Stars And Galaxies Test Bank

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Stars And Galaxies Test Bank - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The positions of the constellations appear to change throughout the year because ____. 

    • A.

      Earth revolves around the Moon

    • B.

      Earth revolves around the Sun

    • C.

      The constellations revolve around Earth

    • D.

      The Sun revolves around Earth

    Correct Answer
    B. Earth revolves around the Sun
    Explanation
    The positions of the constellations appear to change throughout the year because Earth revolves around the Sun. As Earth orbits the Sun, it changes its position relative to the stars, causing the constellations to appear to shift in the night sky. This phenomenon is known as the apparent motion of the stars and is responsible for the changing positions of the constellations throughout the year.

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  • 2. 

    Its _________________ makes Sirius the brightest star in the sky.

    • A.

      Apparent magnitude

    • B.

      Parallax

    • C.

      Color

    • D.

      Absolute magnitude

    Correct Answer
    A. Apparent magnitude
    Explanation
    The brightness of a star as observed from Earth is determined by its apparent magnitude. Sirius is the brightest star in the sky because it has a high apparent magnitude. This means that it appears brighter to us compared to other stars. The apparent magnitude of a star depends on its distance from Earth and its intrinsic brightness. In the case of Sirius, it is relatively close to us and has a high intrinsic brightness, resulting in its status as the brightest star in the sky.

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  • 3. 

    The distances to nearby stars can be measured by using ______________. 

    • A.

      Absolute magnitude

    • B.

      Temperature

    • C.

      Color

    • D.

      Parallax

    Correct Answer
    D. Parallax
    Explanation
    Parallax is a technique used to measure the distances to nearby stars. It involves observing the apparent shift in the position of a star when viewed from different points in Earth's orbit. By measuring this shift, astronomers can calculate the distance to the star. Absolute magnitude, temperature, and color are not directly used to measure distances to nearby stars.

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  • 4. 

    About 90% of the stars in space are ___________________ stars.

    • A.

      Nebula

    • B.

      Giant

    • C.

      Main sequence

    • D.

      White dwarf

    Correct Answer
    C. Main sequence
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "main sequence." This is because the main sequence is the longest stage in the life cycle of a star, during which it fuses hydrogen into helium in its core. It is estimated that about 90% of the stars in space are currently in this stage. The other options, such as nebula, giant, and white dwarf, refer to different stages of a star's life cycle or different types of stars.

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  • 5. 

    The hottest stars in space are __________ color.

    • A.

      Yellow

    • B.

      Red

    • C.

      Blue

    • D.

      White

    Correct Answer
    C. Blue
    Explanation
    Blue stars are the hottest stars in space. This is because the color of a star is determined by its surface temperature. Blue stars have the highest surface temperature, while red stars have the lowest. The temperature of a star affects its color because hotter objects emit more energy at shorter wavelengths, which corresponds to the blue end of the visible light spectrum. Therefore, blue stars are the hottest stars in space.

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  • 6. 

    A main sequence star becomes a _________ after it uses up the hydrogen in its core.

    • A.

      Nebula

    • B.

      Supernove

    • C.

      Black hole

    • D.

      Giant

    Correct Answer
    D. Giant
    Explanation
    A main sequence star becomes a giant after it uses up the hydrogen in its core. As a star burns hydrogen fuel in its core, it releases energy through nuclear fusion. Once the hydrogen is depleted, the core contracts and heats up, causing the outer layers of the star to expand. This expansion creates a giant star, which is larger and brighter than a main sequence star. Eventually, the giant star will undergo further changes and may eventually become a supernova or a white dwarf, depending on its mass.

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  • 7. 

    The Sun produces energy by fusing hydrogen atoms into ________ atoms in its core.

    • A.

      Carbon

    • B.

      Helium

    • C.

      Iron

    • D.

      Oxygen

    Correct Answer
    B. Helium
    Explanation
    In the core of the Sun, hydrogen atoms undergo a process called nuclear fusion, where they combine to form helium atoms. This fusion reaction releases a tremendous amount of energy in the form of light and heat. This process is what powers the Sun and allows it to emit light and heat, making helium the correct answer.

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  • 8. 

    The intense magnetic fields of sunspots cause archlike eruptions called ______________.

    • A.

      Solar eclipses

    • B.

      Corona

    • C.

      Photospheres

    • D.

      Prominences

    Correct Answer
    D. Prominences
    Explanation
    Prominences are archlike eruptions caused by the intense magnetic fields of sunspots. These eruptions are visible as bright loops or arcs extending from the Sun's surface into the corona, the outermost layer of the Sun's atmosphere. Prominences are often observed during solar eclipses when the Moon blocks the bright surface of the Sun, allowing the fainter prominences to become more visible. They are composed of hot, ionized gas and can last for several days or even weeks before dissipating.

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  • 9. 

    Our Sun is NOT ___________.

    • A.

      A part of a binary system

    • B.

      A main sequence star

    • C.

      In a galaxy

    • D.

      A medium hot star

    Correct Answer
    A. A part of a binary system
    Explanation
    The Sun is not a part of a binary system because it does not have a companion star that it orbits around. A binary system consists of two stars that are gravitationally bound to each other and orbit around a common center of mass. The Sun is a single star and does not have another star in close proximity to it.

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  • 10. 

    A galaxy that has a shape similar to a football is a(n) _____________ galaxy.

    • A.

      Normal spiral

    • B.

      Barred spiral

    • C.

      Elliptical

    • D.

      Irregular

    Correct Answer
    C. Elliptical
    Explanation
    An elliptical galaxy is a type of galaxy that has a shape similar to a football. Unlike spiral galaxies which have a distinct spiral arm structure, elliptical galaxies have a smooth and elongated shape. They are typically made up of older stars and contain little to no interstellar gas or dust. The lack of gas and dust prevents the formation of new stars, resulting in a population of mainly older stars.

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  • 11. 

    All of the following are true of the Milky Way EXCEPT that it ___________________.

    • A.

      Is a spiral galaxy

    • B.

      Has more than 800 billion stars

    • C.

      Is a member of the Local Group

    • D.

      Is 100,000 light years across

    Correct Answer
    B. Has more than 800 billion stars
    Explanation
    The given statement "All of the following are true of the Milky Way EXCEPT that it has more than 800 billion stars" is false. The Milky Way does indeed have more than 800 billion stars.

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  • 12. 

    The Big Bang theory of the formation and expansion of our universe is supported by the observed ___________.

    • A.

      Blue-violet shift

    • B.

      Red shift

    • C.

      "big crunch"

    • D.

      Shorter wave lengths

    Correct Answer
    B. Red shift
    Explanation
    The correct answer is red shift. The red shift is a phenomenon observed in the light emitted by distant galaxies, where the wavelength of the light is stretched and shifted towards the red end of the spectrum. This is evidence for the expansion of the universe, as it indicates that galaxies are moving away from us. The Big Bang theory suggests that the universe began with a massive explosion and has been expanding ever since, and the observed red shift supports this idea.

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  • 13. 

    Although it has a greater ____ than Sirius, Rigel does NOT look as bright in the night sky. 

    • A.

      Apparent magnitude

    • B.

      Parallax

    • C.

      Black hole

    • D.

      Absolute magnitude

    Correct Answer
    D. Absolute magnitude
    Explanation
    The correct answer is absolute magnitude. Absolute magnitude is a measure of the intrinsic brightness of a celestial object, while apparent magnitude is a measure of how bright the object appears from Earth. Even though Rigel has a greater apparent magnitude than Sirius, it does not look as bright in the night sky because it has a lower absolute magnitude.

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  • 14. 

    A _______ is a region so dense that nothing, including light, can escape its gravity field.

    • A.

      Supernova

    • B.

      White dwarf

    • C.

      Black hole

    • D.

      Supergiant

    Correct Answer
    C. Black hole
    Explanation
    A black hole is a region of space where the gravitational pull is so strong that nothing, not even light, can escape from it. It is formed when a massive star collapses under its own gravity, causing its matter to become incredibly dense. The intense gravity of a black hole creates a gravitational field that is so powerful that nothing can escape its pull, hence making it impossible for any form of radiation, including light, to escape from it.

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  • 15. 

    Dark, cooler areas of the Sun's surface are called ___________.

    • A.

      Sunspots

    • B.

      Solar flares

    • C.

      Coronas

    • D.

      Prominences

    Correct Answer
    A. Sunspots
    Explanation
    Sunspots are dark, cooler areas on the Sun's surface that appear as dark spots compared to the surrounding area. They are caused by intense magnetic activity and are cooler because they inhibit the flow of heat from the Sun's interior. Sunspots are temporary phenomena and can vary in size and shape. They are often associated with solar activity such as solar flares and coronal mass ejections. Sunspots are important in studying the Sun's magnetic field and its effects on space weather.

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  • 16. 

    The Clouds of Magellan are two __________ galaxies orbiting the Milky Way.

    • A.

      Normal spiral

    • B.

      Barred spiral

    • C.

      Irregular

    • D.

      Elliptical

    Correct Answer
    C. Irregular
    Explanation
    The Clouds of Magellan are two irregular galaxies orbiting the Milky Way. Irregular galaxies lack a defined shape or structure, unlike spiral or elliptical galaxies. These galaxies are characterized by their random and chaotic appearance, with no clear spiral arms or central bulge. The Clouds of Magellan, also known as the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds, are irregular galaxies that are visible to the naked eye from the southern hemisphere. They are named after the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, who first recorded their existence during his circumnavigation of the Earth in the 16th century.

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  • 17. 

    The coolest stars in the sky are _______ in color.

    • A.

      Yellow

    • B.

      Red

    • C.

      Blue

    • D.

      White

    Correct Answer
    B. Red
    Explanation
    The coolest stars in the sky are red in color. This is because the color of a star is determined by its surface temperature. Cooler stars have lower surface temperatures, which causes them to emit more red light. Therefore, red stars are considered to be the coolest in terms of temperature.

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  • 18. 

    A group of stars, gas, and dust held together by gravity is a

    • A.

      Galaxy

    • B.

      Constellation

    • C.

      Local Group

    • D.

      Both a and b

    Correct Answer
    A. Galaxy
    Explanation
    A group of stars, gas, and dust held together by gravity is known as a galaxy. Galaxies are vast systems that contain billions or even trillions of stars, along with other celestial objects like planets, asteroids, and comets. They are held together by the force of gravity, which keeps all the components within the galaxy bound to each other. Galaxies come in various shapes and sizes, and they play a crucial role in the structure and evolution of the universe. Constellations, on the other hand, are patterns formed by stars as seen from Earth, but they are not physically connected or held together by gravity like galaxies. Therefore, the correct answer is galaxy.

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  • 19. 

    The sequence of star colors from hottest to coolest is ______________.

    • A.

      Blue, yellow, orange, red

    • B.

      Red, orange, yellow, blue

    • C.

      Blue, red, yellow, orange

    • D.

      Yellow, blue, orange, red

    Correct Answer
    A. Blue, yellow, orange, red
    Explanation
    The sequence of star colors from hottest to coolest is blue, yellow, orange, red. This is because the color of a star is determined by its temperature, with hotter stars appearing blue and cooler stars appearing red. Therefore, blue stars are the hottest, followed by yellow, orange, and finally red stars, which are the coolest.

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  • 20. 

    _________ are patterns of stars in the sky.

    • A.

      Galaxies

    • B.

      Constellations

    • C.

      Star clusters

    • D.

      Binaries

    Correct Answer
    B. Constellations
    Explanation
    Constellations are patterns of stars in the sky. They are formed by groups of stars that appear to be close to each other when observed from Earth. These patterns have been recognized and named by various cultures throughout history, and they often depict mythological figures, animals, or objects. Constellations help astronomers navigate the night sky and locate specific stars or celestial objects. They also serve as a way to organize and categorize the vast number of stars visible from Earth. Galaxies, star clusters, and binaries are not patterns of stars, but rather different types of astronomical objects.

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  • 21. 

    As Earth travels in its ____________, different constellations are visible at different times of the year.

    • A.

      Atmosphere

    • B.

      Orbit

    • C.

      Galaxy

    • D.

      Star cluster

    Correct Answer
    B. Orbit
    Explanation
    As Earth travels in its orbit, different constellations are visible at different times of the year. This is because as Earth orbits around the Sun, its position in space changes, causing the apparent position of the stars to shift. As a result, different constellations come into view during different seasons. This phenomenon is known as the changing of the night sky due to Earth's orbital motion.

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  • 22. 

    A measure of the amount of light given off by a star is its ___________________

    • A.

      Apparent magnitude

    • B.

      Absolute magnitude

    • C.

      Position in space

    • D.

      Size

    Correct Answer
    B. Absolute magnitude
    Explanation
    The correct answer is absolute magnitude. Absolute magnitude is a measure of the intrinsic brightness of a star, regardless of its distance from Earth. It represents the amount of light that a star would emit if it were located at a standard distance of 10 parsecs. This measurement allows astronomers to compare the true brightness of stars, regardless of their varying distances from us. Apparent magnitude, on the other hand, measures the brightness of a star as it appears from Earth, taking into account both its intrinsic brightness and its distance. Position in space and size are not directly related to the amount of light given off by a star.

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  • 23. 

    A measure of the amount of light received on Earth is a star's  _________________.

    • A.

      Apparent magnitude

    • B.

      Absolute magnitude

    • C.

      Position in space

    • D.

      Size

    Correct Answer
    A. Apparent magnitude
    Explanation
    Apparent magnitude is a measure of the amount of light received on Earth from a star. It indicates the brightness of a star as it appears to an observer on Earth. Absolute magnitude, on the other hand, measures the intrinsic brightness of a star, independent of its distance from Earth. Position in space and size are not directly related to the amount of light received on Earth from a star.

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  • 24. 

    ______________ is the apparent shift in the position of an object when viewed from two different locations.

    • A.

      Apparent magnitude

    • B.

      Absolute magnitude

    • C.

      Parallax

    • D.

      The Doppler shift

    Correct Answer
    C. Parallax
    Explanation
    Parallax is the apparent shift in the position of an object when viewed from two different locations. This phenomenon occurs because the observer's perspective changes as they move, causing the object to appear to move relative to more distant objects. Parallax is commonly used in astronomy to measure the distance to nearby stars, as the amount of parallax can be used to calculate the object's distance from Earth.

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  • 25. 

    A star begins as a ___________, a large cloud of gas and dust.

    • A.

      Nebula

    • B.

      Giant

    • C.

      Dwarf

    • D.

      Black hole

    Correct Answer
    A. Nebula
    Explanation
    A star begins as a nebula, which is a large cloud of gas and dust. This cloud starts to collapse under its own gravity, causing the gas and dust to come together and form a dense core. As the core continues to collapse, it heats up and begins to glow, eventually becoming a star. Nebulas are the birthplaces of stars, and they provide the necessary materials for star formation.

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  • 26. 

    The Sun produces energy by forming __________ in its core.

    • A.

      Carbon

    • B.

      Helium

    • C.

      Hydrogen

    • D.

      Oxygen

    Correct Answer
    B. Helium
    Explanation
    In the core of the Sun, nuclear fusion reactions occur, where hydrogen atoms combine to form helium. This process releases an enormous amount of energy in the form of light and heat.

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  • 27. 

    Prominences and flares on the Sun are related to sunspots because they all are caused by ________.

    • A.

      Electricity

    • B.

      Too much heat

    • C.

      Earth's orbit around the sun

    • D.

      Intense magnetic fields

    Correct Answer
    D. Intense magnetic fields
    Explanation
    Prominences and flares on the Sun are caused by intense magnetic fields. Sunspots, which are dark spots on the Sun's surface, are also associated with these magnetic fields. The magnetic fields on the Sun can become twisted and tangled, leading to the formation of prominences, which are large loops of gas that extend outwards from the Sun's surface. Flares, on the other hand, are sudden releases of energy that occur when the twisted magnetic fields reconnect and release a burst of radiation. Therefore, all of these phenomena are related to the intense magnetic fields present on the Sun.

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  • 28. 

    The number of observed sunspots, prominences, and flares increases in a cycle that occurs every _______ years.

    • A.

      11

    • B.

      15

    • C.

      20

    • D.

      31

    Correct Answer
    C. 20
    Explanation
    The number of observed sunspots, prominences, and flares increases in a cycle that occurs every 20 years. This suggests that there is a pattern in the occurrence of these solar phenomena, with a regular cycle of 20 years. This cycle is likely influenced by various factors, such as the sun's magnetic field and its internal processes. By studying these cycles, scientists can gain insights into the behavior and dynamics of the sun.

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  • 29. 

    Our Sun is considered average because its temperature and absolute magnitude place it in the _______ range of the H-R diagram.

    • A.

      White dwarf

    • B.

      Red giant

    • C.

      Main sequence

    • D.

      Supergiant

    Correct Answer
    C. Main sequence
    Explanation
    The Sun is considered average because its temperature and absolute magnitude place it in the main sequence range of the H-R diagram. The main sequence is the region where stars spend the majority of their lives, fusing hydrogen into helium in their cores. This is the phase where the Sun is currently in, and it is characterized by its stability and relatively steady energy output.

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  • 30. 

    Our Sun is unusual because it does not belong to a(n) _________________.

    • A.

      Solar system

    • B.

      Universe

    • C.

      Galaxy

    • D.

      Binary star system

    Correct Answer
    D. Binary star system
    Explanation
    The Sun is unusual because it does not belong to a binary star system. A binary star system consists of two stars orbiting around a common center of mass. However, the Sun is a single star that does not have a companion star. It belongs to a galaxy, specifically the Milky Way galaxy, which is a large collection of stars, planets, and other celestial objects. The Sun is also part of our solar system, which includes the planets, moons, asteroids, and comets that orbit around it.

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  • 31. 

    Two stars orbit each other in a(n) _________________ star system.

    • A.

      Binary

    • B.

      Closed

    • C.

      Single

    • D.

      Individual

    Correct Answer
    A. Binary
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "binary" because in a binary star system, two stars orbit each other. This is in contrast to a single star system, where only one star is present. The term "closed" does not accurately describe the relationship between the two stars, and "individual" does not specify that there are two stars.

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  • 32. 

    The spiral shape of the Milky Way Galaxy CANNOT be seen from Earth because _________________.

    • A.

      We are located above the galaxy

    • B.

      We are located within one of its spiral arms

    • C.

      Our view is blocked by the sun

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. We are located within one of its spiral arms
    Explanation
    The spiral shape of the Milky Way Galaxy cannot be seen from Earth because we are located within one of its spiral arms. This means that our perspective is from within the galaxy, making it difficult to observe the overall shape and structure of the spiral arms. Instead, we can only see a portion of the galaxy's stars and structures that are within our line of sight.

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  • 33. 

    The ____________ states that between 15 and 20 billion years ago, the universe began expanding out of an enormous explosion.

    • A.

      H-R Diagram

    • B.

      Binary Star theory

    • C.

      Big Bang theory

    • D.

      "big crunch" theory

    Correct Answer
    C. Big Bang theory
    Explanation
    The Big Bang theory states that between 15 and 20 billion years ago, the universe began expanding out of an enormous explosion. This theory is widely accepted and supported by various pieces of evidence, such as the observed redshift of galaxies, the abundance of light elements in the universe, and the cosmic microwave background radiation. It explains the origin and evolution of the universe, including the formation of galaxies, stars, and planets. The Big Bang theory is a fundamental concept in cosmology and has revolutionized our understanding of the universe.

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  • 34. 

    A red shift in the spectrum of the light from an object indicates the object is moving _________________ you.

    • A.

      Away from

    • B.

      Toward

    • C.

      At a right angle from

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Away from
    Explanation
    A red shift in the spectrum of the light from an object indicates that the wavelengths of the light are stretched, causing them to shift towards the red end of the spectrum. This phenomenon is known as the Doppler effect. In the context of light, a red shift suggests that the object emitting the light is moving away from the observer. This is because as the object moves away, the wavelengths of the light it emits are stretched, resulting in a shift towards longer wavelengths, such as red. Therefore, the correct answer is "away from".

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  • 35. 

    A galaxy type without a definite shape is called a(n) ___________________.

    • A.

      Elliptical galaxy

    • B.

      Irregular galaxy

    • C.

      Barred spiral galaxy

    • D.

      Spin-off galaxy

    Correct Answer
    B. Irregular galaxy
    Explanation
    An irregular galaxy is a galaxy type without a definite shape. Unlike other galaxy types such as elliptical or spiral galaxies, irregular galaxies do not have a symmetrical or uniform shape. They often have a chaotic and disorganized appearance, with no clear structure or defined arms or bulges. Irregular galaxies are typically smaller and less massive than other galaxy types, and they are thought to have undergone disruptive events such as galaxy collisions or interactions with other galaxies, which disrupted their original shape.

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  • 36. 

    Recent evidence has suggested that the Milky Way Galaxy may be classified as a(n) ________________ .

    • A.

      Elliptical galaxy

    • B.

      Irregular galaxy

    • C.

      Barred spiral galaxy

    • D.

      Spin-off galaxy

    Correct Answer
    C. Barred spiral galaxy
    Explanation
    Recent evidence suggests that the Milky Way Galaxy may be classified as a barred spiral galaxy. This classification is supported by observations of a central bar-like structure, which is believed to be a defining characteristic of barred spiral galaxies. Additionally, the Milky Way exhibits spiral arms that wrap around the central bar, further supporting this classification. This evidence indicates that the Milky Way shares similar features with other known barred spiral galaxies, suggesting that it belongs to this galaxy type.

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  • 37. 

    A distance measurement based on the speed of light and is used for objects in space is called a  ___________.

    • A.

      Parallax

    • B.

      Light year

    • C.

      H-R diagram

    • D.

      Astronomical Unit (AU)

    Correct Answer
    B. Light year
    Explanation
    A light year is a distance measurement used in astronomy that is based on the speed of light. It represents the distance that light travels in one year. Since light travels at a constant speed, using light years as a unit allows astronomers to accurately measure vast distances in space.

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  • 38. 

    The graph that shows the relationship of a star's temperature to its absolute magnitude is called  ____________.

    • A.

      A parallax

    • B.

      An H-R Diagram

    • C.

      A syntax

    • D.

      A barred spiral

    Correct Answer
    B. An H-R Diagram
    Explanation
    An H-R Diagram, also known as a Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram, is a graph that illustrates the relationship between a star's temperature and its absolute magnitude. It is a valuable tool in astronomy for classifying and studying stars based on their properties. The diagram plots the temperature of stars on the x-axis and their absolute magnitude on the y-axis, allowing scientists to analyze the different stages of stellar evolution and understand the characteristics of stars at various points in their lifespan.

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  • 39. 

    The Milky way galaxy is said to be ____________________ light years across.

    • A.

      100,000

    • B.

      10,000

    • C.

      1,000,000

    • D.

      1,000

    Correct Answer
    A. 100,000
    Explanation
    The Milky Way galaxy is estimated to be approximately 100,000 light years across. This means that it would take light 100,000 years to travel from one end of the galaxy to the other. The vast size of the Milky Way is one of the reasons why it contains billions of stars and is home to our solar system.

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  • 40. 

    The stage in a star's evolution formed as the core of the main sequence star uses up its helium and the outer core is blown off into space.

    • A.

      Red giant

    • B.

      White dwarf

    • C.

      Supernova

    • D.

      High mass star

    Correct Answer
    B. White dwarf
    Explanation
    A white dwarf is the correct answer because it is the stage in a star's evolution when the core of a main sequence star uses up its helium and the outer core is blown off into space. During this stage, the star's outer layers expand and cool, causing it to become a red giant. Eventually, the outer layers are ejected, leaving behind a dense, hot core known as a white dwarf. This stage typically occurs for low to medium mass stars like the Sun.

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  • 41. 

    If the diagram below depicts the life cycle of a star, letter B would be identified as a ___________.   

    • A.

      Main sequence star

    • B.

      Neutron star

    • C.

      White dwarf

    • D.

      Supernova

    Correct Answer
    A. Main sequence star
    Explanation
    The diagram represents the life cycle of a star, and based on the information provided, letter B is identified as a main sequence star.

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  • 42. 

    According to the H-R Diagram below, red giants are hotter than white dwarfs.  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The H-R Diagram is a plot of the luminosity (brightness) of stars against their surface temperature. In the diagram, red giants are located in the top right portion, indicating that they are cooler (lower temperature) but brighter (higher luminosity) compared to white dwarfs, which are located in the bottom left portion. Therefore, the statement that red giants are hotter than white dwarfs is false.

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  • 43. 

    According to the H-R diagram below, Betelgeuse is considered a ______________ star.

    • A.

      Giant

    • B.

      Super Giant

    • C.

      White Dwarf

    • D.

      Main Sequence

    Correct Answer
    B. Super Giant
    Explanation
    Based on the H-R diagram, Betelgeuse is classified as a Super Giant star. This can be deduced by its position on the diagram, which shows that it is a massive and luminous star that has evolved beyond the main sequence phase. Super Giants are known for their large size and high luminosity, making Betelgeuse a fitting example of this stellar category.

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  • 44. 

    According to the H-R diagram below, our sun is brighter than a white dwarf star.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The H-R diagram is a plot of the luminosity (brightness) of stars against their temperature. Based on this diagram, our sun is located in the main sequence, which is a region where stars generate energy through nuclear fusion. White dwarf stars, on the other hand, are at a later stage of evolution and have exhausted their nuclear fuel. As a result, they are much dimmer than main sequence stars like our sun. Therefore, it can be concluded that our sun is indeed brighter than a white dwarf star.

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  • 45. 

    According to the H-R diagram below, the approximte absolute magnitude of Rigel is ___________.

    • A.

      0

    • B.

      -5

    • C.

      -2.5

    • D.

      +2.5

    Correct Answer
    C. -2.5
    Explanation
    The H-R diagram is a plot of the absolute magnitude (brightness) of stars against their spectral type or temperature. Rigel is a blue supergiant star, which is located at the upper left corner of the H-R diagram. The approximate absolute magnitude of Rigel is -2.5, as indicated on the diagram.

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  • 46. 

    According to the H-R Diagram below,the Sun is hotter than Vega.    

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The H-R Diagram is a plot of the luminosity (brightness) of stars versus their temperature. In the diagram, stars that are hotter are positioned towards the left side, while cooler stars are towards the right side. Vega is located towards the left side of the diagram, indicating that it is hotter than the Sun. Therefore, the statement "the Sun is hotter than Vega" is false.

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  • 47. 

    If the diagram below depicts the life cycle of a star, letter F would be identified as a ___________.   

    • A.

      Main sequence star

    • B.

      Neutron star

    • C.

      White dwarf

    • D.

      Supernova

    Correct Answer
    C. White dwarf
    Explanation
    The diagram represents the life cycle of a star, and letter F is identified as a white dwarf. A white dwarf is the final stage of evolution for a star similar in size to our Sun. It is formed when a star exhausts its nuclear fuel and sheds its outer layers, leaving behind a dense core. White dwarfs are hot and luminous, but they gradually cool down over billions of years until they become dark and cold remnants.

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  • 48. 

    If the diagram below depicts the life cycle of a star, letter E would be identified as a ___________.   

    • A.

      Main sequence star

    • B.

      Neutron star

    • C.

      White dwarf

    • D.

      Supernova

    Correct Answer
    B. Neutron star
    Explanation
    Based on the given information that the diagram depicts the life cycle of a star, letter E would be identified as a neutron star. This is because neutron stars are formed from the remnants of massive stars after a supernova explosion.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 15, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 10, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    James McFadden

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