubahnya
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Dinamika politik masyarakat dan lembaga negara yang berwenang mengubahnya." This is because the amendment of the UUD 1945 was driven by the changing political dynamics in society and the institutions of the state that have the authority to make changes to it.

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  • 19. 

    Rudi memiliki 2 kewarganegaraan, disebut ....

    • A.

      Bipatride

    • B.

      Apatride

    • C.

      tripatride

    • D.

      Multipatride

    • E.

      patride

    Correct Answer
    A. Bipatride
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "bipatride". Bipatride refers to an individual who holds dual citizenship or nationality. In this case, Rudi has two citizenships, indicating that he is a bipatride.

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  • 20. 

    Dibawah ini, sebab sebab kehilangan kewarganegaraan Republik Indonesia, kecuali ….

    • A.

      Secara suka rela mengangkat sumpah atau menyatakan janji setia kepada negara asing atau bagian dari negara asing tersebut

    • B.

      Tidak menolak kewarganegaraan lain

    • C.

      Memperoleh kewarganegaraan lain atas kemauan sendiri

    • D.

      Dinyatakan hilang kewarganegaraan atas presiden atau atas permohonannya sendiri

    • E.

      Menikah dengan pria berkebangsaan asing

    Correct Answer
    E. Menikah dengan pria berkebangsaan asing
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "menikah dengan pria berkebangsaan asing" because it is the only option that does not directly involve the individual's own actions or choices. The other options all involve the individual willingly taking actions or making decisions that could lead to the loss of Indonesian citizenship, such as voluntarily taking an oath or pledge to a foreign country, acquiring citizenship of another country by their own will, or renouncing their citizenship through a presidential decree or personal request. However, marrying a foreign man is a passive event that is not within the individual's control and therefore would not be a reason for losing Indonesian citizenship.

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  • 21. 

    Dila adalah anak dari orang tua berkewarganegaraan X yang menganut asas ius soli. Ia lahir di negara Y yang menganut asas ius sanguinis, maka ia memiliki kewarganegaraan ….

    • A.

      Bisa X atau Y

    • B.

      X dan Y

    • C.

      Tidak berkewarganegaraan

    • D.

      Y

    • E.

      X

    Correct Answer
    C. Tidak berkewarganegaraan
    Explanation
    Dila was born in country Y which follows the principle of ius sanguinis, meaning citizenship is determined by bloodline or the nationality of the parents. However, her parents are citizens of country X which follows the principle of ius soli, meaning citizenship is determined by place of birth. Since Dila's parents are not citizens of country Y, and she was born in country Y, she does not automatically acquire citizenship in either country X or Y. Therefore, the correct answer is "Tidak berkewarganegaraan" which means "stateless".

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  • 22. 

    Kewarganegaraan seseorang yang ditentukan berdasarkan tempat kelahirannya disebut dengan asas ....

    • A.

      Stesel pasif

    • B.

      stelsel aktif

    • C.

      ius soli

    • D.

      ius sanguinis

    • E.

      Repudiasi

    Correct Answer
    C. ius soli
    Explanation
    Ius soli is a Latin term that means "right of the soil." It refers to a principle of nationality law where a person's citizenship is determined by the place of their birth. This principle is commonly used in countries such as the United States, where anyone born on US soil is automatically granted US citizenship regardless of their parents' nationality. Therefore, the correct answer to the question is ius soli.

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  • 23. 

    Pengertian hak repudiasi adalah hak untuk ....

    • A.

      Memilih kewarganegaraan

    • B.

      Mencari kewarganegaraan

    • C.

      Memilih kewarganegaraan asing

    • D.

      Memilih kedua kewarganegaraan

    • E.

      menolak kewarganegaraan

    Correct Answer
    E. menolak kewarganegaraan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "menolak kewarganegaraan". This is because the term "hak repudiasi" refers to the right to reject or renounce one's citizenship. It means that an individual has the legal right to refuse or give up their citizenship.

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  • 24. 

    Seorang laki laki berkewarganegaraan X yang menganut asas kesatuan hukum, menikah dengan perempuan berkewarganegaraan Y yang menganut asas persamaan derajat, maka perempuan tersebut akan memperoleh kewarganegaraan ....

    • A.

      Y

    • B.

      X

    • C.

      X dan Y

    • D.

      Bisa X dan Y

    • E.

      Tidak kewarganegaraan

    Correct Answer
    C. X dan Y
    Explanation
    The correct answer is X dan Y. This means that both the man and the woman will acquire the citizenship of both countries X and Y. This is because the man follows the principle of legal unity, where the woman's nationality will automatically be acquired through marriage, and the woman follows the principle of equality of status, where she retains her original nationality even after marriage. Therefore, both parties will have dual citizenship.

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  • 25. 

    Bambang adalah seorang anak dari orang tua berkewarganegaraan X yang menganut asas ius sanguinis, tetapi ia lahir di negara Y yang menganut asas ius soli. Maka Bambang memiliki kewarganegaraan ….

    • A.

      Tidak kewarganegaraan

    • B.

      Bisa X dan Y

    • C.

      X

    • D.

      Y

    • E.

      X dan Y

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Tidak kewarganegaraan
    E. X dan Y
    Explanation
    Bambang does not have any citizenship because his parents are citizens of country X, which follows the principle of ius sanguinis (citizenship based on bloodline), but he was born in country Y, which follows the principle of ius soli (citizenship based on place of birth). Therefore, Bambang does not automatically acquire citizenship from either country X or country Y.

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  • 26. 

    Sistematika UUD’45 setelah amandemen adalah ….

    • A.

      Batang Tubuh, Penjelasan pasal demi pasal

    • B.

      Pembukaan, Batang tubuh

    • C.

      Batang Tubuh, Pembukaan

    • D.

      Pembukaan, Batang tubuh, Penjelasan

    • E.

      Pembukaan, Penjelasan pasal demi pasal

    Correct Answer
    B. Pembukaan, Batang tubuh
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Pembukaan, Batang tubuh". This is because the correct sequence of the Sistematika UUD'45 (Indonesian Constitution) after the amendment is to start with the "Pembukaan" (Preamble) followed by the "Batang tubuh" (Body of the Constitution). Therefore, the correct answer is the option that lists these two sections in the given order.

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  • 27. 

    Peristiwa lepasnya Timor Timur dari Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia (NKRI), bertentangan dengan pokok pikiran yang terdapat dalam pembukaan UUD’45, yaitu ….

    • A.

      Pokok pikiran III dan IV

    • B.

      Pokok pikiran IV

    • C.

      Pokok pikiran III

    • D.

      Pokok pikiran II

    • E.

      Pokok pikiran I

    Correct Answer
    E. Pokok pikiran I
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Pokok pikiran I". The explanation for this answer is that the event of East Timor's separation from the Republic of Indonesia contradicts the principles stated in the opening of the 1945 Constitution, specifically the first principle. The first principle of the Constitution emphasizes the unity and integrity of the Indonesian state, implying that any separation or secession goes against this principle.

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  • 28. 

    Yang bukan merupakan makna alinea ke 4 pembukaan UUD’45 adalah ….

    • A.

      Adanya susunan negara republik Indonesia dan berkedaulatan rakyat

    • B.

      Menyusun kemerdekaan kebangsaan dalam suatu UU

    • C.

      Adanya dasar negara adalah Pancasila

    • D.

      Adanya motivasi spiritual

    • E.

      negara mempunyai fungsi dan tujuan

    Correct Answer
    D. Adanya motivasi spiritual
    Explanation
    The given options are different meanings of the fourth paragraph of the opening of the 1945 Constitution. The correct answer is "adanya motivasi spiritual" which means the presence of spiritual motivation. This option does not align with the other options which talk about the structure of the state, sovereignty of the people, the basis of the state being Pancasila, and the functions and goals of the state. Hence, "adanya motivasi spiritual" is not a meaning of the fourth paragraph.

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  • 29. 

    Pembukaan UUD’45 mempunyai sifat tetap, artinya ....

    • A.

      Boleh dirubah oleh badan yang berwenang

    • B.

      Jika dalam keadaan mendadak bisa diubah

    • C.

      Tidak bisa dirubah oleh siapapun

    • D.

      Suatu saat boleh diubah

    • E.

      Tidak pernah dirubah

    Correct Answer
    C. Tidak bisa dirubah oleh siapapun
    Explanation
    The opening of the 1945 Constitution has a permanent nature, meaning it cannot be changed by anyone. This implies that the provisions and principles stated in the opening of the constitution are considered fundamental and cannot be altered or modified by any individual or authority. This emphasizes the importance and stability of the opening of the constitution as a guiding principle for the governance of the country.

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  • 30. 

    Kewarganegaraan seseorang yang ditentukan berdasarkan keturunan atau hubungan darah, adalah asas ….

    • A.

      hak opsi

    • B.

      ius sanguinis

    • C.

      ius soli

    • D.

      Stesel akti

    • E.

      Stelsel pasif

    Correct Answer
    B. ius sanguinis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "ius sanguinis" which refers to the principle of citizenship based on descent or blood relationship. This principle determines a person's citizenship based on their parents' nationality or ancestry. It is commonly used in countries where citizenship is inherited rather than acquired by birth in the territory (ius soli). The other options mentioned, such as "hak opsi," "stesel akti," and "stelsel pasif," are not relevant to the concept of citizenship based on descent.

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  • 31. 

    Peraturan Pemerintah pengganti Undang-undang (Perpu) dibuat dalam hal ikhwal kegentingan yang memaksa, dikeluarkan oleh….

    • A.

      DPR

    • B.

      MPR

    • C.

      Presiden

    • D.

      Mahkamah Agung

    • E.

      Presiden bersama DPR

    Correct Answer
    A. DPR
    Explanation
    Peraturan Pemerintah pengganti Undang-undang (Perpu) dibuat dalam hal ikhwal kegentingan yang memaksa. Menurut konstitusi Indonesia, kekuasaan untuk membuat undang-undang berada di tangan DPR (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat). Oleh karena itu, DPR adalah lembaga yang memiliki wewenang untuk mengeluarkan Perpu.

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