He became increasingly dissatisfied with a life focused on Material gain
He faced a challenge from Christian crusaders
He sent presents to Charlemagne
He established a taste for luxury and monumental building
He became heavily dependent on his Persian Advisors
He was immortalized by his association with
He received the gift of a war elephant from Charlemagne
He named one of his sons as his heir
... is the amount of time Muslims must court prior to marriage
... was setin the time of al-Madhi
... is also known as Ramadan
... relates tales of the courtesans in al-Rashid's reign
... al-Rashid's death prompted the first of several full-scale civil wars between al-Amin and al-Ma-mum
... the sons were poisoned before they could inherit the kngdom by the mothers of other sons vying for position to the throne
... al-Mahdi murdered them and hung their remains from the town's bridge until 3 years later when feeling regret, he took them down for a proper burial
... al-Amin murdered his brother and became the sole ruler of the vast Empire
Most of the victims of violence have been Hindi
More Muslim live in the Deccan plain than in the Western Ghats
Merchant Muslims do NOT outearn their Hindi counterparts
Very high concentrations of Muslims live near the Bay of Bengal
Mystics within Islam… responsible for expansion of Islam in southeastern Asia
Nomadic Arabs who originally inhabited desert areas of the Middle East and northern Africa and later began to move to other parts of the region
King of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor; conqueror of the Lombards and Saxons (742-814)
5 Persian Philosophers of Islamic Literature
5 native languages of the Arabian Peninsula
5 religious duties of Muslims
5 religious Islamic shrines in Mecca
Islamic title, used for rulers of the muslim country
A tower attached to a mosque, used for call to prayer
How trade led to the spread of Islam
How Islam Spread in 3 distinct stages
How a number of trade routes from East Asia to Eastern Europe, one of the trade commodities was silk
How the Crusades unfolded until the fall of Acre
Achievements in the Sciences
... instrumental in spreading Islam to many Afro-Asian regions.
... a great Muslim historian; author of The Muqaddimah.
... a brilliant Islamic theologian; attempted to fuse Greek and Quranic traditions.
Not at all successful
Site of the tomb of Alī, the First Imam of Shia's, in Najaf, Iraq.
In Jerusalem is located opposite the southern courtyard of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in the Muristan
Believed to stand on the site of an ancient Philistine temple, the site was used by the Byzantines to erect a church in the 5th century, but after the Muslim conquest in the 7th century, it was transformed into a mosque
Palace of Sadaam Hussein
The difficulty of moving armies across the great distances of the empi
The retention of regional identities by the population
The difficulty of compelling local administrators to obey
The collapse of the cities
Degree of relationship to Muhammad
There was no accepted rule of succession.
Primogeniture or succession of the oldest son
Election by the Arabic tribes of Mecca
The Abbasid dynasty came to an end.
Private armies were abolished in an attempt to curtail future violence over the succession.
Candidates for the throne recognized the need to build up personal armies, often of slave soldiers.
The practice of electing Caliphs in Mecca was once again instituted.
Failure of the irrigation systems
Pillaging by mercenary armies
Decline of the cities leading to falling demand for food supplies
Spiraling taxationWhat did the Abbasid creation of the harem imply?
the continued designation of Mecca as a holy place protected by annual truce
the establishment of long-distance trade with the Indian subcontinent
the recognition of the Shi'i celebration of the death of Husayn
the increasing seclusion of women from public life
Jewish support for the Christian Crusaders guaranteed their victory in the holy land.
Crusader strongholds in the holy land were held until the eighteenth century.
The Crusaders were successful only because of the political fragmentation of Islam and the element of surprise
The Crusaders succeeded because of the overwhelming superiority of western military technology.