Sociology Exam 4 Randell's

62 Questions | Total Attempts: 138

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Sociology Quizzes & Trivia

This is a multiple choice test to help me study. I believe if you take this test till you score a 100, you will pass Randell's test. Good luck


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Different Social positions that make-up Society
    • A. 

      Statuses

    • B. 

      Roles

    • C. 

      Stratification

    • D. 

      Social Structure

  • 2. 
    Duties, rights, expectations attached to different Social
    • A. 

      Statuses

    • B. 

      Roles

    • C. 

      Stratification

    • D. 

      Social Structure

  • 3. 
    Differential Social rewards (money, power, respect) attached to different Social positions
    • A. 

      Statuses

    • B. 

      Roles

    • C. 

      Stratification

    • D. 

      Social Structure

  • 4. 
    Task or Functional Differentiation Hospital examples:                                                                      o   Pharmacist o   Physicians o   Dietician o   Nurses
    • A. 

      Principle of Division of Labor

    • B. 

      Principle of Stratification

  • 5. 
    Rank or Status Differentiation 1. More difficult 2. More essential 3. More costly to train
    • A. 

      Principle of Division of Labor

    • B. 

      Principle of Stratification

  • 6. 
    Position within Social Structure distinct from person occupying it
    • A. 

      Status

    • B. 

      Ascribed Status

    • C. 

      Achieved Status

    • D. 

      Prestige

    • E. 

      Esteem

  • 7. 
    Position one holds/occupies regardless of role performance
    • A. 

      Status

    • B. 

      Ascribed Status

    • C. 

      Achieved Status

    • D. 

      Prestige

    • E. 

      Esteem

  • 8. 
    Position given to us whether we want it or not Example: race, gender, kinship
    • A. 

      Status

    • B. 

      Ascribed Status

    • C. 

      Achieved Status

    • D. 

      Prestige

    • E. 

      Esteem

  • 9. 
        Position one holds/occupies as the result of successful competition for it
    • A. 

      Status

    • B. 

      Ascribed Status

    • C. 

      Achieved Status

    • D. 

      Prestige

    • E. 

      Esteem

  • 10. 
    Evaluation of a Status
    • A. 

      Status

    • B. 

      Ascribed Status

    • C. 

      Achieved Status

    • D. 

      Prestige

    • E. 

      Esteem

  • 11. 
    Evaluation of role performance within a status
    • A. 

      Status

    • B. 

      Ascribed Status

    • C. 

      Achieved Status

    • D. 

      Prestige

    • E. 

      Esteem

  • 12. 
    Pertains to the manner or ways in which people associate/interact/relate to each other
    • A. 

      Statuses

    • B. 

      Roles

    • C. 

      Stratification

    • D. 

      Social Structure

  • 13. 
    Pertains to how society is organized/arranged/constructed/made up
    • A. 

      Statuses

    • B. 

      Roles

    • C. 

      Stratification

    • D. 

      Social Structure

  • 14. 
    Actions others can legitimately insist that we perform
    • A. 

      Duties

    • B. 

      Rights

    • C. 

      Role Conflict

    • D. 

      Role Strain

    • E. 

      Role Ambiguity

  • 15. 
    Actions we can legitimately insist others perform
    • A. 

      Duties

    • B. 

      Rights

    • C. 

      Role Conflict

    • D. 

      Role Strain

    • E. 

      Role Ambiguity

  • 16. 
    Conflicting/incompatible expectations between two or more roles Example: Student vs. Employee
    • A. 

      Duties

    • B. 

      Rights

    • C. 

      Role Conflict

    • D. 

      Role Strain

    • E. 

      Role Ambiguity

  • 17. 
    Conflicting/incompatible expectations built into same role Example: President, Single Parent, etc.
    • A. 

      Duties

    • B. 

      Rights

    • C. 

      Role Conflict

    • D. 

      Role Strain

    • E. 

      Role Ambiguity

  • 18. 
    Unclear/ill-defined expectations associated with a role Example: Ex-Spouse, Surrogate Mother, etc.
    • A. 

      Duties

    • B. 

      Rights

    • C. 

      Role Conflict

    • D. 

      Role Strain

    • E. 

      Role Ambiguity

  • 19. 
    Set of duties/rights/expectations attached to different Social positions
    • A. 

      Status

    • B. 

      Roles

    • C. 

      Groups

  • 20. 
    Position within Social Structure distinct from person occupying it
    • A. 

      Status

    • B. 

      Roles

    • C. 

      Groups

  • 21. 
    Social Aggregates, Social categories, Two basic types
    • A. 

      Status

    • B. 

      Roles

    • C. 

      Groups

  • 22. 
    Means of attaching people’s energies to task which must be completed if both individuals and Society are to survive
    • A. 

      Mechanism of Social control

    • B. 

      Enhances Group cohesion/social solidarity

    • C. 

      Cultural Transmission

  • 23. 
    Binds/ties societal members together Makes us need/dependent upon others
    • A. 

      Mechanism of Social control

    • B. 

      Enhances Group cohesion/social solidarity

    • C. 

      Cultural Transmission

  • 24. 
    Means of passing on knowledge from generation to generation
    • A. 

      Mechanism of Social control

    • B. 

      Enhances Group cohesion/social solidarity

    • C. 

      Cultural Transmission

  • 25. 
    Collectivity of people occupying same physical space at same time with little else in common
    • A. 

      Social aggregates

    • B. 

      Social categories

  • 26. 
    Collectivity of people who share Norms and Values and a common sense of identity
    • A. 

      Social aggregates

    • B. 

      Social categories

  • 27. 
    Small in size
    • A. 

      Primary group

    • B. 

      Secondary group

  • 28. 
    Serve an Expressive purpose
    • A. 

      Primary group

    • B. 

      Secondary group

  • 29. 
    Intimate, personal, intensely emotional relationships
    • A. 

      Primary group

    • B. 

      Secondary group

  • 30. 
    Two basic types of this groupa.       Families – tied/bound on basis of kinship b.    Cliques – tied/bound on basis of friendship         Example: friendship groups, play groups, neighborhood groups
    • A. 

      Primary group

    • B. 

      Secondary group

  • 31. 
    Large in size
    • A. 

      Primary group

    • B. 

      Secondary group

  • 32. 
    Serve an instrumental purpose
    • A. 

      Primary group

    • B. 

      Secondary group

  • 33. 
    Impersonal, unemotional, formal relationships
    • A. 

      Primary group

    • B. 

      Secondary group

  • 34. 
    Two basic types a.       Associations or formal organizations b.    Communities
    • A. 

      Primary group

    • B. 

      Secondary group

  • 35. 
    Secondary group designed/organized to pursue some specific objective or set of objectives Examples: Hospital, Bank, Political party, etc.
    • A. 

      Associations or formal organizations

    • B. 

      Communities

    • C. 

      Geographical Communities

    • D. 

      Cultural Communities

  • 36. 
    Group of people, usually living in same geographical space, who share a set of relationships which satisfies both their physical and social needs
    • A. 

      Associations or formal organizations

    • B. 

      Communities

    • C. 

      Geographical communities

    • D. 

      Cultural communities

  • 37. 
    Bound/tied on basis of spatial proximity Example: Hamlet, Village, Town, City, Metropolitan Areas, etc.
    • A. 

      Associations or formal organizations

    • B. 

      Communities

    • C. 

      Geographical communities

    • D. 

      Cultural communities

  • 38. 
    Bound/tied on the basis of a common cultural tradition Example: Mexican American, African Americans, Jewish Americans, etc.
    • A. 

      Associations or formal organizations

    • B. 

      Communities

    • C. 

      Geographical communities

    • D. 

      Cultural communities

  • 39. 
    Small social structures that develop and persist with in human societies in order to fulfill important activities which are essential to social life
    • A. 

      Institutions

    • B. 

      Social Networks

    • C. 

      Race

    • D. 

      State

    • E. 

      Nation-State

  • 40. 
    Broad web of social ties radiating out from a given individual linking him or her to a large number of other people.Typically ranges between 300 to 5,000 people
    • A. 

      Institutions

    • B. 

      Social Networks

    • C. 

      Social class

    • D. 

      State

    • E. 

      Gender

  • 41. 
    Group of people who share similar life chances Examples: upper class, middle class, working class, poor class
    • A. 

      Social Networks

    • B. 

      Race

    • C. 

      Gender

    • D. 

      Social Class

    • E. 

      State

  • 42. 
    A societies set of Political institutions Example: presidency, Senator, etc.
    • A. 

      Social Networks

    • B. 

      Race

    • C. 

      Gender

    • D. 

      Social Class

    • E. 

      State

  • 43. 
    Geographical territory within which a set of political institutions may operate without forcing challenges to their severity or right to rule
    • A. 

      Institutions

    • B. 

      Social Networks

    • C. 

      Social Class

    • D. 

      State

    • E. 

      Nation-State

  • 44. 
    Group of people usually living in the same geographical territory who share a common culture
    • A. 

      Institutions

    • B. 

      Social Networks

    • C. 

      Society

    • D. 

      Social Class

    • E. 

      Nation-State

  • 45. 
    Arose approx. 12,000 years ago
    • A. 

      Hunting and Gathering societies

    • B. 

      Agrarian/Agricultural Societies

    • C. 

      Pastoral Societies

    • D. 

      Industrial Societies

    • E. 

      Post – Industrial Societies

  • 46. 
    Mode of subsistence originated around domestication/herding/feeding of livestock
    • A. 

      Hunting and Gathering societies

    • B. 

      Agrarian/Agricultural Societies

    • C. 

      Pastoral Societies

    • D. 

      Industrial Societies

    • E. 

      Post – Industrial Societies

  • 47. 
    World’s great monotheistic religions developed in this type of society
    • A. 

      Hunting and Gathering societies

    • B. 

      Agrarian/Agricultural Societies

    • C. 

      Pastoral Societies

    • D. 

      Industrial Societies

    • E. 

      Post – Industrial Societies

  • 48. 
    Typical crops cultivated are: corn, rice, wheat, barley, and millet
    • A. 

      Hunting and Gathering societies

    • B. 

      Agrarian/Agricultural Societies

    • C. 

      Pastoral Societies

    • D. 

      Industrial Societies

    • E. 

      Post – Industrial Societies

  • 49. 
    Arose approx. 5,000 years ago
    • A. 

      Hunting and Gathering societies

    • B. 

      Agrarian/Agricultural Societies

    • C. 

      Pastoral Societies

    • D. 

      Industrial Societies

    • E. 

      Post – Industrial Societies

  • 50. 
    Mode of subsistence organized around cultivation of large fields using plows pulled by draft animals
    • A. 

      Hunting and Gathering societies

    • B. 

      Agrarian/Agricultural Societies

    • C. 

      Pastoral Societies

    • D. 

      Industrial Societies

    • E. 

      Post – Industrial Societies

  • 51. 
    Involves harnessing/exploitation of power of draft animals
    • A. 

      Hunting and Gathering societies

    • B. 

      Agrarian/Agricultural Societies

    • C. 

      Pastoral Societies

    • D. 

      Industrial Societies

    • E. 

      Post – Industrial Societies

  • 52. 
    Arose approx. 350 years ago – late 1700’s
    • A. 

      Hunting and Gathering societies

    • B. 

      Agrarian/Agricultural Societies

    • C. 

      Pastoral Societies

    • D. 

      Industrial Societies

    • E. 

      Post – Industrial Societies

  • 53. 
    Mode of subsistence organized around mass production of finished goods using a variety of machines (ex. Wind mills, paddle wheels, steam engines, gas engines, diesel engines, electric motors, nuclear reactors, etc.)
    • A. 

      Hunting and Gathering societies

    • B. 

      Agrarian/Agricultural Societies

    • C. 

      Pastoral Societies

    • D. 

      Industrial Societies

    • E. 

      Post – Industrial Societies

  • 54. 
    Involves the harnessing/exploitation of inanimate energy sources
    • A. 

      Hunting and Gathering societies

    • B. 

      Agrarian/Agricultural Societies

    • C. 

      Pastoral Societies

    • D. 

      Industrial Societies

    • E. 

      Post – Industrial Societies

  • 55. 
    Arose approx. 40 years – 1970’s
    • A. 

      Hunting and Gathering societies

    • B. 

      Agrarian/Agricultural Societies

    • C. 

      Pastoral Societies

    • D. 

      Industrial Societies

    • E. 

      Post – Industrial Societies

  • 56. 
    Mode of subsistence organized around creation/production/delivery of information/knowledge/serves/new technologies
    • A. 

      Hunting and Gathering societies

    • B. 

      Agrarian/Agricultural Societies

    • C. 

      Pastoral Societies

    • D. 

      Industrial Societies

    • E. 

      Post – Industrial Societies

  • 57. 
    Often known as consumer societies
    • A. 

      Hunting and Gathering societies

    • B. 

      Agrarian/Agricultural Societies

    • C. 

      Pastoral Societies

    • D. 

      Industrial Societies

    • E. 

      Post – Industrial Societies

  • 58. 
    Arose approx. 300 to 400 thousand years ago
    • A. 

      Hunting and Gathering societies

    • B. 

      Agrarian/Agricultural Societies

    • C. 

      Horticultural Societies

    • D. 

      Industrial Societies

    • E. 

      Post – Industrial Societies

  • 59. 
    Mode of substance organized around hunting/trapping of wild game and gathering of wild edible plants, fruits, nuts, tubers, eggs, insects.
    • A. 

      Hunting and Gathering societies

    • B. 

      Agrarian/Agricultural Societies

    • C. 

      Horticultural Societies

    • D. 

      Industrial Societies

    • E. 

      Post – Industrial Societies

  • 60. 
    Arose approx. 12,000 years ago
    • A. 

      Hunting and Gathering societies

    • B. 

      Agrarian/Agricultural Societies

    • C. 

      Horticultural Societies

    • D. 

      Industrial Societies

    • E. 

      Post – Industrial Societies

  • 61. 
    Mode of subsistence organized around cultivation of small garden plots with simple hand held farming tools ex. Digging sticks, crude hoes, rakes, etc.
    • A. 

      Hunting and Gathering societies

    • B. 

      Agrarian/Agricultural Societies

    • C. 

      Horticultural Societies

    • D. 

      Industrial Societies

    • E. 

      Post – Industrial Societies

  • 62. 
    Believed women mainly introduced horticulture
    • A. 

      Hunting and Gathering societies

    • B. 

      Agrarian/Agricultural Societies

    • C. 

      Horticultural Societies

    • D. 

      Industrial Societies

    • E. 

      Post – Industrial Societies