Ucsp Quiz (25 Points)

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| By Julia Dolfo
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Julia Dolfo
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 2,540
Questions: 25 | Attempts: 2,560

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Ucsp Quiz (25 Points) - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Social institutions do not necessarily influence the shaping of an individual’s character and personality.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false because social institutions, such as family, education, and religion, play a significant role in shaping an individual's character and personality. These institutions provide socialization, values, and norms that guide and influence individuals' behavior, beliefs, and attitudes. They also provide opportunities for individuals to develop social skills, moral values, and a sense of identity. Therefore, social institutions have a strong impact on the formation and development of an individual's character and personality.

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  • 2. 

    Marx’s perspective of religion is that it emancipated the lower class from feelings of alienation.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Marx's perspective of religion is not that it emancipated the lower class from feelings of alienation. In fact, Marx believed that religion was a tool used by the ruling class to control and oppress the lower class. He argued that religion served as an "opium of the people," distracting them from their true social and economic conditions. According to Marx, true emancipation could only be achieved through the overthrow of the capitalist system, not through religion.

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  • 3. 

    For socialists, the ones who control the means of production are the proletariat.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    True. In socialist theory, the control of the means of production is typically envisioned as being in the hands of the working class, often referred to as the "proletariat." Socialists advocate for collective or public ownership of these means of production, such as factories and resources, with the goal of eliminating or minimizing private ownership and control by a wealthy capitalist class. This is a fundamental tenet of many socialist ideologies.

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  • 4. 

    A society can survive even without the presence of social institutions.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Social institutions are essential for the functioning and organization of a society. They provide a framework for social interaction, regulate behavior, and ensure the stability and continuity of social life. Without these institutions, there would be a lack of order, norms, and values, leading to chaos and disintegration within the society. Therefore, it is not possible for a society to survive without the presence of social institutions.

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  • 5. 

    Schools transmit culture.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Schools play a crucial role in transmitting culture to the younger generations. They provide a structured environment where students learn about their own cultural heritage as well as the traditions, values, and beliefs of other cultures. Through various subjects like history, literature, and social studies, students gain knowledge about different cultures and develop an understanding and appreciation for diversity. Additionally, schools often organize cultural events, celebrations, and activities that further promote cultural awareness and understanding among students. Therefore, it can be concluded that schools indeed transmit culture.

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  • 6. 

    Kinship refers to a social structure that is based on the relations of individuals based on blood, marriage, or both.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Kinship refers to a social structure that is based on the relations of individuals based on blood, marriage, or both. This means that kinship is formed through biological connections (such as parents, siblings, and children) as well as through marriage (such as spouses and in-laws). It is a fundamental aspect of human societies and plays a crucial role in shaping social roles, responsibilities, and relationships. Therefore, the statement "Kinship refers to a social structure that is based on the relations of individuals based on blood, marriage, or both" is true.

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  • 7. 

    Gender is the biological and anatomical differences that distinguish males and females.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is incorrect because gender refers to the social and cultural roles, behaviors, and expectations associated with being male or female, rather than just biological and anatomical differences. Gender is a complex concept that goes beyond biology and includes factors such as identity, expression, and societal norms.

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  • 8. 

    Social stratification is the shift from one class to another.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Social stratification refers to the division of society into different hierarchical levels or classes based on factors such as wealth, occupation, and social status. It does not involve a shift from one class to another, but rather the existence of different classes within a society. Therefore, the statement that social stratification is the shift from one class to another is incorrect.

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  • 9. 

    The Indian caste system is an example of an open social stratification.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Indian caste system is an example of a closed social stratification. In this system, individuals are born into a specific caste and remain in that caste for life, with limited opportunities for social mobility. This rigid social structure is based on the belief in the inherent superiority or inferiority of certain castes, leading to discrimination and inequality. Unlike an open social stratification system where individuals have more opportunities to move between social classes, the Indian caste system is characterized by its closed nature, making the statement false.

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  • 10. 

    It is the feeling of affinity or loyalty towards a particular population, cultural group, or territorial area.

    • A.

      Ethnicity

    • B.

      Pride

    Correct Answer
    A. Ethnicity
    Explanation
    Ethnicity refers to the shared cultural characteristics, traditions, and customs that define a particular group of people. It is a sense of belonging and identification with a specific population or cultural group. This can include factors such as language, religion, ancestry, and traditions. Ethnicity is often associated with a feeling of pride, as individuals embrace and celebrate their unique heritage and cultural background.

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  • 11. 

    It is a set of attitudes, beliefs, and practices used to justify the superior treatment of one racial or ethnic group.

    • A.

      Racism

    • B.

      Nationalism

    Correct Answer
    A. Racism
    Explanation
    Racism refers to a set of attitudes, beliefs, and practices that are employed to rationalize and legitimize the unequal treatment of a particular racial or ethnic group. This includes the belief in the inherent superiority or inferiority of certain races, and the resulting discrimination and prejudice against those deemed different. Racism can manifest in various forms, such as systemic discrimination, hate crimes, or racial slurs, and it perpetuates social inequalities and injustices based on race or ethnicity.

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  • 12. 

    In Philippine society, the following are minorities that are often discriminated and misrepresented, except ________.

    • A.

      Cisgender heterosexual males

    • B.

      LGBTQ people

    • C.

      Indigenous peoples

    • D.

      PWDs

    Correct Answer
    A. Cisgender heterosexual males
    Explanation
    In Philippine society, cisgender heterosexual males are not often discriminated and misrepresented, unlike other minorities such as LGBTQ people, Indigenous peoples, and PWDs. This is because cisgender heterosexual males are generally seen as the dominant group in society, and they do not face the same level of discrimination and marginalization as other groups.

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  • 13. 

    Mark is a new father to twins. Which among the following is a traditional gender role that he is expected to fulfill?

    • A.

      Providing for the family

    • B.

      Taking care of a sick relative

    • C.

      Teaching kids good manners and right conduct

    • D.

      Doing household chores

    Correct Answer
    A. Providing for the family
    Explanation
    As a new father to twins, Mark is expected to fulfill the traditional gender role of providing for the family. This typically involves being the primary breadwinner and ensuring that the family's financial needs are met. This expectation is rooted in traditional gender norms that assign the role of the provider to men, while women are often expected to take on caregiving and domestic responsibilities.

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  • 14. 

    It is the socially sanctioned and systematic supremacy and domination of males.

    • A.

      Patriarchy

    • B.

      Matriarchy

    Correct Answer
    A. Patriarchy
    Explanation
    Patriarchy refers to a social system where males hold power and dominance over females. It is a system that is culturally and socially accepted, where men have more privileges and control in various aspects of life such as politics, economy, and family. Patriarchy perpetuates gender inequality and often leads to the oppression and marginalization of women. It is a system that has been prevalent in many societies throughout history. Matriarchy, on the other hand, refers to a social system where females hold power and dominance over males, which is not the correct answer in this context.

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  • 15. 

    According to this perspective, social stratification is an essential feature of society as it is based on the intrinsic value of social roles.

    • A.

      Functionalist perspective

    • B.

      Conflict theory

    • C.

      Symbolic interactionism

    Correct Answer
    A. Functionalist perspective
    Explanation
    The functionalist perspective believes that social stratification is necessary for society to function effectively. It argues that social roles have different levels of importance and value, and stratification helps to ensure that individuals with the necessary skills and abilities occupy the most important roles. This perspective sees social stratification as a natural and beneficial aspect of society, contributing to its stability and order.

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  • 16. 

    According to this perspective, social stratification is influenced by economic forces.

    • A.

      Conflict theory

    • B.

      Functionalist perspective

    • C.

      Symbolic Interactionism

    Correct Answer
    A. Conflict theory
    Explanation
    Conflict theory suggests that social stratification is influenced by economic forces. This perspective argues that society is divided into different social classes, and these classes are in constant conflict with each other over limited resources. Economic factors such as wealth, income, and occupation play a significant role in determining an individual's social status and position in society. Conflict theorists believe that the unequal distribution of resources leads to social inequality and power struggles between different social groups.

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  • 17. 

    The designation of gender at birth, usually based on sex (genitalia), is called __________.

    • A.

      Gender assignment

    • B.

      Gender expression

    • C.

      Sexual orientation

    • D.

      Gender identity

    Correct Answer
    A. Gender assignment
    Explanation
    Gender assignment refers to the designation of gender at birth, typically based on the appearance of the individual's genitalia. It is the process of assigning a person as either male or female based on physical characteristics. This assignment is often determined by medical professionals and is based on the assumption that an individual's gender is determined solely by their biological sex. However, it is important to note that gender assignment does not always align with a person's gender identity, which is their internal sense of their own gender.

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  • 18. 

    The following are considered sexes in contemporary discourses on LGBTQ, except ___________.

    • A.

      Gay

    • B.

      Female

    • C.

      Male

    • D.

      Intersex

    Correct Answer
    A. Gay
    Explanation
    In contemporary discourses on LGBTQ, the term "gay" refers to individuals who are attracted to people of the same sex, particularly men. While "female," "male," and "intersex" are recognized as sexes, "gay" is not considered a sex but rather a sexual orientation.

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  • 19. 

    This refers to how a person identifies as belonging to a particular gender.

    • A.

      Gender identity

    • B.

      Sexual orientation

    • C.

      Gender assignment

    Correct Answer
    A. Gender identity
    Explanation
    Gender identity refers to how a person identifies as belonging to a particular gender. It is an individual's deeply held sense of their own gender, whether it aligns with the sex they were assigned at birth or not. Gender identity is an internal and personal experience that may or may not align with societal expectations or norms. It is different from sexual orientation, which refers to a person's emotional, romantic, or sexual attraction to others. Gender assignment, on the other hand, is the labeling of an individual as male or female at birth based on their physical characteristics.

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  • 20. 

    Most schools in the Philippines require girls to wear skirt or dress as a uniform. What does this particularly say about schools as social institutions?

    • A.

      Schools reinforce traditional gender expressions.

    • B.

      Schools transmit culture.

    • C.

      Schools help shape the identity of students.

    • D.

      Schools impose fashion choices on women.

    Correct Answer
    A. Schools reinforce traditional gender expressions.
    Explanation
    This answer suggests that the requirement for girls to wear skirts or dresses as a uniform in most schools in the Philippines is a way for schools to reinforce traditional gender expressions. By enforcing this dress code, schools are perpetuating societal norms and expectations regarding gender roles and appearances. This practice can contribute to the socialization process and the maintenance of traditional gender norms within the school environment.

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  • 21. 

    Rowena is a 40-year-old mother of three. After some years of being a stay-at-home-mom, she is now applying for a job as an accountant, which was her profession before. She is frustrated to find that most companies are looking for young people, aged 20–30 years old. The preference to younger people over older people to fulfill a job position is an example of _____.

    • A.

      Discrimination

    • B.

      Sexism

    • C.

      Inequality

    Correct Answer
    A. Discrimination
    Explanation
    The preference for younger people over older people in job positions is an example of discrimination. This is because Rowena is being treated unfairly based on her age, which is a characteristic that should not be a determining factor for employment. Age discrimination occurs when individuals are denied opportunities or treated differently solely because of their age. In this case, Rowena's frustration stems from the fact that she is being overlooked for job opportunities due to her age, despite her qualifications and previous experience in the field.

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  • 22. 

    According to Marx, they are the ones who own and control the means of production.

    • A.

      Bourgeoisie

    • B.

      Proletariat

    Correct Answer
    A. Bourgeoisie
    Explanation
    According to Marx, the bourgeoisie refers to the social class who own and control the means of production. They are the capitalist class who accumulate wealth through the exploitation of the proletariat, the working class. The bourgeoisie control the factories, land, and resources, and they use their power and influence to maintain their dominance in society. Marx believed that the bourgeoisie's control over the means of production leads to social inequality and class struggle.

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  • 23. 

    Thea and her family used to be affluent. However, because of her illness, she lost her job and had difficulty making ends meet for her family. This led her to sell their car and transfer her children from an expensive private school to a public school. What kind of social mobility is such case?

    • A.

      Downward mobility

    • B.

      Upward mobility

    • C.

      Intragenerational mobility

    • D.

      Intergenerational mobility

    Correct Answer
    A. Downward mobility
    Explanation
    The given scenario describes a situation where Thea and her family were once wealthy but due to her illness, they experienced a decline in their social and economic status. They had to sell their car and transfer their children from an expensive private school to a public school in order to make ends meet. This downward movement in their social and economic status is known as downward mobility.

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  • 24. 

    It is a political unit that has sovereignty over an area of territory and the people within it.

    • A.

      State

    • B.

      Nation

    Correct Answer
    A. State
    Explanation
    A state is a political unit that has sovereignty over an area of territory and the people within it. This means that the state has the ultimate authority and control over its territory and the people living in it. It can make and enforce laws, establish institutions, and govern its population. A state is typically recognized by other states and is a member of international organizations. It is distinct from a nation, which refers to a group of people who share common characteristics such as language, culture, or history.

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  • 25. 

    It’s not only humans that evolve based on biology, but also human societies.

    • A.

      False

    • B.

      True

    Correct Answer
    B. True
    Explanation
    Human societies do indeed evolve based on biology. This is because the behavior and organization of human societies are influenced by biological factors such as genetics and evolutionary processes. For example, the development of social structures, cultural norms, and cooperation among individuals can be traced back to evolutionary adaptations that have allowed humans to survive and thrive as a species. Additionally, changes in human societies over time can also be understood through the lens of biological evolution, as societies adapt and respond to environmental challenges and opportunities.

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