Chapter 10: Revolution And Enlightenment, 1550–1800 Chapter Overview

36 Questions | Total Attempts: 48

Settings
Please wait...
Revolution Quizzes & Trivia

Answer questions about Chapter 10: Revolution and Enlightenment, 1550–1800 Chapter Overview.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The ___________________________ gave rise to a intellectual movement—the Enlightenment. Enlightenment thought provided the philosophical foundations for the American Revolution.
    • A. 

      French Revolution

    • B. 

      American Revolution

    • C. 

      Scientific Revolution

    • D. 

      German Revolution

  • 2. 
    Britain lost its colonies in North America to the newly formed __________________, while Spain and Portugal held onto their profitable Latin American colonies.
    • A. 

      United States

    • B. 

      Germany

    • C. 

      France

    • D. 

      Africa

  • 3. 
    Sixteenth-century Europeans began to question the scientific assumptions of the ancient authorities and to develop new theories about the ___________.
    • A. 

      History

    • B. 

      People

    • C. 

      World

    • D. 

      universe

  • 4. 
    Nicholas Copernicus, Johannes Kepler, and Galileo Galilei revolutionized ____________.
    • A. 

      Medicine

    • B. 

      astronomy

    • C. 

      History

    • D. 

      Math

  • 5. 
    Copernicus claimed that the sun, not the earth, was at the center of the universe—an idea considered heresy by the __________.
    • A. 

      Baptist Church

    • B. 

      Catholic Church

    • C. 

      Mission Church

    • D. 

      Christian Church

  • 6. 
     Equally revolutionary were Isaac Newton's explanations of ____________________.
    • A. 

      Of philosophy and reason in improving society.

    • B. 

      Gravity and the movement of the planets.

    • C. 

      Methodism.

    • D. 

      Taxation.

  • 7. 
    There were breakthroughs in medicine and chemistry, and numerous women contributed to the body of ___________.
    • A. 

      Scientific research.

    • B. 

      Poetry research.

    • C. 

      Music research.

    • D. 

      History research.

  • 8. 
    The new view of the universe affected ____________ philosophy.
    • A. 

      Western

    • B. 

      Eastern

    • C. 

      Southern

    • D. 

      Northern

  • 9. 
    The Frenchman ____________, the first rationalist, declared that matter could be independently investigated by reason.
    • A. 

      Nicholas Copernicus

    • B. 

      Johannes Kepler

    • C. 

      Rene Descartes

    • D. 

      Galileo Galilei

  • 10. 
    Francis Bacon, an English philosopher, developed the scientific method—a system for collecting and analyzing evidence.
    • A. 

      Johannes Kepler

    • B. 

      Francis Bacon

    • C. 

      Frederick the Great

    • D. 

      Catherine the Great

  • 11. 
    The desire for a more spiritual experience inspired new religious movements, such as the ___________________.
    • A. 

      Catholic of John Wesley

    • B. 

      Christian of John Wesley

    • C. 

      Baptist of John Wesley

    • D. 

      Methodism of John Wesley

  • 12. 
    The Scientific Revolution gave rise to the_______________, an eighteenth-century movement that stressed the role of philosophy and reason in improving society.
    • A. 

      Enlightenment

    • B. 

      Natural Rights

    • C. 

      Territorial

    • D. 

      Succession

  • 13. 
    Enlightenment intellectuals, known as philosophes, were chiefly social reformers from the nobility and the __________.
    • A. 

      No class

    • B. 

      Upper class

    • C. 

      Lower class

    • D. 

      Middle class

  • 14. 
    They often met in the salons of the upper classes to discuss the ideas of such giants as _________________________________________.
    • A. 

      Bach, Handel, Haydn, and Mozart .

    • B. 

      Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Mary Wollstonecraft.

    • C. 

      Nicholas Copernicus, Johannes Kepler, and Galileo Galilei.

    • D. 

      Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Diderot.

  • 15. 
    In the economic sphere, ___________ put forth the doctrine of laissez-faire economics.
    • A. 

      Adam Smith

    • B. 

      Mary Wollstonecraft

    • C. 

      John Wesley

    • D. 

      Jean-Jacques Rousseau

  • 16. 
    The later Enlightenment produced social thinkers such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau and an early advocate of women's rights, ______________.
    • A. 

      Mary Wollstonecraft

    • B. 

      Catherine the Great

    • C. 

      Rose Craft

    • D. 

      Joan Montesquieu

  • 17. 
    __________ gatherings, along with the growth of book and magazine publishing, helped spread Enlightenment ideas among a broad audience.
    • A. 

      Novels

    • B. 

      Baroque

    • C. 

      Salon

    • D. 

      Constitution

  • 18. 
    Most Europeans were still Christians.  
    • A. 

      At war.

    • B. 

      Christians

    • C. 

      Musicians.

    • D. 

      Artists

  • 19. 
    The desire for a more spiritual experience inspired new religious movements, such as the __________________.
    • A. 

      Constitution of John Wesley

    • B. 

      Christians of John Wesley

    • C. 

      Baroque of John Wesley

    • D. 

      Methodism of John Wesley

  • 20. 
    The Enlightenment influenced both ___________.
    • A. 

      Education and music

    • B. 

      Art and politics.

    • C. 

      Love and marriage.

    • D. 

      Literature and history

  • 21. 
    The baroque and _________ styles of art endured, while a more delicate style, called rococo, emerged.
    • A. 

      Colonial power

    • B. 

      Neoclassical

    • C. 

      Classical

    • D. 

      Methodism

  • 22. 
    The works of Bach, Handel, Haydn, and Mozart represented one of the greatest periods in The works of Bach, Handel, Haydn, and Mozart represented one of the greatest periods in ___________.
    • A. 

      European music.

    • B. 

      African music.

    • C. 

      American music.

    • D. 

      South American music.

  • 23. 
    Novels attracted a middle-class audience. Novels
    • A. 

      Science

    • B. 

      Short stories

    • C. 

      Novels

    • D. 

      History

  • 24. 
    The Enlightenment interested the absolutist rulers of ___________.
    • A. 

      Europe.

    • B. 

      America

    • C. 

      Germany

    • D. 

      Africa

  • 25. 
    ______________, attempted far-reaching reforms based on Enlightenment ideas; they were largely a failure.
    • A. 

      Mary Wollstonecraft of France

    • B. 

      Joseph II of Austria

    • C. 

      Frederick the Great of Prussia

    • D. 

      Catherine the Great of Russia

  • 26. 
    The reforms of Catherine the Great of Russia and Frederick the Great of Prussia were far more ___________.
    • A. 

      Limited

    • B. 

      Increased

    • C. 

      Took away

    • D. 

      Decreased

  • 27. 
    Territorial disputes in Europe and in the colonial empires of Britain and France produced the ___________________________, followed by the Seven Years' War.
    • A. 

      War of Spanish Succession

    • B. 

      War of German Succession

    • C. 

      War of FrenchSuccession

    • D. 

      War of Austrian Succession

  • 28. 
    In the end, France lost India and most of North America, and Britain emerged as the world's greatest___________.
    • A. 

      Extreme power

    • B. 

      World power

    • C. 

      Colonial power

    • D. 

      No power

  • 29. 
    In the sixteenth century, Portugal came to control Brazil, while Spain established an empire in the ------------------------that included parts of North America and most of Latin America.
    • A. 

      Western Hemisphere

    • B. 

      Southern Hemisphere

    • C. 

      Eastern Hemisphere

    • D. 

      Northern Hemisphere

  • 30. 
    Portugal and Spain held onto their Latin American colonies for over 300 years
    • A. 

      500 years

    • B. 

      200 years

    • C. 

      300 years

    • D. 

      100 years

  • 31. 
    During Colonial Empires and the American Revolution, they profited richly by exporting Latin American gold, silver, and other natural resources and ____________.
    • A. 

      Music

    • B. 

      Farm products

    • C. 

      Art

    • D. 

      Science

  • 32. 
    Spanish and Portuguese officials and Christian missionaries played important roles in Latin American societies.
    • A. 

      Latin American and British societies.

    • B. 

      Latin American societies.

    • C. 

      American societies.

    • D. 

      Latin and French American societies.

  • 33. 
    In North America, British control over its colonies began to unravel over issues of taxation.
    • A. 

      Buying.

    • B. 

      Jobs.

    • C. 

      Trade.

    • D. 

      Taxation.

  • 34. 
    Multiple crises led the Americans to declare their ________________and to fight Britain until its defeat in 1783.
    • A. 

      Independence in 1876

    • B. 

      Independence in 2000

    • C. 

      Independence in 1600

    • D. 

      Independence in 1776

  • 35. 
    The _________________ that formed the United States were soon replaced with a Constitution, which created a stronger central government.
    • A. 

      Articles of Confederation

    • B. 

      Bill of Rights

    • C. 

      Laissez-faire economics

    • D. 

      Catholic Church

  • 36. 
    The Bill of Rights added important ___________ derived from the natural rights expressed by the philosophes.
    • A. 

      Wrongs

    • B. 

      Freedoms

    • C. 

      Jobs

    • D. 

      Activities