Scientific Revolution And The Englightenment

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Thomprya
T
Thomprya
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 153
Questions: 16 | Attempts: 153

SettingsSettingsSettings
Scientific Revolution Quizzes & Trivia

Choose the answer that you feel best fits the question.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Copernicus was most famous for this writing

    • A.

      The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

    • B.

      The Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres

    • C.

      Candide

    • D.

      Inquiry Into Human Nature

    Correct Answer
    B. The Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres
    Explanation
    Copernicus is most famous for his writing "The Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres." This book proposed the heliocentric model of the universe, which challenged the prevailing belief that the Earth was the center of the universe. Copernicus argued that the Earth and other planets revolve around the Sun, marking a significant shift in our understanding of the cosmos. His work laid the foundation for modern astronomy and had a profound impact on scientific thinking during the Renaissance and beyond.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    "The New Astronomy" was written by

    • A.

      Thomas Hobbes

    • B.

      Galileo

    • C.

      Hume

    • D.

      Kepler

    Correct Answer
    D. Kepler
    Explanation
    "The New Astronomy" was written by Kepler. Kepler was a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer who is best known for his laws of planetary motion. His work revolutionized the field of astronomy and laid the foundation for modern astrophysics. Kepler's book, "The New Astronomy," published in 1609, presented his groundbreaking discoveries and theories, including his three laws of planetary motion. This book played a crucial role in advancing our understanding of the solar system and paved the way for future scientific exploration.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Which great work introduced the idea of gravity and proved its existance through mathematics?

    • A.

      Principia Mathematica

    • B.

      The Social Contract

    • C.

      Nathan the Wise

    • D.

      An Essay on Crime and Punishment

    Correct Answer
    A. Principia Mathematica
    Explanation
    "Principia Mathematica" is the correct answer because it is a renowned scientific work written by Sir Isaac Newton. In this book, Newton introduced the concept of gravity and provided mathematical proofs to support its existence. The Principia Mathematica laid the foundation for the laws of motion and universal gravitation, revolutionizing the field of physics and our understanding of the physical world.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    One of the most recognizable works of Thomas Hobbes

    • A.

      Discourse

    • B.

      Starry Messenger/Letters on Sunspots

    • C.

      Leviathan

    • D.

      The Social Contract

    Correct Answer
    C. Leviathan
    Explanation
    Leviathan is one of the most recognizable works of Thomas Hobbes. It is a political philosophy book that discusses the social contract and the nature of government. In Leviathan, Hobbes argues that a strong central authority is necessary to prevent chaos and ensure social order. The book is known for its influential ideas on sovereignty, the state of nature, and the role of government in society.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    "Pensee" was a novel that directly attacked _____ as a false religion with bad morals.

    • A.

      Islam

    • B.

      Christianity

    • C.

      Muslim

    • D.

      Buddhism

    Correct Answer
    A. Islam
    Explanation
    The novel "Pensee" directly attacked Islam as a false religion with bad morals.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The work "_____" identified God and nature/the spiritual and material world.

    • A.

      Advancement of Learning

    • B.

      The Social Contract

    • C.

      Vindication of the Rights of Women

    • D.

      Ethics

    Correct Answer
    D. Ethics
    Explanation
    Ethics is the correct answer because it is a branch of philosophy that deals with moral principles and values. Ethics seeks to identify and understand what is morally right and wrong, and how individuals should behave in relation to others. It explores concepts such as good and evil, justice, and the nature of ethical decision-making. In this context, ethics can help to identify and understand the relationship between God and nature, or the spiritual and material world, by providing a framework for moral reflection and guidance.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Adam Smith wrote a novel that...

    • A.

      Explained the rise of Christianity.

    • B.

      Said that economic liberty was the foundation of a natural (laissez-faire) economic system.

    • C.

      Was about deductive investigation and the scientific method.

    • D.

      Attacked war, religious persecution, and unwarranted optimism.

    Correct Answer
    B. Said that economic liberty was the foundation of a natural (laissez-faire) economic system.
  • 8. 

    "The Social Contract" was a work by

    • A.

      Descartes

    • B.

      John Locke

    • C.

      Spinoza

    • D.

      Rousseau

    Correct Answer
    D. Rousseau
    Explanation
    "The Social Contract" was a work by Rousseau. This book, published in 1762, explores the idea of a social contract between the government and the people. Rousseau argues that individuals should willingly give up some of their freedoms in order to form a collective body that works for the common good. He emphasizes the importance of a democratic society where the people have a say in the decision-making process. Rousseau's ideas had a significant influence on political philosophy and played a role in shaping the French Revolution.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    The thought that miracles weren't real and that the real miracles were people who believed in them were shown in "_______" by _________

    • A.

      Inquiry of Human Nature, Hume

    • B.

      Vindication of the Rights of Women, Mary Wollstonecraft

    • C.

      The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Mary Wollstonecraft

    • D.

      The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Hume

    Correct Answer
    A. Inquiry of Human Nature, Hume
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Inquiry of Human Nature, Hume." In this work by Hume, he explores the concept of miracles and argues that they are not real. He suggests that the real miracles are the beliefs and faith that people have in them. This aligns with the statement in the question that miracles weren't real and that the real miracles were people who believed in them.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Mary Wollestonecraft was famous for her inspiring novel, called

    • A.

      The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire

    • B.

      Religion Within the Limits of Reason Alone

    • C.

      Vindication of the Rights of Women

    • D.

      Principia Mathematica

    Correct Answer
    C. Vindication of the Rights of Women
    Explanation
    Mary Wollestonecraft was famous for her inspiring novel called "Vindication of the Rights of Women". This novel was a groundbreaking work that advocated for women's rights and argued against the prevailing societal norms and expectations placed on women. Wollestonecraft's work was influential in the feminist movement and is considered a foundational text in the fight for gender equality.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    "The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire" described...

    • A.

      A collection of the greatest new ideas from over 100 Enlightenment fathers and principles.

    • B.

      The rise and fall of Christianity through natural causes

    • C.

      A vast collection of astronomical data for future astronomists.

    • D.

      The transformation of religion into humane force of encouraging virtuous living.

    Correct Answer
    B. The rise and fall of Christianity through natural causes
    Explanation
    "The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire" described the rise and fall of Christianity through natural causes. This means that the book explored how Christianity grew in influence and eventually declined, all due to natural factors and events. It likely analyzed historical, social, and cultural factors that contributed to the rise of Christianity within the Roman Empire, as well as factors that led to its decline. The book may have examined the interactions between Christianity and other religions, the impact of political and social changes on the spread of Christianity, and other relevant aspects of this historical phenomenon.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Bacon's novel "_______" explained deductive investigation and the scientific method.

    • A.

      Candide

    • B.

      Discourse

    • C.

      Spirit of Laws

    • D.

      Ethics

    Correct Answer
    B. Discourse
    Explanation
    Bacon's novel "Discourse" is the correct answer because it is known for explaining deductive investigation and the scientific method. This novel is Francis Bacon's most famous work and it outlines his philosophy on science and the importance of using deductive reasoning and the scientific method in the pursuit of knowledge. It emphasizes the need for systematic observation, experimentation, and logical reasoning to arrive at scientific truths.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    "_________" and "Letters on Sun Spots" by _________ argued for new evidence discovered on the moon and heavens.

    • A.

      "Advancement of Learning"/Descartes

    • B.

      "Pensees"/Pascal

    • C.

      "Leviathan"/Hobbes

    • D.

      "Starry Messenger"/Galileo

    Correct Answer
    D. "Starry Messenger"/Galileo
    Explanation
    "Starry Messenger" by Galileo argued for new evidence discovered on the moon and heavens. This book, published in 1610, presented Galileo's observations made through his newly invented telescope, including his discovery of the moons of Jupiter and the phases of Venus. Galileo's work challenged the prevailing geocentric model of the universe and provided strong evidence in support of the heliocentric model proposed by Copernicus. The book played a significant role in the scientific revolution and marked a turning point in our understanding of the cosmos.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Brahe was famous for...

    • A.

      His vast collection on astronomical data for future astronomers.

    • B.

      His work on mathematics and physics.

    • C.

      His experiments with chemicals.

    • D.

      His contributions to English and literature.

    Correct Answer
    A. His vast collection on astronomical data for future astronomers.
    Explanation
    Brahe was famous for his vast collection on astronomical data for future astronomers. This suggests that he had collected a significant amount of information related to astronomy, which would be valuable for future researchers and scientists in the field. This implies that his contributions were focused on gathering and documenting data rather than on other areas such as mathematics, physics, experiments with chemicals, or contributions to English and literature.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    The idea of "tabula rasa" came from Locke's...

    • A.

      "Leviathan"

    • B.

      "Nathan the Wise"

    • C.

      "An Essay on Crime and Punishment"

    • D.

      "An Essay Concerning Human Understanding"

    Correct Answer
    D. "An Essay Concerning Human Understanding"
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "An Essay Concerning Human Understanding". This is because John Locke's concept of "tabula rasa" is discussed in this book. In this work, Locke argues that the human mind is like a blank slate at birth, and that all knowledge and ideas are acquired through experience and perception. The term "tabula rasa" refers to this idea of the mind being a blank slate that is filled with knowledge and ideas over time.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Voltaire wrote "_______" to attack war, religious persectution, and unwarranted optimism.

    • A.

      "Candide"

    • B.

      "Ethics"

    • C.

      "Discourse"

    • D.

      "Inquiring into the Nature"

    Correct Answer
    A. "Candide"
    Explanation
    Voltaire wrote "Candide" to criticize and satirize various aspects of society, including war, religious persecution, and blind optimism. The novel follows the journey of its protagonist, Candide, who experiences numerous misfortunes and witnesses the hypocrisy and cruelty of the world. Through his narrative, Voltaire highlights the absurdity of war, the injustices caused by religious intolerance, and the dangers of unwarranted optimism. "Candide" serves as a critique of these societal issues, urging readers to question and challenge prevailing beliefs and institutions.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.