Enlightenment And Scientific Revolution Quiz

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Michelle BYRD
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Enlightenment Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the best definition of Renaissance?

    • A.

      Beginnings of Kings and Queens on the European continent

    • B.

      Refreshment of European interests in New World exploration

    • C.

      Reogranization of governments of Europe

    • D.

      Rebirth of culture in Europe

    Correct Answer
    D. Rebirth of culture in Europe
    Explanation
    The best definition of Renaissance is the rebirth of culture in Europe. This period, spanning from the 14th to the 17th century, marked a revival of interest in the arts, literature, science, and learning. It was characterized by a renewed focus on humanism, the study of classical texts, and the development of new artistic techniques. The Renaissance brought about significant cultural and intellectual advancements, leading to a profound impact on European society and laying the foundation for the modern world.

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  • 2. 

    What powerful family helped to spread the influence of the Renaissance culture thorughout Italy? 

    • A.

      Tudor

    • B.

      Medici

    • C.

      Francis

    • D.

      Florence

    Correct Answer
    B. Medici
    Explanation
    The Medici family played a significant role in spreading the influence of Renaissance culture throughout Italy. They were a powerful and wealthy family from Florence, known for their patronage of the arts and sciences. The Medici family supported artists, architects, and scholars, providing them with financial support and opportunities to create and share their work. Through their patronage, the Medici family helped to foster the development of Renaissance art, literature, and ideas, making Florence a center of cultural innovation and attracting talented individuals from all over Italy and beyond.

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  • 3. 

    Middle Ages: Influence of ____________Renaissance: Influence of Greek and Roman culture

    • A.

      Trade

    • B.

      Banks

    • C.

      Religion

    • D.

      Government

    Correct Answer
    C. Religion
    Explanation
    During the Middle Ages, religion had a significant influence on society. The Catholic Church held immense power and authority, shaping various aspects of life including politics, education, and culture. The Church played a central role in people's lives, and religious beliefs and practices dictated social norms and values. In contrast, during the Renaissance, there was a shift towards a more secular society, and the influence of Greek and Roman culture became prominent. The revival of classical learning and the study of ancient texts led to a renewed interest in literature, art, philosophy, and architecture, which were heavily influenced by the ideas and values of ancient Greece and Rome.

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  • 4. 

    What motivated Martin Luther to speak out against the Catholic Church?

    • A.

      The sell of indulgences were getting out of control and people were spending a large portion of salary on "buying" forgiveness

    • B.

      The printing press was out and he was angry that he was not promoted to become the Pope

    • C.

      The Catholic Church had moved him to be a priest in a smaller town, he was going to make less money

    • D.

      He wanted to create his own religion

    Correct Answer
    A. The sell of indulgences were getting out of control and people were spending a large portion of salary on "buying" forgiveness
    Explanation
    Martin Luther was motivated to speak out against the Catholic Church because he observed that the sale of indulgences had become excessive and people were spending a significant portion of their income on purchasing forgiveness. This practice troubled him and led him to challenge the Church's teachings and advocate for reform.

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  • 5. 

    Reformation: ____________ revolutionRenaissance: cultural revolution

    • A.

      Political

    • B.

      Religious

    • C.

      Economic

    • D.

      Social

    Correct Answer
    B. Religious
    Explanation
    The Reformation was a religious revolution that occurred in the 16th century, led by Martin Luther and other reformers who challenged the authority of the Catholic Church. It resulted in the establishment of Protestantism and led to significant changes in religious practices and beliefs. Similarly, the Renaissance was a cultural revolution that took place in Europe during the 14th to 17th centuries, characterized by a renewed interest in art, literature, and learning. While the Renaissance had political, economic, and social aspects, its core focus was on the revival of classical knowledge and humanistic values. Therefore, the correct answer is religious, as it accurately represents the nature of the Reformation.

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  • 6. 

    Machaivellli, a Renaissance political thinker, would be best remember by which of the following statements? 

    • A.

      Be Bold, Do whatever it takes to stay in power, Be strong

    • B.

      The weak will never survive in the end

    • C.

      Be curious and love art

    • D.

      Kings and Queens will rule the world

    Correct Answer
    A. Be Bold, Do whatever it takes to stay in power, Be strong
    Explanation
    Machiavelli, a Renaissance political thinker, is best remembered for his statement "Be Bold, Do whatever it takes to stay in power, Be strong." This statement reflects Machiavelli's belief in the importance of political power and the necessity for rulers to be assertive and ruthless in order to maintain their authority. Machiavelli's famous work, "The Prince," explores the idea that a ruler should prioritize the preservation of power above all else, even if it means resorting to immoral or unethical tactics. This statement encapsulates Machiavelli's pragmatic and Machiavellian approach to politics.

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  • 7. 

    Why was the Columbian Exchange named after Christopher Columbus?

    • A.

      He invented the term

    • B.

      He was an expert on New World species

    • C.

      His ship was nicknamed the Columbian Exchange

    • D.

      His voyages marked the beginning of the exchange

    Correct Answer
    D. His voyages marked the beginning of the exchange
    Explanation
    The Columbian Exchange was named after Christopher Columbus because his voyages marked the beginning of the exchange. During his expeditions, Columbus made contact with the Americas, leading to the exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and ideas between the New World and the Old World. This significant historical event had a profound impact on the global economy, culture, and ecology, and it all started with Columbus's explorations.

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  • 8. 

    The Ottoman Empire had taken control of most of the overland trade routes, so Europe needed to search for a cheaper route to Asia.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the time of the Ottoman Empire, they had control over the major overland trade routes, making it difficult for Europe to access the lucrative Asian markets. As a result, European countries were motivated to find an alternative route to Asia that would bypass Ottoman-controlled territories. This led to the exploration and eventual discovery of new sea routes, such as the famous journey of Christopher Columbus, in search of a cheaper and more direct path to Asia. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 9. 

    The Scientific Revolution can be best described as...? 

    • A.

      A new way of thinking about the natural world based upon careful observaion and being able to question accepted beliefs

    • B.

      The realization that the Earth was round instead of flat during the Age of Discovery

    • C.

      The discovery of nulclear energy as a main source of power

    • D.

      An acceptance that the Catholic Church was the only true source of knowledge

    Correct Answer
    A. A new way of thinking about the natural world based upon careful observaion and being able to question accepted beliefs
    Explanation
    The Scientific Revolution can be best described as a new way of thinking about the natural world based upon careful observation and being able to question accepted beliefs. This explanation captures the essence of the Scientific Revolution, which was a period of significant advancements in scientific knowledge and understanding. During this time, individuals began to rely on empirical evidence and experimentation to challenge traditional beliefs and theories. The emphasis on observation and critical thinking led to groundbreaking discoveries and a shift towards a more evidence-based approach to understanding the natural world.

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  • 10. 

    The heliocentric theory suggested that...? 

    • A.

      Earth is the only planet able to sustain life

    • B.

      The sun is the center of our solar system

    • C.

      All humans have one common ancestor

    • D.

      The sun will eventually turn into a black hole

    Correct Answer
    B. The sun is the center of our solar system
    Explanation
    The heliocentric theory proposed that the sun is the center of our solar system. This theory, first introduced by Nicolaus Copernicus in the 16th century, challenged the prevailing belief that the Earth was the center of the universe. According to the heliocentric model, the planets, including Earth, revolve around the sun in elliptical orbits. This theory revolutionized our understanding of the solar system and laid the foundation for modern astronomy.

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  • 11. 

    Which scientist does not belong with the Enlightenment/Scientfiic Revolution Era?

    • A.

      Issac Newton

    • B.

      Galilelo Galilei

    • C.

      Francis Bacon

    • D.

      Albert Einstein

    Correct Answer
    D. Albert Einstein
    Explanation
    Albert Einstein does not belong with the Enlightenment/Scientific Revolution Era because he lived in the 20th century, while the Enlightenment/Scientific Revolution Era took place in the 17th and 18th centuries. Einstein's groundbreaking theories of relativity and his contributions to the field of physics came after this era. Therefore, he is not considered a scientist of the Enlightenment/Scientific Revolution Era.

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  • 12. 

    Montesquieu's philosophy can be found in which famous American document? 

    • A.

      Treaty of Paris

    • B.

      Declaration of Independence

    • C.

      US Constitution

    • D.

      Gettysburg Address

    Correct Answer
    C. US Constitution
    Explanation
    Montesquieu's philosophy can be found in the US Constitution. Montesquieu was a French philosopher who advocated for the separation of powers in government. This principle is reflected in the US Constitution, which divides power among three branches - the legislative, executive, and judicial. The Constitution also incorporates other ideas from Montesquieu, such as checks and balances and the idea of a government with limited powers. Therefore, the US Constitution is the document that best represents Montesquieu's philosophy.

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  • 13. 

    John Locke believed in the concept of natural rights of the indiividual. What US document did he later help influence in our national history? 

    • A.

      Gettysburg Address

    • B.

      US Constitution

    • C.

      Declaration of Independence

    • D.

      Emancipation Proclamation

    Correct Answer
    C. Declaration of Independence
    Explanation
    John Locke's belief in the concept of natural rights of the individual heavily influenced the drafting of the Declaration of Independence. The Declaration of Independence, signed in 1776, asserted the rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness as unalienable rights for all individuals. Locke's ideas regarding the social contract and the right to rebel against an unjust government were instrumental in shaping the language and principles of the Declaration. Therefore, the correct answer is the Declaration of Independence.

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  • 14. 

    Select the best definition of revolution.

    • A.

      Change

    • B.

      War

    • C.

      Conflict

    • D.

      Independence

    Correct Answer
    A. Change
    Explanation
    A revolution refers to a significant and fundamental change in a particular aspect or system. It can involve a complete transformation, alteration, or shift in social, political, economic, or cultural structures. This change is usually brought about by a collective effort or movement aiming to challenge and replace existing norms, beliefs, or practices. The term "revolution" does not specifically imply war, conflict, or independence, although these events can sometimes be catalysts for revolutionary change. Therefore, "change" is the best definition that encompasses the broad scope of a revolution.

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  • 15. 

    Heliocentric theory greatly disturbed the most powerful influence in Europe. Identify who would not have been happy with this theory.

    • A.

      Church Leaders

    • B.

      Issac Newton

    • C.

      John Locke

    • D.

      Sir Francis Bacon

    Correct Answer
    A. Church Leaders
    Explanation
    Church leaders would not have been happy with the heliocentric theory because it challenged the traditional belief that the Earth was the center of the universe and that everything revolved around it. The theory proposed by Nicolaus Copernicus stated that the Sun was at the center of the solar system, which contradicted the religious teachings of the Church. Church leaders held significant power and influence in Europe during that time, and any challenge to their beliefs would have been seen as a threat to their authority and control.

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  • 16. 

    The geocentric theory would be best described as...?

    • A.

      Earth is the center of the universe

    • B.

      Sun is the center of the universe

    • C.

      Moon is the center of the universe

    • D.

      Church is the center of the universe

    Correct Answer
    A. Earth is the center of the universe
    Explanation
    The geocentric theory states that the Earth is the center of the universe. This theory was widely accepted in ancient times and was supported by observations and philosophical beliefs of the time. It suggested that all celestial bodies, including the Sun and the Moon, revolve around the Earth. This theory was eventually replaced by the heliocentric theory, which proposed that the Sun is at the center of the solar system.

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  • 17. 

    John Locke would have supported which of the following?

    • A.

      The separate branches of government

    • B.

      The desire to have a absolute monarch or king

    • C.

      Social Contracts between the people and the government

    • D.

      Life, Liberty, Property- Natural Rights

    Correct Answer
    D. Life, Liberty, Property- Natural Rights
    Explanation
    John Locke, a prominent philosopher of the Enlightenment era, believed in the concept of natural rights. These rights include life, liberty, and property, which he argued were inherent to all individuals and should be protected by the government. Locke also believed in the social contract theory, which states that the government's authority is derived from the consent of the governed. Therefore, he would have supported the idea of social contracts between the people and the government, as well as the protection of natural rights such as life, liberty, and property.

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  • 18. 

    Why was Galileo placed under house arrest in his lifetime?

    • A.

      He spoke out against Martin Luther during the Protestant Reformation

    • B.

      He was convicted of a crime

    • C.

      He published his views that supported the heliocentric view and the church was upset with his thoughts

    • D.

      He was stealing secrets from Isaac Newton

    Correct Answer
    C. He published his views that supported the heliocentric view and the church was upset with his thoughts
    Explanation
    Galileo was placed under house arrest in his lifetime because he published his views that supported the heliocentric view and the church was upset with his thoughts. This contradicted the geocentric view held by the Catholic Church at that time, which stated that the Earth was the center of the universe. Galileo's support for the heliocentric view challenged the authority and teachings of the church, leading to his punishment.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 06, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Michelle BYRD
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