Chapter 10: Revolution And Enlightenment, 1550–1800 Chapter Overview

36 Questions | Total Attempts: 79

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Revolution Quizzes & Trivia

Answer questions about Chapter 10: Revolution and Enlightenment, 1550–1800 Chapter Overview.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The ___________________________ gave rise to a intellectual movement—the Enlightenment. Enlightenment thought provided the philosophical foundations for the American Revolution.
    • A. 

      French Revolution

    • B. 

      American Revolution

    • C. 

      Scientific Revolution

    • D. 

      German Revolution

  • 2. 
    Britain lost its colonies in North America to the newly formed __________________, while Spain and Portugal held onto their profitable Latin American colonies.
    • A. 

      United States

    • B. 

      Germany

    • C. 

      France

    • D. 

      Africa

  • 3. 
    Sixteenth-century Europeans began to question the scientific assumptions of the ancient authorities and to develop new theories about the ___________.
    • A. 

      History

    • B. 

      People

    • C. 

      World

    • D. 

      universe

  • 4. 
    Nicholas Copernicus, Johannes Kepler, and Galileo Galilei revolutionized ____________.
    • A. 

      Medicine

    • B. 

      astronomy

    • C. 

      History

    • D. 

      Math

  • 5. 
    Copernicus claimed that the sun, not the earth, was at the center of the universe—an idea considered heresy by the __________.
    • A. 

      Baptist Church

    • B. 

      Catholic Church

    • C. 

      Mission Church

    • D. 

      Christian Church

  • 6. 
     Equally revolutionary were Isaac Newton's explanations of ____________________.
    • A. 

      Of philosophy and reason in improving society.

    • B. 

      Gravity and the movement of the planets.

    • C. 

      Methodism.

    • D. 

      Taxation.

  • 7. 
    There were breakthroughs in medicine and chemistry, and numerous women contributed to the body of ___________.
    • A. 

      Scientific research.

    • B. 

      Poetry research.

    • C. 

      Music research.

    • D. 

      History research.

  • 8. 
    The new view of the universe affected ____________ philosophy.
    • A. 

      Western

    • B. 

      Eastern

    • C. 

      Southern

    • D. 

      Northern

  • 9. 
    The Frenchman ____________, the first rationalist, declared that matter could be independently investigated by reason.
    • A. 

      Nicholas Copernicus

    • B. 

      Johannes Kepler

    • C. 

      Rene Descartes

    • D. 

      Galileo Galilei

  • 10. 
    Francis Bacon, an English philosopher, developed the scientific method—a system for collecting and analyzing evidence.
    • A. 

      Johannes Kepler

    • B. 

      Francis Bacon

    • C. 

      Frederick the Great

    • D. 

      Catherine the Great

  • 11. 
    The desire for a more spiritual experience inspired new religious movements, such as the ___________________.
    • A. 

      Catholic of John Wesley

    • B. 

      Christian of John Wesley

    • C. 

      Baptist of John Wesley

    • D. 

      Methodism of John Wesley

  • 12. 
    The Scientific Revolution gave rise to the_______________, an eighteenth-century movement that stressed the role of philosophy and reason in improving society.
    • A. 

      Enlightenment

    • B. 

      Natural Rights

    • C. 

      Territorial

    • D. 

      Succession

  • 13. 
    Enlightenment intellectuals, known as philosophes, were chiefly social reformers from the nobility and the __________.
    • A. 

      No class

    • B. 

      Upper class

    • C. 

      Lower class

    • D. 

      Middle class

  • 14. 
    They often met in the salons of the upper classes to discuss the ideas of such giants as _________________________________________.
    • A. 

      Bach, Handel, Haydn, and Mozart .

    • B. 

      Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Mary Wollstonecraft.

    • C. 

      Nicholas Copernicus, Johannes Kepler, and Galileo Galilei.

    • D. 

      Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Diderot.

  • 15. 
    In the economic sphere, ___________ put forth the doctrine of laissez-faire economics.
    • A. 

      Adam Smith

    • B. 

      Mary Wollstonecraft

    • C. 

      John Wesley

    • D. 

      Jean-Jacques Rousseau

  • 16. 
    The later Enlightenment produced social thinkers such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau and an early advocate of women's rights, ______________.
    • A. 

      Mary Wollstonecraft

    • B. 

      Catherine the Great

    • C. 

      Rose Craft

    • D. 

      Joan Montesquieu

  • 17. 
    __________ gatherings, along with the growth of book and magazine publishing, helped spread Enlightenment ideas among a broad audience.
    • A. 

      Novels

    • B. 

      Baroque

    • C. 

      Salon

    • D. 

      Constitution

  • 18. 
    Most Europeans were still Christians.  
    • A. 

      At war.

    • B. 

      Christians

    • C. 

      Musicians.

    • D. 

      Artists

  • 19. 
    The desire for a more spiritual experience inspired new religious movements, such as the __________________.
    • A. 

      Constitution of John Wesley

    • B. 

      Christians of John Wesley

    • C. 

      Baroque of John Wesley

    • D. 

      Methodism of John Wesley

  • 20. 
    The Enlightenment influenced both ___________.
    • A. 

      Education and music

    • B. 

      Art and politics.

    • C. 

      Love and marriage.

    • D. 

      Literature and history

  • 21. 
    The baroque and _________ styles of art endured, while a more delicate style, called rococo, emerged.
    • A. 

      Colonial power

    • B. 

      Neoclassical

    • C. 

      Classical

    • D. 

      Methodism

  • 22. 
    The works of Bach, Handel, Haydn, and Mozart represented one of the greatest periods in The works of Bach, Handel, Haydn, and Mozart represented one of the greatest periods in ___________.
    • A. 

      European music.

    • B. 

      African music.

    • C. 

      American music.

    • D. 

      South American music.

  • 23. 
    Novels attracted a middle-class audience. Novels
    • A. 

      Science

    • B. 

      Short stories

    • C. 

      Novels

    • D. 

      History

  • 24. 
    The Enlightenment interested the absolutist rulers of ___________.
    • A. 

      Europe.

    • B. 

      America

    • C. 

      Germany

    • D. 

      Africa

  • 25. 
    ______________, attempted far-reaching reforms based on Enlightenment ideas; they were largely a failure.
    • A. 

      Mary Wollstonecraft of France

    • B. 

      Joseph II of Austria

    • C. 

      Frederick the Great of Prussia

    • D. 

      Catherine the Great of Russia

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