Skills And Processes Of Science, Quiz 1

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Skills And Processes Of Science, Quiz 1 - Quiz

This mini quiz will help you decide how much review you need to do in the area of the skills and process of science, including scientific method, interpreting graphs, lab safety, and measurement.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Students studied a species of fish. They wanted to find out if these fish grow faster in warmer water. The students designed an experiment to determine how different water temperatures affect the growth of the fish. They placed one fish in a tank at 26°C and another fish in a tank at 22°C. The fish were fed the same amount of food during the experiment. The mass of each fish was recorded at the beginning and at the end of the experiment. What was the independent variable?  

    • A.

      The amount of food given to each fish

    • B.

      The percent change in mass of the fish

    • C.

      The starting mass of the fish

    • D.

      The temperature of the water

    Correct Answer
    D. The temperature of the water
    Explanation
    The independent variable in this experiment is the temperature of the water. The students wanted to determine how different water temperatures affect the growth of the fish, so they manipulated the temperature by placing one fish in a tank at 26°C and another fish in a tank at 22°C. They kept all other factors constant, including the amount of food given to each fish, the starting mass of the fish, and the percent change in mass of the fish. By changing the temperature of the water, the students were able to observe and measure the effect of temperature on the growth of the fish.

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  • 2. 

    Dreissena polymorpha, the zebra mussel, is a species of mussel that is native to East European waterways. They are not native to the Great Lakes, but they have been introduced there.  Researchers believe that zebra mussels are ten times more effective in removing toxic contaminants from polluted water than are native mussels.  Which of these experiments would test this hypothesis?

    • A.

      Place 20 zebra mussels in a tank with PCBs and 20 zebra mussels in another tank without PCBs. Test PCB levels of each tank after one week.

    • B.

      Place 20 zebra mussels in a tank with PCBs and 20 native mussels in another tank without PCBs. Test PCB levels of each tank after one week.

    • C.

      Place 20 zebra mussels in a tank with PCBs and 20 native mussels in another tank with PCBs. Test PCB levels of each tank after one week.

    • D.

      Place 20 native mussels in a tank with PCBs and 20 native mussels in a tank without PCBs. Test PCB levels of each tank after one week.

    Correct Answer
    C. Place 20 zebra mussels in a tank with PCBs and 20 native mussels in another tank with PCBs. Test PCB levels of each tank after one week.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to place 20 zebra mussels in a tank with PCBs and 20 native mussels in another tank with PCBs, and then test the PCB levels of each tank after one week. This experiment would test the hypothesis because it would allow for a direct comparison between the zebra mussels and the native mussels in the same conditions. By testing the PCB levels in each tank, researchers would be able to determine if the zebra mussels are indeed more effective in removing toxic contaminants compared to the native mussels.

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  • 3. 

    Students studied a species of fish. They wanted to find out if these fish grow faster in warmer water. The students designed an experiment to determine how different water temperatures affect the growth of the fish. They placed one fish in a tank at 26°C and another fish in a tank at 22°C. The fish were fed the same amount of food during the experiment. The mass of each fish was recorded at the beginning and at the end of the experiment. The data the students collected are shown in the table below. The students concluded that warmer temperatures did increase growth in fish. However, they forgot to keep another factors constant. Looking at the students' data table, what is another possible conclusion they might have reached?

    • A.

      Small fish grow at a faster rate than large fish

    • B.

      Large fish grow faster than small fish

    • C.

      Guppies grow faster than angelfish

    • D.

      Angelfish grow faster than guppies

    Correct Answer
    A. Small fish grow at a faster rate than large fish
    Explanation
    The possible conclusion that the students might have reached is that small fish grow at a faster rate than large fish. This conclusion can be drawn from the data table, as the fish in the tank at 26°C (warmer temperature) had a smaller starting mass but a larger ending mass compared to the fish in the tank at 22°C (cooler temperature).

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  • 4. 

    The chart below is the nutrition facts found on a bag of pretzels. How would you determine the total number of calories in the entire bag?

    • A.

      Multiply 25 and 10

    • B.

      Multiply 25 and 120

    • C.

      Multiply 10 and 120

    • D.

      Multiply 120 and 23

    Correct Answer
    C. Multiply 10 and 120
    Explanation
    To determine the total number of calories in the entire bag, you would multiply the serving size (10) by the number of calories per serving (120). This calculation gives you the total number of calories in the entire bag.

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  • 5. 

    Cheryl wants to perform an investigation that requires using hazardous chemicals. The following steps of the investigation are not in the correct order. 1. Perform the investigation.  2. Design the investigation.  3. Put on gloves, goggles, and an apron. 4. Dispose of waste materials.  Which of these is the correct sequence of steps to safely complete the investigation?    

    • A.

      1-3-4-2

    • B.

      3-2-1-4

    • C.

      4-1-3-2

    • D.

      2-3-1-4

    Correct Answer
    D. 2-3-1-4
  • 6. 

    The graphs below show the effects of temperature and pH on the reaction rate of an enzyme. Food will stay fresh longer when enzyme activity is slowed. Which of the following conditions would most likely slow enzyme activity?

    • A.

      Reducing pH from 8 to 7 by adding a weak acid

    • B.

      Increasing pH from 5 to 6 by adding a weak base

    • C.

      Reducing temperature from 30°C to 20°C by refrigeration

    • D.

      Increasing temperature from 30°C to 40°C by heating

    Correct Answer
    C. Reducing temperature from 30°C to 20°C by refrigeration
    Explanation
    Lowering the temperature from 30°C to 20°C by refrigeration would most likely slow enzyme activity. Enzymes are sensitive to temperature changes, and lowering the temperature decreases the kinetic energy of the enzyme molecules, reducing their ability to collide with substrates and catalyze reactions effectively. This decrease in enzyme activity would result in slower degradation of food, allowing it to stay fresh longer.

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  • 7. 

     Students crossed male and female flies that had red eyes and recorded the eye color of their offspring. Their data are shown below. Using the data in the table, what is the approximate ratio of red-eyed offspring to brown-eyed offspring?

    • A.

      1:1

    • B.

      2:1

    • C.

      3:1

    • D.

      4:1

    Correct Answer
    C. 3:1
    Explanation
    The data in the table shows that out of the total offspring, there are 3 red-eyed offspring for every 1 brown-eyed offspring. This means that the approximate ratio of red-eyed offspring to brown-eyed offspring is 3:1.

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  • 8. 

    To determine the mass of a snail, a student will place it on a glass dish and weigh the dish and snail.  What should the student do first?

    • A.

      Weigh the dish before placing the snail on it and add this to the weight of dish and snail.

    • B.

      Weigh the dish before placing the snail on it and subtract this number from the weight of dish and snail.

    • C.

      Weigh a different dish and subtract its mass from the mass of the dish and snail.

    • D.

      Weigh a different snail and add its weight to the weight of the first snail.

    Correct Answer
    B. Weigh the dish before placing the snail on it and subtract this number from the weight of dish and snail.
    Explanation
    The student should weigh the dish before placing the snail on it and subtract this number from the weight of dish and snail. This is because by weighing the dish before adding the snail, the student can determine the weight of just the snail by subtracting the weight of the empty dish from the combined weight of the dish and snail.

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  • 9. 

    The following table provides data on the population growth of bacteria over time. According to the data table, which of the following is true?

    • A.

      The graph of data would be a straight line with a slope of 2.

    • B.

      The number of bacteria doubles every twenty minutes.

    • C.

      At 140 minutes, there should be about 96 bacteria.

    Correct Answer
    B. The number of bacteria doubles every twenty minutes.
    Explanation
    Based on the given data table, the number of bacteria consistently doubles every twenty minutes. This can be observed by comparing the population at each time interval. For example, at 20 minutes, the population is 48, and at 40 minutes, it is 96, indicating that it has doubled. This trend continues throughout the data, confirming that the number of bacteria doubles every twenty minutes.

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  • 10. 

    Two students placed drops of water on an old penny and a new penny. They recorded how many drops could be placed on each.  What data was being recorded as the results?

    • A.

      How many students were participating

    • B.

      The color of the penny

    • C.

      The number of drops of water

    • D.

      The age of the penny

    Correct Answer
    C. The number of drops of water
    Explanation
    The data being recorded as the results is the number of drops of water that could be placed on each penny.

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  • 11. 

    In an experiment, a set-up used to compare to the experimental set-up is called ________.

    • A.

      A control

    • B.

      A hypothesis

    • C.

      The independent variable

    • D.

      The dependent variable

    Correct Answer
    A. A control
    Explanation
    A control is a set-up used in an experiment to provide a baseline for comparison. It is used to ensure that any changes or effects observed in the experimental set-up are due to the independent variable being tested, and not due to other factors. The control group is kept unchanged or given a standard treatment, allowing researchers to compare the results with the experimental group. This helps in determining the cause and effect relationship between the independent variable and the dependent variable.

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  • 12. 

    When you make a graph of data, the independent variable ______________________.

    • A.

      Goes on the x axis.

    • B.

      Goes on the y axis.

    • C.

      Can go on either axis.

    Correct Answer
    A. Goes on the x axis.
    Explanation
    When you make a graph of data, the independent variable goes on the x-axis. The x-axis represents the horizontal axis and is used to plot the independent variable, which is the variable that is being manipulated or controlled in the experiment. The dependent variable, on the other hand, goes on the y-axis, which represents the vertical axis. This is because the dependent variable is the variable that is being measured or observed and is expected to change in response to changes in the independent variable.

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  • 13. 

    Two students placed drops of water on an old penny and a new penny. They recorded how many drops could be placed on each.  Before they write their results, they need to  make a table.  They decided to make a chart with two columns.  What do the two columns represent?

    • A.

      Student 1 student 2

    • B.

      Old penny new penny

    • C.

      Drops of water drops of oil

    Correct Answer
    B. Old penny new penny
    Explanation
    The two columns in the chart represent the different types of pennies being tested - the old penny and the new penny. The students are recording the number of drops that can be placed on each type of penny.

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  • 14. 

    Two students placed drops of water on an old penny and a new penny. They recorded how many drops could be placed on each.  What data was being recorded as the results?

    • A.

      How many students were participating

    • B.

      The color of the penny

    • C.

      The number of drops of water

    • D.

      The age of the penny

    Correct Answer
    C. The number of drops of water
    Explanation
    The data being recorded as the results is the number of drops of water that could be placed on each penny.

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  • 15. 

    Two students placed drops of water on an old penny and a new penny. They recorded how many drops could be placed on each.  What is the independent variable?

    • A.

      The number of students

    • B.

      The number of drops of water

    • C.

      The type of penny

    Correct Answer
    C. The type of penny
    Explanation
    The independent variable in this experiment is the type of penny. The students are testing how the type of penny (old or new) affects the number of drops of water that can be placed on it. They are not changing the number of students or the number of drops of water, so these variables are not independent variables in this experiment.

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  • 16. 

    Two students placed drops of water on an old penny and a new penny. They recorded how many drops could be placed on each. What is the dependent variable?

    • A.

      The number of students

    • B.

      The number of drops of water

    • C.

      The type of penny

    Correct Answer
    B. The number of drops of water
    Explanation
    The dependent variable in this experiment is the number of drops of water. The number of drops of water is being measured and recorded based on whether they can be placed on an old penny or a new penny. The dependent variable is the variable that is being affected or influenced by the independent variable, which in this case is the type of penny.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 17, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 10, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Kath0915
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