Social Studies 10 Digital Midterm

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Social Study Quizzes & Trivia

This test covers content and understanding from our units on the People of Early Canada, Gaining Responsible Government and Confederation, and Geography.
Choose the BEST answer(s). (Checkboxes allow more than one answer)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the modern day federal equivalent to Upper and Lower Canada's Legislative Assembly?

    • A.

      Senate

    • B.

      Cabinet

    • C.

      House of Commons

    • D.

      Privy Council

    Correct Answer
    C. House of Commons
    Explanation
    The modern day federal equivalent to Upper and Lower Canada's Legislative Assembly is the House of Commons. The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of Canada, where Members of Parliament are elected to represent the people and pass laws. This is similar to the Legislative Assembly in Upper and Lower Canada, which had elected representatives who were responsible for making laws and representing the interests of the people. The Senate, Cabinet, and Privy Council are not direct equivalents to the Legislative Assembly in this context.

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  • 2. 

    What is the modern day federal equivalent to Upper and Lower Canada's Executive Council?

    • A.

      Senate

    • B.

      Cabinet

    • C.

      House of Commons

    • D.

      Privy Council

    Correct Answer
    B. Cabinet
    Explanation
    The modern-day federal equivalent to Upper and Lower Canada's Executive Council is the Cabinet. The Cabinet is a group of senior government ministers chosen by the Prime Minister. They are responsible for making important decisions and policies for the government. Similarly, the Executive Council in Upper and Lower Canada was responsible for advising the Governor on matters of governance. Both the Cabinet and the Executive Council play a crucial role in the executive branch of government.

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  • 3. 

    An oligarchy is a type of rule by:

    • A.

      A small, select group of people

    • B.

      One person who has all the power

    • C.

      A king or a queen

    • D.

      No formal leader

    Correct Answer
    A. A small, select group of people
    Explanation
    An oligarchy is a type of rule where power is concentrated in the hands of a small, select group of people. In this form of government, a few individuals hold significant influence and decision-making authority. This group often consists of wealthy or influential individuals who maintain control over political, economic, and social affairs. Oligarchies are characterized by limited participation and representation of the general population, as power is primarily held by a privileged few.

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  • 4. 

    The Seigneurs were landed gentry (rich people) from Britain.    

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the Seigneurs were not landed gentry from Britain. They were actually the feudal lords or landowners in the French-speaking regions of Europe, particularly in France and Quebec. They held significant power and authority over their lands and the people living on them.

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  • 5. 

    The rebellions occurred in 1837 because the merchants were unhappy with the oligarchy.              

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that the rebellions in 1837 were indeed caused by the dissatisfaction of the merchants with the oligarchy. The merchants felt oppressed and marginalized by the oligarchy, which was a small group of wealthy and powerful individuals who held all the political and economic power. This led to widespread discontent among the merchants, eventually culminating in rebellions in 1837.

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  • 6. 

    During the Great Migration, many of the immigrants to Canada came from Eastern Europe.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    During the Great Migration, many of the immigrants to Canada did not come from Eastern Europe.

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  • 7. 

    The oligarchy in Upper Canada wanted public education for all.    

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The oligarchy in Upper Canada did not want public education for all. They preferred to keep education limited to the upper class and believed that the working class should not have access to the same level of education. This allowed the oligarchy to maintain their power and control over society.

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  • 8. 

    Many Immigrants who were not successful in Canada sailed back home.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that many immigrants who were not successful in Canada sailed back home. However, without any further information or context, it is not possible to determine the accuracy of this statement. Therefore, the answer is false as the statement is not supported by any evidence or facts.

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  • 9. 

    The Underground Railway was a series of underground tunnels Black Americans took to get to Canada.   

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Underground Railway was not a series of underground tunnels that Black Americans took to get to Canada. It was actually a network of secret routes and safe houses established in the United States during the early to mid-19th century. The routes were used by enslaved African Americans to escape to free states and Canada with the help of abolitionists and other sympathetic individuals. The term "Underground Railroad" was used metaphorically to describe this covert network, as it operated in secrecy and aimed to transport individuals to freedom.

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  • 10. 

    Canada’s constitution in 1867 was called the British North America Act.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In 1867, Canada's constitution was indeed called the British North America Act. This act was passed by the British Parliament and it established Canada as a federal dominion, granting it self-governance while still maintaining ties to the British Crown. The British North America Act served as the constitution for Canada until 1982, when it was patriated and renamed the Constitution Act, 1867. Therefore, the statement that Canada's constitution in 1867 was called the British North America Act is true.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the follwing are examples of the hardships faced on the journey from Ireland to Canada?

    • A.

      Cholera

    • B.

      Sleeplessness

    • C.

      Crowded Conditions

    • D.

      Starvation

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Cholera
    B. Sleeplessness
    C. Crowded Conditions
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Cholera, Sleeplessness, and Crowded Conditions. These are examples of the hardships faced on the journey from Ireland to Canada. Cholera was a common disease during that time and many people fell ill and died from it. Sleeplessness was a result of the uncomfortable and cramped conditions on the ships, making it difficult for people to rest and sleep properly. Crowded conditions refers to the overcrowded ships, where people were packed tightly together, leading to discomfort and lack of space. These factors contributed to the hardships endured by the Irish immigrants during their journey to Canada.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following contritubted to the nationalistic causes of the 1837 Rebellion in Lower Canada?

    • A.

      Britain had attempted to unite the two colonies

    • B.

      Canadiens thought that the British were purposely sending immigrants with cholera to Lower Canada

    • C.

      Britain did not allow the French to practice Catholicism

    • D.

      Britain had attempted to make the official language of Canada English

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Britain had attempted to unite the two colonies
    B. Canadiens thought that the British were purposely sending immigrants with cholera to Lower Canada
    D. Britain had attempted to make the official language of Canada English
    Explanation
    The nationalistic causes of the 1837 Rebellion in Lower Canada were contributed to by several factors. One of these was Britain's attempt to unite the two colonies, which threatened the distinct identity and autonomy of Lower Canada. Additionally, the belief among Canadiens that the British were purposely sending immigrants with cholera to Lower Canada further fueled their resentment and desire for independence. Lastly, Britain's attempt to make the official language of Canada English was seen as a direct attack on the French-speaking population and their culture. These factors combined to create a strong sense of nationalism and rebellion among the people of Lower Canada.

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  • 13. 

    The only victory for the Patriotes during the 1837 Rebellion was at:

    • A.

      St Denis

    • B.

      St Charles

    • C.

      St Eustache

    • D.

      Montgomery's Tavern

    Correct Answer
    A. St Denis
    Explanation
    The only victory for the Patriotes during the 1837 Rebellion was at St Denis.

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  • 14. 

    What type of crop did the lower classes in Ireland become dependent on in the 1800s?

    • A.

      Carrots

    • B.

      Beats

    • C.

      Potatoes

    • D.

      Rice

    Correct Answer
    C. Potatoes
    Explanation
    In the 1800s, the lower classes in Ireland became heavily dependent on potatoes as their main crop. Potatoes were easy to grow, nutritious, and provided a high yield, making them an ideal staple food for the lower classes. The reliance on potatoes was so significant that when the potato blight struck in the mid-19th century, causing widespread crop failure, it led to the devastating Irish Potato Famine. This event resulted in mass starvation, disease, and the emigration of millions of Irish people.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following reasons caused many Irish to emigrate from Ireland in the early to mid 1800s?

    • A.

      Potato blight

    • B.

      Landlords evicted tenants to create land for grazing

    • C.

      The government offered absolutely no help in the famine

    • D.

      Tenants could not pay their landlords rent

    • E.

      The King of Ireland wanted them out

    • F.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Potato blight
    B. Landlords evicted tenants to create land for grazing
    D. Tenants could not pay their landlords rent
    Explanation
    During the early to mid 1800s, many Irish people emigrated from Ireland due to a combination of factors. One of the main reasons was the potato blight, which caused widespread crop failure and led to a devastating famine. As a result, tenants were unable to pay their landlords rent, leading to mass evictions. Additionally, landlords took advantage of the situation to create more profitable grazing land, further displacing tenants. The lack of government assistance during the famine exacerbated the situation. Therefore, a combination of potato blight, eviction by landlords, and inability to pay rent were the primary reasons for Irish emigration during this period.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following reasons caused African Americans to emigrate from America in the early to mid 1800s?

    • A.

      Adventure

    • B.

      Canada abolished slavery

    • C.

      Escape lynching

    • D.

      Fugitive Slave Act 1850

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Canada abolished slavery
    C. Escape lynching
    D. Fugitive Slave Act 1850
    Explanation
    During the early to mid 1800s, African Americans emigrated from America for several reasons. One reason was that Canada abolished slavery, providing a safe haven for those seeking freedom. Additionally, African Americans fled to escape the threat of lynching, a form of racial violence that was prevalent during this time. Another factor was the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, which allowed for the capture and return of escaped slaves, causing many to seek refuge in Canada. Therefore, the correct answer is Canada abolished slavery, Escape lynching, and Fugitive Slave Act 1850.

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  • 17. 

    Which groups held veto power in Canada after 1791?

    • A.

      Executive Council

    • B.

      Legislative Council

    • C.

      Governor General

    • D.

      Legislative Assembly

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Executive Council
    B. Legislative Council
    C. Governor General
    Explanation
    After 1791, the groups that held veto power in Canada were the Executive Council, Legislative Council, and Governor General. The Executive Council is responsible for advising and assisting the Governor General in decision-making. The Legislative Council is the upper house of the Parliament and has the power to veto legislation. The Governor General, as the representative of the British monarch, also has the authority to veto laws. Therefore, these three groups collectively held the veto power in Canada after 1791.

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  • 18. 

    Which government positions were gained through an election in Canada After 1791?

    • A.

      Executive Council

    • B.

      Legislative Council

    • C.

      Governor General

    • D.

      Legislative Assembly

    Correct Answer
    D. Legislative Assembly
    Explanation
    The Legislative Assembly in Canada after 1791 was a government position gained through elections. This body represented the people and was responsible for making laws and decisions on behalf of the citizens. The Executive Council and Legislative Council were not gained through elections but rather appointed positions. The Governor General, although an important government position, was also not gained through elections but appointed by the monarch. Therefore, the only government position gained through an election in Canada after 1791 was the Legislative Assembly.

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  • 19. 

    Who led the rebellion in Upper Canada during the 1837 Rebellion?

    • A.

      Louis Joseph Papineau

    • B.

      Egerton Ryerson

    • C.

      Robert Gourlay

    • D.

      William Lyon Mackenzie

    Correct Answer
    D. William Lyon Mackenzie
    Explanation
    William Lyon Mackenzie led the rebellion in Upper Canada during the 1837 Rebellion. He was a prominent Canadian journalist and politician who was a strong advocate for democratic reforms and responsible government. Mackenzie organized and led the armed rebellion against the British colonial government in Upper Canada, seeking to overthrow the ruling elite and establish a more democratic system. Although the rebellion ultimately failed, it played a significant role in pushing for political reforms and setting the stage for future changes in Canada.

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  • 20. 

    How did Clergy Reserves contribute to the causes of the Rebellion of 1837?

    • A.

      The Clergy were reserving all the gold in the country

    • B.

      Colonists could not build roads through Clergy Reserves

    • C.

      The Clergy Reserves were placed in remote areas

    • D.

      Colonists demanded more Clergy Reserves so they could access churches more easily

    Correct Answer
    B. Colonists could not build roads through Clergy Reserves
    Explanation
    The Clergy Reserves contributed to the causes of the Rebellion of 1837 because colonists were not allowed to build roads through them. This restriction limited the colonists' ability to access and develop the land, which led to feelings of frustration and resentment. The inability to build roads through the Clergy Reserves hindered the colonists' economic and social progress, contributing to their grievances and ultimately fueling the rebellion.

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  • 21. 

    The Family Compact consisted of:

    • A.

      Wealthy landowners, leaders of the church, members of the Executive Council

    • B.

      The governor and his family

    • C.

      Members of the Assembly

    • D.

      Poor farmers and their wives

    Correct Answer
    A. Wealthy landowners, leaders of the church, members of the Executive Council
    Explanation
    The Family Compact was a small group of influential individuals in Upper Canada during the early 19th century. They held significant political and economic power, and their members included wealthy landowners, leaders of the church, and members of the Executive Council. This group controlled many aspects of the government, making decisions that favored their own interests and limiting the influence of other social groups, such as the poor farmers and their wives.

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  • 22. 

    In 1784, the land that surrounded Hudson Bay and was owned by the Hudson’s Bay Company was called:

    • A.

      Lower Canada

    • B.

      Northwest Territory

    • C.

      Rupert's Land

    • D.

      Upper Canada

    Correct Answer
    C. Rupert's Land
    Explanation
    In 1784, the land that surrounded Hudson Bay and was owned by the Hudson's Bay Company was called Rupert's Land. This term refers to the vast territory in present-day Canada that was granted to the Hudson's Bay Company by King Charles II in 1670. It was named after Prince Rupert of the Rhine, a cousin of the king and one of the company's original investors. Rupert's Land encompassed a significant portion of Canada, including parts of present-day Ontario, Quebec, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and the Northwest Territories.

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  • 23. 

    In the early 1800s, most immigrants to Upper and Lower Canada came from:

    • A.

      China and Japan

    • B.

      Great Britain and Eastern Europe

    • C.

      Great Britain and the USA

    • D.

      France and the USA

    • E.

      France and Eastern Europe

    Correct Answer
    C. Great Britain and the USA
    Explanation
    In the early 1800s, most immigrants to Upper and Lower Canada came from Great Britain and the USA. This is because Canada was still a British colony at that time, and many British citizens were encouraged to settle in Canada. Additionally, the close proximity and cultural similarities between the USA and Canada made it easier for Americans to immigrate to Canada. Therefore, the majority of immigrants during this period came from these two countries.

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  • 24. 

    The Chateau Clique were

    • A.

      French and British landowners, merchants and military men

    • B.

      British farmers and merchants

    • C.

      French landowners, merchants and military men

    • D.

      French and British farmers and merchants

    • E.

      British landowners, merchants and military men

    Correct Answer
    A. French and British landowners, merchants and military men
    Explanation
    The Chateau Clique refers to a group of individuals who were French and British landowners, merchants, and military men. This group consisted of individuals from both France and Britain who held positions of power and influence in their respective countries. They were involved in various aspects of society, including owning land, engaging in trade, and serving in the military.

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  • 25. 

    This reformist group was part of the very first incident during the 1837 Rebellion in Lower Canada:

    • A.

      Habitants

    • B.

      Chateau Clique

    • C.

      Legislative Assembly

    • D.

      Fils de la Liberte

    Correct Answer
    D. Fils de la Liberte
    Explanation
    The Fils de la Liberte were a reformist group that played a significant role in the very first incident of the 1837 Rebellion in Lower Canada. They were a secret society formed by French-Canadian patriots who sought political and social reforms. The Fils de la Liberte were known for their radical actions, such as organizing protests, boycotting British goods, and even resorting to violence. Their involvement in the rebellion marked the beginning of the resistance against British rule in Lower Canada.

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  • 26. 

    In addition to all the things Upper Canadian reformers wanted, the Lower Canadian reformers were concerned about:

    • A.

      The American purchase of Newfoundland

    • B.

      The American purchase of Rupert’s Land

    • C.

      The large number of Black Americans coming into their colony

    • D.

      The large number of Catholics coming into their colony

    • E.

      The protection of their language and religion from the English

    Correct Answer
    E. The protection of their language and religion from the English
    Explanation
    The Lower Canadian reformers were concerned about the protection of their language and religion from the English. This suggests that they wanted to preserve their cultural identity and maintain their distinct language and religious practices in the face of English influence. This concern may have stemmed from a fear of assimilation or a desire to maintain their autonomy within the colony.

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  • 27. 

    The ships that carried the Irish to the North American colonies were called:

    • A.

      Leprechaun Liners

    • B.

      Coffin Ships

    • C.

      Death Boats

    • D.

      York Boats

    Correct Answer
    B. Coffin Ships
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Coffin Ships". This term refers to the ships that carried Irish immigrants to the North American colonies during the 19th century. These ships were given this name because of the extremely poor conditions onboard, which often led to high mortality rates during the long and arduous journey. The cramped and unsanitary conditions on these ships were likened to being inside a coffin, hence the name "Coffin Ships".

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  • 28. 

    People who died onboard the ships while immigrating to North America were:

    • A.

      Cremated

    • B.

      Thrown overboard

    • C.

      Placed below deck until they could be buried on shore

    • D.

      Towed behind the ship

    Correct Answer
    B. Thrown overboard
    Explanation
    During the era of immigration to North America, when people died onboard ships, they were often thrown overboard. This was a common practice due to limited space and resources on the ships. The bodies of the deceased were disposed of in this manner to prevent the spread of disease and to maintain hygiene onboard. Additionally, it was also a practical solution as it allowed the ship to continue its journey without the burden of carrying dead bodies.

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  • 29. 

    Ships heading to Quebec from Europe had to be quarantined at:

    • A.

      Ile St Jean

    • B.

      Ile Royale

    • C.

      Grosse Ile

    • D.

      Ile D'Orleans

    Correct Answer
    C. Grosse Ile
    Explanation
    Ships heading to Quebec from Europe had to be quarantined at Grosse Ile. Grosse Ile was a small island located in the St. Lawrence River near Quebec City. It served as a quarantine station for incoming ships during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The island was used to isolate passengers and crew members who were suspected of carrying contagious diseases, such as cholera and typhus. This measure was taken to prevent the spread of diseases to the mainland.

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  • 30. 

    The Executive Council appoints which of the following positions?

    • A.

      Governor

    • B.

      Legislative Council

    • C.

      Legislative Assembly

    • D.

      Lieutentant Governor

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. None of the above
    Explanation
    The Executive Council does not appoint any of the positions listed in the options. The Governor is usually appointed by the President or the Monarch, the Legislative Council and Legislative Assembly members are elected by the people, and the Lieutenant Governor is appointed by the Governor or the President. Therefore, the correct answer is "None of the above."

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  • 31. 

    Which of the following is an example of an oligarchy in the 1800s?

    • A.

      Governor General

    • B.

      Patriotes

    • C.

      Fils de la Liberte

    • D.

      Chateau Clique and Family Compact

    Correct Answer
    D. Chateau Clique and Family Compact
    Explanation
    Chateau Clique and Family Compact is an example of an oligarchy in the 1800s. Oligarchy refers to a system of government where power is concentrated in the hands of a small group of individuals or families. In the 1800s, the Chateau Clique and Family Compact were influential political networks in Upper Canada (now Ontario) and Lower Canada (now Quebec) respectively. They were composed of wealthy and powerful individuals who held significant control over the government and used their influence to maintain their own interests and suppress the rights and aspirations of the wider population.

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  • 32. 

    Who was the leader of the 1837 Rebellion in Lower Canada?

    • A.

      Louis Jospeh Papineau

    • B.

      Egerton Ryerson

    • C.

      Robert Gourlay

    • D.

      William Lyon Mackenzie

    Correct Answer
    A. Louis Jospeh Papineau
    Explanation
    Louis Joseph Papineau was the leader of the 1837 Rebellion in Lower Canada. He was a prominent politician and lawyer who advocated for the rights and autonomy of French Canadians. Papineau was known for his fiery speeches and his role in organizing the rebellion against the British colonial government. He fought for democratic reforms and was a key figure in the movement for responsible government. Papineau's leadership and his commitment to the cause made him a significant figure in Canadian history.

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  • 33. 

    What act created a unified Canada in 1840?

    • A.

      British North America Act

    • B.

      Constitution Act

    • C.

      Union Act

    • D.

      Quebec Act

    Correct Answer
    C. Union Act
    Explanation
    The Union Act is the correct answer because it was the act that created a unified Canada in 1840. This act united the provinces of Upper Canada (now Ontario) and Lower Canada (now Quebec) into a single entity called the Province of Canada. It aimed to address the political and economic tensions between the two provinces and create a more efficient and stable government. The Union Act laid the foundation for the future confederation of Canada in 1867.

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  • 34. 

    What was the name of the woman who risked her own life to help thousands of Black slaves escape slavery through the Underground Railroad?

    • A.

      Harriet Tubman

    • B.

      Lucy Mitchell

    • C.

      Mary O'Brien

    • D.

      Ellen Craft

    Correct Answer
    A. Harriet Tubman
    Explanation
    Harriet Tubman is the correct answer because she was a prominent figure in the Underground Railroad, a network of secret routes and safe houses used by enslaved African Americans to escape to free states and Canada. Tubman herself was born into slavery and managed to escape, but instead of staying safe, she risked her life multiple times to help others flee to freedom. She became known as "Moses" to those she helped, leading them to safety and guiding them on their journey. Tubman's bravery and determination in helping thousands of Black slaves escape slavery make her the correct answer to this question.

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  • 35. 

    When the Legislative Assembly in Lower Canada sent the 92 Resolutions to the governor, the colonial office in Britain responded by:

    • A.

      Replying with a swift military campaign

    • B.

      Replying with ten commandments outlining how they should live their lives

    • C.

      Replying with ten resolutions denying the rights of the Assembly

    • D.

      Replying with twelve resolutions and swift military action

    • E.

      Sending the members of the Legislative Assembly to exile in Tazmania

    Correct Answer
    C. Replying with ten resolutions denying the rights of the Assembly
    Explanation
    The colonial office in Britain responded to the 92 Resolutions sent by the Legislative Assembly in Lower Canada by replying with ten resolutions denying the rights of the Assembly. This suggests that the colonial office rejected the demands and requests made by the Assembly, possibly in an attempt to maintain control and authority over the colony.

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  • 36. 

    Lord Durham's responsibilities in Canada were to:

    • A.

      Rule with an iron fist so that rebellion would not reoccur

    • B.

      Lead the British troops against the rebels

    • C.

      Solve the "Canadian Problem"

    • D.

      Ensure that Canada gets a responsible government

    Correct Answer
    C. Solve the "Canadian Problem"
    Explanation
    Lord Durham's responsibilities in Canada were to solve the "Canadian Problem". This implies that his main task was to address the issues and conflicts that existed within Canada at that time. It suggests that he was tasked with finding a solution to the problems faced by the Canadian government, society, or economy. This could involve addressing political tensions, social inequalities, or economic challenges in order to bring stability and progress to Canada.

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  • 37. 

    Why did Britain favour a Confederation of the British North American Colonies?

    • A.

      North America was too far to administer

    • B.

      The fur trade was widing down and so North America was no longer useful

    • C.

      North Americans were seen as lower class and useless

    • D.

      British North America would be able to sustain itself with less dependence on Britain

    Correct Answer
    D. British North America would be able to sustain itself with less dependence on Britain
    Explanation
    Britain favored a Confederation of the British North American Colonies because it would allow British North America to sustain itself with less dependence on Britain. This means that the colonies would become more self-sufficient and less reliant on Britain for resources and support. This would benefit Britain by reducing the financial burden of supporting the colonies and allowing them to focus their resources and attention elsewhere.

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  • 38. 

    The Fenians were:

    • A.

      Loyalists who were very much against Confederation, especially in Newfoundland

    • B.

      Farmers in PEI who wanted the future government to buy PEI's farmland to sell it back to them at lower prices

    • C.

      A group of French Roman Catholics in Canada East that demanded a colony wide vote on Confederation

    • D.

      A group of Irish Americans that threatened to attack the British North American Colonies

    Correct Answer
    D. A group of Irish Americans that threatened to attack the British North American Colonies
    Explanation
    The Fenians were a group of Irish Americans who threatened to attack the British North American Colonies. The Fenians were a secret society that emerged in the mid-19th century with the goal of establishing an independent Irish republic by force. They were particularly active in the United States and Canada, where they planned and carried out raids against British targets. Their actions and threats posed a significant threat to the British North American Colonies and their stability.

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  • 39. 

    Which of the following areas were at risk of annexation by the Americans?

    • A.

      Rupert's Land

    • B.

      Newfoundland

    • C.

      Red River Settlement

    • D.

      Nova Scotia

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Rupert's Land
    C. Red River Settlement
    Explanation
    Rupert's Land and Red River Settlement were at risk of annexation by the Americans. This is because both areas were located in close proximity to the United States and were seen as valuable territories. Rupert's Land, located in present-day Canada, was a vast region rich in fur resources and was coveted by American fur traders. Red River Settlement, also located in present-day Canada, was seen as strategically important due to its location along the Red River, which provided access to the western territories. Annexation of these areas would have expanded American territory and resources.

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  • 40. 

    Which parties made up the Great Coalition to argue for Confederation?

    • A.

      Parti Rouge

    • B.

      Parti Bleu

    • C.

      Clear Grits

    • D.

      Tories

    • E.

      Liberals

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Parti Bleu
    C. Clear Grits
    D. Tories
    Explanation
    The Great Coalition to argue for Confederation was made up of the Parti Bleu, Clear Grits, and Tories. These political parties came together to support the idea of Confederation, which aimed to unite the British North American colonies into a single country. The Parti Bleu, a conservative party in Quebec, believed that Confederation would protect French-Canadian rights. The Clear Grits, a reformist party in Canada West (now Ontario), saw Confederation as a way to address political and economic issues. The Tories, a conservative party in Canada West, also supported Confederation for similar reasons.

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  • 41. 

    The original purpose of the Charlottetown Conference was to discuss:

    • A.

      Confederation

    • B.

      War against the Americans

    • C.

      A Maritime Union

    • D.

      An American Union

    • E.

      Negotiation of Reciprocity Treaty

    Correct Answer
    C. A Maritime Union
    Explanation
    The Charlottetown Conference was originally intended to discuss the idea of a Maritime Union. This refers to the possibility of merging the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island into a single political entity. The conference took place in 1864 and was a significant step towards the eventual formation of Canada as a confederation. The idea of a Maritime Union was eventually expanded to include the other provinces, leading to the creation of the Dominion of Canada in 1867.

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  • 42. 

    The intercolonial railway would benefit the following colonies when built:

    • A.

      Quebec (Canada East)

    • B.

      Nova Scotia

    • C.

      New Brunswick

    • D.

      Ontario (Canada West)

    • E.

      Prince Edward Island

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Quebec (Canada East)
    B. Nova Scotia
    C. New Brunswick
    D. Ontario (Canada West)
    Explanation
    The intercolonial railway would benefit Quebec (Canada East), Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Ontario (Canada West) because it would provide a transportation link between these colonies, allowing for the movement of goods and people. This would facilitate trade and economic growth, as well as improve communication and strengthen the political and social ties between the colonies. Additionally, the railway would enhance the colonies' defense capabilities and provide access to new markets and resources.

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  • 43. 

    The following colonies entered confederation in 1867:

    • A.

      Canada

    • B.

      Prince Edward Island

    • C.

      Newfoundland

    • D.

      New Brunswick

    • E.

      Nova Scotia

    • F.

      British Columbia

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Canada
    D. New Brunswick
    E. Nova Scotia
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes Canada, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia. These colonies entered confederation in 1867, which refers to the formation of the Dominion of Canada. This event marked the union of these colonies into a single country, with Canada serving as the overarching entity and New Brunswick and Nova Scotia becoming provinces within it.

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  • 44. 

    At which conference was the final draft of the Confederation Bill drawn up?

    • A.

      London

    • B.

      Charlottetown

    • C.

      Ottawa

    • D.

      Quebec

    Correct Answer
    A. London
    Explanation
    The final draft of the Confederation Bill was drawn up in London.

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  • 45. 

    The Quebec Conference resulted in:

    • A.

      Another meeting in Charlottetown

    • B.

      Creation of the 72 Resolutions

    • C.

      British North America Act

    • D.

      Creation of the London Resolutions

    Correct Answer
    B. Creation of the 72 Resolutions
    Explanation
    The Quebec Conference resulted in the creation of the 72 Resolutions. These resolutions were a series of proposals that outlined the terms for the union of the British North American colonies. They addressed various issues such as the division of powers between the central government and the provinces, the structure of the government, and the protection of minority rights. The 72 Resolutions laid the foundation for the eventual formation of Canada as a federal state under the British North America Act.

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  • 46. 

    "Representation by population" can best be described as the number of seats in Parliament in proportion to the______________ of a population.

    • A.

      Average incomes

    • B.

      English speaking members

    • C.

      Location

    • D.

      Number of male voters

    Correct Answer
    D. Number of male voters
    Explanation
    "Representation by population" refers to the allocation of seats in Parliament based on the number of male voters in a population. This means that the more male voters a population has, the more seats they will have in Parliament. This system ensures that each constituency is represented proportionally to the number of male voters it has, giving a fair distribution of political power.

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  • 47. 

    Which of the following are Federal responsibilities under the BNA Act?

    • A.

      Public debt

    • B.

      Education

    • C.

      Banking

    • D.

      Administration of justice

    • E.

      Postal service

    • F.

      Currency

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Public debt
    C. Banking
    E. Postal service
    F. Currency
    Explanation
    The BNA Act outlines the division of powers between the federal and provincial governments in Canada. Public debt, banking, postal service, and currency are all federal responsibilities under the BNA Act. The federal government has the authority to manage public debt, regulate banking activities, oversee the postal service, and control the currency system. Education and administration of justice, on the other hand, are typically considered provincial responsibilities.

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  • 48. 

    Which of the following are Provincial Responsibilities under the BNA Act?

    • A.

      Copyright

    • B.

      Hospitals

    • C.

      Health care spending

    • D.

      Natural resources

    • E.

      Defense

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Hospitals
    C. Health care spending
    D. Natural resources
    Explanation
    The BNA Act assigns certain responsibilities to the provinces. Hospitals, health care spending, and natural resources are examples of provincial responsibilities under the BNA Act. This means that the provinces have the authority and jurisdiction to manage and regulate these areas within their respective territories.

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  • 49. 

    The Battle of Seven Oaks is significant because:

    • A.

      It was the first battle that Aboriginals fought in to help Canadians

    • B.

      It marked the beginning of the struggle between the Metis and Canada

    • C.

      It was the first Fenian attack that eventually contributed to Canada entering Confederation

    • D.

      It helped to gain Indian status for the Metis in Canada

    Correct Answer
    B. It marked the beginning of the struggle between the Metis and Canada
    Explanation
    The Battle of Seven Oaks is significant because it marked the beginning of the struggle between the Metis and Canada. This battle, which took place in 1816, was a conflict between the Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company, with the Metis playing a significant role. The battle resulted in the death of Robert Semple, the governor of the Hudson's Bay Company, and escalated tensions between the Metis and the Canadian government. It was a precursor to future conflicts and negotiations between the Metis and Canada, highlighting the ongoing struggle for recognition and rights.

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  • 50. 

    What caused the Battle of Seven Oaks?

    • A.

      The Pemmican Proclamation

    • B.

      Decline in buffalo population

    • C.

      The Union Act

    • D.

      Oligarchy in Canada

    Correct Answer
    A. The Pemmican Proclamation
    Explanation
    The Battle of Seven Oaks was caused by the Pemmican Proclamation. The Pemmican Proclamation was a law passed by the Hudson's Bay Company that restricted the trade of pemmican, a vital food source for the Métis people. This proclamation angered the Métis, who relied heavily on pemmican for survival and trade. As a result, tensions escalated between the Métis and the Hudson's Bay Company, leading to the violent conflict known as the Battle of Seven Oaks in 1816.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 15, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Brchan
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