SOC 124 Make Up

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| By Dlsterling
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SOC 124 Make Up - Quiz

Sociology Quiz 1
Time: 60 mins
This quiz will not be available after Sunday 6:00pm


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who is considered the father of sociology?

    • A.

      Auguste Comte

    • B.

      Emile Durkeim

    • C.

      Karl Marzk

    • D.

      Darnelle Sterling

    Correct Answer
    A. Auguste Comte
    Explanation
    Auguste Comte is considered the father of sociology because he coined the term "sociology" and is credited with establishing it as a distinct academic discipline. Comte believed that society could be studied scientifically, and he developed a systematic approach to understanding social phenomena. His work laid the foundation for the development of sociology as a field of study, and his ideas continue to influence sociological theories and research today.

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  • 2. 

    Which discipline defines itself as “the systematic study of human society”?           

    • A.

      Sociology

    • B.

      psychology

    • C.

      Economics

    • D.

      History

    Correct Answer
    A. Sociology
    Explanation
    Sociology is the discipline that defines itself as "the systematic study of human society". It focuses on understanding social behavior, social relationships, and social institutions. Sociology examines how society influences individuals and how individuals contribute to the formation and functioning of society. It investigates various aspects of human society, such as social structures, social norms, social inequality, and social change. Psychology, economics, and history also study aspects of human behavior and society, but sociology specifically emphasizes the systematic study of human society.

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  • 3. 

    Peter Berger described using the sociological perspective as seeing the ______ in the _______.         

    • A.

      Good; worst tragedies

    • B.

      New; old

    • C.

      Specific; general

    • D.

      General; particular

    Correct Answer
    D. General; particular
    Explanation
    Using the sociological perspective, Peter Berger suggests that individuals should see the general patterns and structures in society, which in turn helps them understand the particular behaviors and actions of individuals within that society. This perspective allows for a broader understanding of social phenomena by examining the larger social context in which they occur, rather than focusing solely on individual experiences or actions.

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  • 4. 

    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:         

    • A.

      more clinical depression

    • B.

      less money, power, and other resources.

    • C.

      Lower social integration.

    • D.

      Greater self-esteem.

    Correct Answer
    C. Lower social integration.
    Explanation
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has lower social integration. This means that individuals who are less connected to social groups, communities, and networks are more likely to experience higher rates of suicide. Durkheim believed that social integration provides individuals with a sense of belonging, support, and purpose, which helps protect against suicidal tendencies. Therefore, lower social integration increases the risk of suicide among certain groups of people.

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  • 5. 

    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:                        

    • A.

      common sense into laws of society.

    • B.

      personal problems into public issues

    • C.

      People into supporters of the status quo.

    • D.

      Scientific research into common sense.

    Correct Answer
    B. personal problems into public issues
    Explanation
    The "sociological imagination" is a concept developed by C. Wright Mills that encourages individuals to see the connection between their personal experiences and the broader social and historical context. It suggests that personal problems are not solely the result of individual shortcomings, but rather can be understood as products of larger societal issues. By transforming personal problems into public issues, individuals are encouraged to critically analyze and challenge the structural and systemic factors that contribute to these problems. This perspective promotes a more sociological understanding of the world, rather than relying solely on common sense or individualistic explanations.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our own borders?           

    • A.

      Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected

    • B.

      Many problems that we face in Belize are far more serious elsewhere.

    • C.

      Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.

    • D.

      All of the above are correct.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above are correct.
    Explanation
    Understanding the world beyond our own borders is important because nations are increasingly interconnected, meaning that events and issues in one country can have significant impacts on others. Additionally, studying other societies can provide insights and perspectives that help us better understand our own society. Furthermore, by recognizing that many problems faced in our own country may be more serious elsewhere, it encourages us to be more empathetic and proactive in addressing global challenges. Therefore, all of the given reasons are valid explanations for why it is important to understand the world beyond our own borders.

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  • 7. 

    Learning more sociology helps us to:           

    • A.

      Assess the truth of "common sense."

    • B.

      assess the opportunities and constraints in our lives.

    • C.

      Be more active participants in society.

    • D.

      All of the above are correct.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above are correct.
    Explanation
    Learning more sociology helps us to assess the truth of "common sense" because it allows us to critically examine commonly held beliefs and assumptions about society. It also helps us assess the opportunities and constraints in our lives by providing us with a deeper understanding of social structures and systems. Additionally, learning sociology enables us to be more active participants in society by equipping us with knowledge about social issues and the tools to analyze and address them. Therefore, all of the given options are correct explanations of how learning more sociology can benefit us.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?      

    • A.

      the founding of the Roman Catholic church

    • B.

      The rise of industrial factories and cities

    • C.

      The power of tradition

    • D.

      A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"

    Correct Answer
    B. The rise of industrial factories and cities
    Explanation
    The rise of industrial factories and cities is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline. This is because the rapid urbanization and industrialization during this time created significant social changes and challenges. Sociologists were interested in studying the effects of these changes on society, such as the emergence of new social classes, urban poverty, and the impact of industrialization on family and community structures. The rise of industrial factories and cities provided a rich context for sociologists to examine and understand the social dynamics and issues of the time.

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  • 9. 

    The term “sociology” was coined in 1838 by:           

    • A.

      Karl Marx.

    • B.

      Herbert Spencer.

    • C.

      Adam Smith.

    • D.

      Auguste Comte.

    Correct Answer
    D. Auguste Comte.
    Explanation
    Auguste Comte is credited with coining the term "sociology" in 1838. He is considered the founder of sociology and is known for his positivist approach, which emphasized the scientific study of society. Comte believed that sociology should be based on empirical observation and the application of scientific methods to understand social behavior and institutions. His work laid the foundation for the development of sociology as a distinct discipline.

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  • 10. 

    The major goal of sociology’s pioneers, including Comte and Durkheim, was:          

    • A.

      To change social patterns and events.

    • B.

      To help build an "ideal society."

    • C.

      To discover how society actually operates.

    • D.

      To prevent disruptive social change.

    Correct Answer
    C. To discover how society actually operates.
    Explanation
    The major goal of sociology's pioneers, including Comte and Durkheim, was to discover how society actually operates. This means that they were interested in understanding the social structures, institutions, and processes that shape human behavior and interactions in society. They aimed to uncover the underlying patterns and dynamics that govern social life, rather than seeking to change or prevent social patterns and events. Their focus was on studying and analyzing society in order to gain knowledge and insights into its functioning.

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  • 11. 

    Comte described the earliest human societies as being at which stage of societal development?           

    • A.

      Theological stage

    • B.

      Metaphysical stage

    • C.

      Scientific stage

    • D.

      Post-scientific stage

    Correct Answer
    A. Theological stage
    Explanation
    Comte described the earliest human societies as being at the theological stage of societal development. In this stage, people explained natural phenomena and social order through religious and supernatural beliefs. They attributed events to the will of gods or spirits and relied on religious rituals and practices to maintain social cohesion. This stage was characterized by a lack of scientific understanding and a heavy reliance on religious explanations for the workings of the world.

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  • 12. 

    _____ is a way of understanding the world based on science.               

    • A.

      Theology

    • B.

      Positivism

    • C.

      Metaphysics

    • D.

      Free will

    Correct Answer
    B. Positivism
    Explanation
    Positivism is a philosophical approach that emphasizes the use of scientific methods and empirical evidence to understand and explain the world. It rejects metaphysical speculation and focuses on observable facts and phenomena. Positivism views science as the only reliable source of knowledge and seeks to uncover universal laws and principles through systematic observation and experimentation. Therefore, positivism aligns with the idea of understanding the world based on science.

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  • 13. 

    The theoretical approach in sociology that assumes society is a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability is the:           

    • A.

      structural-functional approach.

    • B.

      Social-conflict approach

    • C.

      Symbolic-interaction approach

    • D.

      None of the above is correct

    Correct Answer
    A. structural-functional approach.
    Explanation
    The structural-functional approach in sociology assumes that society is like a complex system, where different parts work together to promote solidarity and stability. This approach focuses on how different social institutions and structures function to maintain social order and cohesion. It emphasizes the interdependence of various social elements and how they contribute to the overall functioning of society.

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  • 14. 

    The "framework for building theory that sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change" is the           

    • A.

      structural-functional approach.

    • B.

      Social-conflict approach

    • C.

      Symbolic-interaction approach

    • D.

      None of the above is correct

    Correct Answer
    B. Social-conflict approach
    Explanation
    The social-conflict approach is a framework that views society as a place where inequality exists and generates conflict and change. This perspective emphasizes the power struggles and social inequalities that exist within society, focusing on how dominant groups exert control over subordinate groups. It highlights how social structures and institutions contribute to the perpetuation of inequality and how social change can occur through collective action and challenging the existing power dynamics. This approach is different from the structural-functional approach, which focuses on the functions and stability of social structures, and the symbolic-interaction approach, which emphasizes the subjective meanings and interactions between individuals.

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  • 15. 

    Which theoretical approach claims that it is not so much what people do that matters as much as what meaning they attach to their behavior?           

    • A.

      structural-functional approach.

    • B.

      Social-conflict approach

    • C.

      Symbolic-interaction approach

    • D.

      None of the above is correct

    Correct Answer
    C. Symbolic-interaction approach
    Explanation
    The symbolic-interaction approach claims that it is not so much what people do that matters, but rather the meaning they attach to their behavior. This approach focuses on the interactions between individuals and how they interpret symbols and meanings in their social interactions. It emphasizes the importance of shared meanings and symbols in shaping individual behavior and social interactions.

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  • 16. 

    According to sociologists, human behavior reflects our personal "free will."

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    According to sociologists, human behavior is not solely determined by personal "free will." Sociologists argue that human behavior is influenced by various social factors such as culture, social norms, institutions, and socialization processes. These factors shape and constrain individual behavior, suggesting that our actions are not solely a result of personal choice or free will. Therefore, the statement that human behavior reflects our personal "free will" is false according to sociologists.

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  • 17. 

    Sociology is defined as the systematic study of human society.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Sociology is the scientific study of human society, focusing on the social behavior, relationships, and institutions that shape our lives. It involves examining social patterns, structures, and processes to understand how society functions and how individuals are influenced by their social surroundings. By studying sociology, we gain insights into various aspects of human behavior, such as culture, socialization, inequality, and social change. Therefore, the statement that sociology is defined as the systematic study of human society is true.

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  • 18. 

    C. Wright Mills claimed that, most of the time, people were responsible for theirown problems

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    C. Wright Mills did not claim that people were responsible for their own problems most of the time. In fact, Mills argued that many of the problems individuals face are a result of larger social and structural forces beyond their control. He believed that issues such as poverty, inequality, and oppression were systemic and required collective action to address. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 19. 

    Societies around the world are more interconnected than ever before.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that societies around the world are now more connected than ever before. This can be attributed to advancements in technology, such as the internet and social media, which have made it easier for people to communicate and share information across borders. Additionally, globalization has increased the flow of goods, services, and ideas between countries, further enhancing interconnectedness. Overall, the statement is supported by the current state of global affairs, where events and developments in one part of the world can have significant impacts on others.

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  • 20. 

    Revolutionary changes in European societies sparked the development of sociology

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because revolutionary changes in European societies, such as the Industrial Revolution and the French Revolution, brought about significant social and political transformations. These changes led to the emergence of new social classes, urbanization, and the breakdown of traditional social structures. Sociologists began to study and analyze these societal changes, leading to the development of sociology as a discipline. Therefore, it can be concluded that revolutionary changes in European societies indeed sparked the development of sociology.

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  • 21. 

    The sociological perspective helps us recognize that the lives of individuals are shaped by the forces of society. Explain, in a short essay, how the sociological perspective reveals “the general in the particular." To illustrate, explain how society plays a part in your own decision to attend college

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  • Current Version
  • Apr 29, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 11, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Dlsterling
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