Revolution And Enlightenment, 1550-1800 Test 2

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Verdun
V
Verdun
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 123 | Total Attempts: 108,684
Questions: 21 | Attempts: 170

SettingsSettingsSettings
Revolution And Enlightenment, 1550-1800 Test 2 - Quiz

Answer the questions fo the chapter on Revolution and Enlightenment, 1550-1800.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Earth at the center of a series of contric spheres

    • A.

      Bill of Rights

    • B.

      Ptolemaic system

    • C.

      Laissez-faire

    • D.

      Rococo

    Correct Answer
    B. Ptolemaic system
    Explanation
    The Ptolemaic system was a geocentric model of the universe proposed by the ancient Greek astronomer Ptolemy. According to this system, Earth was believed to be at the center of the universe, with the celestial bodies, including the sun and planets, revolving around it in concentric spheres. This model was widely accepted for centuries until it was challenged by the heliocentric model proposed by Copernicus. The Ptolemaic system was influential in shaping the understanding of astronomy and cosmology during its time.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    First European to study stars by using a telescope

    • A.

      Balthasar Neumann

    • B.

      Rene Descartes

    • C.

      Galileo Galilei

    Correct Answer
    C. Galileo Galilei
    Explanation
    Galileo Galilei is the correct answer because he was the first European to study stars using a telescope. Galileo was an Italian astronomer, physicist, and engineer who made significant contributions to the field of astronomy. He constructed his own telescope and used it to make groundbreaking observations of the night sky. His observations included discovering the four largest moons of Jupiter, observing the phases of Venus, and documenting the craters on the Moon. Galileo's use of the telescope revolutionized the study of stars and paved the way for future advancements in astronomy.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    The intellectuals of the Enlightenment

    • A.

      Ptolemaic system

    • B.

      Laissez-faire

    • C.

      Philosophes

    Correct Answer
    C. Philosophes
    Explanation
    The term "philosophes" refers to the intellectuals of the Enlightenment, a period in history characterized by the pursuit of knowledge, reason, and progress. These thinkers were influential in challenging traditional beliefs and advocating for social and political reforms. They believed in the power of reason and science to improve society and criticized the authority of the church and monarchy. The philosophes played a significant role in shaping the ideas and values of the Enlightenment, advocating for concepts such as individual rights, freedom of speech, and religious tolerance.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Father of modern rationalism

    • A.

      George Washington

    • B.

      Rene Descartes

    • C.

      Galileo Galilei

    Correct Answer
    B. Rene Descartes
    Explanation
    Rene Descartes is often referred to as the father of modern rationalism because of his significant contributions to philosophy and mathematics. Descartes is best known for his famous statement "Cogito, ergo sum" (I think, therefore I am), which laid the foundation for rationalism and the importance of individual reasoning and skepticism. He emphasized the use of reason and logic to understand the world, paving the way for modern scientific inquiry. Descartes' works, such as "Meditations on First Philosophy," had a profound impact on the development of Western philosophy and his ideas continue to be influential today.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Style that emphasized grace and charm

    • A.

      Articles of Confederation

    • B.

      Laissez-faire

    • C.

      Rococo

    Correct Answer
    C. Rococo
    Explanation
    The term "rococo" refers to a style that emphasized grace and charm. It was a decorative and ornate style that emerged in the 18th century. Rococo art and architecture featured intricate designs, delicate curves, and elaborate details. This style was popular among the French aristocracy and reflected their luxurious and extravagant lifestyle. The emphasis on grace and charm in rococo art and design can be seen in the intricate patterns, pastel colors, and playful motifs that were characteristic of this style.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Idea that the state should not interferere with the economy

    • A.

      Laissez-faire

    • B.

      Philosophes

    • C.

      Rococo

    Correct Answer
    A. Laissez-faire
    Explanation
    The term "laissez-faire" refers to the idea that the state should not interfere with the economy. It is a concept that advocates for minimal government intervention in economic affairs, allowing the free market to operate without restrictions. This approach is often associated with the philosophy of the "philosophes" during the Enlightenment period, who believed in individual freedoms and limited government control. The term "rococo" is unrelated to the concept of laissez-faire and refers to an ornate and elaborate artistic style popular in the 18th century.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Architect of the Church of the Fourteen Saints

    • A.

      Isaac Newton

    • B.

      Nicholas Coopernicus

    • C.

      Balthasar Neumann

    Correct Answer
    C. Balthasar Neumann
    Explanation
    Balthasar Neumann is the correct answer because he was the architect of the Church of the Fourteen Saints. Isaac Newton and Nicholas Coopernicus were not architects and had no involvement in the construction of this church. Therefore, Balthasar Neumann is the most suitable choice for the architect of the Church of the Fourteen Saints.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Commander in chie of the Continental Army

    • A.

      Francis Bacon

    • B.

      John Locke

    • C.

      George Washington

    Correct Answer
    C. George Washington
    Explanation
    George Washington is the correct answer because he served as the commander in chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He played a crucial role in leading the army to victory against the British forces, ultimately securing independence for the United States. Washington's leadership skills, strategic thinking, and determination made him an influential figure in American history. His role as commander in chief solidified his position as a key founding father and the first President of the United States.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    The American nation's first constitution

    • A.

      Philosophes

    • B.

      Articles of Cofederation

    • C.

      Bill of Rights

    Correct Answer
    B. Articles of Cofederation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Articles of Confederation." The Articles of Confederation was the first constitution of the United States. It was adopted in 1781 and served as the governing document for the nation until it was replaced by the Constitution in 1789. The Articles of Confederation established a weak central government, giving most power to the individual states. It had several limitations and flaws, leading to the need for a stronger and more effective system of government, which was addressed in the Constitution.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Ten amendments that guaranteed certain freedoms

    • A.

      Articles of Cofederation

    • B.

      Bill of Rights

    • C.

      Philosophes

    Correct Answer
    B. Bill of Rights
    Explanation
    The Bill of Rights refers to the first ten amendments of the United States Constitution, which were added to guarantee certain fundamental freedoms and rights to the citizens. These amendments were introduced to address concerns raised by the Anti-Federalists who feared that the original Constitution did not adequately protect individual liberties. The Bill of Rights includes important provisions such as freedom of speech, religion, and the right to a fair trial. It serves as a crucial safeguard against government infringement on personal freedoms and has played a vital role in shaping the American legal system.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Which of the following was the first to argue that the Sun, not the Earth, was the center of the universe

    • A.

      Ptolemy

    • B.

      Nicholas Copernicus

    • C.

      Johannes Kepler

    • D.

      Martin Luther

    Correct Answer
    B. Nicholas Copernicus
    Explanation
    Nicholas Copernicus was the first to argue that the Sun, not the Earth, was the center of the universe. He proposed the heliocentric model, which stated that the Earth and other planets revolve around the Sun. This was a significant departure from the prevailing geocentric model proposed by Ptolemy, which stated that the Earth was the center of the universe. Copernicus' theory laid the foundation for modern astronomy and had a profound impact on our understanding of the universe.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Isaac Newton's universal law of gravitation

    • A.

      Was denounced by the Anglican Church as the work of the Devil.

    • B.

      Refuted Galileo Galilei's theroy of universal movement.

    • C.

      Was laughed at by Galileo, Kepler, and Copernicus.

    • D.

      Showed how one law could explain all motion in the universe.

    Correct Answer
    D. Showed how one law could explain all motion in the universe.
    Explanation
    Isaac Newton's universal law of gravitation showed how one law could explain all motion in the universe. This law, formulated by Newton in his Principia Mathematica, stated that every particle of matter in the universe attracts every other particle with a force that is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them. This law provided a unified explanation for the motion of celestial bodies, as well as the motion of objects on Earth. It was a groundbreaking concept that revolutionized our understanding of the physical world.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Frances Bacon, an English philosopher, believed scientists should

    • A.

      Use inductive reasoning.

    • B.

      Rely solely on the Bible.

    • C.

      Leave nature alone.

    • D.

      Use chance to study nature.

    Correct Answer
    A. Use inductive reasoning.
    Explanation
    Frances Bacon, an English philosopher, believed that scientists should use inductive reasoning. Inductive reasoning involves drawing general conclusions based on specific observations or evidence. Bacon argued that this method was essential for understanding and uncovering the laws of nature. He believed that relying solely on the Bible or leaving nature alone would limit scientific progress. Similarly, using chance to study nature would not provide a systematic and reliable approach to scientific inquiry. Therefore, Bacon advocated for the use of inductive reasoning as the most effective method for scientific investigation.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    John Locke's ideas suggest that people were

    • A.

      Born either good or evil.

    • B.

      Inherently self-centered

    • C.

      Naturally inclined to be stupid.

    • D.

      Molded by their experiences.

    Correct Answer
    D. Molded by their experiences.
    Explanation
    John Locke's ideas propose that individuals are not born inherently good or evil, self-centered, or naturally inclined to be stupid. Instead, he believed that people are molded by their experiences. This means that individuals' behavior, beliefs, and attitudes are shaped by the environment and the interactions they have throughout their lives. Locke emphasized the importance of education and the influence of society in shaping individuals' character and understanding.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    To Voltaire and many other philosophes, the universe was

    • A.

      A divine creation.

    • B.

      Unknowable at all.

    • C.

      Like a clock.

    • D.

      Constructed like a flower.

    Correct Answer
    C. Like a clock.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "like a clock." This answer suggests that Voltaire and other philosophes believed that the universe was orderly and operated according to fixed laws, similar to the precise and predictable movements of a clock. This viewpoint reflects the Enlightenment era's emphasis on reason, logic, and the belief that the natural world could be understood through scientific inquiry.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    In Jean-Jacques Rousseau's concept of a social contract,

    • A.

      An entire society agrees to be governed by its general will.

    • B.

      Punsishments are not exercises in brutality, and capital punishment is discarded.

    • C.

      The government should not interfere in economic matters.

    • D.

      Women should be equal granted rights nearly equal to those of men.

    Correct Answer
    A. An entire society agrees to be governed by its general will.
    Explanation
    In Jean-Jacques Rousseau's concept of a social contract, he argued that individuals in a society agree to come together and form a government that is based on the general will of the people. This means that the decisions and actions of the government should reflect the common interests and desires of the entire society, rather than just a select few. It emphasizes the idea of collective decision-making and the importance of the common good. This concept suggests that individuals willingly give up some of their personal freedoms in order to benefit the greater society as a whole.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Which of the following composed The Marriage of Figaro, The Magic Flute, and Don Giovonni, three of the worlds greatest operas?

    • A.

      Franz Joseph Haydn

    • B.

      Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

    • C.

      Johann Sebastian

    • D.

      George Frederick Handel

    Correct Answer
    B. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Explanation
    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart composed The Marriage of Figaro, The Magic Flute, and Don Giovanni, three of the world's greatest operas. He was a prolific composer during the Classical period and is considered one of the greatest composers in history. His operas are known for their beautiful melodies, intricate harmonies, and dramatic storytelling. Mozart's works continue to be performed and admired by audiences around the world.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    As a result of the Treaty of Paris in 1763,

    • A.

      France gained control of Great Britain's holdings in India in exchange for French territories in North America.

    • B.

      Austria regained control of Silesia from Prussia.

    • C.

      Maria theresa of Austria was able to effect a diplomatic revolution and win France as an ally.

    • D.

      Great Britain had become the worlds greatest colonial power.

    Correct Answer
    D. Great Britain had become the worlds greatest colonial power.
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Paris in 1763 marked the end of the Seven Years' War, also known as the French and Indian War. This treaty resulted in several significant outcomes, including France ceding its territories in North America to Great Britain. However, the most significant consequence was that Great Britain emerged as the world's greatest colonial power. This was due to the acquisition of vast territories, including Canada and various French colonies in North America, which greatly expanded Britain's colonial holdings and influence around the world.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Which of the following was the first country to grant diplomatic recognition to the new American state?

    • A.

      France

    • B.

      Prussia

    • C.

      Spain

    • D.

      Austria

    Correct Answer
    A. France
    Explanation
    France was the first country to grant diplomatic recognition to the new American state. This is because France had been a key ally to the American colonies during the American Revolutionary War, providing military and financial support. The Treaty of Alliance signed between France and the United States in 1778 solidified their alliance and established diplomatic relations. Therefore, France's recognition of the new American state was a significant step in establishing its legitimacy and international standing.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    The Constitutional Conventional Convention began as

    • A.

      A meeting to draft a declaration of independence from British rule.

    • B.

      The result of a vote by the new Congress to adopt amendments that guaranteed certain freedoms.

    • C.

      A meeting of delegates to devse the Articles of Confederation.

    • D.

      A plan to divide up the lands of the thirteen colonies into states

    Correct Answer
    C. A meeting of delegates to devse the Articles of Confederation.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a meeting of delegates to devise the Articles of Confederation. The Constitutional Convention was held in 1787 in Philadelphia with the purpose of revising the existing Articles of Confederation, which were the first attempt at creating a national government in the United States. The delegates gathered to discuss and create a new framework for the government, resulting in the drafting of the Constitution of the United States.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    What was the dominant religion in western Europe during the Enlightenment?

    • A.

      Eadtern Orthodox Christain

    • B.

      Musliim

    • C.

      Catholic

    • D.

      Protestant

    Correct Answer
    C. Catholic
    Explanation
    During the Enlightenment, the dominant religion in western Europe was Catholicism. This was largely due to the fact that Catholicism was the official religion of many European countries, including France, Spain, and Italy. Additionally, the Catholic Church held significant political and social power during this time, which further solidified its dominance in the region. The Enlightenment was a period of intellectual and philosophical growth, characterized by a focus on reason, science, and individualism. While Protestantism also had a significant presence in western Europe, Catholicism remained the dominant religion during this period.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Jan 10, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 24, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Verdun
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.